Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,958 100 11,007 100 351 100 367 17.6 - 21.9 - 11.7 - 36.1
Single modes 2,685 90.8 10,925 99.3 321 91.4 107 19.3 2.2 22 0.4 11.6 2.2 40.4
Truck6 2,400 81.1 10,305 93.6 147 42 20 20.8 5 22.5 1.5 25.9 7.6 6.5
For-hire truck 418 14.1 5,458 49.6 S S 13 42 3.2 41.2 9.5 S S 45.3
Private truck 1,982 67 4,847 44 77 22 21 17.6 5 24.2 10 25.3 4.8 6.3
Water 38 1.3 471 4.3 157 44.7 S 28.5 0.6 45.1 1.7 22.5 10.2 S
Deep draft 38 1.3 471 4.3 157 44.7 S 28.5 0.6 45.1 1.7 22.5 10.2 S
Air (incl truck and air) 153 5.2 13 0.1 16 4.6 2,102 47.8 3.7 49.3 0.1 21.7 2 18.7
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 181 6.1 25 0.2 27 7.6 3,012 21.9 1.8 29.1 0.1 26.3 1.8 13.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 74 2.5 3 - 4 1.2 3,242 29.5 1 48.1 - 26.5 0.5 11.7
Truck and water 107 3.6 22 0.2 23 6.4 359 29.1 1.1 31.7 - 29.6 1.6 25.9
Other and unknown modes 92 3.1 57 0.5 S S 120 26.6 0.8 42.5 0.3 S S 47.9

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 235 100 67 100 66 100 S 21.6 - 24.7 - 29 - S
Single modes 210 89.5 64 95.3 61 92.1 S 23.4 4.4 26.3 4.2 32.6 8.2 S
Truck6 131 55.9 35 52.2 1 1.6 20 22.8 8.5 35.8 10 33.4 10.3 15.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S 42 S S S S S S 24.9
Private truck 131 55.9 35 52.2 1 1.6 20 22.8 8.5 35.8 10 33.4 10.3 15.1
Water 14 5.9 17 26 45 68 1,130 29.2 3.7 27.4 10.2 30 17.6 48.9
Deep draft 14 5.9 17 26 45 68 1,130 29.2 3.7 27.4 10.2 30 17.6 48.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S 15 22.5 1,751 S S S S 15.4 15.3 16.5
Multiple modes S S 3 4.1 S S 3,194 S S 42 4.2 S S 17.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 5 2.3 - 0.7 1 1.9 3,735 35.2 2.5 32.2 1 36 3.8 4.9
Truck and water S S 2 3.5 S S S S S 39.8 7.1 S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 450 100 207 100 63 100 361 12.1 - 24.5 - 36.8 - 43.5
Single modes 370 82.1 193 93.2 51 81.5 54 15.4 4.7 27.4 4.9 46.7 17.1 33
Truck6 356 79.2 175 84.4 3 5.3 21 15 3.9 26 3.6 17.1 6.2 8.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 349 77.7 144 69.7 3 5.1 21 15.2 4 17.7 5.9 16.6 6.2 8
Water 13 2.8 18 8.8 47 75.7 1,585 39.6 2.9 31.6 4.4 30.5 8.6 29.4
Deep draft 13 2.8 18 8.8 47 75.7 1,585 39.6 2.9 31.6 4.4 30.5 8.6 29.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 2,865 S S S S S S 44.7
Multiple modes 79 17.5 13 6.5 12 18.5 3,218 17.7 4.6 21 4.7 27.1 17.1 25
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - 0.2 1 1.7 3,527 S S 36.8 0.1 47.3 6 30.3
Truck and water 59 13.2 13 6.3 11 16.8 328 21.7 5 22.2 4.7 30.3 16.8 28.3
Other and unknown modes 2 0.4 S S S S S 40.9 1.2 S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 92 100 6,943 100 155 100 25 18.3 - 31.3 - 26.5 - 18.5
Single modes 91 98.9 6,931 99.8 155 99.9 25 18.2 0.5 31.4 0.2 26.5 0.3 18.7
Truck6 85 92.1 6,517 93.9 94 61 16 18.8 3.4 33.6 4.4 36.1 13.3 14.4
For-hire truck 38 40.8 S S S S 15 21.5 9 S S S S 16.4
Private truck 47 51.3 2,123 30.6 31 20.1 17 30.6 10 44.8 13.5 35.9 14.9 15.4
Water 6 6.9 414 6 S S 146 3.6 9.2 6.8 14 S S 0.1
Deep draft 6 6.9 414 6 S S 146 3.6 9.2 6.8 14 S S 0.1
Other and unknown modes 1 1.1 S S S S S 42.2 2.6 S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,048 100 1,287 100 12 100 S 45.3 - 43.6 - 25.5 - S
Single modes 1,048 100 1,287 100 12 99.8 S 45.3 0.3 43.6 2.9 25.6 5.1 S
Truck6 954 91 1,149 89.3 12 94.6 19 49.5 7.3 47.7 6.6 24.2 5.4 26.3
For-hire truck 324 30.9 414 32.2 2 19.9 S 48.1 4.4 49.3 5.7 40.5 6 S
Private truck 630 60.1 735 57.1 9 74.6 21 46.8 11.2 43.1 10.1 23.5 6.4 25.5
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 163 100 89 100 4 100 1,486 25 - 21.3 - 39.6 - 30.1
Single modes 129 79.6 87 97.8 2 57.6 413 19.7 6.7 21.3 1.1 24.1 12.3 37.3
Truck6 118 72.8 86 96.3 2 47 22 19.8 8.1 21.2 2.2 22.7 12.2 4.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S 29 S S S S S S 17.8
Private truck 102 62.6 75 84 1 40.7 21 20.4 9.7 23.4 6.6 26.5 11.8 4.3
Water 1 0.4 S S - 4.8 278 48.6 0.3 S S 47.6 4.3 16.6
Deep draft 1 0.4 S S - 4.8 278 48.6 0.3 S S 47.6 4.3 16.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 2,555 S S S S S S 34.2
Multiple modes S S S S S S 3,123 S S S S S S 34
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 3,151 S S S S S S 31
Truck and water S S S S - 1.5 295 S S S S 46.3 2.7 18.9
Other and unknown modes 2 1.3 S S S S S 41.1 1.8 S S S S S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 328 100 S S S S 112 49.9 - S S S S 49.5
Single modes S S S S S S 34 S S S S S S 20.6
Truck6 S S S S S S 30 S S S S S S 13.2
For-hire truck 8 2.5 3 1.3 - 0.4 52 34.1 1.6 45 2 36 3.4 20.9
Private truck S S S S S S 30 S S S S S S 13.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 8 2.6 S S S S 1,812 41.4 2.8 S S S S 38.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S - 1.1 2,494 S S S S 47.7 10.8 27.8
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 40 12.1 25 9.7 S S 51 35.5 9.4 27.1 11.7 S S 44.9

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 364 100 S S 29 100 S 29.4 - S S 36.1 - S
Single modes 307 84.3 S S 27 94.6 22 31.6 5.3 S S 38.6 4.9 19.1
Truck6 302 83 S S 25 88.5 18 31.7 5.1 S S 41.6 6.9 9.6
For-hire truck 23 6.2 S S S S 7 16.8 5.9 S S S S 43.2
Private truck 280 76.8 1,459 70.2 22 75.1 19 31.5 4.6 47.3 8.3 32.5 7.8 8.7
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - S S S S S 39.8 - S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1 0.3 S S - - S 45.4 0.4 S S 39.7 0.1 S
Truck and water S S S S S S 318 S S S S S S 22.4
Other and unknown modes 40 11 8 0.4 S S S 29.7 5.6 48.5 0.6 S S S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 208 S S S S S S 24.1
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,203 S S S S S S 38.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,224 S S S S S S 38.1
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 26 S S S S S S 31.5

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 233 100 75 100 11 100 S 28.3 - 48 - 34.8 - S
Single modes 211 90.6 62 82.4 S S S 32.1 9.7 42.4 10 S S S
Truck6 142 60.8 49 65.9 1 9.6 19 28.8 11.6 33.4 10.8 32.4 14.9 10.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 139 59.8 46 60.8 1 9.3 20 29.4 11.6 31.6 11.4 33 15 9.6
Water S S S S S S 141 S S S S S S 34.8
Deep draft S S S S S S 141 S S S S S S 34.8
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 17 7.5 2 2.3 S S 2,179 29.4 9.7 43.4 11.4 S S 22.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 10 4.1 - 0.1 - 1.7 2,498 34.8 3.4 30.2 0.2 33.1 5.3 19
Truck and water 8 3.4 2 2.2 S S S 42.7 8.3 44 12.5 S S S
Other and unknown modes 4 1.9 S S S S 17 41 2.9 S S S S 21.8

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.