Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 21,449 100 41,324 100 4,275 100 184 8.3 - 17.5 - 21.4 - 15.6
Less than 50 lbs 1,243 5.8 34 0.1 10 0.2 357 15.6 0.8 9.5 - 17.4 0.1 11.8
50 - 99 lbs 339 1.6 51 0.1 5 0.1 115 14.6 0.3 36.3 0.1 22.8 0.1 43.0
100 - 499 lbs 1,499 7.0 452 1.1 40 0.9 S 12.4 0.7 32.8 0.6 20.1 0.3 S
500 - 749 lbs 707 3.3 368 0.9 23 0.5 S 19.8 0.4 42.7 0.6 24.3 0.2 S
750 - 999 lbs 605 2.8 S S 21 0.5 S 40.7 0.8 S S 26.2 0.3 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 5,997 28.0 2,961 7.2 325 7.6 86 14.5 2.9 21.2 3.0 16.8 2.7 28.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 8,727 40.7 24,793 60.0 2,411 56.4 107 12.7 3.8 17.8 5.7 15.3 5.8 9.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,033 9.5 10,736 26.0 S S 105 44.0 3.5 43.0 4.2 S S 19.6
More than 100,000 lbs 300 1.4 1,509 3.7 S S S 48.0 0.6 30.6 1.2 S S S

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 19,642 100 40,702 100 4,158 100 80 8.5 - 17.5 - 21.8 - 18.5
Less than 50 lbs 354 1.8 20 - 2 - 107 15.5 0.3 8.7 - 28.6 - 29.3
50 - 99 lbs 181 0.9 45 0.1 2 - S 10.7 0.1 40.3 0.1 26.9 - S
100 - 499 lbs 1,211 6.2 436 1.1 31 0.7 S 16.6 0.9 34.2 0.6 20.8 0.2 S
500 - 749 lbs 663 3.4 363 0.9 20 0.5 S 21.8 0.5 43.3 0.6 20.5 0.2 S
750 - 999 lbs 596 3.0 S S 21 0.5 S 41.1 0.9 S S 26.2 0.3 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 5,704 29.0 2,923 7.2 317 7.6 85 15.1 3.3 21.6 3.0 17.1 2.7 29.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 8,616 43.9 24,472 60.1 2,369 57.0 106 13.0 4.3 17.8 5.8 15.3 5.9 8.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,028 10.3 10,666 26.2 S S 105 44.1 3.6 42.9 4.3 S S 19.7
More than 100,000 lbs 289 1.5 1,354 3.3 S S S 49.1 0.6 33.8 1.1 S S S

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 19,266 100 40,146 100 3,919 100 74 8.7 - 17.8 - 23.5 - 18.5
Less than 50 lbs 303 1.6 20 - 2 - 87 17.6 0.3 8.7 - 34.3 - 36.6
50 - 99 lbs 166 0.9 45 0.1 2 - 41 10.3 0.1 40.4 0.1 27.7 - 45.8
100 - 499 lbs 1,171 6.1 434 1.1 28 0.7 66 17.1 0.9 34.5 0.6 20.7 0.2 37.6
500 - 749 lbs 636 3.3 362 0.9 20 0.5 S 23.4 0.6 43.5 0.6 21.3 0.2 S
750 - 999 lbs 591 3.1 S S 20 0.5 S 40.7 0.9 S S 23.6 0.3 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 5,585 29.0 2,916 7.3 314 8.0 84 14.7 3.3 21.6 3.0 17.6 2.7 29.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 8,616 44.7 24,455 60.9 2,369 60.4 106 13.0 4.4 17.8 5.8 15.3 5.6 8.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 2,028 10.5 10,666 26.6 S S 105 44.1 3.6 42.9 4.3 S S 19.7
More than 100,000 lbs 169 0.9 826 2.1 58 1.5 S 47.6 0.4 31.4 0.6 43.3 0.5 S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9,104 100 19,875 100 2,755 100 287 11.9 - 29.3 - 27.1 - 22.6
Less than 50 lbs 56 0.6 4 - 1 - S 25.8 0.2 33.6 - 45.1 - S
50 - 99 lbs 39 0.4 3 - 1 - 304 25.9 0.1 40.2 - 49.5 - 49.0
100 - 499 lbs 380 4.2 25 0.1 17 0.6 682 21.8 1.1 25.9 - 29.1 0.2 9.5
500 - 749 lbs 167 1.8 15 0.1 11 0.4 712 25.8 0.5 32.8 - 38.5 0.2 11.4
750 - 999 lbs 105 1.2 11 0.1 10 0.4 908 18.1 0.3 21.3 - 41.7 0.1 18.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,586 28.4 537 2.7 219 7.9 449 13.8 4.3 17.6 1.9 24.9 2.5 8.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 4,426 48.6 12,572 63.3 1,621 58.8 152 12.2 3.3 26.4 5.9 16.4 6.4 16.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 135 S S S S S S 18.4
More than 100,000 lbs S S 492 2.5 S S S S S 37.4 1.2 S S S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 10,162 100 20,271 100 1,164 100 33 14.4 - 10.6 - 20.4 - 16.1
Less than 50 lbs 247 2.4 16 0.1 1 0.1 41 17.9 0.6 10.5 - 17.4 - 15.5
50 - 99 lbs 127 1.3 42 0.2 1 0.1 21 12.9 0.2 40.9 0.1 17.5 - 21.0
100 - 499 lbs 791 7.8 410 2.0 11 0.9 27 21.6 1.7 36.7 0.7 16.8 0.5 30.2
500 - 749 lbs 470 4.6 347 1.7 9 0.8 25 32.6 0.9 45.4 0.8 26.9 0.6 36.8
750 - 999 lbs 486 4.8 S S 10 0.9 24 49.9 1.3 S S 31.9 0.7 48.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,999 29.5 2,379 11.7 95 8.2 35 21.1 4.1 25.3 3.1 18.8 3.2 21.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 4,191 41.2 11,883 58.6 748 64.2 65 27.2 7.4 17.5 7.3 24.0 7.3 10.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 823 8.1 4,449 21.9 S S 62 23.3 2.4 33.8 5.3 S S 15.8
More than 100,000 lbs 29 0.3 334 1.6 19 1.6 72 39.2 0.4 30.2 0.8 26.9 1.7 27.5

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 209 100 8 100 8 100 1,433 47.5 - 46.9 - 38.8 - 15.1
Less than 50 lbs 51 24.2 - 1.9 - 3.7 1,477 48.4 11.7 26.3 9.5 40.6 9.9 16.1
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S 1,161 S S S S S S 33.5
100 - 499 lbs 32 15.5 S S S S 1,485 41.4 5.8 S S S S 15.6
500 - 749 lbs 2 0.8 - 1.1 S S 1,777 49.8 9.3 34.7 13.2 S S 34.4
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 2,213 S S S S S S 34.0
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 592 S S S S S S 22.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,330 100 S S 90 100 676 14.8 - S S 31.4 - 8.2
Less than 50 lbs 853 64.2 12 3.0 8 8.9 665 18.8 4.3 19.9 9.5 18.6 6.2 8.6
50 - 99 lbs 144 10.8 4 1.1 3 3.8 801 22.9 2.5 22.3 3.6 23.1 3.8 10.2
100 - 499 lbs 259 19.4 10 2.5 9 9.9 840 20.2 3.7 19.7 8.0 29.7 6.7 11.6
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,024 S S S S S S 20.4
750 - 999 lbs S S - - - - S S S 48.0 0.5 19.9 0.2 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,284 100 28 100 22 100 677 15.9 - 18.7 - 24.3 - 8.4
Less than 50 lbs 853 66.4 12 42.7 8 36.0 665 18.8 3.9 19.9 5.2 18.6 5.1 8.6
50 - 99 lbs 143 11.2 4 15.1 3 15.3 798 22.9 2.5 22.4 1.7 23.1 3.0 10.1
100 - 499 lbs 247 19.2 9 31.9 8 35.8 825 20.4 3.6 19.0 3.3 29.6 3.9 12.6
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,024 S S S S S S 20.4
750 - 999 lbs S S - 0.4 - 0.1 S S S 47.0 0.7 16.9 0.2 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 34 100 S S 55 100 S 45.2 - S S 46.2 - S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,080 S S S S S S 11.1
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 387 S S S S S S 39.7
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 96 S S S S S S 23.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 477 100 S S S S S 44.3 - S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs 36 7.5 2 0.7 S S S 31.6 4.4 41.4 1.9 S S S
50 - 99 lbs 15 3.1 S S - 0.1 S 49.3 2.3 S S 41.8 0.1 S
100 - 499 lbs 29 6.2 6 2.5 S S 40 45.6 1.6 47.0 2.3 S S 20.9
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - 0.1 - 0.1 - - S 43.4 1.0 30.6 3.0 42.9 0.1 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 37 16.3 S S S S S 46.4 12.4 S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.