Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 7,843 100 4,961 100 564 100 222 24.9 - 9.6 - 16.1 - 17.5
Single modes 7,241 92.3 4,941 99.6 550 97.5 107 26.9 3 9.7 0.2 16.4 1.2 24.2
Truck6 4,776 60.9 4,773 96.2 408 72.3 71 19.1 8.9 11.1 2.4 15.3 7.9 18.4
For-hire truck 2,158 27.5 1,058 21.3 244 43.4 528 45.1 5.3 24.7 4.8 15.8 7 9.2
Private truck 2,619 33.4 3,714 74.9 163 29 31 13.6 8.1 13.2 5.8 35.1 6.8 14.1
Rail 196 2.5 166 3.3 140 24.8 836 19.9 5 20.9 5.5 25.5 12.9 8.8
Air (incl truck and air) S S 2 - 2 0.3 1,079 S S 48.5 - 48.3 0.6 17.4
Multiple modes 547 7 14 0.3 S S 1,015 43.6 3 48.5 0.2 S S 4.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 536 6.8 5 0.1 4 0.8 1,014 44.2 2.9 11.5 - 14.9 0.4 4.9
Truck and rail S S 9 0.2 S S S S S 31.6 1.2 S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 55 0.7 S S S S S 34.8 0.4 S S S S S

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 285 100 1,145 100 26 100 S 20.6 - 28.2 - 35.4 - S
Single modes 285 99.8 1,145 100 26 100 S 20.7 0.8 28.2 0.9 35.4 0.3 S
Truck6 285 99.8 1,145 100 26 100 S 20.7 0.8 28.2 0.9 35.4 0.3 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 280 98.1 1,144 99.9 24 95.6 S 21.9 7.3 28.2 2.4 37.8 7.8 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 220 100 142 100 14 100 23 29.6 - 32.1 - 39.5 - 9.2
Single modes 217 98.9 136 95.9 13 96.5 23 29.1 0.4 32 2 41.1 2.1 9.6
Truck6 217 98.9 136 95.9 13 96.5 23 29.1 0.4 32 2 41.1 2.1 9.6
For-hire truck 18 8.1 7 4.9 8 60.9 1,134 34.9 13.6 28.2 12.3 27.1 16.6 8
Private truck 200 90.8 129 90.9 5 35.7 19 31.2 4.1 32.8 3.7 38.7 17.7 6.6
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 10 100 746 100 12 100 13 21.5 - 23.9 - 19.5 - 23.2
Single modes 10 97.8 746 100 12 100 12 21 1.2 23.9 - 19.5 - 23.6
Truck6 10 97.8 746 100 12 100 12 21 1.2 23.9 - 19.5 - 23.6
For-hire truck 3 30.1 270 36.2 S S 14 41 18.1 43.7 18.6 S S 38.3
Private truck 7 67.7 476 63.8 8 65.3 12 22.3 9.7 21 10.5 21.1 10.6 28.6
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 720 100 1,185 100 19 100 15 35.8 - 28.6 - 32.4 - 9.8
Single modes 720 100 1,185 100 19 100 15 35.8 - 28.6 - 32.4 - 10.1
Truck6 720 100 1,185 100 19 100 15 35.8 - 28.6 - 32.4 - 10.1
For-hire truck 93 12.9 174 14.7 5 23.9 27 35.5 4.9 24.1 5.3 38.8 8 13.7
Private truck 627 87.1 1,011 85.3 15 76.1 15 40.1 3.9 33.1 4.4 40.5 6.8 10.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 645 100 S S 257 100 198 30.4 - S S 35.3 - 24
Single modes 597 92.6 S S 251 97.5 144 32.8 7.9 S S 35.4 2.9 43
Truck6 396 61.4 S S 111 43 109 28.8 6.6 S S 38.7 11.7 16.1
For-hire truck 211 32.8 98 13.6 56 21.9 669 40.1 5.8 48 6.8 41.5 10.4 27
Private truck 184 28.6 S S S S 57 46.3 7.7 S S S S 14.1
Rail 196 30.3 166 23 140 54.5 836 19.9 7 20.9 17.1 25.5 7.4 8.8
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,087 S S S S S S 32
Multiple modes 40 6.2 S S S S 629 20.9 5.5 S S S S 19.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 32 4.9 1 0.1 1 0.3 611 23.1 5.8 27.7 1 27.5 2.4 19.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S - - S S 121 S S 38 0.4 S S 38.8

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 411 100 470 100 151 100 684 17.2 - 27.1 - 26.8 - 22.5
Single modes 373 90.8 468 99.6 150 99.4 322 16.8 1.1 27.1 1.5 26.8 2.4 31.5
Truck6 371 90.3 468 99.6 150 99.3 267 16.9 1.4 27.1 1.7 26.9 4.7 18.3
For-hire truck 279 68 423 90.1 133 88.5 523 24.3 8.6 29.3 11.8 28 7.3 18.5
Private truck 92 22.3 S S S S 65 32.7 8.2 S S S S 26
Air (incl truck and air) 2 0.5 S S S S S 40.3 4.2 S S S S S
Multiple modes 33 7.9 1 0.2 1 0.6 1,036 33.7 1.2 27.2 0.4 42.8 1.4 16.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 33 7.9 1 0.2 1 0.6 1,036 33.7 1.2 27.2 0.4 42.8 1.4 16.6
Other and unknown modes 5 1.3 S S - 0.1 S 25.5 0.6 S S 34.5 1.1 S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,073 100 235 100 42 100 325 43.1 - 49.6 - 43.6 - 28.7
Single modes 936 87.2 230 97.8 39 91.9 235 45.4 7.4 49.3 0.8 43.2 5.8 42.5
Truck6 S S 230 97.7 38 91.4 S S S 49.4 0.9 43.5 6 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 691 S S S S S S 22.6
Private truck 215 20.1 164 69.8 11 26.5 44 34.1 13.8 45.7 11.8 45.9 15.7 33.7
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,137 S S S S S S 26.6
Multiple modes 124 11.5 1 0.4 1 1.7 816 39.8 7.6 29 0.7 34.7 5.6 15.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 124 11.5 1 0.4 1 1.7 816 39.8 7.6 29 0.7 34.7 5.6 15.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 121 S S S S S S 29.2

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 10 100 3 100 423 S S 29.3 - 27.1 - 45.1
Single modes S S 8 82.3 2 50.7 S S S 32.1 9 35.7 9.7 S
Truck6 S S 7 72.7 1 32.3 S S S 35 10.5 39.9 8.6 S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S 1 18.3 891 S S S S 46.4 11.2 20.6
Multiple modes S S 1 10.2 1 34 1,243 S S 35.1 7.3 40.7 9.8 8.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 1 10.2 1 34 1,243 S S 35.1 7.3 40.7 9.8 8.2
Other and unknown modes 22 0.8 1 7.5 1 15.4 S 35.1 5.7 39.9 10.6 45.9 10.7 S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,664 100 306 100 40 100 501 27.7 - 33.4 - 29.9 - 24.4
Single modes 1,531 92 305 99.6 38 96.6 S 30.3 10.3 33.5 3.1 30.2 5.5 S
Truck6 1,361 81.8 304 99.4 38 94.8 181 31.6 11.1 33.6 3.3 31 10.7 46.8
For-hire truck S S S S 8 21 567 S S S S 50 12.1 31.2
Private truck 943 56.7 287 93.7 29 73.8 88 40.3 13.3 36.7 12.2 42 15.8 19.7
Air (incl truck and air) 170 10.2 1 0.2 S S 1,190 34.5 13.4 36.6 3.7 S S 34.7
Multiple modes S S 1 0.3 1 2.7 1,143 S S 20.7 1.4 21.9 4 13.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 1 0.3 1 2.7 1,143 S S 20.7 1.4 21.9 4 13.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 8 S S S S S S 43.3
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.