Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 116,270 100 144,363 100 32,424 100 5.2 - 14.5 - 7.5 -
Less than 50 miles 30,721 26.4 72,502 50.2 1,527 4.7 11 2.3 23.8 5.5 22.6 0.8
50 - 99 miles 13,014 11.2 16,394 11.4 1,520 4.7 5.2 0.3 15.7 1.5 13.2 0.5
100 - 249 miles 23,979 20.6 25,722 17.8 5,517 17 6.5 1.4 8.9 2.2 9.5 1.3
250 - 499 miles 19,700 16.9 14,699 10.2 6,821 21 8 1.2 12.2 2.2 11.4 2.4
500 - 749 miles 14,110 12.1 7,351 5.1 5,871 18.1 9.8 1.1 12.3 0.8 12.5 1.5
750 - 999 miles 8,105 7 4,315 3 4,715 14.5 9.7 0.5 11.7 0.4 12.4 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,971 1.7 1,769 1.2 2,559 7.9 15.8 0.2 23 0.3 22.3 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,684 2.3 917 0.6 2,023 6.2 19.9 0.3 18.9 0.2 18.5 1.2
More than 2,000 miles 1,987 1.7 695 0.5 1,871 5.8 16.5 0.2 13.9 0.1 14.1 1.1

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 108,585 100 140,051 100 29,880 100 5.2 - 14.7 - 6.9 -
Less than 50 miles 28,927 26.6 71,822 51.3 1,518 5.1 11.2 2.5 23.9 5.6 22.6 0.9
50 - 99 miles 12,238 11.3 16,132 11.5 1,480 5 5.5 0.4 16 1.5 13.3 0.6
100 - 249 miles 22,946 21.1 24,634 17.6 5,230 17.5 6.8 1.4 9.2 2.2 9.5 1.2
250 - 499 miles 18,335 16.9 13,681 9.8 6,265 21 8.9 1.3 11.4 2.1 10.3 2.3
500 - 749 miles 12,991 12 6,871 4.9 5,483 18.3 10.4 1.1 11.9 0.8 12.1 1.5
750 - 999 miles 7,421 6.8 4,018 2.9 4,367 14.6 10.2 0.6 11.1 0.4 11.9 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,680 1.5 1,459 1 2,119 7.1 17.5 0.3 22 0.3 21.2 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,365 2.2 825 0.6 1,797 6 21.8 0.3 19 0.2 18.6 1.2
More than 2,000 miles 1,683 1.6 609 0.4 1,621 5.4 18.5 0.3 15.1 0.1 15.2 1.1

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 104,283 100 121,956 100 22,157 100 5.4 - 15 - 5.4 -
Less than 50 miles 27,725 26.6 66,497 54.5 1,479 6.7 11.3 2.6 24.5 5.8 23 1.3
50 - 99 miles 12,168 11.7 15,754 12.9 1,432 6.5 5.4 0.4 16.4 1.7 13.8 1
100 - 249 miles 22,223 21.3 19,851 16.3 4,176 18.8 6.8 1.3 10.5 2.5 11.1 1.6
250 - 499 miles 17,422 16.7 10,096 8.3 4,545 20.5 9.7 1.3 9.7 2 9.1 2.4
500 - 749 miles 12,311 11.8 5,322 4.4 4,172 18.8 11 1.2 9.1 0.7 9.2 1.4
750 - 999 miles 7,057 6.8 2,760 2.3 2,836 12.8 10.7 0.6 10.2 0.4 10.2 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,480 1.4 430 0.4 594 2.7 20.2 0.3 18.7 0.1 18.1 0.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,315 2.2 721 0.6 1,543 7 22.6 0.4 24.3 0.2 24.4 1.5
More than 2,000 miles 1,583 1.5 527 0.4 1,380 6.2 19.4 0.3 16 0.1 16.1 1

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 59,913 100 60,686 100 16,918 100 10.3 - 14.6 - 5.9 -
Less than 50 miles 6,069 10.1 22,924 37.8 581 3.4 17 1.2 32 6.1 32.6 0.9
50 - 99 miles 5,677 9.5 10,719 17.7 950 5.6 12.7 0.6 25.6 2.7 23.2 1.4
100 - 249 miles 12,473 20.8 10,800 17.8 2,253 13.3 12.9 0.8 5.9 2.8 5.6 1
250 - 499 miles 13,273 22.2 7,409 12.2 3,375 20 11.3 1.8 7 2.8 6.5 2.3
500 - 749 miles 10,471 17.5 4,511 7.4 3,545 21 12.7 1.5 11.3 1.2 11.4 1.7
750 - 999 miles 6,630 11.1 2,677 4.4 2,750 16.3 10.3 0.8 10.1 0.7 10.2 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,459 2.4 408 0.7 561 3.3 20.3 0.3 20.3 0.2 19.9 0.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,291 3.8 713 1.2 1,528 9 22.7 0.6 24.5 0.3 24.6 1.8
More than 2,000 miles 1,570 2.6 524 0.9 1,374 8.1 19.7 0.4 16.2 0.2 16.3 1.2

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 44,370 100 61,271 100 5,239 100 5.6 - 20.8 - 14.2 -
Less than 50 miles 21,656 48.8 43,573 71.1 898 17.1 11.6 3.6 25.7 5.5 25.6 2.5
50 - 99 miles 6,491 14.6 5,035 8.2 482 9.2 9.6 1.3 14.1 1.8 14.7 1.2
100 - 249 miles 9,750 22 9,051 14.8 1,923 36.7 10.6 2.2 24.3 3.2 25.2 4.3
250 - 499 miles 4,149 9.3 2,686 4.4 1,170 22.3 11.6 1.2 22.7 1.5 20.4 4
500 - 749 miles 1,840 4.1 811 1.3 626 12 23.8 1.1 18.2 0.5 18.4 3.1
750 - 999 miles S S 83 0.1 86 1.6 S S 40.1 - 42.1 0.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 21 - S S S S 36.2 0.1 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 24 0.1 8 - 15 0.3 23.8 - 30.5 - 26.2 0.2
More than 2,000 miles S S 3 - S S S S 46.9 - S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,184 100 16,531 100 7,710 100 16.3 - 25.3 - 18.4 -
Less than 50 miles 281 8.8 S S S S 32.7 3.4 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 62 1.9 378 2.3 48 0.6 47.7 1 26.1 1.3 27.5 0.3
100 - 249 miles 632 19.9 4,781 28.9 1,053 13.7 22 4.4 41.8 5.2 37 2.5
250 - 499 miles 905 28.4 3,585 21.7 1,720 22.3 23.9 3.6 23 5.3 19.1 5.2
500 - 749 miles 657 20.6 1,547 9.4 1,310 17 31.8 4.5 28.8 2.7 28.4 2.5
750 - 999 miles 317 10 1,258 7.6 1,531 19.9 17.4 1.2 24.7 1.7 25.6 2.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 187 5.9 1,029 6.2 1,525 19.8 35.5 1.3 25.4 2.9 24.2 4.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 47 1.5 104 0.6 252 3.3 34.7 0.5 34.4 0.4 36.5 1.5
More than 2,000 miles 96 3 82 0.5 239 3.1 32 1.1 14.8 0.5 15.5 2.6

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 196 100 6 100 5 100 41.7 - 46.9 - 44.7 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 8 4 S S S S 29.3 4.8 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 22 11.3 S S S S 37.3 11.1 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 14 6.9 S S S S 25.8 5 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4 1.8 S S S S 48.6 0.9 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 4 1.9 S S S S 19.7 2.2 S S S S

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 5,472 100 3,174 100 2,271 100 20.8 - 26.7 - 25.1 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S 3 0.1 S S S S 43.8 -
50 - 99 miles 657 12 S S S S 43.9 3.2 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 831 15.2 754 23.8 210 9.2 14.7 2.3 47.5 4.8 48.1 2.7
250 - 499 miles 1,264 23.1 964 30.4 532 23.4 16.5 3.1 38.4 6.1 36.3 5.5
500 - 749 miles 921 16.8 420 13.2 346 15.2 18.7 2.1 25.2 4.7 24.9 3.8
750 - 999 miles 545 10 262 8.3 313 13.8 20.9 1.7 30.7 2.2 30.9 3.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 208 3.8 S S S S 27 0.6 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 248 4.5 84 2.6 209 9.2 21.9 0.9 38 1 38.6 2.1
More than 2,000 miles 229 4.2 68 2.2 203 8.9 26.3 0.7 18.8 1.2 20.2 3.6

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,424 100 293 100 196 100 24.1 - 29.4 - 28.7 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 623 14.1 S S 3 1.4 46.4 3.5 S S 48.4 0.3
100 - 249 miles 704 15.9 42 14.3 9 4.8 14.7 1.9 19.9 2.7 20.2 1.3
250 - 499 miles 740 16.7 54 18.6 27 13.8 16 1.3 21.8 3 24.4 2.3
500 - 749 miles 830 18.8 65 22.2 50 25.3 20.1 2.3 28.2 2.8 28.1 1.9
750 - 999 miles 481 10.9 31 10.7 32 16.3 23 1.7 27.4 1.3 26.4 2.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 192 4.3 S S S S 28.6 0.8 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 177 4 10 3.6 22 11.3 17.7 0.9 21.1 1 20.7 3
More than 2,000 miles 158 3.6 10 3.5 27 13.8 26.7 0.6 44.2 0.5 44.2 1.8

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 826 100 2,786 100 1,995 100 27.1 - 30.3 - 28.4 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S 2 0.1 S S S S 43.9 0.2
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 122 14.8 706 25.3 198 9.9 30.7 7.6 47.2 5.2 47.1 3.3
250 - 499 miles 332 40.2 840 30.1 453 22.7 28.2 10 41.8 8.7 40.7 7.5
500 - 749 miles 80 9.7 341 12.3 286 14.4 23.7 5 31.1 8.5 30.2 6.5
750 - 999 miles 61 7.3 227 8.1 274 13.7 31.9 6.6 27.6 3.9 27.2 4.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 16 1.9 S S S S 45.7 1.1 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 67 8.1 73 2.6 183 9.2 43.7 2.8 38.8 1.5 39.1 3.2
More than 2,000 miles 65 7.9 57 2.1 170 8.5 40.2 2.3 21.2 2.5 22.2 5.9

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 222 100 96 100 81 100 37.3 - 30.7 - 24.1 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 191 86.3 70 72.7 52 63.6 35.7 5.4 19.7 9.8 17.3 9.9
500 - 749 miles 11 5.1 13 13.9 10 12 20.4 8.6 42.3 14.6 36.9 13.4
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,213 100 1,138 100 273 100 16.5 - 12.7 - 20.5 -
Less than 50 miles 1,225 55.3 546 48 5 1.8 25.9 10.7 26.2 8.7 22.4 0.7
50 - 99 miles S S 72 6.3 7 2.5 S S 14.7 1.2 15.7 0.4
100 - 249 miles 202 9.1 333 29.3 78 28.4 27 5.7 28.4 7.7 28.2 8.9
250 - 499 miles 102 4.6 55 4.8 24 8.9 36 1.8 19 1.8 17.3 3
500 - 749 miles 198 8.9 60 5.2 43 15.7 25.8 5.1 23.5 2.8 21.8 4.9
750 - 999 miles 139 6.3 35 3.1 35 12.7 36.6 2.5 34.4 1.1 32 1.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 83 3.7 12 1.1 17 6.3 40.5 1.5 37.3 0.7 36.6 2.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 71 3.2 8 0.7 17 6.3 36.8 3.5 38.5 0.8 39.2 4.7
More than 2,000 miles 75 3.4 S S S S 42.4 2.7 S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.