Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 29,398 100 27,933 100 2,678 100 216 6.3 - 12.8 - 12.9 - 41.7
Less than 50 lbs 3,670 12.5 161 0.6 56 2.1 S 12.6 1.1 37.2 0.1 41.0 0.5 S
50 - 99 lbs 891 3.0 75 0.3 20 0.7 259 14.7 0.4 16.4 0.1 21.3 0.2 17.2
100 - 499 lbs 2,964 10.1 452 1.6 103 3.8 235 8.2 0.9 15.8 0.3 21.7 0.9 20.2
500 - 749 lbs 937 3.2 307 1.1 39 1.4 131 15.9 0.6 28.8 0.4 23.8 0.6 21.4
750 - 999 lbs 1,004 3.4 319 1.1 34 1.3 105 17.4 0.7 20.3 0.4 17.1 0.3 33.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 8,879 30.2 4,106 14.7 606 22.6 134 14.2 3.4 15.3 3.5 11.6 2.9 16.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 8,165 27.8 11,884 42.5 1,364 51.0 117 12.4 3.4 13.9 3.8 18.9 4.0 21.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,954 6.6 8,713 31.2 245 9.2 29 35.1 2.3 23.6 5.2 16.5 1.6 29.3
More than 100,000 lbs 934 3.2 1,915 6.9 S S S 40.9 1.4 32.4 2.2 S S S

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 24,398 100 27,371 100 2,434 100 S 7.8 - 13.1 - 13.3 - S
Less than 50 lbs 999 4.1 S S 3 0.1 S 37.3 1.0 S S 25.3 - S
50 - 99 lbs 410 1.7 48 0.2 4 0.2 78 22.7 0.3 18.5 - 29.3 - 23.5
100 - 499 lbs 1,787 7.3 362 1.3 44 1.8 118 12.8 0.7 17.3 0.3 16.2 0.3 19.9
500 - 749 lbs 800 3.3 294 1.1 30 1.2 107 13.7 0.7 29.9 0.4 20.4 0.4 25.4
750 - 999 lbs 960 3.9 318 1.2 33 1.4 103 18.1 0.8 20.4 0.4 17.0 0.4 33.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 8,647 35.4 3,985 14.6 561 23.1 125 14.3 4.4 15.4 3.6 12.5 3.3 17.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 7,941 32.5 11,673 42.6 1,323 54.4 117 12.7 3.9 13.8 3.8 18.8 4.2 21.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,954 8.0 8,713 31.8 245 10.1 29 35.1 2.7 23.6 5.2 16.5 1.8 29.3
More than 100,000 lbs 901 3.7 1,888 6.9 S S S 41.1 1.6 32.4 2.2 S S S

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 24,157 100 27,106 100 2,282 100 S 8.0 - 13.1 - 12.1 - S
Less than 50 lbs 970 4.0 S S 3 0.1 S 38.6 1.0 S S 28.6 - S
50 - 99 lbs 408 1.7 48 0.2 4 0.2 77 22.9 0.3 18.6 - 30.6 - 24.3
100 - 499 lbs 1,743 7.2 361 1.3 43 1.9 116 14.0 0.8 17.3 0.3 16.7 0.3 19.8
500 - 749 lbs 790 3.3 294 1.1 30 1.3 106 14.1 0.7 29.9 0.4 20.5 0.4 23.4
750 - 999 lbs 935 3.9 317 1.2 32 1.4 98 18.7 0.8 20.5 0.4 16.2 0.3 34.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 8,635 35.7 3,984 14.7 561 24.6 125 14.3 4.4 15.4 3.6 12.4 3.1 17.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 7,923 32.8 11,669 43.0 1,315 57.6 116 12.7 3.9 13.8 3.7 18.9 4.2 21.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,954 8.1 8,713 32.1 245 10.7 28 35.1 2.7 23.6 5.4 16.5 1.9 29.4
More than 100,000 lbs 800 3.3 1,631 6.0 50 2.2 30 41.4 1.6 33.1 2.2 37.6 1.7 17.1

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 10,134 100 6,047 100 1,464 100 462 9.5 - 22.0 - 13.0 - 9.1
Less than 50 lbs S S 2 - 1 0.1 468 S S 33.1 - 39.5 - 19.2
50 - 99 lbs 78 0.8 9 0.1 2 0.2 271 39.9 0.3 42.2 0.1 37.9 - 40.2
100 - 499 lbs 578 5.7 66 1.1 29 2.0 413 20.1 1.3 29.6 0.5 17.6 0.3 20.4
500 - 749 lbs 328 3.2 30 0.5 20 1.4 690 25.1 0.8 25.5 0.2 25.7 0.6 13.9
750 - 999 lbs 455 4.5 40 0.7 22 1.5 543 33.4 1.1 23.1 0.4 20.4 0.3 24.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 3,185 31.4 659 10.9 355 24.3 636 11.6 3.2 13.7 5.1 11.9 3.7 10.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 3,589 35.4 1,995 33.0 923 63.1 500 11.2 3.5 18.4 9.0 19.5 4.8 11.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,069 10.5 2,120 35.1 72 4.9 S 40.7 3.8 38.3 8.4 32.3 1.4 S
More than 100,000 lbs 619 6.1 1,126 18.6 39 2.7 33 39.2 4.8 37.4 7.3 37.7 2.8 15.5

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 14,023 100 21,058 100 818 100 S 12.4 - 13.4 - 16.5 - S
Less than 50 lbs 736 5.2 S S 2 0.2 S 34.1 1.2 S S 40.1 0.1 S
50 - 99 lbs 330 2.4 40 0.2 1 0.2 36 21.5 0.6 18.3 - 23.4 - 24.4
100 - 499 lbs 1,166 8.3 295 1.4 15 1.8 47 15.0 1.4 19.3 0.3 20.6 0.6 15.7
500 - 749 lbs 462 3.3 264 1.3 10 1.2 40 15.5 0.7 32.0 0.4 27.5 0.6 27.8
750 - 999 lbs 479 3.4 277 1.3 9 1.2 34 20.1 0.7 22.5 0.4 25.8 0.3 24.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 5,449 38.9 3,324 15.8 205 25.1 46 20.3 6.0 18.3 4.0 23.6 5.0 18.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 4,334 30.9 9,674 45.9 392 47.9 40 28.4 6.5 15.2 3.5 25.0 5.0 26.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 886 6.3 6,593 31.3 173 21.1 26 29.6 2.1 23.8 4.9 14.2 4.5 31.6
More than 100,000 lbs 180 1.3 505 2.4 11 1.4 23 38.4 0.9 26.2 0.7 30.5 1.2 20.9

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,563 S S S S S S 15.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 552 S S S S S S 11.6

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 129 100 5 100 5 100 1,572 22.6 - 19.9 - 26.2 - 9.3
Less than 50 lbs 28 22.1 - 4.8 - 8.1 1,600 43.5 10.8 31.5 3.1 33.4 8.4 18.4
50 - 99 lbs S S S S - 1.8 S S S S S 36.3 5.3 S
100 - 499 lbs S S 1 13.1 1 18.5 1,485 S S 28.5 9.0 42.1 11.4 19.1
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,087 S S S S S S 46.7
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,475 S S S S S S 24.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 608 S S S S S S 17.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 952 S S S S S S 48.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,638 100 259 100 185 100 601 11.8 - 16.5 - 20.1 - 16.9
Less than 50 lbs 2,611 56.3 68 26.1 53 28.6 599 16.8 3.8 27.7 3.3 43.3 4.8 18.3
50 - 99 lbs 466 10.0 25 9.7 16 8.5 610 15.1 1.0 22.5 1.9 23.2 1.5 13.3
100 - 499 lbs 1,140 24.6 86 33.2 58 31.4 631 13.8 3.6 28.4 5.1 29.5 6.1 14.1
500 - 749 lbs 134 2.9 12 4.6 8 4.6 717 44.0 1.0 39.8 1.4 47.5 1.9 22.7
750 - 999 lbs S S 1 0.2 S S 925 S S 36.8 0.3 S S 26.0
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 37 0.8 4 1.5 S S 440 32.6 0.3 39.5 0.8 S S 26.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 174 3.8 37 14.4 26 13.8 707 26.0 2.0 25.6 6.0 36.0 7.4 18.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S 27 10.3 S S 810 S S 44.7 12.3 S S 21.7

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,393 100 191 100 136 100 601 12.4 - 24.3 - 29.4 - 16.9
Less than 50 lbs 2,609 59.4 68 35.4 53 39.0 599 16.8 3.8 27.8 5.2 43.3 6.1 18.3
50 - 99 lbs 466 10.6 25 13.1 16 11.6 610 15.1 1.0 22.5 1.4 23.2 1.3 13.3
100 - 499 lbs 1,140 26.0 86 44.9 58 42.8 631 13.8 4.1 28.4 3.5 29.5 4.1 14.1
500 - 749 lbs 134 3.1 12 6.2 8 6.2 717 44.0 1.0 39.8 1.5 47.5 2.4 22.7
750 - 999 lbs S S 1 0.3 S S 925 S S 36.8 0.5 S S 26.0
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 35 100 25 100 694 S S 31.2 - 41.0 - 20.4
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S 26 74.0 19 76.2 747 S S 42.8 14.8 49.8 13.4 21.2

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 173 100 33 100 24 100 589 25.8 - 34.0 - 39.9 - 14.5
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 23 13.1 2 6.0 1 2.7 344 36.6 16.3 32.4 17.7 25.4 18.2 22.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 149 85.9 30 91.3 21 89.0 703 23.7 4.5 33.4 3.9 41.8 5.9 15.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 361 100 S S S S S 17.6 - S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs 37 10.3 5 1.5 - 0.2 S 48.7 3.0 49.5 5.4 32.9 0.7 S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S - 0.1 S S S S S 24.2 1.8 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 195 53.9 118 38.8 S S 499 29.1 11.0 45.7 11.9 S S 22.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 49 13.7 S S 15 26.4 S 44.7 18.3 S S 44.8 11.5 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.