Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 90,960 100 172,230 100 25,321 100 473 7.2 - 15.9 - 11.5 - 15
Single modes 72,514 79.7 166,488 96.7 21,881 86.4 109 9.7 2.6 16.4 0.9 11.5 3.2 18.4
Truck6 67,273 74 148,058 86 16,765 66.2 93 11 3.6 17.5 2.6 16.5 6.1 15
For-hire truck 39,293 43.2 57,125 33.2 12,773 50.4 237 16.2 4.3 17.5 3.3 16.1 5.6 34.4
Private truck 27,980 30.8 90,933 52.8 3,992 15.8 42 8.6 1.6 20.4 3.8 25.6 3 10.4
Rail 3,646 4 18,115 10.5 5,000 19.7 754 19.3 0.9 32 2.5 23.2 3.9 8.6
Water 80 0.1 116 0.1 S S S 36.7 0.1 45.9 0.1 S S S
Deep draft 80 0.1 116 0.1 S S S 36.7 0.1 45.9 0.1 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 1,493 1.6 S S S S 1,451 35.8 0.6 S S S S 9.1
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 16,827 18.5 4,351 2.5 3,328 13.1 1,077 14.9 2.7 20.7 0.8 31.5 3.1 6.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 15,174 16.7 199 0.1 183 0.7 1,079 16.6 2.6 18.5 - 28.6 0.4 6.9
Truck and rail 1,476 1.6 3,859 2.2 3,000 11.8 422 27.7 0.5 23.3 0.8 35.4 3.3 34.5
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,017 S S S S S S 19.9
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 329 S S S S S S 3.7
Other and unknown modes 1,619 1.8 S S 112 0.4 S 17.3 0.3 S S 45.1 0.2 S

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 7,628 100 6,050 100 3,051 100 S 31.1 - 28.7 - 47.6 - S
Single modes 7,618 99.9 6,009 99.3 3,041 99.7 S 31.1 0.1 28.8 0.4 47.8 0.3 S
Truck6 7,556 99.1 5,931 98 S S S 31.5 0.9 29.6 5 S S S
For-hire truck 4,331 56.8 3,036 50.2 S S 925 46.5 12.3 28.8 13.1 S S 23.1
Private truck 3,224 42.3 S S 266 8.7 69 37.7 13.4 S S 30.3 15.4 41.2
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 7 0.1 S S S S 1,070 26.5 0.1 S S S S 44.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8,060 100 9,262 100 5,000 100 118 17.4 - 21.2 - 39.5 - 24.4
Single modes 7,771 96.4 8,720 94.1 4,292 85.8 115 16 1.3 21.8 3.2 38.2 4.9 24.6
Truck6 7,532 93.4 8,255 89.1 3,914 78.3 114 17.3 4.1 23.8 6.1 42.6 9 25
For-hire truck 3,842 47.7 4,113 44.4 3,177 63.5 854 33 8.5 31 8.4 43 8.9 13.7
Private truck 3,689 45.8 4,142 44.7 737 14.7 39 13.1 9 24.7 9.7 43.2 7.4 20
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,156 S S S S S S 29.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,125 S S S S S S 43.1
Truck and rail 254 3.2 S S S S 1,297 30.7 5.9 S S S S 10.7
Truck and water S S S S S S 951 S S S S S S 2.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 638 S S S S S S 43.9

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,223 100 79,959 100 3,321 100 39 28.5 - 33.7 - 28 - 23
Single modes 2,209 99.4 79,784 99.8 3,246 97.7 38 28.8 3.9 33.8 10.5 28.8 10.4 21.6
Truck6 1,752 78.8 67,830 84.8 2,752 82.8 38 34.8 9.7 38.4 13.8 34.2 11.7 19.4
For-hire truck 514 23.1 27,040 33.8 1,347 40.6 S 27.6 6.2 33.2 6.5 24.7 9.1 S
Private truck 1,239 55.7 40,790 51 1,404 42.3 31 44.5 9.7 46.8 10.6 48.4 11.1 22.4
Rail 456 20.5 11,954 15 495 14.9 274 38.8 12.6 44.6 14.9 32.5 9.8 41.3
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S 58 1.7 1,028 S S S S 49.5 10.2 14.8
Other and unknown modes 2 0.1 S S S S S 31.2 10.5 S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,463 100 8,418 100 S S 33 31.7 - 30 - S S 13.7
Single modes 3,452 99.7 8,413 99.9 S S 33 31.8 0.2 29.9 - S S 13.8
Truck6 3,451 99.6 8,410 99.9 S S 33 31.8 0.3 29.9 - S S 13.9
For-hire truck S S 5,519 65.6 S S S S S 38.7 19.3 S S S
Private truck 2,077 60 2,891 34.3 S S 27 32.9 12.8 36.1 19.5 S S 13.7
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 5 0.1 - - S S S 39.3 0.1 7.8 0.1 S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 16,055 100 15,506 100 5,751 100 206 44.1 - 19.6 - 31 - 23.9
Single modes 15,211 94.7 13,486 87 4,238 73.7 S 47 2.2 22 6 23.9 6.7 S
Truck6 S S 9,890 63.8 1,876 32.6 S S S 21 7 15.3 11 S
For-hire truck S S 6,667 43 1,522 26.5 S S S 29.5 8.5 17.8 10.1 S
Private truck 2,388 14.9 3,223 20.8 355 6.2 S 15.4 5.1 30.3 5.4 27.4 2.3 S
Rail 1,493 9.3 3,433 22.1 2,355 41 844 26.5 5.3 29.8 4.7 29.8 8.5 10.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - S S 1,480 S S 49.1 - S S 15.9
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 725 4.5 1,941 12.5 S S 840 25.2 2.1 46.2 6.2 S S 14.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 408 2.5 S S S S 858 34.2 1.2 S S S S 14.3
Truck and rail 311 1.9 1,911 12.3 S S S 35 1.9 44.2 7.4 S S S
Truck and water 5 - 2 - 1 - 241 38.4 0.3 6 0.1 20.1 0.1 44.9
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 119 0.7 S S 1 - S 35.8 0.7 S S 41.1 - S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 12,661 100 10,859 100 3,862 100 431 16.9 - 14.4 - 23.4 - 16.7
Single modes 11,574 91.4 10,030 92.4 3,445 89.2 109 18.1 3.2 12.8 2.4 23.8 3.7 27.8
Truck6 10,556 83.4 8,347 76.9 2,147 55.6 101 20.6 4.7 13.2 4.8 19.6 7.6 26.8
For-hire truck 8,004 63.2 5,527 50.9 1,858 48.1 187 26.2 6.9 14.3 5.4 18.3 7.4 45
Private truck 2,552 20.2 2,819 26 289 7.5 46 23.7 5.8 23.9 4 35.5 1.4 14.7
Rail 941 7.4 1,569 14.4 1,233 31.9 794 41.4 4.3 36.5 5.4 39.4 7.7 12.8
Water 73 0.6 114 1 S S S 34.2 1.7 36.6 1.8 S S S
Deep draft 73 0.6 114 1 S S S 34.2 1.7 36.6 1.8 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - - - S S S 45 - 47.9 - S
Multiple modes 952 7.5 S S S S 817 45.8 3.1 S S S S 18.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 23 0.2 10 0.3 817 S S 44.9 0.3 39.2 0.5 19
Truck and rail 69 0.5 S S S S 758 25.1 0.3 S S S S 20.2
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 136 1.1 58 0.5 S S S 45.7 0.9 44.4 0.3 S S S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 9,819 100 33,885 100 1,384 100 282 11.6 - 25.8 - 27.4 - 12.3
Single modes 8,213 83.6 32,929 97.2 1,329 96.1 97 10.5 2.7 25.5 1.1 26.6 1 18
Truck6 7,722 78.7 32,585 96.2 961 69.5 93 10.3 3.8 25.6 1.2 23.7 8.2 18.7
For-hire truck 2,010 20.5 1,656 4.9 482 34.8 688 17.9 3.2 34.9 1.1 33.8 5.7 10.9
Private truck 5,713 58.2 30,929 91.3 479 34.6 32 12.8 4.1 25.5 1.2 19.2 5.5 14.9
Rail 449 4.6 341 1 361 26.1 S 11.9 4 17.8 1.4 33 11.7 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 2,009 S S S S S S 13.5
Multiple modes 1,339 13.6 52 0.2 34 2.5 664 34.9 3 40.2 - 47.3 0.4 18.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,337 13.6 51 0.2 34 2.5 664 34.9 3 41.1 - 48 0.4 18.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 267 2.7 S S S S S 30.4 1.7 S S S S S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 19,363 100 S S 264 100 777 13 - S S 20.2 - 17.6
Single modes 6,816 35.2 S S 214 81.1 S 15.6 6.3 S S 24.3 8.3 S
Truck6 5,467 28.2 S S 197 74.5 S 15.3 6.6 S S 24.5 8.3 S
For-hire truck 2,756 14.2 158 13.5 163 61.9 1,043 12.5 4.2 25.6 10.4 26.2 7.7 12.2
Private truck 2,711 14 S S S S S 26.5 3.7 S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 1,339 6.9 S S 6 2.2 1,480 37.6 2.1 S S 45.8 1.3 10.5
Multiple modes 11,911 61.5 44 3.7 46 17.6 1,187 19 6.4 15.9 4.5 18 7.9 8.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 11,844 61.2 41 3.5 42 16 1,187 19 6.3 16.4 4 18.1 7.8 8.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 637 3.3 S S 3 1.3 S 25.3 1.1 S S 27.5 0.9 S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 11,681 100 7,111 100 2,120 100 413 7.7 - 29.5 - 23.2 - 27.8
Single modes 9,643 82.6 6,009 84.5 1,508 71.1 166 9.2 3.1 27.8 3.5 21.3 7.2 47.3
Truck6 9,548 81.7 5,713 80.3 1,446 68.2 162 9.4 3.3 29.7 4.7 22.3 7.1 47.7
For-hire truck 5,166 44.2 3,398 47.8 1,120 52.8 S 16.6 5.6 45.5 7.4 26.2 7.2 S
Private truck 4,382 37.5 2,314 32.5 326 15.4 70 14.9 5.8 18.8 8.5 32.7 4.8 20.7
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 35 0.3 S S S S 1,028 30.8 0.2 S S S S 20.8
Multiple modes 1,605 13.7 918 12.9 573 27 1,108 23.2 2.9 42.5 3.5 38.2 7.1 11.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 760 6.5 S S S S 1,121 24.9 1.8 S S S S 11.5
Truck and rail 793 6.8 709 10 425 20 398 41.9 3.9 36.6 4.3 35 8.4 21.9
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,726 S S S S S S 45.8
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 433 3.7 S S S S S 36 1.6 S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 7 100 S S S S S 22.3 - S S S S S
Single modes 7 99 S S S S S 22.7 1.2 S S S S S
Truck6 7 98.7 S S S S S 11.5 1.5 S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 886 S S S S S S 17.3
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.