Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 21,449 100 41,324 100 4,275 100 184 8.3 - 17.5 - 21.4 - 15.6
Single modes 19,642 91.6 40,702 98.5 4,158 97.3 80 8.5 1.2 17.5 0.7 21.8 1 18.5
Truck6 19,266 89.8 40,146 97.1 3,919 91.7 74 8.7 1.3 17.8 1.4 23.5 4.4 18.5
For-hire truck 9,104 42.4 19,875 48.1 2,755 64.4 287 11.9 4.5 29.3 5.3 27.1 4.9 22.6
Private truck 10,162 47.4 20,271 49.1 1,164 27.2 33 14.4 4.3 10.6 5.4 20.4 3.4 16.1
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 209 1 8 - 8 0.2 1,433 47.5 0.5 46.9 - 38.8 0.1 15.1
Multiple modes 1,330 6.2 S S 90 2.1 676 14.8 0.8 S S 31.4 0.7 8.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,284 6 28 0.1 22 0.5 677 15.9 0.8 18.7 - 24.3 0.2 8.4
Truck and rail 34 0.2 S S 55 1.3 S 45.2 0.2 S S 46.2 1 S
Truck and water S S S S S S 387 S S S S S S 39.7
Other and unknown modes 477 2.2 S S S S S 44.3 0.8 S S S S S

SCTG2 02, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 116 100 742 100 54 100 72 35.8 - 40.4 - 42.1 - 30.8
Single modes 116 100 742 100 54 100 72 35.8 - 40.4 - 42.1 - 30.8
Truck6 116 100 742 100 54 100 72 35.8 - 40.4 - 42.1 - 30.8
For-hire truck 64 55.5 425 57.2 S S 92 46.5 15.3 48.2 13.9 S S 26.1
Private truck 51 44.5 S S S S 48 44.7 16.2 S S S S 23.3

SCTG2 03, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 57 S S S S S S 24.9
Single modes S S S S S S 57 S S S S S S 24.9
Truck6 S S S S S S 57 S S S S S S 24.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 59 S S S S S S 5.5
Private truck S S S S S S 56 S S S S S S 24.8

SCTG2 04, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 524 100 1,467 100 54 100 57 37.7 - 27.2 - 24.1 - 40
Single modes 524 100 1,467 100 54 100 57 37.7 - 27.2 - 24.1 - 40
Truck6 524 100 1,467 100 54 100 57 37.7 - 27.2 - 24.1 - 40
For-hire truck 36 6.9 20 1.3 21 38.5 982 16.3 18.8 18.5 6 23.2 18.1 19.7
Private truck 488 93.1 1,447 98.7 33 61.5 28 41.9 8.9 27.8 2.8 38.6 13.3 17.2

SCTG2 05, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 922 100 412 100 176 100 494 23.7 - 20.2 - 20.9 - 6
Single modes 903 98 411 99.7 176 99.9 571 22.5 1 20.1 0.2 20.9 - 10.1
Truck6 870 94.4 406 98.5 172 97.4 464 22.9 2.9 20.5 1.2 20.9 1.5 4.4
For-hire truck 489 53 192 46.6 129 73.1 525 31.6 6.2 23.9 4.1 26.4 5 18
Private truck 382 41.4 214 51.9 43 24.2 238 14.6 7.1 18.4 4.6 20.4 5 13.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S 5 2.6 1,432 S S S S 3.9 5.7 44.7
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06, Milled grain products and preparations and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 619 100 1,143 100 284 100 S 20.7 - 33 - 35.1 - S
Single modes 619 100 1,143 100 284 100 S 20.7 - 33 - 35.1 - S
Truck6 619 100 1,143 100 284 100 S 20.7 - 33 - 35.1 - S
For-hire truck 574 92.6 1,126 98.5 280 98.6 315 19.2 3.6 33.6 1.7 35.9 2.1 47.7
Private truck 46 7.4 S S S S 32 49.4 9.5 S S S S 18.5

SCTG2 07, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 92 S S S S S S 29.2
Single modes S S S S S S 90 S S S S S S 28.9
Truck6 S S S S S S 90 S S S S S S 29.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 1,411 51 S S S S 78 31.7 10.8 S S S S 27.4
Rail 2 0.1 2 - - - 161 8.5 12.1 4.1 13.5 4.1 9.2 -
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 08, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 160 100 120 100 2 100 20 19.3 - 21.1 - 40.1 - 11.5
Single modes 160 100 120 100 2 100 20 19.3 - 21.1 - 40.1 - 11.5
Truck6 160 100 120 100 2 100 20 19.3 - 21.1 - 40.1 - 11.5
Private truck 160 100 120 100 2 100 20 19.3 - 21.1 - 40.1 - 11.5

SCTG2 09, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10, Calcareous monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 34 100 4,185 100 309 100 71 31.5 - 35.7 - 44.6 - 14
Single modes 30 89.4 3,705 88.5 S S 70 34.8 4.8 40.3 5.2 S S 14.2
Truck6 30 89.1 3,688 88.1 S S 71 34.9 4.9 40.5 5.4 S S 14.3
For-hire truck 7 20.3 836 20 50 16.3 58 27.6 3.8 29.1 4.8 32.9 4.9 24.6
Private truck 23 68.8 2,851 68.1 S S 74 39.6 8.8 47.6 10.1 S S 16.4
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 73 S S S S S S 30.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 110 100 10,876 100 448 100 39 29.4 - 34 - 41.5 - 13.1
Single modes 110 99.9 10,868 99.9 448 100 40 29.4 0.2 34 0.2 41.5 0.2 13.1
Truck6 110 99.9 10,868 99.9 448 100 40 29.4 0.2 34 0.2 41.5 0.2 13.1
For-hire truck 55 50.2 6,820 62.7 301 67.2 43 38.6 9.3 40.5 11.1 50 9.7 17
Private truck 55 49.7 4,048 37.2 147 32.8 34 28.6 9.2 35.4 11 39.3 9.7 17.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 23 100 S S 14 100 S 25.2 - S S 48.2 - S
Single modes 23 100 S S 14 100 S 25.2 - S S 48.2 - S
Truck6 23 100 S S 14 100 S 25.2 - S S 48.2 - S
For-hire truck S S S S 13 90.9 S S S S S 44.5 3.3 S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15, Nonagglomerated bituminous coal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 96 100 2,188 100 58 100 26 31.3 - 30.3 - 37.2 - 20.9
Single modes 96 100 2,188 100 58 100 26 31.3 - 30.3 - 37.2 - 20.9
Truck6 96 100 2,188 100 58 100 26 31.3 - 30.3 - 37.2 - 20.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 35 S S S S S S -
Private truck S S S S S S 18 S S S S S S 34

SCTG2 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 222 100 332 100 15 100 23 31.6 - 31.1 - 34.1 - 40.7
Single modes 222 100 332 100 15 100 23 31.6 - 31.1 - 34.1 - 40.7
Truck6 222 100 332 100 15 100 23 31.6 - 31.1 - 34.1 - 40.7
For-hire truck 42 18.9 71 21.3 6 38.7 73 29.8 5.1 32.6 6.6 38.7 14.2 30.9
Private truck 180 81.1 261 78.7 9 61.3 22 29.4 5.2 29.4 6 35.1 11.3 41.8

SCTG2 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 536 100 824 100 32 100 27 23.3 - 23.5 - 26.3 - 17.5
Single modes 536 100 824 100 32 100 27 23.3 - 23.5 - 26.3 - 17.5
Truck6 536 100 824 100 32 100 27 23.3 - 23.5 - 26.3 - 17.5
For-hire truck 7 1.3 11 1.4 1 3.2 S 24.7 2 22.5 1.6 43.6 5.4 S
Private truck 529 98.7 813 98.6 31 96.8 27 23.5 0.8 23.6 0.7 27.3 2.1 17.5

SCTG2 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 2,689 100 50 100 17 S S 47.2 - 27 - 25.8
Single modes S S 2,689 100 50 100 17 S S 47.2 - 27 0.1 25.7
Truck6 S S 2,689 100 50 100 17 S S 47.2 - 27 0.1 25.7
For-hire truck 14 0.7 S S 9 18 S 46.7 3.1 S S 45.9 7.8 S
Private truck S S S S 41 82 17 S S S S 29.3 6.7 26.5
Multiple modes - - - - - - 945 23.2 - 24.1 - 36.6 - 31
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier - - - - - - 945 23.2 - 24.1 - 36.6 - 31
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 10 100 S S 486 S S 38.7 - S S 48.2
Single modes S S 7 72 S S S S S 46.7 14.1 S S S
Truck6 S S 7 71.9 S S S S S 46.9 14.2 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 55 S S S S S S 21.6
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 148 100 9 100 8 100 1,083 28.6 - 27.4 - 23.9 - 9
Single modes 129 86.9 8 87.4 7 84.2 1,211 31.4 6.1 32.1 6.6 27.8 6.5 10.2
Truck6 120 80.9 7 85.5 7 83.2 1,209 30.2 6.3 34.1 6.4 27.6 6.4 10.4
For-hire truck 119 80.1 7 84.7 7 83.1 1,217 30.6 6.2 34.4 6.3 27.7 6.4 10.2
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,245 S S S S S S 33.3
Multiple modes 19 13 1 12.6 1 15.8 1,053 41.1 7.4 44.6 8 46.9 7.7 15
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 19 12.7 1 12.3 1 15.8 1,054 40.3 8.4 44.1 9.2 45.4 8.5 11.2
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 10 100 - 100 114 S S 47.3 - 41.1 - 40.3
Single modes S S 10 99.9 - 99.8 110 S S 47.4 0.7 41.3 0.9 41.5
Truck6 S S 10 99.9 - 99.8 110 S S 47.4 0.7 41.3 0.9 41.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S - 76.8 110 S S S S 38.8 13.5 45.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 636 100 290 100 177 100 808 33.7 - 28.8 - 34.1 - 22.3
Single modes 623 98 287 98.9 174 98.4 770 32.3 3.5 26.9 0.8 31.9 1.7 22.3
Truck6 620 97.5 282 97.3 160 90.6 758 32.5 3.4 27.2 1.3 32.8 4.2 22.3
For-hire truck 572 90 272 93.7 159 90.3 987 30.1 4.2 21.6 3.2 27.3 5.4 19.3
Private truck 48 7.5 S S - 0.3 62 34.2 15.7 S S 37 19.7 19.8
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,000 S S S S S S 23.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,000 S S S S S S 23.5
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 1 0.1 S S S S S 45.7 0.1 S S S S S

SCTG2 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 603 100 153 100 65 100 344 13.8 - 17 - 10.9 - 20.2
Single modes 540 89.6 151 98.5 64 98.8 257 14.6 1.9 17.2 0.6 11 0.7 16.4
Truck6 534 88.6 151 98.5 64 98.8 240 14.9 2.4 17.2 0.6 11 0.7 15.1
For-hire truck 444 73.7 121 78.8 60 92.3 507 17.6 4.1 24.1 6.1 12.5 3.2 12.2
Private truck 90 14.9 30 19.7 4 6.5 53 17.9 2.6 21.7 6 30.9 3.1 25.4
Air (incl truck and air) 6 1.1 - - - - 1,218 26.8 2.4 35.4 - 5.2 0.1 19.9
Multiple modes 55 9.1 1 0.8 S S 532 21.5 2 39.8 0.4 S S 19
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 55 9.1 1 0.8 S S 532 21.5 2 39.8 0.4 S S 19
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 22 S S S S S S 44

SCTG2 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 19 100 S S S S 196 43.2 - S S S S 16.2
Single modes 19 100 S S S S 196 43.2 - S S S S 16.2
Truck6 19 100 S S S S 196 43.2 - S S S S 16.2
For-hire truck 14 73.4 S S S S 234 42.9 9.4 S S S S 21.1
Private truck 5 26.6 24 11 2 6.9 85 40.4 11.9 10 19.1 12.7 18.7 6.1

SCTG2 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 624 100 1,229 100 137 100 104 33.4 - 22.6 - 25.3 - 14
Single modes 622 99.6 1,225 99.7 137 99.7 102 33.4 0.3 22.6 0.2 25.4 0.1 13.2
Truck6 622 99.6 1,225 99.7 137 99.7 102 33.4 0.3 22.6 0.2 25.4 0.1 13.2
For-hire truck 319 51.1 594 48.4 88 64.1 191 35.9 10.9 32 9.7 31 10.5 18.8
Private truck 303 48.5 631 51.3 49 35.6 72 38.3 11 24.4 9.7 27.5 10.6 8.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 2 0.4 S S - 0.3 S 34.3 0.4 S S 49.9 0.2 S

SCTG2 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 319 100 378 100 204 100 225 34.1 - 29.7 - 37.3 - 24.5
Single modes 318 99.8 378 99.9 204 100 248 34.1 0.1 29.7 - 37.3 - 22.9
Truck6 318 99.8 378 99.9 204 100 248 34.1 0.1 29.7 - 37.3 - 22.9
For-hire truck 308 96.6 365 96.6 202 98.7 559 33.6 6.2 28.7 3.8 36.1 2.4 14.7
Private truck 10 3.2 S S S S 39 36.3 14.3 S S S S 11.8
Multiple modes - 0.1 - - S S 64 42.2 0.2 49.1 - S S 16.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier - 0.1 - - S S 64 42.2 0.2 49.1 - S S 16.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 166 100 178 100 S S 509 22.2 - 44.6 - S S 32.7
Single modes 149 89.8 176 99.1 S S 71 18 6 43.5 2.4 S S 23.1
Truck6 149 89.8 176 99.1 S S 71 18 6 43.5 2.4 S S 23.1
For-hire truck 73 44.1 75 42.3 17 56.6 242 36.1 15.7 35.6 17.1 39.8 17.8 18.4
Private truck 76 45.8 S S S S 44 25.7 13.9 S S S S 24
Multiple modes S S S S S S 672 S S S S S S 26.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 672 S S S S S S 26.8
Other and unknown modes 1 0.4 1 0.4 S S 50 38.4 0.4 41.1 1.4 S S 35.7

SCTG2 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 687 100 121 100 54 100 S 19.8 - 22.3 - 25.5 - S
Single modes 617 89.8 114 93.5 39 72.4 S 22.6 6.8 24.2 6.5 20.3 9 S
Truck6 607 88.4 113 93.4 38 71.9 S 22.9 6.8 24.2 6.6 20.3 8.9 S
For-hire truck 390 56.9 78 63.9 35 65 S 22.8 5.5 31.9 7.4 22.2 8.2 S
Private truck 216 31.5 36 29.5 4 6.9 S 24.8 5.7 34.1 9.5 41.3 4.5 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S - 0.1 - 0.5 1,171 S S 31 0.3 46.5 0.8 29.7
Multiple modes 61 8.9 S S S S 874 25.2 6.8 S S S S 15.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 50 7.3 2 1.7 2 3.3 873 18.6 6.7 26.3 6 28.6 5.5 16
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 9 1.3 1 0.6 S S S 31.2 0.7 38.4 0.3 S S S

SCTG2 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 858 100 S S S S 537 39.8 - S S S S 11.8
Single modes S S S S S S 516 S S S S S S 44.9
Truck6 S S S S S S 504 S S S S S S 47.1
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 148 17.2 S S - 0.5 325 42.1 6.1 S S 37.5 10.6 30.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,099 S S S S S S 25.1
Multiple modes 242 28.2 3 6.4 2 1.8 631 50 13.8 33.6 14.5 33.8 15.3 9.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S 3 5.8 2 1.8 631 S S 37.6 14.5 35 15.3 9.2
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 315 100 2,668 100 158 100 296 18.9 - 35 - 30.1 - 30.7
Single modes 298 94.6 2,666 99.9 157 99.5 164 21.7 8.5 35.1 0.1 30.3 1.8 40.1
Truck6 298 94.6 2,666 99.9 157 99.5 164 21.7 8.5 35.1 0.1 30.3 1.8 40.1
For-hire truck 115 36.5 S S 97 61.2 590 43.8 9.7 S S 40.6 12.8 25.4
Private truck 183 58.2 1,853 69.5 61 38.3 37 20.4 8.8 36.6 8.6 27.7 12.1 31.6
Multiple modes S S - - - 0.2 846 S S 28.4 0.1 37.7 3.2 21.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - - 0.2 846 S S 28.4 0.1 37.7 3.2 21.9
Other and unknown modes S S 2 0.1 S S S S S 39.7 0.2 S S S

SCTG2 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 210 100 S S S S S 42.2 - S S S S S
Single modes 206 98.1 S S S S S 43 3.7 S S S S S
Truck6 139 66.5 S S S S S 28 10.3 S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 495 S S S S S S 31.9
Private truck 84 40.1 S S S S 22 33.8 16.7 S S S S 44.4
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S - 0.2 559 S S S S 43.3 5.4 37.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S - 0.2 559 S S S S 43.3 5.4 37.4
Other and unknown modes - - S S S S 8 43.2 2.1 S S S S 9.5

SCTG2 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 767 100 160 100 44 100 419 31 - 42.3 - 41.9 - 14.4
Single modes 657 85.6 156 97.3 41 92.7 210 34.6 8.6 43.1 8 44.4 9.1 35.6
Truck6 620 80.8 153 95.3 40 91.1 206 35.5 8.2 43.9 7.9 45.1 9 39
For-hire truck 467 60.8 S S 32 71.7 813 39.7 8.5 S S 49.7 7.9 13.5
Private truck 153 20 86 53.8 S S S 37.5 5.8 48 9.3 S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,020 S S S S S S 26.5
Multiple modes 110 14.3 4 2.4 3 7.1 653 25.8 8.6 22.6 8 29.3 9.2 12.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 103 13.4 4 2.2 3 6.2 648 27.2 8.8 22.1 8 31.2 9.3 12.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 18 S S S S S S 35.8

SCTG2 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 239 S S S S S S 25.5
Single modes S S S S S S 115 S S S S S S 27.8
Truck6 S S S S S S 109 S S S S S S 28.8
For-hire truck 184 13.2 S S 10 21.9 509 46.9 13.6 S S 40.2 19.1 13.9
Private truck S S S S S S 50 S S S S S S 13
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 805 S S S S S S 29.6
Multiple modes 38 2.7 S S S S 650 39.8 1.6 S S S S 28.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 36 2.6 2 0.6 1 2.6 641 38.9 1.6 43.5 0.5 45.2 3.3 29.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 6 0.4 1 0.2 - - 11 29 2.9 33.5 6 27.8 0.5 31.1

SCTG2 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,557 100 37 100 14 100 435 17.9 - 28.6 - 36 - 24.2
Single modes 1,041 66.9 30 79.7 9 64 395 24 8.7 32 10.5 32.5 10.2 19
Truck6 989 63.5 30 79.5 9 63.5 312 24.2 8.1 32 10.5 32.6 10.1 23.4
For-hire truck 825 53 22 58.1 7 52.5 S 30.2 10.5 41.1 11.2 40.4 11.8 S
Private truck S S 8 21.4 S S 87 S S 43 10.7 S S 27.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S - 0.3 - 0.6 S S S 33.8 0.2 31.4 0.6 S
Multiple modes 403 25.9 S S S S 467 31.2 9.6 S S S S 24.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 398 25.6 S S S S 460 31.3 9.6 S S S S 24.9
Truck and rail 4 0.3 1 1.4 1 3.6 955 20.2 0.5 21 1.1 27.6 3.2 10
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 104 S S S S S S 41.1

SCTG2 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 114 100 S S S S S 38 - S S S S S
Single modes 98 85.8 S S S S S 46.2 12.3 S S S S S
Truck6 98 85.8 S S S S S 46.2 12.3 S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 19 S S S S S S 25.4
Multiple modes 2 1.6 - 0.1 - 0.3 202 36.5 1.4 46.8 1.4 46.4 10.7 20.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2 1.6 - 0.1 - 0.3 202 36.5 1.4 46.8 1.4 46.4 10.7 20.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 121 100 6 100 S S 561 37.8 - 47.9 - S S 40.3
Single modes 106 87.1 6 98.2 S S 626 40.2 8.3 49 2.6 S S 38.8
Truck6 106 87.1 6 98.2 S S 626 40.2 8.3 49 2.6 S S 38.8
For-hire truck S S S S S S 958 S S S S S S 18.8
Private truck S S S S S S 133 S S S S S S 15.4
Multiple modes S S S S S S 499 S S S S S S 50
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 499 S S S S S S 50

SCTG2 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 136 100 S S S S 897 38.8 - S S S S 17
Single modes S S S S S S 1,543 S S S S S S 23.2
Truck6 S S S S S S 558 S S S S S S 39.2
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,270 S S S S S S 32.4
Private truck 9 6.9 - 2.7 S S S 33.1 12.2 47 16 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 9 6.4 - 1.5 S S 3,659 37.1 7.2 43.5 6.4 S S 39.3
Multiple modes S S S S S S 878 S S S S S S 18.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 878 S S S S S S 18.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 179 S S S S S S 22.7
Single modes S S S S S S 168 S S S S S S 21.6
Truck6 S S S S S S 168 S S S S S S 21.6
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 117 S S S S S S 14.6
Multiple modes - 0.1 - 0.1 S S S 39.6 2.7 48.6 2.7 S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier - 0.1 - 0.1 S S S 39.6 2.7 48.6 2.7 S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 363 100 111 100 682 S S 36.9 - 31.3 - 19.1
Single modes S S 352 97.1 101 91.2 437 S S 37 1.5 32.9 3.8 26.6
Truck6 S S 352 97.1 101 91.2 437 S S 37 1.5 32.9 3.8 26.6
For-hire truck 434 32.9 210 57.8 81 72.8 832 28.7 13.6 40.6 13.7 33.6 12.8 30.3
Private truck S S S S S S 99 S S S S S S 31.8
Multiple modes 79 6 2 0.5 1 1.3 879 38.4 2.9 37.3 1.8 44 1.7 17.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 79 6 2 0.5 1 1.2 879 38.3 2.9 37.6 1.8 44.4 1.7 17.1
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 502 S S S S S S 30.3
Private truck S S S S S S 77 S S S S S S 20.2
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,637 100 1,160 100 224 100 97 34.3 - 34 - 36.6 - 33.7
Single modes 2,556 96.9 1,134 97.8 222 99.5 130 35.6 4.7 34.9 3.8 36.8 5.7 23
Truck6 2,556 96.9 1,134 97.8 222 99.5 130 35.6 4.7 34.9 3.8 36.8 5.7 23
For-hire truck 1,438 54.5 481 41.5 112 50.3 248 29.8 13.8 34.9 14.8 32.6 14.1 34.2
Private truck S S S S S S 55 S S S S S S 32.1
Multiple modes 14 0.5 - - - - 418 26.7 1.9 23.7 0.2 24.3 0.9 28.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 14 0.5 - - - - 418 26.7 1.9 23.7 0.2 24.3 0.9 28.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 15 S S S S S S 12.3

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, FL by Alcoholic Beverages (08) by Air has no data for any cell therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, two-digit commodities are not present if there is no such data for an entire commodity by area. For example, Pittsburgh-New Castle, PA by Cereal Grains (02) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.