Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 96,545 100 130,040 100 31,230 100 8.8 - 13 - 15.1 -
Less than 50 miles 26,495 27.4 59,510 45.8 1,659 5.3 18.3 2.8 18.2 2.8 20 1.1
50 - 99 miles 9,790 10.1 21,827 16.8 2,021 6.5 7.2 0.6 15.5 1.5 14.7 1.2
100 - 249 miles 10,777 11.2 19,364 14.9 4,159 13.3 11.8 0.8 16 1.3 14.8 1.9
250 - 499 miles 14,419 14.9 11,142 8.6 5,221 16.7 13.2 1.5 13.7 1.2 13 2.2
500 - 749 miles 12,866 13.3 12,677 9.7 10,537 33.7 12.3 1.3 40.9 3.3 39.8 6.5
750 - 999 miles 6,822 7.1 2,394 1.8 2,680 8.6 7.7 0.8 18.6 0.4 19.1 1.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 14,798 15.3 2,994 2.3 4,695 15 17.7 1.9 10 0.2 10.3 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 519 0.5 126 0.1 239 0.8 31.9 0.2 32.2 - 32.4 0.2
More than 2,000 miles 58 0.1 7 - 19 0.1 45.2 - 49.7 - 42.2 -

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 85,592 100 126,269 100 29,050 100 9.2 - 13.3 - 15.6 -
Less than 50 miles 25,520 29.8 58,945 46.7 1,642 5.7 18.2 2.9 18.2 2.7 20.2 1.1
50 - 99 miles 9,095 10.6 21,519 17 1,974 6.8 9.3 0.7 16.1 1.6 15.5 1.3
100 - 249 miles 9,425 11 18,888 15 4,013 13.8 13.3 1.1 16.8 1.4 15.8 2.1
250 - 499 miles 12,337 14.4 9,735 7.7 4,582 15.8 12.5 1.3 11.2 1 11.1 2.3
500 - 749 miles 11,296 13.2 12,216 9.7 10,117 34.8 13.6 1.8 43 3.6 42 7.1
750 - 999 miles 5,983 7 2,315 1.8 2,578 8.9 9.1 0.8 18.4 0.4 18.8 2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 11,444 13.4 2,539 2 3,936 13.5 22 2.1 11.5 0.2 12.1 1.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 451 0.5 107 0.1 202 0.7 34.3 0.2 33.1 - 33.1 0.2
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 68,000 100 103,913 100 16,487 100 6.5 - 14.1 - 7.4 -
Less than 50 miles 22,772 33.5 53,925 51.9 1,538 9.3 17.8 3.2 18.3 2.7 20.5 1.4
50 - 99 miles 9,007 13.2 20,841 20.1 1,898 11.5 9.8 1.1 17.2 1.6 16.9 1.6
100 - 249 miles 8,997 13.2 16,561 15.9 3,393 20.6 12.1 1 14.1 1.4 13.1 1.7
250 - 499 miles 7,422 10.9 6,150 5.9 2,851 17.3 5.9 0.9 10.3 0.9 11.2 1.2
500 - 749 miles 7,174 10.5 2,966 2.9 2,241 13.6 9.1 1.2 18.2 0.6 18.3 1.9
750 - 999 miles 4,914 7.2 1,538 1.5 1,653 10 12.2 0.9 18.5 0.3 17.2 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 7,232 10.6 1,834 1.8 2,732 16.6 10 1.2 10 0.3 10 1.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 447 0.7 93 0.1 176 1.1 34.8 0.2 34.7 - 34.5 0.3
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 43,508 100 68,202 100 13,002 100 5.9 - 19.1 - 7.6 -
Less than 50 miles 10,477 24.1 30,567 44.8 1,037 8 21.5 4.4 27.9 4.4 27.5 1.7
50 - 99 miles 4,945 11.4 15,710 23 1,418 10.9 15 1.3 23 1.9 22.5 1.8
100 - 249 miles 5,116 11.8 11,810 17.3 2,406 18.5 11.7 1.1 16.8 2.1 16 1.9
250 - 499 miles 5,264 12.1 4,379 6.4 2,026 15.6 8.4 1.4 9.1 1.2 9.6 1
500 - 749 miles 6,212 14.3 2,584 3.8 1,958 15.1 9.6 1.9 18.7 1 18.9 2.2
750 - 999 miles 4,347 10 1,404 2.1 1,509 11.6 14.4 1.4 20.5 0.5 19.1 1.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 6,665 15.3 1,650 2.4 2,466 19 10.7 1.8 9.5 0.8 9.5 2.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 447 1 93 0.1 176 1.4 34.8 0.4 34.7 0.1 34.5 0.4
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 24,492 100 35,710 100 3,484 100 15 - 10 - 12.9 -
Less than 50 miles 12,295 50.2 23,357 65.4 501 14.4 20.7 3.2 13.9 3.5 15 1.4
50 - 99 miles 4,062 16.6 5,130 14.4 480 13.8 15.3 2.4 15.6 2.7 16.6 3.4
100 - 249 miles 3,881 15.8 4,751 13.3 987 28.3 21.5 1.9 13.1 2.3 11.6 3.7
250 - 499 miles 2,158 8.8 1,771 5 825 23.7 20.4 2 18.2 0.8 20 2.5
500 - 749 miles 962 3.9 382 1.1 283 8.1 18.4 0.9 35.8 0.3 36.9 1.8
750 - 999 miles 567 2.3 134 0.4 143 4.1 26.5 1 32.1 0.1 31.7 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 567 2.3 S S S S 44.1 1 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,786 100 17,905 100 12,410 100 28.9 - 28.7 - 34.4 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 2,327 13 620 5 S S 46.2 4.9 43.1 2.5
250 - 499 miles 516 13.6 3,563 19.9 1,720 13.9 22.9 4.6 23.3 6.1 22.2 5.9
500 - 749 miles 2,142 56.6 S S S S 48.4 9.6 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 206 5.4 771 4.3 920 7.4 38.7 4.8 47.5 5.2 48 7.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 312 8.2 677 3.8 1,157 9.3 26.5 4.9 37.5 1.1 37.2 3.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4 0.1 S S S S 24.8 0.4 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 11,160 100 S S S S 37.3 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 4,400 39.4 22 30.3 S S 32.5 6.7 47.3 9.8 S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 863 7.7 S S S S 38.3 9.3 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,646 100 4,381 100 S S 29.2 - 20.7 - S S
Less than 50 miles 2,646 100 4,381 100 S S 29.2 - 20.7 - S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9,066 100 2,895 100 2,016 100 14.4 - 28.1 - 17.8 -
Less than 50 miles 271 3 S S S S 26.1 1.2 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 462 5.1 S S S S 27.8 1.9 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 1,248 13.8 441 15.2 139 6.9 36.2 2.7 45.4 5.6 48.2 2.9
250 - 499 miles 1,750 19.3 S S 622 30.8 28.6 2.8 S S 40.9 7.1
500 - 749 miles 1,463 16.1 440 15.2 403 20 19.1 2.7 38.6 8.1 39.6 7.7
750 - 999 miles 771 8.5 68 2.3 90 4.5 18.9 1.4 41 1.2 42 1.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,037 33.5 409 14.1 692 34.3 16.1 3.1 24.9 3.2 26.6 5.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 17 0.2 2 0.1 13 0.6 26.2 0.1 34.2 0.1 40.4 1

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 6,849 100 261 100 155 100 15.9 - 44.1 - 28.7 -
Less than 50 miles 245 3.6 9 3.6 - 0.2 28.1 1.7 34.2 2.3 35.5 0.2
50 - 99 miles 459 6.7 15 5.6 2 1 27.9 2.5 41.5 2.1 42.9 0.4
100 - 249 miles 1,137 16.6 S S S S 32.7 3 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 1,437 21 S S S S 28.3 3.9 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 1,062 15.5 29 11.3 22 14.3 22.5 3.2 26.6 3.5 25.2 2.2
750 - 999 miles 663 9.7 15 5.9 17 10.9 19.2 1.4 21.8 2 21.3 2.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,810 26.4 36 13.8 53 34.1 24.2 3.9 23.6 4.6 23.2 5.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 29 0.4 S S S S 47.3 0.1 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 8 0.1 - 0.1 1 0.4 40.4 0.1 40.3 0.1 44.1 0.2

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,069 100 2,624 100 1,837 100 20.3 - 27.3 - 19.2 -
Less than 50 miles S S 46 1.7 S S S S 12.6 5.8 S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 364 13.9 119 6.5 S S 35.6 8.4 39.8 4
250 - 499 miles S S 1,293 49.3 584 31.8 S S 48.3 9.6 38.7 8.7
500 - 749 miles 297 14.3 404 15.4 372 20.3 35.8 8 38.7 11 39.5 10.2
750 - 999 miles 108 5.2 52 2 73 4 41.1 6 40 2.5 39.4 3.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,194 57.7 370 14.1 635 34.6 23.6 9.3 28.5 3.4 29.9 6.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 15 0.6 29 1.6 S S 26.2 1.1 19.9 2.7
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S 23 100 S S S S 36.2 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,887 100 876 100 163 100 38.5 - 46.1 - 33.2 -
Less than 50 miles 704 37.3 511 58.3 S S 49.6 6.9 43.8 8.7 S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 107 5.7 21 2.4 17 10.5 45 1.7 44 4.2 46.6 4.7
750 - 999 miles 68 3.6 11 1.2 11 6.9 35.5 2.2 33.2 2.7 33.4 7.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 317 16.8 46 5.2 67 40.8 34.4 9 39.4 5 36.7 6.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 22 1.2 2 0.3 5 3.1 31.3 1.6 46.2 0.5 45.8 2.3
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.