Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 212,955 100 212,717 100 44,280 100 7.4 - 6.9 - 6.4 -
Less than 50 miles 44,225 20.8 122,802 57.7 3,275 7.4 11.3 1.9 10.9 3.4 13.3 0.9
50 - 99 miles 16,748 7.9 19,401 9.1 2,032 4.6 6.4 0.4 12.8 1.3 14.7 0.9
100 - 249 miles 49,567 23.3 29,119 13.7 6,522 14.7 6.3 1.8 10 1.5 9.4 0.9
250 - 499 miles 41,616 19.5 22,318 10.5 11,574 26.1 11.4 1.4 7.8 0.8 8.7 1.6
500 - 749 miles 28,119 13.2 11,827 5.6 9,816 22.2 12.3 0.8 12.9 0.7 13.3 1.9
750 - 999 miles 12,890 6.1 3,221 1.5 3,458 7.8 17.2 0.6 13.6 0.2 13.8 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 8,126 3.8 1,555 0.7 2,209 5 21.5 0.5 12 0.1 11.8 0.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 11,471 5.4 2,447 1.2 5,330 12 13.6 0.5 15.5 0.2 14.8 1.8
More than 2,000 miles 193 0.1 26 - 65 0.1 35.6 - 42.2 - 34.6 -

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 184,079 100 201,408 100 37,349 100 6.7 - 6.6 - 7.2 -
Less than 50 miles 42,233 22.9 120,125 59.6 3,102 8.3 11.5 2 10.6 3.6 12.5 0.9
50 - 99 miles 15,661 8.5 18,542 9.2 1,920 5.1 6.8 0.4 12.8 1.3 14.5 0.9
100 - 249 miles 44,324 24.1 27,212 13.5 5,924 15.9 7.6 1.9 11.3 1.6 11 1.3
250 - 499 miles 36,615 19.9 19,907 9.9 10,001 26.8 11.5 1.8 10 1 11.5 2.2
500 - 749 miles 21,606 11.7 9,382 4.7 7,303 19.6 12.3 0.9 14.4 0.7 15.7 1.8
750 - 999 miles 10,782 5.9 3,021 1.5 3,235 8.7 18.3 0.7 14.3 0.2 14.6 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 5,913 3.2 1,371 0.7 1,934 5.2 21.5 0.5 10.6 0.1 10.7 0.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 6,836 3.7 1,826 0.9 3,896 10.4 13.4 0.3 20.4 0.2 20.1 2.2
More than 2,000 miles 111 0.1 21 - 34 0.1 45.5 - 47.8 - 37.8 -

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 171,141 100 159,620 100 26,331 100 6.4 - 6.8 - 6 -
Less than 50 miles 40,662 23.8 98,769 61.9 2,257 8.6 11.7 2.2 11.7 3.6 10.4 1
50 - 99 miles 15,609 9.1 15,578 9.8 1,515 5.8 6.8 0.5 11.7 1.3 11.7 0.5
100 - 249 miles 42,293 24.7 21,308 13.3 4,598 17.5 8 2 10 1.4 9.9 1
250 - 499 miles 33,871 19.8 12,785 8 5,818 22.1 11.2 1.6 7.8 0.9 7.9 1.4
500 - 749 miles 18,434 10.8 5,874 3.7 4,324 16.4 13.1 1 9 0.5 9.1 1.3
750 - 999 miles 8,874 5.2 2,537 1.6 2,685 10.2 20.6 0.7 15.3 0.3 16.1 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,944 2.9 1,021 0.6 1,433 5.4 19.6 0.4 9.2 0.1 8.8 0.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 6,356 3.7 1,728 1.1 3,668 13.9 14.9 0.4 19.6 0.1 19.2 2.1
More than 2,000 miles S S 21 - 33 0.1 S S 48.3 - 38.9 -

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 114,778 100 93,826 100 22,316 100 9.9 - 7.1 - 6.2 -
Less than 50 miles 14,714 12.8 49,088 52.3 1,241 5.6 21.4 2 13.3 4.7 15.8 0.7
50 - 99 miles 8,043 7 9,301 9.9 911 4.1 11.1 0.6 19.4 1.5 19.6 0.6
100 - 249 miles 24,498 21.3 13,286 14.2 2,919 13.1 9.3 1.6 9 1.8 9.2 0.8
250 - 499 miles 28,870 25.2 10,987 11.7 5,118 22.9 13.3 1.8 8.4 1.5 8.5 1.7
500 - 749 miles 18,394 16 5,860 6.2 4,313 19.3 13.1 0.9 9 0.9 9.1 1.5
750 - 999 miles 8,862 7.7 2,535 2.7 2,683 12 20.6 1.1 15.3 0.5 16.1 1.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,944 4.3 1,021 1.1 1,432 6.4 19.6 0.6 9.2 0.1 8.8 0.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 6,356 5.5 1,727 1.8 3,668 16.4 14.9 0.4 19.6 0.3 19.2 2.6
More than 2,000 miles S S 21 - 33 0.1 S S 48.3 - 38.9 0.1

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 56,363 100 65,794 100 4,015 100 8.9 - 11.5 - 7.9 -
Less than 50 miles 25,948 46 49,681 75.5 1,017 25.3 10.4 3.1 15 3.1 11.3 3.2
50 - 99 miles 7,566 13.4 6,277 9.5 604 15.1 10.5 1.3 21.2 2.1 21.3 2.2
100 - 249 miles 17,795 31.6 8,022 12.2 1,680 41.8 16.8 3.3 13.9 1.3 13.1 2.9
250 - 499 miles 5,001 8.9 1,798 2.7 701 17.5 16.6 1.1 12.8 0.4 12 2
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 12 - 2 - S S 39.1 - 47.4 - S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1 - S S S S 38.3 - S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 11,619 100 38,175 100 10,412 100 20.4 - 25.6 - 19 -
Less than 50 miles 1,529 13.2 19,788 51.8 774 7.4 26.3 3.5 34 11.4 36.3 3
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 1,894 16.3 5,061 13.3 1,008 9.7 31.2 7.1 39.9 8.7 37.1 3.4
250 - 499 miles 2,587 22.3 6,964 18.2 4,097 39.3 26.9 5.6 20.7 4.7 21.7 5.4
500 - 749 miles 2,866 24.7 3,505 9.2 2,978 28.6 36.1 4.9 26.3 3.6 27.5 5.5
750 - 999 miles 1,537 13.2 484 1.3 549 5.3 32 2.6 30.8 0.2 29.7 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 346 0.9 496 4.8 S S 31.4 0.8 31.3 2.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 96 0.3 224 2.1 S S 38.5 1.3 39.3 5.2
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 3,586 100 S S S S 48 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S 1,557 43.4 S S S S 31 17.2 S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 840 23.4 316 53.6 S S 24.3 19.6 25.6 16.9
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 3,586 100 S S S S 48 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S 1,557 43.4 S S S S 31 17.2 S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 840 23.4 316 53.6 S S 24.3 19.6 25.6 16.9
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,261 100 15 100 16 100 31.7 - 25.5 - 29.9 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles 1 0.1 S S S S 44.8 3.3 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 125 9.9 3 19 S S 21.6 4.3 47.1 7.1 S S
250 - 499 miles 155 12.3 3 21.2 2 12.4 26.2 3.4 40.9 6.6 33.5 6.1
500 - 749 miles 306 24.3 2 12.7 S S 39.8 5.8 40 5.3 S S
750 - 999 miles S S 1 6.5 1 6.5 S S 24.6 3.6 25.5 3.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 202 16 2 13.2 4 23.6 24.7 2.9 37.2 4.4 36.1 6.8
More than 2,000 miles S S - 1.2 1 5.3 S S 33.3 1.1 34.9 4.6

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 23,727 100 9,885 100 6,435 100 17 - 17.2 - 15.4 -
Less than 50 miles 843 3.6 2,033 20.6 162 2.5 30.6 0.7 44.9 6.2 40.7 1.4
50 - 99 miles 885 3.7 S S S S 16.3 1 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 4,587 19.3 1,740 17.6 561 8.7 27.2 4.1 32.5 4.1 31.7 3.6
250 - 499 miles 4,325 18.2 2,296 23.2 1,518 23.6 25.8 2 30 5.3 30.9 4.5
500 - 749 miles 5,649 23.8 2,330 23.6 2,429 37.8 22.9 3.4 26.5 5.5 28.4 6.3
750 - 999 miles 1,559 6.6 136 1.4 153 2.4 17.7 0.5 30 0.6 31 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,930 8.1 160 1.6 240 3.7 26.4 1 33.2 0.7 32.7 1.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,870 16.3 535 5.4 1,251 19.4 28.6 2.6 24.8 2.7 22.7 5.4
More than 2,000 miles 78 0.3 5 - S S 37.8 0.3 40 - S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 15,826 100 375 100 273 100 17.1 - 19.2 - 15.7 -
Less than 50 miles 772 4.9 13 3.4 1 0.2 29.6 1.4 14.6 1.2 36.7 0.2
50 - 99 miles 785 5 28 7.4 3 1.1 14.7 1.3 33.3 0.9 33.5 0.2
100 - 249 miles 3,918 24.8 94 25.2 26 9.6 27.7 4.3 35.5 2.9 31.5 2.1
250 - 499 miles 2,656 16.8 66 17.5 31 11.4 21.7 1.9 17.7 1.3 16.7 1.1
500 - 749 miles 3,477 22 73 19.5 54 19.6 26.9 2.6 20.5 1.7 20.1 1.6
750 - 999 miles 1,370 8.7 40 10.7 42 15.5 19.2 1.2 17.8 1.7 17.7 2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,275 8.1 23 6.1 32 11.9 26.4 1.3 17.6 0.6 17.2 1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,516 9.6 37 9.9 80 29.4 24.7 1.3 21.9 1.6 21.8 3.6
More than 2,000 miles 58 0.4 1 0.4 S S 47.3 0.4 45.5 0.1 S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,499 100 5,156 100 3,176 100 26.4 - 28.2 - 21.6 -
Less than 50 miles 60 0.8 1,807 35 152 4.8 33.3 0.6 17.1 8.5 6.5 4.7
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 581 11.3 129 4 S S 28.8 2.9 27.4 1.4
250 - 499 miles 1,614 21.5 926 18 593 18.7 44.1 4 24.2 7.8 28.4 5.9
500 - 749 miles 1,923 25.6 S S S S 36.9 6.9 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S 95 1.8 109 3.4 S S 39.3 1.2 40.2 2
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 136 2.6 206 6.5 S S 36 1.3 35.2 2.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,341 31.2 489 9.5 1,114 35.1 41.3 7.8 27.6 3.8 25.8 6.7
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 193 100 3,203 100 1,633 100 24.5 - 27.3 - 33.6 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 42 21.7 1,065 33.2 407 24.9 46.7 16.1 39.8 11.4 34.6 15.9
250 - 499 miles 56 28.9 1,304 40.7 894 54.7 30.5 12.3 41.8 16.2 40.7 16.2
500 - 749 miles 50 25.7 S S S S 47.8 15 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S - - - - S S 33.3 0.5 8.6 0.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S 3 0.1 26 1.6 S S 31.9 3.2 32.9 11.9

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4 100 3 100 6 100 28.6 - 35.1 - 35.2 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S 2 88.2 5 86.2 S S 16.5 11.8 24.9 13.8
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 204 100 1,147 100 1,347 100 43.3 - 47.4 - 44.6 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles 196 96.3 1,141 99.4 1,308 97 43.6 4.4 45.5 7 44.4 10.6
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 5,149 100 1,424 100 496 100 14.7 - 22.6 - 14.4 -
Less than 50 miles 1,148 22.3 645 45.3 S S 36.2 6.9 44.8 8.7 S S
50 - 99 miles 203 3.9 S S S S 32.1 1.3 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 657 12.8 166 11.7 36 7.3 13.2 1.5 22.7 3.3 23.6 1.6
250 - 499 miles 676 13.1 115 8.1 55 11.1 31.9 2.4 28.1 3.3 27.7 4
500 - 749 miles 864 16.8 116 8.1 84 16.9 35.5 5.1 23.6 3.6 25.3 5.6
750 - 999 miles 549 10.7 64 4.5 70 14.1 30.5 1.6 25.5 1.5 25.9 2.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 283 5.5 24 1.7 34 6.9 32.9 2.3 26.8 0.6 27.6 2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 765 14.9 86 6.1 183 36.9 21.2 3 25.8 2.4 25.7 6.2
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.