Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 21,449 100 41,324 100 4,275 100 184 8.3 - 17.5 - 21.4 - 15.6
Single modes 19,642 91.6 40,702 98.5 4,158 97.3 80 8.5 1.2 17.5 0.7 21.8 1 18.5
Truck6 19,266 89.8 40,146 97.1 3,919 91.7 74 8.7 1.3 17.8 1.4 23.5 4.4 18.5
For-hire truck 9,104 42.4 19,875 48.1 2,755 64.4 287 11.9 4.5 29.3 5.3 27.1 4.9 22.6
Private truck 10,162 47.4 20,271 49.1 1,164 27.2 33 14.4 4.3 10.6 5.4 20.4 3.4 16.1
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 209 1 8 - 8 0.2 1,433 47.5 0.5 46.9 - 38.8 0.1 15.1
Multiple modes 1,330 6.2 S S 90 2.1 676 14.8 0.8 S S 31.4 0.7 8.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,284 6 28 0.1 22 0.5 677 15.9 0.8 18.7 - 24.3 0.2 8.4
Truck and rail 34 0.2 S S 55 1.3 S 45.2 0.2 S S 46.2 1 S
Truck and water S S S S S S 387 S S S S S S 39.7
Other and unknown modes 477 2.2 S S S S S 44.3 0.8 S S S S S

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,628 100 2,876 100 300 100 296 23.8 - 22.8 - 15.3 - 20
Single modes 1,609 98.9 2,875 100 300 100 303 23.6 0.6 22.8 0.1 15.3 - 21.5
Truck6 1,576 96.8 2,870 99.8 295 98.4 240 22.9 1.1 22.8 0.1 15.3 0.8 20.4
For-hire truck 603 37 694 24.1 192 63.8 466 27.5 9.3 36.5 10.9 18.7 7.1 15.7
Private truck 973 59.8 2,176 75.7 104 34.6 67 26.2 7.2 23.9 8.3 20.4 6.3 39
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S 5 1.5 1,432 S S S S 3.9 4.2 44.7
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,555 100 S S S S 82 42.9 - S S S S 14.6
Single modes 3,550 99.8 S S S S 81 43 0.5 S S S S 14.7
Truck6 3,548 99.8 S S S S 81 43.1 0.7 S S S S 14.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 1,624 45.7 S S S S 65 29.8 12.1 S S S S 20.6
Rail 2 0.1 2 - - - 161 8.5 2.9 4.1 3.6 4.1 5.6 -
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 185 100 15,792 100 786 100 47 20.7 - 26.1 - 29.5 - 13
Single modes 181 98 15,303 96.9 745 94.8 46 21.3 1.3 27.2 2 31.3 3.2 13
Truck6 181 97.9 15,286 96.8 745 94.7 46 21.3 1.3 27.2 2 31.3 3.2 13
For-hire truck 75 40.6 8,049 51 368 46.9 45 25.9 6.8 36.1 9.8 42.6 8.8 18.9
Private truck 106 57.3 7,237 45.8 376 47.9 48 20.5 6.5 29.1 9.6 38.7 8 14.8
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 3 1.4 326 2.1 27 3.5 73 18.5 8.1 27.7 9 10.1 14.2 30.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,809 100 6,033 100 155 100 19 35.4 - 19.1 - 15.6 - 19.6
Single modes 2,809 100 6,033 100 155 100 19 35.4 - 19.1 - 15.6 - 19.6
Truck6 2,809 100 6,033 100 155 100 19 35.4 - 19.1 - 15.6 - 19.6
For-hire truck 106 3.8 1,354 22.4 50 32.6 S 29.6 2.4 31.9 9 28.8 8 S
Private truck 2,703 96.2 4,679 77.6 104 67.4 19 37 1.9 26.7 7.9 18.6 8 19.8
Multiple modes - - - - - - 945 23.2 - 24.1 - 36.6 - 31
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier - - - - - - 945 23.2 - 24.1 - 36.6 - 31
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,539 100 472 100 255 100 545 17.7 - 19.9 - 25.3 - 18.6
Single modes 1,321 85.8 463 98 249 97.5 520 16.4 3.7 19.8 0.4 25.2 0.9 14.8
Truck6 1,301 84.5 458 97 235 92 485 16.5 3.9 19.8 0.8 24.9 2.7 15.1
For-hire truck 1,155 75 404 85.5 230 90 837 18.5 4.2 21.9 4.8 25.5 2.6 9.7
Private truck 146 9.5 54 11.5 5 2.1 58 17.5 2.8 20.9 5 25.6 1.9 18.5
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 17 1.1 S S S S 1,925 47.8 0.5 S S S S 19.2
Multiple modes S S 8 1.7 6 2.4 564 S S 45 0.5 46.4 0.9 26
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 8 1.7 6 2.4 564 S S 45.4 0.5 46.4 0.9 26
Truck and water 1 - - - - - 134 17 0.3 33.4 0.1 5.6 - 39.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 43 S S S S S S 32.6

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,673 100 2,179 100 550 100 319 16.3 - 14.4 - 17.9 - 27.5
Single modes 2,152 80.5 2,160 99.1 531 96.6 S 16 4.7 14.5 0.3 18.1 1.7 S
Truck6 2,062 77.1 2,158 99 529 96.3 S 14.4 4.4 14.5 0.3 18.2 1.7 S
For-hire truck 1,303 48.8 1,349 61.9 459 83.5 S 15.6 2.8 18.8 6.3 21.5 5.4 S
Private truck 758 28.4 809 37.1 70 12.8 S 16.5 3.3 20.9 6.3 26.6 5.2 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,163 S S S S S S 25.4
Multiple modes 320 12 11 0.5 S S 748 38.1 3.1 45.3 0.2 S S 13.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 299 11.2 6 0.3 4 0.7 748 40.5 3.2 24.1 0.1 24.1 0.6 14
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 8 0.4 2 0.3 S S S 29.7 0.1 38 0.1 S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,688 100 3,464 100 344 100 288 36.3 - 26.7 - 25.2 - 17.7
Single modes 2,512 93.5 3,454 99.7 338 98 135 38.4 2.4 26.8 0.2 25.7 4.2 32.2
Truck6 2,391 89 3,176 91.7 256 74.2 130 40.2 3.7 29.5 6.5 19.8 9.2 33.1
For-hire truck 821 30.6 S S 150 43.6 659 26.7 6.6 S S 31.5 8.5 11.5
Private truck S S 2,230 64.4 106 30.6 34 S S 29.6 9.8 24.6 9.7 20.5
Rail 113 4.2 S S S S S 39.5 10.9 S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 870 S S S S S S 16.1
Multiple modes 168 6.2 7 0.2 6 1.8 675 20.8 2.4 20.7 0.1 36 4.2 10.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 159 5.9 6 0.2 4 1.3 671 21.4 2.4 17.2 0.1 23.8 4.2 10.4
Truck and rail 9 0.3 1 - S S S 47.1 1.7 20.2 0.1 S S S
Other and unknown modes 8 0.3 3 0.1 S S 17 35.3 0.2 34.8 0.1 S S 35.4

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,928 100 129 100 25 100 463 14.9 - 43.4 - 23.5 - 19.1
Single modes 1,279 66.3 S S 18 71.3 S 19.7 6.8 S S 22.8 8.1 S
Truck6 1,218 63.2 S S 18 70.7 S 19.8 6.6 S S 23 8 S
For-hire truck 957 49.7 33 25.9 14 58.2 678 27.3 9.3 38.4 11.6 33.1 12.1 42
Private truck 260 13.5 S S 3 12.4 S 44.2 9.6 S S 47.7 12.6 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S - 0.1 - 0.6 1,812 S S 32.2 0.1 45.4 0.6 39.3
Multiple modes 521 27 S S S S 663 31.7 7 S S S S 13.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 517 26.8 S S S S 661 31.6 7 S S S S 13.2
Truck and rail 4 0.2 1 0.4 1 2.1 955 20.2 0.4 21 1.5 27.6 3.8 10
Other and unknown modes S S 12 8.9 S S 86 S S 44.9 9.4 S S 44.2

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,444 100 2,067 100 531 100 321 24.8 - 32.3 - 39.8 - 20.1
Single modes 4,229 95.2 1,991 96.4 494 93.1 228 25.1 1.6 31.9 1.2 38 1.8 23
Truck6 4,180 94.1 1,744 84.4 359 67.5 227 25 1.6 26.2 5 22.8 10.1 23.1
For-hire truck 2,159 48.6 750 36.3 212 39.9 457 27.1 10.9 36.4 11.4 26.5 11.5 18.1
Private truck 2,021 45.5 994 48.1 147 27.6 70 44.1 10.8 35.1 12 46.3 12.5 34.6
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 103 2.3 S S S S 823 30.4 1.5 S S S S 14.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 94 2.1 2 0.1 2 0.3 823 31.4 1.5 32.5 0.2 41.2 0.4 14.7
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 112 2.5 S S S S S 48.6 0.9 S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.