Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 71,323 100 125,012 100 34,681 100 5.4 - 14.7 - 11.1 -
Less than 50 miles 27,971 39.2 74,299 59.4 2,516 7.3 17.6 5.2 23.4 7.5 28.2 3.2
50 - 99 miles 5,538 7.8 11,197 9 1,094 3.2 12.1 1.3 24.8 2.9 24.8 0.8
100 - 249 miles 12,758 17.9 11,568 9.3 2,911 8.4 11 1.8 10.9 2 12 1
250 - 499 miles 7,702 10.8 9,462 7.6 4,818 13.9 8 1.2 12.8 1.4 13.6 0.9
500 - 749 miles 4,540 6.4 6,183 4.9 5,600 16.1 13.4 1 11.2 1.4 12.8 1.7
750 - 999 miles 6,810 9.5 8,221 6.6 10,312 29.7 17.9 1.8 24.7 1 24.4 3.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,120 5.8 2,965 2.4 5,105 14.7 15.2 1 13.3 0.6 14.6 1.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,860 2.6 1,115 0.9 2,318 6.7 14.4 0.4 12.3 0.3 11.6 0.6
More than 2,000 miles 24 - S S S S 31 - S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 60,015 100 118,893 100 28,917 100 6.5 - 15.4 - 12 -
Less than 50 miles 26,536 44.2 73,301 61.7 2,495 8.6 18.6 5.7 23.7 7.7 28.5 3.4
50 - 99 miles 5,136 8.6 11,050 9.3 1,080 3.7 10.9 1.1 24.3 3 24.4 0.9
100 - 249 miles 10,384 17.3 11,223 9.4 2,796 9.7 10 1.9 11.4 2.1 12.7 1
250 - 499 miles 6,238 10.4 7,825 6.6 3,813 13.2 10 1.5 11.5 1.4 11.5 0.9
500 - 749 miles 3,550 5.9 5,269 4.4 4,648 16.1 11.9 1 11.2 1.1 13.4 1.8
750 - 999 miles 4,236 7.1 7,215 6.1 8,840 30.6 11.3 1.1 27.8 1.1 28.1 3.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,523 4.2 2,165 1.8 3,509 12.1 15.8 0.8 14.4 0.6 14.8 1.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,392 2.3 842 0.7 1,729 6 17.1 0.5 12.6 0.2 11.8 0.6
More than 2,000 miles 20 - S S S S 35.2 - S S S S

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 46,242 100 82,260 100 12,803 100 4.5 - 14.9 - 11.6 -
Less than 50 miles 18,639 40.3 52,315 63.6 979 7.6 13.6 5.2 23.9 7.9 11.7 1.8
50 - 99 miles 4,697 10.2 9,747 11.8 925 7.2 12.6 1.6 28.7 3.3 29.9 1.5
100 - 249 miles 9,411 20.4 8,935 10.9 2,179 17 11.2 1.7 13.4 2.9 13.2 1.5
250 - 499 miles 5,407 11.7 5,989 7.3 2,793 21.8 12 1.4 13.6 1.7 13.6 1.8
500 - 749 miles 2,488 5.4 2,104 2.6 1,663 13 17.1 0.9 15.8 1 15.2 1.5
750 - 999 miles 2,654 5.7 1,670 2 1,754 13.7 19 1.1 16.1 0.5 16.2 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,966 4.3 1,067 1.3 1,630 12.7 19.8 0.9 20.7 0.4 21.5 1.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 972 2.1 431 0.5 873 6.8 25.4 0.6 16.6 0.2 15.6 0.9
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 24,833 100 38,683 100 10,941 100 8.9 - 10.5 - 13.4 -
Less than 50 miles 4,693 18.9 16,261 42 512 4.7 20.4 4.6 23.9 7.7 15.1 1.8
50 - 99 miles 1,715 6.9 5,673 14.7 554 5.1 26 1.6 43.7 3.8 45.5 1.3
100 - 249 miles 5,996 24.1 6,274 16.2 1,555 14.2 15.7 2.1 16.6 3.1 16.7 1.6
250 - 499 miles 4,614 18.6 5,335 13.8 2,526 23.1 12.9 2.1 15 2.2 14.8 2
500 - 749 miles 2,461 9.9 2,046 5.3 1,614 14.8 17.3 0.9 16.6 1.3 16 2
750 - 999 miles 2,506 10.1 1,609 4.2 1,694 15.5 18.9 1.5 17.3 0.8 17.3 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,868 7.5 1,052 2.7 1,606 14.7 21.5 1.4 21.2 0.6 22.1 1.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 972 3.9 431 1.1 873 8 25.4 0.9 16.6 0.2 15.6 1.1
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 21,410 100 43,577 100 1,863 100 12.1 - 26.3 - 13 -
Less than 50 miles 13,946 65.1 36,055 82.7 467 25.1 16.1 4.3 31.8 8.2 22.2 4.4
50 - 99 miles 2,982 13.9 4,074 9.3 371 19.9 21.3 2.7 25.9 5 24.2 3.2
100 - 249 miles 3,415 16 2,661 6.1 624 33.5 11.3 2.2 13.5 3.5 13.9 3.8
250 - 499 miles 793 3.7 653 1.5 268 14.4 14.5 0.9 19.1 1 18.5 3
500 - 749 miles 27 0.1 S S S S 42 0.2 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 148 0.7 S S S S 40 0.7 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,300 100 9,019 100 7,174 100 9.6 - 9.7 - 10.5 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 109 2.5 372 4.1 43 0.6 31.2 1.1 36.2 1.7 36.3 0.3
100 - 249 miles S S 1,141 12.6 283 3.9 S S 30.2 4.7 29.4 1.5
250 - 499 miles 777 18.1 1,678 18.6 880 12.3 22.5 3.5 24.6 3.2 24 2.3
500 - 749 miles 893 20.8 1,915 21.2 1,619 22.6 9.3 1.9 16.2 2.7 15.9 2
750 - 999 miles 998 23.2 1,879 20.8 2,233 31.1 9.2 2.8 11 2.8 10.5 2.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 377 8.8 719 8 1,228 17.1 19.5 1.8 14.9 1.6 15.9 2.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 217 5 411 4.6 855 11.9 17.8 1 19.1 0.7 18 1.1
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,771 100 19,757 100 8,716 100 35.8 - 26.6 - 28.4 -
Less than 50 miles 3,532 74 12,238 61.9 1,279 14.7 47.5 12.6 38.7 10.3 49.4 12.6
50 - 99 miles 330 6.9 931 4.7 112 1.3 30 9.4 37.9 5 31.6 0.8
100 - 249 miles 273 5.7 1,147 5.8 332 3.8 37.2 13.8 36.9 1.6 46.5 1.9
250 - 499 miles 31 0.6 153 0.8 137 1.6 42.1 3.3 30.7 4.4 33 5.7
500 - 749 miles 107 2.2 1,250 6.3 1,366 15.7 32.1 3.8 32.5 10.2 33.3 11.1
750 - 999 miles 449 9.4 3,666 18.6 4,852 55.7 30.4 4.3 47.5 5.1 45 9.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 48 1 373 1.9 636 7.3 44 2 24.1 2.3 23.9 4.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,265 100 18,194 100 8,556 100 40.3 - 29.2 - 28.8 -
Less than 50 miles S S 10,771 59.2 S S S S 45 10.8 S S
50 - 99 miles 282 6.6 834 4.6 104 1.2 37.6 8.1 42 4.7 34.5 0.7
100 - 249 miles 273 6.4 1,147 6.3 332 3.9 37.2 13.7 36.9 1.5 46.5 1.9
250 - 499 miles 31 0.7 153 0.8 137 1.6 42.1 3.3 30.7 4.5 33 5.7
500 - 749 miles 107 2.5 1,250 6.9 1,366 16 32.1 5.5 32.5 11.4 33.3 11.4
750 - 999 miles 449 10.5 3,666 20.1 4,852 56.7 30.4 6.5 47.5 5.5 45 9.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 48 1.1 373 2 636 7.4 44 2 24.1 2.3 23.9 4.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 580 100 S S S S 43.6 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 22 3.9 S S S S 43 2.3 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 61 10.6 - 3.4 - 2.4 38.1 13 34.1 12.2 41.3 12.6
750 - 999 miles 135 23.3 1 4.8 1 3.3 25.6 5.2 20.3 11.1 27.3 9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 133 22.9 S S S S 41.7 6.2 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S - 3.2 S S S S 47.2 6.6 S S
More than 2,000 miles 12 2.1 - 0.6 S S 33.1 16.6 39.5 16.5 S S

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 10,253 100 4,968 100 5,621 100 13.6 - 18.1 - 21.9 -
Less than 50 miles 620 6 S S S S 36.3 1.4 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 2,273 22.2 275 5.5 99 1.8 43.6 7.3 29.1 1.7 45.8 0.8
250 - 499 miles 1,404 13.7 1,571 31.6 978 17.4 22.4 3.7 32.2 6.3 30.7 3.7
500 - 749 miles 978 9.5 874 17.6 924 16.4 24.7 2.3 26.6 4.2 29.3 5.5
750 - 999 miles 2,568 25.1 1,004 20.2 1,471 26.2 31.8 5.3 21.4 5 23.6 6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,581 15.4 781 15.7 1,564 27.8 33.6 3.6 34.5 2.9 41.5 5.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 465 4.5 262 5.3 567 10.1 41.3 1.7 25.6 1.1 25.7 2.6
More than 2,000 miles 4 - - - 1 - 27.5 - 29.3 - 45.2 -

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,761 100 146 100 81 100 33.4 - 16.9 - 23.2 -
Less than 50 miles 513 13.6 17 11.7 - 0.6 37.3 3.4 36.4 3.8 24.4 0.3
50 - 99 miles 289 7.7 8 5.6 1 1 43.9 3.1 26.7 2.4 26.9 0.9
100 - 249 miles S S 43 29.1 11 13.3 S S 26.9 4.8 28.4 4.7
250 - 499 miles 732 19.5 34 23.4 15 19 32.6 2.8 21.7 3.3 21.9 3.6
500 - 749 miles 239 6.4 15 10.6 12 15 24.6 2.1 27.3 2.3 27.9 2.7
750 - 999 miles 176 4.7 12 8.2 13 15.8 27.6 2.3 28.3 2 28.7 3.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 189 5 12 8.1 18 22.2 29.8 1.6 45.2 2.3 46.3 4
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 5 3.3 11 13 S S 34.9 0.7 35.7 2.7
More than 2,000 miles 4 0.1 - - - 0.2 34.1 0.1 37.2 - 31.8 0.2

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,460 100 1,974 100 2,355 100 35.1 - 15 - 17.8 -
Less than 50 miles 13 0.3 S S S S 44.7 9.5 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 123 6.2 33 1.4 S S 17.3 4.3 19.2 1.1
250 - 499 miles S S 222 11.3 119 5.1 S S 33.5 5 34.2 2.6
500 - 749 miles 453 10.2 368 18.7 328 13.9 37 4.1 23 4.2 24.7 5
750 - 999 miles 1,818 40.8 394 20 489 20.8 44.9 8.3 36.9 5.2 36.4 5.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,310 29.4 497 25.2 843 35.8 40.9 4.4 36.4 6.3 35.4 7.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 253 12.8 533 22.6 S S 25.2 3.2 24 6.2
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 1,185 100 926 100 S S 38.6 - 36.8 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 805 67.9 502 54.2 S S 41.7 17.3 31.4 17.6
500 - 749 miles S S 102 8.6 162 17.5 S S 36.6 11.5 23.5 15.8
750 - 999 miles S S 146 12.3 205 22.2 S S 30.3 19.8 27.2 18.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S - - - - S S 4 - 18 0.3

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 622 100 1,377 100 1,546 100 43.2 - 26.1 - 26.9 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 495 35.9 331 21.4 S S 39.3 14.1 37.7 15.9
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 542 87.1 S S S S 15.9 7 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,056 100 1,151 100 143 100 20.9 - 34.1 - 33.4 -
Less than 50 miles 814 77.2 911 79.1 12 8.7 27.5 8 41.5 11.8 33.7 9.4
50 - 99 miles 42 4 S S S S 44 1.7 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 101 9.5 70 6.1 16 11.4 37.2 5.5 33.5 4.6 30.1 7.9
250 - 499 miles S S 66 5.7 27 18.9 S S 40.1 7.4 42 9.9
500 - 749 miles 12 1.2 S S S S 47.7 1 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 6 0.6 S S S S 29.1 0.4 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4 0.4 S S S S 48.9 0.4 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.