Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,843 100 4,961 100 564 100 222 24.9 - 9.6 - 16.1 - 17.5
Less than 50 lbs 662 8.4 6 0.1 2 0.4 460 48.8 2.4 15.7 - 19.5 0.5 22.5
50 - 99 lbs S S 6 0.1 1 0.2 233 S S 17.0 - 11.2 0.1 26.3
100 - 499 lbs S S 45 0.9 8 1.4 194 S S 10.5 0.2 15.6 1.8 14.0
500 - 749 lbs 109 1.4 35 0.7 3 0.6 96 16.1 0.3 20.6 0.2 19.1 0.8 26.7
750 - 999 lbs 93 1.2 63 1.3 3 0.5 47 22.6 0.3 43.2 0.6 25.4 0.2 31.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,244 28.6 1,013 20.4 87 15.5 60 21.0 6.0 21.6 4.7 23.8 8.3 20.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,046 13.3 3,250 65.5 307 54.5 98 10.3 5.5 15.7 5.6 22.7 8.5 18.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 229 2.9 355 7.2 11 1.9 30 32.9 2.3 27.1 1.9 32.0 1.2 37.3
More than 100,000 lbs 208 2.6 189 3.8 141 25.0 721 33.8 3.2 33.1 3.8 40.0 10.5 26.6

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,241 100 4,941 100 550 100 107 26.9 - 9.7 - 16.4 - 24.2
Less than 50 lbs S S 4 0.1 1 0.1 186 S S 22.8 - 43.5 0.3 34.8
50 - 99 lbs 177 2.4 5 0.1 - 0.1 108 45.6 1.3 20.8 - 28.2 0.1 34.0
100 - 499 lbs S S 42 0.9 6 1.1 152 S S 11.4 0.1 20.9 1.7 19.0
500 - 749 lbs 96 1.3 35 0.7 3 0.5 88 21.3 0.3 20.7 0.2 22.5 0.8 29.9
750 - 999 lbs 91 1.3 63 1.3 3 0.5 44 23.3 0.3 43.3 0.6 26.1 0.3 33.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,208 30.5 1,008 20.4 84 15.2 58 20.8 6.1 21.7 4.7 23.6 8.3 19.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,042 14.4 3,247 65.7 302 55.0 95 10.4 6.2 15.7 5.6 23.1 8.6 19.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 229 3.2 355 7.2 11 1.9 30 32.9 2.7 27.1 1.9 32.0 1.4 37.3
More than 100,000 lbs 205 2.8 182 3.7 140 25.5 752 33.3 3.8 31.7 3.6 39.8 10.9 26.6

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,776 100 4,773 100 408 100 71 19.1 - 11.1 - 15.3 - 18.4
Less than 50 lbs 66 1.4 4 0.1 - 0.1 S 21.3 0.4 23.1 - 15.0 - S
50 - 99 lbs 103 2.2 4 0.1 - 0.1 S 41.4 1.2 21.0 - 19.3 0.1 S
100 - 499 lbs S S 41 0.9 5 1.3 123 S S 11.9 0.2 18.8 1.5 18.3
500 - 749 lbs 96 2.0 35 0.7 3 0.7 88 21.2 0.5 20.7 0.2 22.3 0.8 30.3
750 - 999 lbs 90 1.9 63 1.3 3 0.6 43 24.1 0.6 43.4 0.6 26.7 0.2 33.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,203 46.1 1,007 21.1 83 20.5 57 20.9 5.3 21.7 4.7 23.8 7.7 19.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,042 21.8 3,247 68.0 302 74.1 95 10.4 5.4 15.7 5.5 23.1 9.6 19.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 229 4.8 355 7.4 11 2.6 30 32.9 2.7 27.1 2.0 32.0 1.4 37.3
More than 100,000 lbs S S 17 0.3 - - 9 S S 36.3 0.7 49.7 0.1 27.8

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,158 100 1,058 100 244 100 528 45.1 - 24.7 - 15.8 - 9.2
Less than 50 lbs 22 1.0 - - - - 783 46.1 1.0 38.4 - 25.6 0.1 41.2
50 - 99 lbs S S - - - 0.1 510 S S 42.9 0.1 33.0 0.1 46.7
100 - 499 lbs S S 6 0.6 4 1.6 610 S S 42.1 2.1 27.8 2.2 20.5
500 - 749 lbs 40 1.9 4 0.4 2 0.9 509 30.2 0.9 40.4 1.4 30.9 1.3 42.4
750 - 999 lbs 19 0.9 1 0.1 1 0.6 943 23.4 0.7 31.5 0.1 23.5 0.3 24.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 658 30.5 58 5.5 36 14.8 590 49.1 4.5 17.5 10.0 41.2 9.1 18.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 457 21.2 826 78.1 193 78.9 S 19.5 11.3 29.0 13.2 23.5 12.4 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 120 5.5 153 14.5 8 3.1 52 40.7 5.6 11.8 11.7 33.3 6.1 27.4
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,619 100 3,714 100 163 100 31 13.6 - 13.2 - 35.1 - 14.1
Less than 50 lbs 44 1.7 3 0.1 - 0.1 20 27.3 0.5 23.9 - 29.3 - 22.5
50 - 99 lbs S S 4 0.1 - 0.1 31 S S 22.0 - 31.1 - 19.9
100 - 499 lbs 139 5.3 35 0.9 1 0.8 37 25.0 1.1 15.9 0.2 22.6 0.3 11.5
500 - 749 lbs 55 2.1 31 0.8 1 0.4 24 27.5 0.4 22.3 0.2 21.9 0.3 13.2
750 - 999 lbs 70 2.7 61 1.6 1 0.8 21 31.9 0.6 44.5 0.6 33.3 0.6 26.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 1,546 59.0 949 25.5 47 28.9 33 22.8 6.6 22.3 4.5 24.9 7.7 23.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 585 22.3 2,421 65.2 S S 49 12.2 4.4 20.0 6.6 S S 24.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 109 4.2 202 5.4 3 1.9 S 37.7 3.5 29.8 3.8 35.3 2.8 S
More than 100,000 lbs 2 0.1 S S S S 5 6.2 0.2 S S S S 47.6

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 196 100 166 100 140 100 836 19.9 - 20.9 - 25.5 - 8.8
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs 196 100.0 166 100.0 140 100.0 836 19.9 - 20.9 - 25.5 - 8.8

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 2 100 2 100 1,079 S S 48.5 - 48.3 - 17.4
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,221 S S S S S S 21.6
50 - 99 lbs 74 3.3 - 8.6 - 9.7 S 30.7 8.8 28.2 1.9 39.6 5.6 S
100 - 499 lbs S S 1 59.4 1 50.5 S S S 44.9 17.5 34.0 14.6 S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 824 S S S S S S 23.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 547 100 14 100 S S 1,015 43.6 - 48.5 - S S 4.9
Less than 50 lbs 297 54.4 2 11.9 2 15.9 1,021 49.1 6.8 16.6 7.6 18.9 8.7 5.7
50 - 99 lbs S S 1 5.6 1 7.6 1,039 S S 15.1 3.7 22.0 3.7 14.4
100 - 499 lbs 95 17.4 2 13.5 2 15.6 902 18.4 7.1 13.7 8.4 15.8 7.2 13.2
500 - 749 lbs S S - 2.0 - 2.6 973 S S 31.0 4.8 46.5 3.3 45.3
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 536 100 5 100 4 100 1,014 44.2 - 11.5 - 14.9 - 4.9
Less than 50 lbs 297 55.5 2 35.7 2 37.6 1,021 49.1 6.5 16.6 3.1 18.9 4.4 5.7
50 - 99 lbs S S 1 16.5 1 17.9 1,037 S S 15.1 1.6 22.0 2.7 14.4
100 - 499 lbs 95 17.7 2 39.8 2 36.6 902 18.5 7.2 13.8 3.0 15.7 2.9 13.4
500 - 749 lbs S S - 5.6 - 5.8 974 S S 32.8 5.4 49.6 3.9 45.5
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 9 100 S S S S S 31.6 - S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 55 100 S S S S S 34.8 - S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs 10 18.6 - 4.3 S S 151 36.4 11.4 36.2 4.3 S S 33.9
50 - 99 lbs 2 4.2 - 2.4 S S S 37.5 1.9 27.7 7.0 S S S
100 - 499 lbs 8 13.9 1 10.0 - 1.2 S 33.0 9.4 30.6 14.3 38.9 16.2 S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 33 59.3 S S S S S 44.6 14.3 S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.