Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

Excel | CSV

All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 21,449 100 41,324 100 4,275 100 8.3 - 17.5 - 21.4 -
Less than 50 miles 6,898 32.2 25,306 61.2 686 16.1 17.9 4 13 5.4 15.1 2
50 - 99 miles 3,014 14.1 7,960 19.3 826 19.3 17.8 1.9 32.6 3.1 33 3.1
100 - 249 miles 6,400 29.8 6,142 14.9 1,238 29 16.4 3.8 44 2.9 42.4 4.2
250 - 499 miles 2,299 10.7 1,085 2.6 485 11.3 11.4 1.5 19.7 0.4 18.8 1.4
500 - 749 miles 1,239 5.8 386 0.9 289 6.8 19 0.8 17.6 0.3 20 1.9
750 - 999 miles 611 2.8 114 0.3 118 2.8 22.2 0.7 25.8 0.1 25.9 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 341 1.6 175 0.4 235 5.5 13.2 0.2 41 0.2 39.7 2.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 79 0.4 11 - 22 0.5 25.3 0.1 38.8 - 39.8 0.2
More than 2,000 miles 568 2.6 145 0.4 377 8.8 17.1 0.5 46.4 0.2 46.7 5.3

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 19,642 100 40,702 100 4,158 100 8.5 - 17.5 - 21.8 -
Less than 50 miles 6,387 32.5 24,929 61.2 663 15.9 18.1 4.1 13.2 5.4 15.3 2
50 - 99 miles 2,881 14.7 7,794 19.1 806 19.4 18.3 2 32.7 3.1 33.2 3.1
100 - 249 miles 6,161 31.4 6,133 15.1 1,236 29.7 16.9 4 44.1 2.9 42.5 4.2
250 - 499 miles 1,973 10 1,066 2.6 476 11.4 11.8 1.6 19.9 0.4 18.8 1.5
500 - 749 miles 1,040 5.3 356 0.9 265 6.4 22.3 0.8 13 0.2 15.1 1.8
750 - 999 miles 485 2.5 110 0.3 113 2.7 24.9 0.7 26.5 0.1 26.7 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 267 1.4 168 0.4 224 5.4 17.4 0.3 43.2 0.2 41.9 2.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 45 0.2 9 - 19 0.5 26.6 0.1 43.4 - 45.5 0.2
More than 2,000 miles 404 2.1 138 0.3 356 8.6 23.9 0.5 48.9 0.2 49.4 5.4

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 19,266 100 40,146 100 3,919 100 8.7 - 17.8 - 23.5 -
Less than 50 miles 6,374 33.1 24,912 62.1 662 16.9 18.2 4.3 13.2 5.2 15.3 2
50 - 99 miles 2,872 14.9 7,791 19.4 805 20.5 18.4 2 32.8 3.2 33.2 3.6
100 - 249 miles 5,967 31 5,755 14.3 1,123 28.7 17.6 4.1 47.4 3 47.1 4.5
250 - 499 miles 1,870 9.7 975 2.4 418 10.7 13.1 1.6 22.3 0.4 21.2 1.3
500 - 749 miles 1,023 5.3 294 0.7 214 5.4 22.8 0.9 12.6 0.2 12.6 1.7
750 - 999 miles 481 2.5 110 0.3 113 2.9 25.1 0.7 26.5 0.1 26.7 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 258 1.3 168 0.4 224 5.7 18.7 0.3 43.2 0.2 41.9 2.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 38 0.2 9 - 19 0.5 31.4 0.1 43.4 - 45.8 0.2
More than 2,000 miles 383 2 S S S S 25.6 0.5 S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9,104 100 19,875 100 2,755 100 11.9 - 29.3 - 27.1 -
Less than 50 miles 1,200 13.2 10,058 50.6 287 10.4 18.7 2.5 23.4 6.6 21.1 2
50 - 99 miles 1,372 15.1 4,403 22.2 446 16.2 30.8 2.5 44.3 3.5 45.1 3.8
100 - 249 miles 2,910 32 S S S S 18.3 3 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 1,445 15.9 807 4.1 354 12.8 12.7 1.7 26 1.3 23.8 2
500 - 749 miles 1,023 11.2 294 1.5 213 7.7 22.8 2.7 12.6 1 12.7 2.7
750 - 999 miles 476 5.2 110 0.6 113 4.1 25.7 1.3 26.6 0.3 26.8 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 257 2.8 168 0.8 224 8.1 18.8 0.6 43.2 0.6 42 3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 38 0.4 9 - 19 0.7 31.4 0.1 43.4 - 45.8 0.3
More than 2,000 miles 383 4.2 S S S S 25.6 1.2 S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 10,162 100 20,271 100 1,164 100 14.4 - 10.6 - 20.4 -
Less than 50 miles 5,174 50.9 14,854 73.3 375 32.2 21.7 8.1 9.5 4.6 12 5.4
50 - 99 miles 1,500 14.8 3,388 16.7 360 30.9 22.8 2.4 33.3 3.5 35.6 4.9
100 - 249 miles 3,057 30.1 1,860 9.2 364 31.3 34 6.5 27 2.3 29.3 4.7
250 - 499 miles 426 4.2 169 0.8 65 5.5 41.5 1.5 41.1 0.2 40.2 1.5
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 209 100 8 100 8 100 47.5 - 46.9 - 38.8 -
Less than 50 miles 12 5.8 S S - 0.4 38.4 15.9 S S 42.9 6
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S 2 25.3 S S S S 42.9 11.5 S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 6 3.1 S S S S 43.6 5.1 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 5 2.2 - 0.5 - 0.6 37.5 6.3 34 1.5 35.3 2.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S - 4.1 1 8.1 S S 48.4 3.8 49.1 10.2
More than 2,000 miles 18 8.8 S S S S 34.8 5.9 S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,330 100 S S 90 100 14.8 - S S 31.4 -
Less than 50 miles 172 12.9 S S S S 41.1 3.1 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 108 8.1 S S S S 21.1 0.9 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 230 17.3 5 1.3 1 1.5 18.1 1.6 17.6 4.1 27.5 2.1
250 - 499 miles 278 20.9 S S S S 12.5 3.5 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 164 12.3 S S S S 27.2 2.4 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 117 8.8 3 0.8 3 3.7 18.5 1.6 21.8 1.9 22.5 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 67 5.1 4 0.9 S S 24.5 0.6 43.7 2.9 S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 33 2.5 1 0.2 1 1.5 31.7 0.4 25.9 0.4 25.5 1.1
More than 2,000 miles 161 12.1 7 1.7 20 22.1 22.7 1.8 45.8 6.1 46.7 9.2

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,284 100 28 100 22 100 15.9 - 18.7 - 24.3 -
Less than 50 miles 159 12.4 4 13.1 - 0.7 45 3.1 43.5 4.4 42.5 0.3
50 - 99 miles 108 8.4 2 8.3 - 1.1 21.1 0.8 13.2 3.1 14.3 1.3
100 - 249 miles 230 17.9 5 17.6 1 6 18.1 1.8 17.6 2 27.5 1.4
250 - 499 miles 275 21.4 6 19.6 3 11.4 13.2 3.5 29.7 2.3 30.1 3.2
500 - 749 miles 157 12.2 4 13.2 3 13.1 29 2.3 29.2 2.1 29.9 1.7
750 - 999 miles 107 8.3 2 8.3 2 11.1 19.6 1.4 19.9 1.8 20 2.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 64 5 2 6.8 3 12.5 25.9 0.8 31 0.9 31 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 33 2.6 1 2.4 1 6.1 31.7 0.5 25.9 0.6 25.5 1.6
More than 2,000 miles 152 11.8 3 10.7 8 38.1 24.3 1.8 29.4 1.5 32.1 4

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 34 100 S S 55 100 45.2 - S S 46.2 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 477 100 S S S S 44.3 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 340 71.2 S S S S 44.6 8.4 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 5 2.1 1 4 S S 35.1 9.9 34.3 11.4
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S 1 4.2 S S S S 36.7 6.1
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 3 0.5 - 0.2 S S 39.1 9.4 36.6 7.7 S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.