Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

Excel | CSV

All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 169,647 100 262,994 100 95,854 100 8.2 - 5.7 - 9.1 -
Less than 50 miles 28,397 16.7 90,456 34.4 2,352 2.5 4.2 1.9 16.4 4.8 15.9 0.6
50 - 99 miles 23,317 13.7 47,461 18 6,000 6.3 11 1.7 16 2.6 22.3 1.1
100 - 249 miles 35,104 20.7 35,820 13.6 8,163 8.5 15 1.5 19.2 2.6 17.5 1.8
250 - 499 miles 32,883 19.4 34,850 13.3 17,201 17.9 16.5 1.6 18.8 2.4 22.4 3.5
500 - 749 miles 21,967 12.9 26,720 10.2 23,304 24.3 13.2 1.1 17.2 1.8 18.9 4.4
750 - 999 miles 14,971 8.8 20,910 8 25,780 26.9 14.1 1.1 25.8 1.8 26.4 4.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 6,391 3.8 2,530 1 3,777 3.9 16.5 0.5 18.6 0.2 18.8 0.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 6,566 3.9 4,235 1.6 9,181 9.6 11.3 0.3 29.6 0.5 29.9 2.3
More than 2,000 miles 51 - 13 - S S 24.1 - 49.1 - S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 150,219 100 218,927 100 72,819 100 8.6 - 8.4 - 11.9 -
Less than 50 miles 26,098 17.4 86,632 39.6 2,219 3 4.2 2 15.1 4.4 13.4 0.5
50 - 99 miles 21,424 14.3 30,432 13.9 2,912 4 11.9 1.7 15.8 1.9 15.5 0.8
100 - 249 miles 33,085 22 31,695 14.5 6,770 9.3 15.2 1.7 21.4 2.6 19.8 1.8
250 - 499 miles 30,447 20.3 26,829 12.3 12,214 16.8 17 1.7 18.6 2.1 16.5 2.5
500 - 749 miles 17,086 11.4 20,208 9.2 16,488 22.6 14.4 0.9 13 0.8 11.3 2.8
750 - 999 miles 11,803 7.9 17,463 8 21,431 29.4 15.3 1.1 28.9 1.6 29.6 4.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 5,173 3.4 2,045 0.9 3,002 4.1 20.6 0.6 21.5 0.2 20.5 0.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 5,095 3.4 3,622 1.7 7,780 10.7 14.3 0.4 34.4 0.6 34.8 3
More than 2,000 miles 7 - S S 2 - 45.4 - S S 38 -

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 127,095 100 134,017 100 22,377 100 8.4 - 9.7 - 13.1 -
Less than 50 miles 24,966 19.6 76,139 56.8 1,858 8.3 5 1.9 16.8 5 14.5 1.8
50 - 99 miles 20,427 16.1 19,931 14.9 1,960 8.8 12.9 1.6 8.1 1.9 7.8 0.7
100 - 249 miles 27,436 21.6 17,291 12.9 3,760 16.8 11.4 0.8 11.4 1.5 11.7 0.8
250 - 499 miles 23,862 18.8 11,528 8.6 5,268 23.5 15.3 1.5 20.9 1.5 22.1 1.9
500 - 749 miles 14,268 11.2 4,938 3.7 3,709 16.6 17.2 1 16 0.5 15.3 1.1
750 - 999 miles 7,558 5.9 1,989 1.5 2,021 9 13.7 0.8 9.9 0.3 9.7 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,505 3.5 1,035 0.8 1,456 6.5 21.7 0.6 20 0.1 20.8 0.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,067 3.2 1,166 0.9 2,342 10.5 11.7 0.4 24.4 0.2 24 1.2
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 73,869 100 65,718 100 15,121 100 12.1 - 9.6 - 12.7 -
Less than 50 miles 8,229 11.1 31,295 47.6 875 5.8 13.1 2 18.6 4.9 13.7 1.1
50 - 99 miles 8,143 11 10,182 15.5 996 6.6 8.3 1.4 15.8 2.2 13.9 0.9
100 - 249 miles 14,213 19.2 9,548 14.5 2,078 13.7 16.2 1 9.5 1.7 10.8 1
250 - 499 miles 17,095 23.1 7,397 11.3 3,272 21.6 20 1.5 24.4 2.1 23.6 1.7
500 - 749 miles 11,011 14.9 3,473 5.3 2,640 17.5 20.1 1.3 18.6 0.8 17.6 1
750 - 999 miles 6,971 9.4 1,846 2.8 1,892 12.5 13.6 1.1 10.1 0.5 9.8 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,236 5.7 1,022 1.6 1,436 9.5 22.2 0.8 20.5 0.3 21.3 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,966 5.4 955 1.5 1,931 12.8 11.6 0.7 12.7 0.2 12.7 1.2
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 53,226 100 68,299 100 7,256 100 9.6 - 11.8 - 23.6 -
Less than 50 miles 16,736 31.4 44,844 65.7 983 13.6 7.4 2.7 19 5.5 18.5 4.1
50 - 99 miles 12,284 23.1 9,749 14.3 964 13.3 20 2.6 11.7 2.8 13.4 2.8
100 - 249 miles 13,223 24.8 7,743 11.3 1,682 23.2 13.4 1.8 17 1.9 18.6 1.8
250 - 499 miles 6,768 12.7 4,131 6 1,996 27.5 18.4 2 37.8 2.1 42.7 3.7
500 - 749 miles 3,257 6.1 1,465 2.1 1,069 14.7 17.9 1.1 26.2 0.5 25 2.2
750 - 999 miles 587 1.1 143 0.2 129 1.8 41.7 0.4 33 0.1 32.8 0.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 269 0.5 S S S S 29.9 0.6 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 11,347 100 42,940 100 26,548 100 22.4 - 14.7 - 16.8 -
Less than 50 miles 377 3.3 6,127 14.3 299 1.1 46.1 3.7 47.5 5.4 44.4 0.5
50 - 99 miles S S 3,971 9.2 325 1.2 S S 48.7 3.7 40.5 0.6
100 - 249 miles S S 4,067 9.5 1,025 3.9 S S 38.5 2.2 39.4 0.9
250 - 499 miles 3,806 33.5 8,986 20.9 4,143 15.6 36.4 5.1 23.4 4.9 24.6 5.8
500 - 749 miles 2,315 20.4 12,571 29.3 9,929 37.4 16.7 6.4 20.3 5.8 18.9 5.6
750 - 999 miles 2,021 17.8 3,757 8.7 3,853 14.5 33.3 4 33 1.9 32.4 3.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 1,006 2.3 1,540 5.8 S S 42.7 0.7 38.9 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 2,455 5.7 5,435 20.5 S S 42 1.7 41.8 6
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,012 100 28,633 100 21,573 100 29.2 - 42.1 - 31 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 24 0.8 S S S S 33.1 4.2 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 17 0.6 S S S S 31.4 1.3 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 426 14.1 2,303 8 1,764 8.2 37.5 3.8 39.6 6.3 34.3 3.9
500 - 749 miles 404 13.4 2,698 9.4 2,849 13.2 16.3 11.1 24.4 11.6 23.5 10.9
750 - 999 miles 2,122 70.5 11,714 40.9 15,553 72.1 32.5 6.5 40.5 11.7 38.6 7.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,012 100 28,633 100 21,573 100 29.2 - 42.1 - 31 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 24 0.8 S S S S 33.1 4.2 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 17 0.6 S S S S 31.4 1.3 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 426 14.1 2,303 8 1,764 8.2 37.5 3.8 39.6 6.3 34.3 3.9
500 - 749 miles 404 13.4 2,698 9.4 2,849 13.2 16.3 11.1 24.4 11.6 23.5 10.9
750 - 999 miles 2,122 70.5 11,714 40.9 15,553 72.1 32.5 6.5 40.5 11.7 38.6 7.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 560 100 14 100 17 100 29.4 - 41.7 - 40 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 1 7.5 1 4.9 S S 39.8 5.1 42.7 2.9
250 - 499 miles 44 7.8 S S - 2 41.9 3.7 S S 33.8 2
500 - 749 miles 99 17.7 S S S S 41.2 4.3 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 102 18.1 4 25 4 22.3 44.7 10 45.3 5.8 42.4 6.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 44 7.8 1 9.9 3 16.5 38.6 2.7 44.2 6 45.2 8.8
More than 2,000 miles S S - 1.7 1 6.4 S S 44.2 3.5 47.8 8.1

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 16,858 100 40,926 100 22,413 100 9.9 - 34.1 - 30.1 -
Less than 50 miles 1,367 8.1 S S S S 44.4 4.1 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 1,432 8.5 17,003 41.5 3,085 13.8 13.1 1.4 39.9 7 42.9 3
100 - 249 miles 1,933 11.5 3,896 9.5 1,330 5.9 16.7 2 36.7 2.9 38.4 2.4
250 - 499 miles 2,266 13.4 S S S S 13.7 1.7 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 4,683 27.8 6,429 15.7 6,754 30.1 26 4.5 43.3 7.4 47.1 8.7
750 - 999 miles 2,879 17.1 3,245 7.9 4,099 18.3 20.6 2.1 43.1 5.4 43.3 7.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 900 5.3 S S S S 20.3 1.5 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,355 8 561 1.4 1,297 5.8 12.2 1.2 44.1 2.3 42.5 5.1
More than 2,000 miles 43 0.3 S S S S 30.9 0.1 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9,466 100 337 100 170 100 13.8 - 29.3 - 10.5 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 694 7.3 21 6.1 2 1.3 13.4 1.3 17 1.5 14.4 0.2
100 - 249 miles 1,624 17.2 42 12.5 9 5.5 22.2 1.9 22.5 2.9 20 0.7
250 - 499 miles 1,428 15.1 44 13.2 20 11.9 13.9 1.5 9.9 2.2 9.8 0.6
500 - 749 miles 1,651 17.4 43 12.8 34 20.1 17.2 1.4 15.7 2.7 16.2 2.2
750 - 999 miles 1,458 15.4 30 8.8 31 17.9 19.2 1.3 16.5 1.4 17.7 1.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 723 7.6 19 5.6 28 16.6 18.8 1.4 23.2 1.9 24.7 3.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 645 6.8 20 6 42 24.5 14.4 0.6 14.7 1 14.8 2.8
More than 2,000 miles 22 0.2 S S S S 32.6 0.1 S S S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 5,607 100 6,672 100 5,952 100 35.8 - 32 - 35.8 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S 7 0.1 S S S S 48.1 0.3
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 166 3 314 4.7 97 1.6 48.8 1.3 33.9 4.5 35.9 1.9
250 - 499 miles 729 13 852 12.8 444 7.5 46.2 5.2 22.1 4.7 24.6 3.7
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S 299 4.5 326 5.5 S S 25 1.6 25.5 2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 171 3.1 S S S S 39.9 4.3 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 693 12.4 533 8 1,206 20.3 27.5 5.7 46.5 4.2 46.2 7.7
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,585 100 31,039 100 13,442 100 33 - 42.7 - 47.5 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 527 33.2 15,471 49.8 2,844 21.2 23.4 13.1 34.5 8.3 38.2 9.3
100 - 249 miles 142 8.9 3,539 11.4 1,223 9.1 19.7 4.9 20.4 5.1 23.7 8.3
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S - - S S S S 36 5.4 S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 19 100 91 100 150 100 31.6 - 42.4 - 31.1 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S 77 84.7 S S S S 18.6 15.3 S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 181 100 2,788 100 2,700 100 24.5 - 34 - 34.7 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,570 100 S S 622 100 31.6 - S S 35.4 -
Less than 50 miles 932 36.2 S S S S 33.6 12.4 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S 27 0.8 3 0.4 S S 38.6 1.2 37 0.4
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 44 1.4 17 2.7 S S 44.3 2.7 42.2 2.3
500 - 749 miles S S 83 2.6 61 9.8 S S 27.6 5.3 27 7.6
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 62 2 84 13.5 S S 45.7 17.2 43.3 17.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 115 4.5 S S S S 38.4 17.5 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.