Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,958 100 11,007 100 351 100 367 17.6 - 21.9 - 11.7 - 36.1
Less than 50 lbs 322 10.9 13 0.1 4 1.1 653 22.4 4.1 17.9 0.1 26.5 0.4 34.0
50 - 99 lbs 129 4.4 14 0.1 2 0.5 130 14.0 1.1 12.2 0.1 27.3 0.2 46.7
100 - 499 lbs 340 11.5 71 0.6 7 1.9 99 14.8 2.9 14.3 0.8 15.3 0.6 30.5
500 - 749 lbs 90 3.0 30 0.3 2 0.4 S 15.1 0.6 20.8 0.2 29.5 0.1 S
750 - 999 lbs 55 1.9 23 0.2 1 0.2 30 20.2 0.4 18.7 0.2 23.1 0.1 17.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 552 18.6 415 3.8 22 6.2 64 22.9 2.9 16.0 1.4 34.4 1.8 19.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,034 35.0 5,071 46.1 229 65.3 42 36.7 5.0 23.7 8.4 15.3 7.3 28.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 329 11.1 2,405 21.8 39 11.0 16 40.2 3.0 35.7 6.6 35.6 3.5 22.8
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,685 100 10,925 100 321 100 107 19.3 - 22.0 - 11.6 - 40.4
Less than 50 lbs 244 9.1 11 0.1 1 0.4 S 25.0 4.2 20.2 0.1 29.5 0.2 S
50 - 99 lbs 114 4.3 12 0.1 1 0.3 S 14.7 1.2 14.1 0.1 28.4 0.3 S
100 - 499 lbs 294 10.9 64 0.6 5 1.6 85 16.1 2.8 16.0 0.7 16.0 0.4 29.6
500 - 749 lbs 74 2.7 28 0.3 1 0.3 35 16.2 0.7 23.0 0.2 24.3 0.1 48.0
750 - 999 lbs 51 1.9 21 0.2 1 0.2 28 20.8 0.5 18.5 0.2 21.6 0.1 10.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 496 18.5 384 3.5 17 5.2 58 22.8 3.1 15.5 1.4 24.5 1.2 21.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 976 36.3 5,047 46.2 210 65.3 37 39.0 5.2 23.8 8.4 17.5 8.2 30.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 329 12.3 2,405 22.0 39 12.1 16 40.2 3.3 35.7 6.7 35.6 4.1 22.8
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,400 100 10,305 100 147 100 20 20.8 - 22.5 - 25.9 - 6.5
Less than 50 lbs 179 7.5 11 0.1 - 0.1 20 23.4 2.3 22.0 0.1 14.9 0.1 8.5
50 - 99 lbs 98 4.1 12 0.1 - 0.2 23 18.5 1.1 15.1 0.1 15.9 0.1 10.4
100 - 499 lbs 249 10.4 61 0.6 1 0.9 23 18.7 2.9 17.7 0.8 18.8 1.0 4.9
500 - 749 lbs 71 3.0 27 0.3 1 0.5 25 16.7 0.7 23.4 0.2 25.8 0.3 10.4
750 - 999 lbs 51 2.1 21 0.2 1 0.4 26 20.8 0.5 18.5 0.2 19.5 0.3 10.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 471 19.6 374 3.6 8 5.6 23 23.7 3.6 16.1 1.4 27.3 1.6 9.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 941 39.2 4,660 45.2 68 46.1 15 40.3 5.4 23.9 8.6 19.2 8.7 13.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 327 13.6 2,336 22.7 29 19.5 12 40.6 3.4 36.7 7.1 41.8 5.7 22.1
More than 100,000 lbs 13 0.6 S S S S 15 32.8 2.4 S S S S 31.4

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 418 100 5,458 100 S S 13 42.0 - 41.2 - S S 45.3
Less than 50 lbs 5 1.2 S S S S S 44.3 6.2 S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs S S - - - - 28 S S 46.5 4.1 40.8 7.6 29.7
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 30 S S S S S S 24.0
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S 25 S S S S S S 25.6
750 - 999 lbs - 0.1 - - - - 28 18.3 0.1 38.0 - 14.9 - 33.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 16 3.9 S S - 0.3 9 49.2 5.7 S S 36.3 6.0 34.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 281 67.2 1,696 31.1 21 29.3 12 48.6 6.0 28.6 13.4 29.8 16.6 20.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 94 22.4 933 17.1 10 14.1 11 38.6 3.2 24.7 11.3 28.6 11.6 32.1
More than 100,000 lbs 13 3.2 S S S S 15 32.8 10.9 S S S S 31.4

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,982 100 4,847 100 77 100 21 17.6 - 24.2 - 25.3 - 6.3
Less than 50 lbs 174 8.8 11 0.2 - 0.3 20 24.7 2.4 22.4 0.1 14.9 0.1 8.2
50 - 99 lbs 96 4.9 12 0.2 - 0.4 23 18.9 1.1 15.2 0.1 16.0 0.1 10.5
100 - 499 lbs 244 12.3 60 1.2 1 1.8 23 19.4 2.8 17.9 0.7 19.0 0.9 4.9
500 - 749 lbs 69 3.5 27 0.6 1 0.9 25 18.0 0.7 23.9 0.2 26.3 0.3 10.6
750 - 999 lbs 51 2.6 21 0.4 1 0.7 26 21.0 0.5 19.3 0.2 19.6 0.3 10.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 454 22.9 351 7.2 8 10.3 24 24.5 3.6 17.6 1.3 28.2 1.2 9.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 660 33.3 2,963 61.1 47 61.3 18 37.0 5.1 22.3 6.7 21.0 4.9 11.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 234 11.8 S S 19 24.4 13 42.6 3.9 S S 47.8 5.9 38.2
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 38 100 471 100 157 100 S 28.5 - 45.1 - 22.5 - S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 203 S S S S S S 39.8
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 1 3.7 2 0.4 - 0.3 255 40.5 17.7 33.5 18.4 43.1 18.2 16.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 34 88.5 387 82.0 140 88.9 S 23.9 6.1 42.7 6.2 15.4 6.3 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 146 S S S S S S 9.5
More than 100,000 lbs - 0.5 S S 7 4.4 S 42.2 1.8 S S 39.8 11.5 S

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 38 100 471 100 157 100 S 28.5 - 45.1 - 22.5 - S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 203 S S S S S S 39.8
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 1 3.7 2 0.4 - 0.3 255 40.5 17.7 33.5 18.4 43.1 18.2 16.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 34 88.5 387 82.0 140 88.9 S 23.9 6.1 42.7 6.2 15.4 6.3 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 146 S S S S S S 9.5
More than 100,000 lbs - 0.5 S S 7 4.4 S 42.2 1.8 S S 39.8 11.5 S

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 153 100 13 100 16 100 2,102 47.8 - 49.3 - 21.7 - 18.7
Less than 50 lbs S S 1 4.4 1 7.1 2,556 S S 30.2 2.9 35.8 2.6 19.8
50 - 99 lbs S S - 3.4 1 4.7 1,763 S S 28.4 2.4 41.6 2.0 28.9
100 - 499 lbs S S S S 4 23.9 1,306 S S S S 25.0 7.9 26.4
500 - 749 lbs 2 1.1 - 1.8 S S S 32.9 4.8 30.8 3.8 S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S 8 50.1 S S S S S 27.0 12.8 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Pipeline5

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 181 100 25 100 27 100 3,012 21.9 - 29.1 - 26.3 - 13.9
Less than 50 lbs 55 30.2 1 4.9 2 9.2 3,320 29.0 8.7 38.8 4.2 44.6 10.1 11.3
50 - 99 lbs 7 4.1 - 1.9 1 2.7 1,522 25.8 3.3 31.2 0.8 45.9 0.8 21.2
100 - 499 lbs S S S S 1 3.6 S S S S S 45.5 1.8 S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 338 S S S S S S 13.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 380 S S S S S S 13.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 58 31.8 15 60.3 20 73.0 1,320 25.1 10.3 27.2 9.6 28.9 9.8 43.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 74 100 3 100 4 100 3,242 29.5 - 48.1 - 26.5 - 11.7
Less than 50 lbs 54 73.3 1 41.5 2 59.2 3,384 29.3 9.1 41.7 8.3 44.8 9.4 10.5
50 - 99 lbs 7 9.3 - 13.3 1 16.2 1,760 22.3 6.4 23.7 4.6 44.6 5.6 22.4
100 - 499 lbs S S S S 1 15.1 S S S S S 48.4 6.1 S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 107 100 22 100 23 100 359 29.1 - 31.7 - 29.6 - 25.9
Less than 50 lbs - 0.4 S S S S 264 42.6 1.8 S S S S 14.9
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S 424 S S S S S S 26.4
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 277 S S S S S S 7.9
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S 248 S S S S S S 17.0
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 338 S S S S S S 13.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 380 S S S S S S 13.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 58 53.8 15 67.8 20 86.3 1,320 25.1 12.9 27.2 9.2 28.9 7.1 43.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 92 100 57 100 S S 120 26.6 - 42.5 - S S 47.9
Less than 50 lbs 23 24.9 1 1.6 - 0.8 S 17.8 9.7 22.2 7.1 35.2 6.4 S
50 - 99 lbs 7 7.9 1 1.5 S S S 25.4 2.6 29.2 5.9 S S S
100 - 499 lbs 22 23.5 5 9.0 S S S 29.6 5.8 30.6 11.2 S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S 2 3.8 S S 35 S S 42.6 4.3 S S 45.2
750 - 999 lbs 1 1.5 2 3.1 S S S 9.9 1.1 25.7 2.7 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 26 28.5 26 46.0 S S S 34.2 11.8 21.5 11.3 S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 16 S S S S S S -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.