Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 90,960 100 172,230 100 25,321 100 473 7.2 - 15.9 - 11.5 - 15.0
Less than 50 lbs 14,739 16.2 187 0.1 69 0.3 656 15.1 2.4 15.8 - 13.2 - 16.5
50 - 99 lbs 2,243 2.5 145 0.1 21 0.1 139 9.4 0.3 18.8 - 15.1 - 16.8
100 - 499 lbs 6,649 7.3 1,227 0.7 197 0.8 157 8.9 0.4 20.0 0.2 20.5 0.3 19.0
500 - 749 lbs 2,638 2.9 532 0.3 109 0.4 216 19.9 0.5 12.5 0.1 27.0 0.2 16.4
750 - 999 lbs 1,631 1.8 488 0.3 84 0.3 169 11.8 0.2 19.9 0.1 32.5 0.1 25.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 18,024 19.8 8,359 4.9 1,354 5.3 156 10.5 1.6 11.2 1.3 8.6 0.7 11.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 36,317 39.9 116,740 67.8 12,837 50.7 117 17.1 4.0 19.8 3.7 14.5 4.8 22.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 4,105 4.5 21,058 12.2 2,676 10.6 118 20.9 1.1 21.7 2.0 33.8 2.0 25.9
More than 100,000 lbs 4,615 5.1 23,495 13.6 7,974 31.5 769 17.7 1.0 23.5 2.5 25.4 6.2 8.3

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 72,514 100 166,488 100 21,881 100 109 9.7 - 16.4 - 11.5 - 18.4
Less than 50 lbs 2,565 3.5 96 0.1 6 - S 15.0 0.6 27.0 - 13.5 - S
50 - 99 lbs 904 1.2 115 0.1 7 - 57 18.3 0.2 23.1 - 25.3 - 45.7
100 - 499 lbs 4,953 6.8 1,110 0.7 131 0.6 115 9.9 0.5 22.3 0.2 21.2 0.2 15.5
500 - 749 lbs 1,623 2.2 491 0.3 65 0.3 135 12.0 0.2 12.4 0.1 20.9 0.1 12.9
750 - 999 lbs 1,589 2.2 478 0.3 79 0.4 162 12.4 0.3 20.3 0.1 30.2 0.1 23.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 17,514 24.2 8,169 4.9 1,327 6.1 156 10.5 2.2 11.0 1.3 8.7 0.8 12.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 35,448 48.9 114,623 68.8 12,476 57.0 116 17.9 3.6 20.0 3.6 15.1 4.5 22.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 4,041 5.6 20,633 12.4 2,649 12.1 119 21.7 1.3 21.8 2.2 34.2 2.1 25.6
More than 100,000 lbs 3,877 5.3 20,774 12.5 5,143 23.5 641 17.0 1.2 27.3 2.6 22.3 5.4 8.8

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 67,273 100 148,058 100 16,765 100 93 11.0 - 17.5 - 16.5 - 15.0
Less than 50 lbs 1,923 2.9 95 0.1 4 - 50 16.0 0.6 27.2 - 14.6 - 39.5
50 - 99 lbs 788 1.2 115 0.1 7 - 55 13.4 0.1 23.2 - 26.1 - 46.7
100 - 499 lbs 4,711 7.0 1,108 0.7 128 0.8 113 10.3 0.5 22.3 0.3 21.5 0.2 15.4
500 - 749 lbs 1,530 2.3 490 0.3 63 0.4 132 11.9 0.1 12.3 0.1 21.7 0.1 13.7
750 - 999 lbs 1,483 2.2 477 0.3 77 0.5 159 12.4 0.3 20.3 0.1 31.2 0.2 24.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 17,220 25.6 8,140 5.5 1,290 7.7 151 10.7 2.6 11.0 1.5 8.9 1.0 12.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 35,388 52.6 114,427 77.3 12,461 74.3 116 17.9 3.1 20.0 3.0 15.1 1.8 22.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3,939 5.9 20,492 13.8 2,563 15.3 117 22.6 1.4 21.7 2.5 35.8 2.3 26.5
More than 100,000 lbs 291 0.4 S S 170 1.0 105 19.2 0.1 S S 31.8 0.5 35.2

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 39,293 100 57,125 100 12,773 100 237 16.2 - 17.5 - 16.1 - 34.4
Less than 50 lbs 560 1.4 S S 2 - S 44.3 1.1 S S 18.7 - S
50 - 99 lbs 160 0.4 S S 3 - S 26.6 0.2 S S 36.9 - S
100 - 499 lbs 1,338 3.4 126 0.2 91 0.7 733 18.3 0.7 21.1 0.1 26.0 0.3 9.6
500 - 749 lbs 409 1.0 52 0.1 42 0.3 812 19.9 0.2 15.6 - 24.5 0.1 7.4
750 - 999 lbs 447 1.1 57 0.1 54 0.4 933 20.4 0.3 21.8 - 40.0 0.2 13.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 7,207 18.3 1,240 2.2 916 7.2 745 11.4 2.7 10.9 0.5 12.1 1.2 3.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 26,189 66.6 44,097 77.2 9,543 74.7 256 23.7 3.9 20.7 4.1 15.4 1.8 21.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,868 7.3 9,763 17.1 1,993 15.6 196 28.4 2.1 18.6 2.4 31.4 2.2 18.3
More than 100,000 lbs 117 0.3 S S 128 1.0 S 27.0 0.2 S S 33.0 0.7 S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 27,980 100 90,933 100 3,992 100 42 8.6 - 20.4 - 25.6 - 10.4
Less than 50 lbs 1,363 4.9 65 0.1 2 0.1 38 14.1 0.8 18.2 - 21.9 - 13.0
50 - 99 lbs 629 2.2 94 0.1 3 0.1 37 14.1 0.2 24.4 - 18.9 - 33.2
100 - 499 lbs 3,373 12.1 982 1.1 38 0.9 38 11.7 1.3 24.7 0.4 20.2 0.3 16.1
500 - 749 lbs 1,121 4.0 438 0.5 21 0.5 49 11.4 0.4 13.0 0.2 21.1 0.1 12.3
750 - 999 lbs 1,036 3.7 420 0.5 23 0.6 56 17.3 0.5 22.4 0.2 33.7 0.2 15.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 10,013 35.8 6,900 7.6 374 9.4 53 12.6 2.4 13.0 2.6 9.6 2.7 14.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 9,200 32.9 70,329 77.3 2,918 73.1 41 9.6 1.8 22.6 5.6 23.9 3.1 19.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,071 3.8 10,729 11.8 S S S 19.1 0.7 40.3 3.9 S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 174 0.6 977 1.1 42 1.1 71 35.6 0.3 42.1 0.9 40.5 1.1 45.1

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,646 100 18,115 100 5,000 100 754 19.3 - 32.0 - 23.2 - 8.6
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 8 0.2 5 - 3 0.1 576 35.8 0.4 30.4 0.3 41.1 0.2 48.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 96 0.5 S S 726 S S 32.2 0.4 S S 29.5
More than 100,000 lbs 3,564 97.8 18,014 99.4 4,920 98.4 757 19.3 1.9 32.1 0.3 23.4 2.4 10.2

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 80 100 116 100 S S S 36.7 - 45.9 - S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 171 S S S S S S 32.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 80 100 116 100 S S S 36.7 - 45.9 - S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 171 S S S S S S 32.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,493 100 S S S S 1,451 35.8 - S S S S 9.1
Less than 50 lbs 642 43.0 1 2.7 1 3.1 1,463 47.7 10.0 42.2 8.7 40.9 7.3 10.5
50 - 99 lbs S S - 0.4 S S 1,257 S S 40.7 3.9 S S 12.7
100 - 499 lbs S S 2 5.9 2 5.4 1,254 S S 45.9 7.8 40.8 8.9 15.6
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S 985 S S S S S S 6.0
750 - 999 lbs S S 1 3.3 2 4.1 1,602 S S 45.9 14.6 46.1 17.4 24.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,530 S S S S S S 24.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Pipeline5

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 16,827 100 4,351 100 3,328 100 1,077 14.9 - 20.7 - 31.5 - 6.9
Less than 50 lbs 11,559 68.7 64 1.5 62 1.9 1,098 19.4 5.8 13.8 0.8 14.5 1.5 7.4
50 - 99 lbs 1,274 7.6 24 0.6 14 0.4 578 18.1 1.2 20.4 0.2 19.0 0.2 18.4
100 - 499 lbs 1,496 8.9 79 1.8 62 1.9 730 23.4 2.9 30.5 4.5 47.9 4.5 13.9
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,467 S S S S S S 15.1
750 - 999 lbs 5 - 1 - - - 878 47.9 0.1 36.1 0.1 34.3 0.1 26.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 131 0.8 37 0.8 14 0.4 425 32.4 0.5 36.6 0.3 29.1 0.1 33.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 762 4.5 1,240 28.5 309 9.3 S 35.3 2.9 46.1 9.0 30.9 8.7 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 734 4.4 2,559 58.8 2,796 84.0 1,400 29.7 1.2 30.0 10.8 37.2 11.9 14.6

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 15,174 100 199 100 183 100 1,079 16.6 - 18.5 - 28.6 - 6.9
Less than 50 lbs 11,559 76.2 64 32.4 62 33.8 1,097 19.4 5.5 13.8 5.7 14.5 8.9 7.4
50 - 99 lbs 1,273 8.4 24 12.1 14 7.7 578 18.1 1.7 20.5 2.3 19.0 2.5 18.4
100 - 499 lbs 1,496 9.9 79 39.6 62 34.1 730 23.4 2.9 30.6 4.2 48.0 5.6 14.0
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,472 S S S S S S 17.4
750 - 999 lbs 5 - 1 0.3 - 0.2 857 48.6 0.1 32.4 0.4 30.1 0.4 27.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,476 100 3,859 100 3,000 100 422 27.7 - 23.3 - 35.4 - 34.5
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - 774 40.1 0.1 37.4 - 15.3 - 31.0
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - 876 37.3 0.1 35.2 - 26.2 - 22.4
500 - 749 lbs S S S S - - 761 S S S S 28.1 - 29.8
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 91 6.2 32 0.8 11 0.4 S 42.6 1.5 44.0 0.4 37.8 0.1 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 700 47.4 1,178 30.5 258 8.6 S 38.6 10.5 47.0 10.3 34.1 11.6 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 657 44.5 2,330 60.4 2,706 90.2 1,416 32.4 13.0 31.8 12.8 38.5 9.0 14.5

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 1,017 S S S S S S 19.9
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 727 S S S S S S 28.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 833 S S S S S S 18.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 329 S S S S S S 3.7
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,619 100 S S 112 100 S 17.3 - S S 45.1 - S
Less than 50 lbs 615 38.0 S S 1 1.2 S 25.8 7.7 S S 30.0 3.1 S
50 - 99 lbs 65 4.0 6 0.4 - 0.2 S 35.5 1.2 29.8 0.6 35.1 0.5 S
100 - 499 lbs 200 12.4 38 2.8 S S 80 26.0 2.5 26.7 3.4 S S 31.7
500 - 749 lbs S S 10 0.7 S S S S S 35.2 1.3 S S S
750 - 999 lbs 37 2.3 9 0.7 S S 492 37.1 0.7 32.4 0.8 S S 41.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 378 23.4 153 11.0 13 11.9 S 27.3 5.1 32.5 6.6 36.1 10.4 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 107 6.6 S S 52 46.0 S 27.0 2.9 S S 39.5 11.4 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 108 7.7 S S 20 S S 35.7 16.5 S S 26.5
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.