Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 169,772 100 356,091 100 102,551 100 19 - 11.6 - 14.2 -
Less than 50 miles 33,706 19.9 143,112 40.2 3,169 3.1 20.4 3.4 15.9 5.1 15.7 1.3
50 - 99 miles 15,084 8.9 30,381 8.5 3,507 3.4 11.1 1 19.5 0.9 19.2 0.5
100 - 249 miles 30,382 17.9 69,287 19.5 19,195 18.7 13.1 1.8 22.8 2.9 22.5 2.7
250 - 499 miles 41,234 24.3 84,289 23.7 47,100 45.9 17.7 0.9 18.5 3.3 18.8 4.8
500 - 749 miles 26,289 15.5 24,500 6.9 21,593 21.1 48.3 2.5 19.4 1.2 20 2.8
750 - 999 miles 6,159 3.6 1,562 0.4 1,706 1.7 14.9 0.6 10.1 0.1 10.7 0.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,923 2.3 874 0.2 1,233 1.2 22.7 0.3 17.6 - 18.1 0.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 9,824 5.8 1,702 0.5 3,997 3.9 29.8 0.6 19.1 0.2 20.7 1.2
More than 2,000 miles S S 385 0.1 1,050 1 S S 45.9 0.1 44.9 0.4

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 154,720 100 336,454 100 89,146 100 20.9 - 12.5 - 15.6 -
Less than 50 miles 32,610 21.1 139,338 41.4 3,032 3.4 21.4 3.6 16.4 5.2 16 1.3
50 - 99 miles 14,788 9.6 30,214 9 3,468 3.9 11.3 1.4 19.7 1 19.7 0.6
100 - 249 miles 28,444 18.4 67,512 20.1 18,692 21 15 1.9 24 3.3 23.8 3.3
250 - 499 miles 36,290 23.5 80,086 23.8 44,314 49.7 18.5 1.1 20 3.6 20.3 4.9
500 - 749 miles S S 15,272 4.5 12,917 14.5 S S 23 0.8 23.7 2.2
750 - 999 miles 4,670 3 1,516 0.5 1,656 1.9 19.1 0.3 10.5 0.1 11.1 0.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,590 2.3 850 0.3 1,198 1.3 25.2 0.2 18 - 18.5 0.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 8,222 5.3 1,329 0.4 2,991 3.4 35.1 0.7 18.3 0.1 19 1.1
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 113,909 100 161,061 100 19,033 100 12.1 - 12.4 - 7.3 -
Less than 50 miles 22,768 20 114,411 71 2,407 12.6 12.7 2 18 3.7 20.1 2.6
50 - 99 miles 14,094 12.4 15,701 9.7 1,588 8.3 12.3 1.2 11.7 1.5 11.4 1.2
100 - 249 miles 23,767 20.9 13,149 8.2 2,882 15.1 16.6 1.5 13.8 1.2 16.5 1.6
250 - 499 miles 30,693 26.9 11,394 7.1 5,099 26.8 19 1.9 16.3 1.2 17.6 2.5
500 - 749 miles 10,950 9.6 3,508 2.2 2,567 13.5 14.5 0.6 8.6 0.4 8.1 0.8
750 - 999 miles 3,486 3.1 1,129 0.7 1,167 6.1 5.8 0.4 12.9 0.2 13.1 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,741 2.4 730 0.5 1,021 5.4 12.2 0.3 15.7 0.1 16.3 0.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,746 4.2 889 0.6 1,928 10.1 15.1 0.6 15.8 0.2 15.8 1.6
More than 2,000 miles 664 0.6 151 0.1 373 2 26.4 0.2 23.5 - 23.5 0.6

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 69,512 100 94,704 100 14,740 100 8.7 - 22 - 8.3 -
Less than 50 miles 8,470 12.2 63,112 66.6 1,358 9.2 14.1 1.5 33.4 5.9 36.5 3
50 - 99 miles 6,282 9 7,840 8.3 809 5.5 13.2 1.1 13.3 2.2 13.9 0.9
100 - 249 miles 14,528 20.9 8,762 9.3 1,999 13.6 15.1 1.5 16.6 1.7 18.6 1.7
250 - 499 miles 20,972 30.2 9,320 9.8 4,212 28.6 10.4 1.5 17.6 1.8 19.4 2.8
500 - 749 miles 9,017 13 3,087 3.3 2,264 15.4 11.3 0.8 8.1 0.8 7.9 1.2
750 - 999 miles 2,938 4.2 956 1 987 6.7 5.9 0.5 14.8 0.3 15.4 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,417 3.5 618 0.7 870 5.9 12.9 0.4 14.9 0.1 15.7 0.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,227 6.1 860 0.9 1,869 12.7 14.8 0.9 16 0.3 16.1 1.9
More than 2,000 miles 661 1 150 0.2 372 2.5 26.5 0.4 23.6 0.1 23.5 0.7

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 44,396 100 66,357 100 4,293 100 20.6 - 10 - 11.1 -
Less than 50 miles 14,298 32.2 51,299 77.3 1,049 24.4 17.6 4.5 10.8 3 12 3.8
50 - 99 miles 7,812 17.6 7,861 11.8 779 18.2 15.4 2.4 16.8 1.5 15.4 2.1
100 - 249 miles 9,239 20.8 4,386 6.6 883 20.6 21.9 2.4 21.8 1.2 22.1 2.5
250 - 499 miles 9,721 21.9 2,074 3.1 887 20.7 49.9 4.4 21.2 0.8 20.2 2.5
500 - 749 miles 1,933 4.4 421 0.6 303 7.1 33.3 0.7 20.5 0.1 19.2 1
750 - 999 miles 548 1.2 173 0.3 180 4.2 21.8 0.4 26 0.1 27.1 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 323 0.7 113 0.2 151 3.5 23.5 0.3 29.6 0.1 29.7 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 29 - 59 1.4 S S 31.5 - 31.9 0.5
More than 2,000 miles 3 - S S S S 9.6 - S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 125,895 100 63,493 100 S S 18.8 - 19.7 -
Less than 50 miles 351 1.2 3,814 3 176 0.3 24.1 1.8 24.8 1.6 27.4 0.1
50 - 99 miles 183 0.6 S S S S 43.3 1.2 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 3,943 13.6 39,875 31.7 12,496 19.7 20.3 8.9 26.3 5.7 25 4
250 - 499 miles 4,930 17 66,663 53 37,739 59.4 23.8 8.6 24.6 6.8 24.3 7.2
500 - 749 miles S S 11,632 9.2 10,216 16.1 S S 30.4 2 30.4 3.8
750 - 999 miles S S 354 0.3 440 0.7 S S 32.9 0.4 33.8 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,060 100 34,385 100 6,480 100 33.4 - 36.6 - 35 -
Less than 50 miles S S 6,028 17.5 347 5.3 S S 36.6 19.9 46.5 17.6
50 - 99 miles 467 22.7 11,691 34 1,173 18.1 42.1 5 41.9 5.5 41.7 3.7
100 - 249 miles 692 33.6 14,486 42.1 3,314 51.1 46.2 11.9 42 9 41.8 10.1
250 - 499 miles 465 22.6 2,019 5.9 1,466 22.6 42.7 19.1 24.2 18.2 22.6 17.8
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,060 100 34,385 100 6,480 100 33.4 - 36.6 - 35 -
Less than 50 miles S S 6,028 17.5 347 5.3 S S 36.6 19.9 46.5 17.6
50 - 99 miles 467 22.7 11,691 34 1,173 18.1 42.1 5 41.9 5.5 41.7 3.7
100 - 249 miles 692 33.6 14,486 42.1 3,314 51.1 46.2 11.9 42 9 41.8 10.1
250 - 499 miles 465 22.6 2,019 5.9 1,466 22.6 42.7 19.1 24.2 18.2 22.6 17.8
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 642 100 27 100 37 100 42.8 - 38.6 - 42.1 -
Less than 50 miles 1 0.2 S S S S 36 2.9 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S 1 1.8 S S S S 44.7 3.8
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 20 3.2 1 2.9 1 1.4 38.3 2.7 41.7 5.4 41.1 5
750 - 999 miles 16 2.5 S S S S 37.2 1.2 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 11,789 100 18,115 100 13,239 100 10.3 - 19.1 - 17.8 -
Less than 50 miles 671 5.7 S S S S 40.3 2.9 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 274 2.3 S S S S 14.3 0.3 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 1,051 8.9 S S S S 17.2 1.1 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 3,767 31.9 4,095 22.6 2,736 20.7 23.1 4.6 44.7 6.8 44.4 7.1
500 - 749 miles 2,523 21.4 9,199 50.8 8,655 65.4 18.8 3 21.2 9.1 20.8 7.5
750 - 999 miles 1,460 12.4 25 0.1 29 0.2 27.3 2.9 20.7 0.2 20.4 0.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 262 2.2 19 0.1 28 0.2 18 0.4 30.3 0.5 31.4 0.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,403 11.9 362 2 981 7.4 24.8 2.2 36.1 0.5 40.1 1.8
More than 2,000 miles 378 3.2 43 0.2 162 1.2 37.7 0.9 32.5 0.3 39.6 0.7

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,563 100 224 100 163 100 10.7 - 15.4 - 15.4 -
Less than 50 miles 588 7.8 15 6.7 1 0.3 47 3.6 26.9 1.8 29.4 0.1
50 - 99 miles 252 3.3 10 4.3 1 0.6 16 0.5 23.1 0.7 21.8 0.1
100 - 249 miles 887 11.7 28 12.5 6 3.9 20.4 2.1 19.3 1.3 18.2 0.5
250 - 499 miles 2,455 32.5 79 35.4 39 24 13 1.9 22.2 2.7 24.8 3.3
500 - 749 miles 1,322 17.5 40 17.9 30 18.6 16.4 2.1 17.8 1.3 17.8 1.1
750 - 999 miles 1,132 15 21 9.5 22 13.3 29.9 3.1 24.4 1.7 23.9 2.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 236 3.1 9 4.2 13 8.2 20 0.7 19.8 1.1 19.9 1.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 499 6.6 16 7.3 36 22.2 26.5 1.7 27 1.8 27.2 4.2
More than 2,000 miles 191 2.5 5 2.3 15 8.9 30.3 0.9 20.5 0.6 25.4 2.8

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,583 100 S S 2,059 100 38.3 - S S 35.4 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 103 4 S S S S 23.1 3.5 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 282 10.9 202 7.9 192 9.3 21.9 6.1 21.5 8.3 22.3 5.7
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 839 32.5 323 12.7 805 39.1 32 8.3 35.5 8.2 36 10.5
More than 2,000 miles 54 2.1 30 1.2 83 4 34.4 5 36.6 3.2 36.6 7.9

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 7,579 100 5,909 100 S S 33.7 - 33.6 -
Less than 50 miles S S 717 9.5 16 0.3 S S 41.4 5.7 39 0.2
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 2,538 33.5 1,859 31.5 S S 44.6 9.8 43.3 9.1
500 - 749 miles 38 7.5 4,156 54.8 3,856 65.2 29.4 13 34.3 7.3 33.9 12.1
750 - 999 miles S S S S 6 0.1 S S S S 38 15.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S - - S S S S 31.3 15.3 S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 860 100 4,486 100 4,255 100 49.2 - 45.4 - 45.1 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 716 83.4 4,356 97.1 4,125 96.9 45.8 9.4 46 5.2 44.8 5.8
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 1,522 100 167 100 S S 46.2 - 36.9 -
Less than 50 miles 426 13.1 S S S S 24 13.3 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 21 0.7 S S S S 43.3 0.8 S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S 13 7.6 S S S S 49 6.1
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S 28 1.9 21 12.8 S S 41.7 2.2 41.8 4.3
750 - 999 miles 28 0.9 21 1.4 21 12.5 39.5 1.4 44.8 5.6 45.1 11.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 5 0.3 7 4.3 S S 38.7 0.6 39.8 7.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.