Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 90,960 100 172,230 100 25,321 100 7.2 - 15.9 - 11.5 -
Less than 50 miles 29,802 32.8 128,888 74.8 2,763 10.9 12.8 1.9 19.9 4 19.3 2.4
50 - 99 miles 7,299 8 14,004 8.1 1,329 5.2 7.7 0.6 12.2 1.8 12.1 1.2
100 - 249 miles 16,915 18.6 10,827 6.3 2,249 8.9 21.6 2.4 12.5 0.9 12.3 1.1
250 - 499 miles 7,809 8.6 7,393 4.3 3,647 14.4 12.9 1.5 11.5 1.1 11.1 2.2
500 - 749 miles 5,175 5.7 2,662 1.5 2,106 8.3 9.8 0.7 15.1 0.5 15.5 1
750 - 999 miles 9,399 10.3 3,943 2.3 4,525 17.9 15.3 1.6 19.3 0.4 21 2.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 9,512 10.5 2,997 1.7 4,619 18.2 24.5 3 26.8 1.1 29.6 5.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,779 2 400 0.2 890 3.5 18.3 0.3 28.5 - 30.3 1.1
More than 2,000 miles 3,272 3.6 1,116 0.6 3,193 12.6 11.7 0.4 45.3 0.3 44.9 3.5

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 72,514 100 166,488 100 21,881 100 9.7 - 16.4 - 11.5 -
Less than 50 miles 27,807 38.3 127,024 76.3 2,715 12.4 13.8 2.2 20 4 19.2 2.4
50 - 99 miles 6,495 9 13,450 8.1 1,263 5.8 8.2 0.8 12.5 1.9 12.3 1.2
100 - 249 miles 14,743 20.3 10,064 6 2,051 9.4 25.7 2.5 13.9 0.9 14 1.1
250 - 499 miles 6,792 9.4 6,386 3.8 3,099 14.2 14.1 1.6 10.1 0.9 10.3 1.9
500 - 749 miles 3,400 4.7 2,433 1.5 1,921 8.8 14.6 1 16.1 0.5 16.8 1.5
750 - 999 miles 4,776 6.6 3,153 1.9 3,504 16 14.5 0.9 17.3 0.3 17.6 2.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 5,720 7.9 2,804 1.7 4,293 19.6 36.8 3.5 28.5 1.1 31.5 5.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 828 1.1 388 0.2 863 3.9 25.4 0.3 29.6 - 31.5 1.2
More than 2,000 miles 1,953 2.7 S S S S 24 0.6 S S S S

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 67,273 100 148,058 100 16,765 100 11 - 17.5 - 16.5 -
Less than 50 miles 26,794 39.8 113,530 76.7 2,293 13.7 14.2 2.6 21.3 4.8 20.8 3
50 - 99 miles 6,452 9.6 13,321 9 1,246 7.4 8 0.8 12.4 2.2 12.1 1.4
100 - 249 miles 14,109 21 9,347 6.3 1,873 11.2 27.2 2.6 13.7 1.2 13.8 1.3
250 - 499 miles 6,215 9.2 5,474 3.7 2,569 15.3 15.6 1.6 9.5 0.9 9.1 2.9
500 - 749 miles 2,674 4 1,465 1 1,096 6.5 12.6 0.7 14.1 0.3 14.7 1.7
750 - 999 miles 3,613 5.4 1,850 1.2 2,001 11.9 19.5 0.9 27.5 0.2 28.3 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 5,050 7.5 2,093 1.4 3,152 18.8 42.8 3.7 40.6 1.4 45.4 6.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 647 1 236 0.2 500 3 24.4 0.3 30.2 - 30.4 0.6
More than 2,000 miles 1,718 2.6 S S S S 27.3 0.6 S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 39,293 100 57,125 100 12,773 100 16.2 - 17.5 - 16.1 -
Less than 50 miles 8,541 21.7 34,215 59.9 795 6.2 36.8 3.3 27.6 6.1 22.3 1.6
50 - 99 miles 2,873 7.3 7,337 12.8 701 5.5 13.1 1.3 15.3 2 15.3 1.3
100 - 249 miles 9,714 24.7 5,312 9.3 1,065 8.3 37.2 3.5 8.1 1.9 7.9 1.7
250 - 499 miles 5,175 13.2 4,351 7.6 2,103 16.5 21.1 2.9 9.3 1.8 8.9 3.3
500 - 749 miles 2,393 6.1 1,367 2.4 1,027 8 12 1.4 13.7 0.8 14.6 2
750 - 999 miles 3,452 8.8 1,668 2.9 1,801 14.1 18.1 1.9 23.3 0.5 24 1.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,936 12.6 2,014 3.5 3,028 23.7 44 5 42.6 2.3 47.6 6.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 551 1.4 216 0.4 463 3.6 19.9 0.3 31.9 0.1 32.2 0.7
More than 2,000 miles 1,660 4.2 S S S S 27.3 1.1 S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 27,980 100 90,933 100 3,992 100 8.6 - 20.4 - 25.6 -
Less than 50 miles 18,254 65.2 79,316 87.2 1,498 37.5 8 2.8 22.2 4.4 24.5 6
50 - 99 miles 3,579 12.8 5,984 6.6 545 13.7 11.7 1.2 24.1 2.7 24.2 2.8
100 - 249 miles 4,396 15.7 4,035 4.4 807 20.2 24 2.3 32.6 1.3 34.3 2
250 - 499 miles 1,040 3.7 1,123 1.2 466 11.7 16.2 0.8 31.9 0.6 33.3 2.4
500 - 749 miles S S 98 0.1 69 1.7 S S 48.1 0.1 47.7 1
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 114 0.4 S S S S 28.8 0.1 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,646 100 18,115 100 5,000 100 19.3 - 32 - 23.2 -
Less than 50 miles 975 26.7 13,311 73.5 413 8.3 30.1 8.4 40.6 11.3 32.9 8.8
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 351 9.6 662 3.7 167 3.3 37.6 2.8 35 2.4 34.6 1.5
250 - 499 miles 468 12.8 866 4.8 476 9.5 39.8 3.2 35 4.1 36.7 2.2
500 - 749 miles 451 12.4 967 5.3 824 16.5 25.7 5 31.3 3.2 29.9 5.5
750 - 999 miles 813 22.3 1,288 7.1 1,487 29.7 25 4 27 5.4 27.3 4.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 365 10 698 3.9 1,124 22.5 25.2 2 33 2.4 35.1 4.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 153 0.8 S S S S 46.4 2.4 S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 80 100 116 100 S S 36.7 - 45.9 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 80 100 116 100 S S 36.7 - 45.9 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,493 100 S S S S 35.8 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S - 1.2 S S S S 45.8 9.8 S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S - 0.8 - 0.5 S S 27.8 3.2 25.4 3.8
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S - 0.2 - 0.3 S S 39.4 0.7 36.4 1.3
More than 2,000 miles 163 10.9 S S S S 26.4 6.5 S S S S

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 16,827 100 4,351 100 3,328 100 14.9 - 20.7 - 31.5 -
Less than 50 miles 918 5.5 S S 38 1.1 31.3 1.1 S S 49.5 1.6
50 - 99 miles 784 4.7 S S S S 28.2 1.2 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 2,031 12.1 573 13.2 156 4.7 19.5 3 36.1 3.1 37.6 1.9
250 - 499 miles 998 5.9 S S 546 16.4 15.4 1.7 S S 47.6 8.6
500 - 749 miles 1,742 10.4 S S S S 15.6 1.4 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 4,421 26.3 775 17.8 S S 24 3.8 48.7 9.9 S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,669 21.8 S S S S 30.2 3.7 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 948 5.6 10 0.2 23 0.7 31.7 1.1 28 0.5 28.1 0.8
More than 2,000 miles 1,316 7.8 S S S S 24.5 2.1 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 15,174 100 199 100 183 100 16.6 - 18.5 - 28.6 -
Less than 50 miles 798 5.3 19 9.7 1 0.4 36 1.5 33.5 4.2 40.3 0.3
50 - 99 miles 664 4.4 14 7.1 1 0.7 30 1.2 28.9 1.5 27.6 0.2
100 - 249 miles 1,456 9.6 26 13.1 5 2.9 23.9 1.8 22.8 2.9 21.9 1.1
250 - 499 miles 747 4.9 11 5.7 6 3 18.8 1.5 18.5 1.7 17 0.9
500 - 749 miles 1,665 11 20 10.3 16 8.9 16.3 1.4 26.6 2.4 28.8 3.5
750 - 999 miles 4,076 26.9 50 25.3 56 30.4 26 4 29.3 4 29.6 4.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,604 23.7 41 20.5 56 30.8 29.6 3.4 44.6 3.6 44.3 3.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 937 6.2 6 3.1 13 6.9 32.1 1.2 39.7 0.7 38 1.5
More than 2,000 miles 1,228 8.1 10 5.2 29 15.8 23.4 1.9 35.7 1.3 36.1 2.5

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,476 100 3,859 100 3,000 100 27.7 - 23.3 - 35.4 -
Less than 50 miles 121 8.2 756 19.6 37 1.2 35.5 12.9 35.7 13.1 32.7 5.4
50 - 99 miles 108 7.3 S S S S 27.7 5.1 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 498 33.7 409 10.6 110 3.7 42.7 8.9 24.1 2.8 25.2 3
250 - 499 miles 204 13.8 S S S S 32.3 3.1 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 55 3.7 207 5.4 S S 33.7 6 49.6 7.6 S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 11 0.8 4 0.1 11 0.4 21.4 0.4 28.4 0.2 30.1 0.7
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,619 100 S S 112 100 17.3 - S S 45.1 -
Less than 50 miles 1,076 66.5 S S 10 8.9 21.6 9.3 S S 42.7 9.1
50 - 99 miles 20 1.3 S S S S 39 0.9 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 141 8.7 S S S S 27.1 3.8 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 19 1.2 S S S S 42.8 1.2 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S - - - 0.1 S S 24.1 0.3 27.3 1.2
750 - 999 miles 202 12.5 S S S S 45.8 3.3 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 123 7.6 S S S S 49 8.4 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2 0.1 S S S S 19.4 0.1 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 4 0.2 S S S S 29 1.6 S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.