Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 29,398 100 27,933 100 2,678 100 6.3 - 12.8 - 12.9 -
Less than 50 miles 11,189 38.1 20,825 74.6 402 15 19 5.2 18.9 6.3 14 3
50 - 99 miles 5,555 18.9 3,529 12.6 363 13.5 16.5 2.9 28.5 4.1 28.3 2.6
100 - 249 miles 4,450 15.1 2,119 7.6 413 15.4 12.6 1.7 18 2.1 15.7 2
250 - 499 miles 1,623 5.5 468 1.7 215 8 11.4 0.5 20.6 0.5 21.4 1.1
500 - 749 miles 1,652 5.6 355 1.3 275 10.3 14.3 0.7 24.4 0.3 23.4 1.2
750 - 999 miles 1,492 5.1 273 1 286 10.7 16.1 0.7 17.4 0.3 17.5 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,585 5.4 170 0.6 238 8.9 15.5 0.9 22.8 0.1 21.8 0.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 696 2.4 93 0.3 193 7.2 18.3 0.5 29.5 0.2 29.6 2.2
More than 2,000 miles 1,158 3.9 101 0.4 293 10.9 20.9 0.9 18.6 0.1 18.8 1.2

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 24,398 100 27,371 100 2,434 100 7.8 - 13.1 - 13.3 -
Less than 50 miles 10,804 44.3 20,633 75.4 398 16.3 20.1 5.4 19.2 6.4 14.2 3.4
50 - 99 miles 4,989 20.4 3,414 12.5 352 14.4 18.6 3.5 27.8 4.3 27.9 2.8
100 - 249 miles 3,451 14.1 2,034 7.4 395 16.2 15 1.8 18.9 2.1 16.4 2.1
250 - 499 miles 1,055 4.3 437 1.6 200 8.2 8.1 0.4 20.5 0.5 21.5 1.1
500 - 749 miles 1,156 4.7 316 1.2 246 10.1 16.8 0.9 27 0.3 25.9 1.2
750 - 999 miles 943 3.9 235 0.9 247 10.1 15.9 0.6 18.3 0.3 18.3 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 811 3.3 144 0.5 198 8.1 18 0.7 24.7 0.1 23.9 0.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 408 1.7 72 0.3 152 6.2 24 0.5 23.9 0.1 25 1.6
More than 2,000 miles 782 3.2 86 0.3 249 10.2 30.3 1.1 22.3 0.1 22.5 1.3

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 24,157 100 27,106 100 2,282 100 8 - 13.1 - 12.1 -
Less than 50 miles 10,783 44.6 20,615 76.1 397 17.4 20.1 5.4 19.2 6.6 14.1 3.5
50 - 99 miles 4,980 20.6 3,397 12.5 349 15.3 18.7 3.6 28.1 4.3 28.3 2.8
100 - 249 miles 3,360 13.9 1,959 7.2 374 16.4 15.6 1.8 20.2 2.2 17.8 2.3
250 - 499 miles 1,030 4.3 385 1.4 169 7.4 8.2 0.4 22.1 0.5 23 1.2
500 - 749 miles 1,123 4.6 239 0.9 188 8.2 17.3 0.9 14.9 0.2 15.8 0.6
750 - 999 miles 925 3.8 215 0.8 221 9.7 16.3 0.6 20.4 0.3 20.6 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 800 3.3 144 0.5 197 8.6 18.1 0.7 24.8 0.1 24 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 390 1.6 69 0.3 144 6.3 25.2 0.5 24.3 0.1 25.4 1.6
More than 2,000 miles 765 3.2 84 0.3 243 10.6 31.2 1.1 23 0.1 23.2 1.8

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 10,134 100 6,047 100 1,464 100 9.5 - 22 - 13 -
Less than 50 miles 2,352 23.2 3,490 57.7 83 5.7 30.5 5.7 37.7 11.8 35.7 2.3
50 - 99 miles 1,170 11.5 585 9.7 58 3.9 14.7 1.8 15.2 2.2 16.1 0.5
100 - 249 miles 1,720 17 909 15 191 13.1 18.1 2.4 19.4 4.7 17.8 1.7
250 - 499 miles 894 8.8 315 5.2 139 9.5 8.1 1 18.1 2.5 18.1 1.8
500 - 749 miles 1,123 11.1 238 3.9 187 12.8 17.3 1.6 14.8 1.2 15.8 0.9
750 - 999 miles 923 9.1 215 3.5 221 15.1 16.3 1.6 20.4 1.5 20.6 1.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 798 7.9 143 2.4 196 13.4 18.3 1.3 25 0.7 24.2 1.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 390 3.9 69 1.1 144 9.9 25.2 1.3 24.3 0.9 25.4 2.9
More than 2,000 miles 765 7.5 84 1.4 243 16.6 31.2 1.6 23 0.4 23.2 2.2

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 14,023 100 21,058 100 818 100 12.4 - 13.4 - 16.5 -
Less than 50 miles 8,432 60.1 17,125 81.3 313 38.3 18.3 6.1 18.1 6.1 11.7 8.8
50 - 99 miles 3,810 27.2 2,812 13.4 292 35.6 24.4 4.9 32.9 4.9 32.7 6.7
100 - 249 miles 1,640 11.7 1,050 5 183 22.3 25.3 2.1 29.2 2 27.8 4.8
250 - 499 miles 137 1 70 0.3 S S 40.4 0.3 48.9 0.2 S S
500 - 749 miles S S - - - - S S 46.1 - 45.3 -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 9 7.9 S S S S 0.8 15.3 S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 14 12.6 S S S S 37 12.7 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 129 100 5 100 5 100 22.6 - 19.9 - 26.2 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 74 57.5 3 59.5 1 22.8 32.8 9.4 23.1 7.8 24.8 5.1
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 11 8.6 - 4.8 - 6.3 21.9 3.8 43.5 3.8 42.1 7.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 11 8.4 - 7.1 1 11.8 49.4 6.1 42.5 4.5 42.5 11.3
More than 2,000 miles 12 9.1 1 19.2 3 51.3 29.9 3.1 46.6 5.2 42 10.7

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,638 100 259 100 185 100 11.8 - 16.5 - 20.1 -
Less than 50 miles 247 5.3 14 5.2 - 0.3 32.6 1.5 30.7 1.2 28.7 0.1
50 - 99 miles 505 10.9 29 11.3 3 1.7 24 2.8 26.4 3.8 27.9 1.2
100 - 249 miles 957 20.6 72 27.8 15 8.3 14.6 1.9 27.7 3.4 27.5 2.2
250 - 499 miles 520 11.2 29 11.3 14 7.8 21.7 1.2 23.4 1.8 23.2 0.8
500 - 749 miles 494 10.7 38 14.7 29 15.6 19.7 1.2 31.8 3.8 32.4 3.5
750 - 999 miles 543 11.7 33 12.6 34 18.4 19.2 1.3 20.1 2.2 19.4 3.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 752 16.2 24 9.2 38 20.6 20.6 3.2 34.5 2.1 31.5 3.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 258 5.6 10 3.7 19 10.5 26.3 1.6 40.4 1.1 39.8 2.6
More than 2,000 miles 362 7.8 11 4.2 31 16.9 14.7 0.8 28.4 0.7 29 2.7

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,393 100 191 100 136 100 12.4 - 24.3 - 29.4 -
Less than 50 miles 247 5.6 11 5.6 - 0.3 32.7 1.7 20.6 3.1 24.5 0.2
50 - 99 miles 505 11.5 29 15.3 3 2.3 24 2.9 26.4 4.6 27.9 1.4
100 - 249 miles 881 20.1 55 28.8 12 8.7 17.2 2.2 39.5 4.2 39.3 2
250 - 499 miles 442 10.1 18 9.4 8 5.9 20.4 1.1 29.4 2.2 30 0.8
500 - 749 miles 466 10.6 19 9.8 14 10.4 19.9 1.2 26.5 1.7 25.6 2.3
750 - 999 miles 491 11.2 19 9.9 20 14.5 20.6 1.1 31.5 1.5 32.2 2.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 744 16.9 21 11.1 31 22.5 20.8 3.6 39.9 2.7 40 3.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 256 5.8 9 4.5 17 12.5 26.6 1.8 45.8 1.1 45.9 2.6
More than 2,000 miles 362 8.2 11 5.6 31 23 14.7 0.8 28.4 1.2 29 3.5

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 35 100 25 100 S S 31.2 - 41 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 173 100 33 100 24 100 25.8 - 34 - 39.9 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 76 43.6 14 43.2 3 12.8 29.8 13.6 35.8 13.7 34.9 16.1
250 - 499 miles 77 44.2 11 34.6 S S 34.4 16.8 20 18.8 S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 8 4.6 3 9.4 4 16.6 18.4 8.4 23.9 8.3 27 10.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 8 4.7 3 8.4 8 31.8 18.5 4.2 31.3 5.2 39.5 16.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 361 100 S S S S 17.6 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 137 38 S S S S 35 11.1 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 60 16.7 S S S S 43.5 7.4 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 41 11.4 S S S S 31.6 6.5 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S 1 1.7 S S S S 45.1 13.7
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 6 1.8 S S S S 33.8 1.7 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 2 0.6 2 4.1 S S 48.2 2.7 50 14.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S 4 1.5 13 22.5 S S 48.8 2 49.3 13.3

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.