Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 29,398 100 27,933 100 2,678 100 216 6.3 - 12.8 - 12.9 - 41.7
Single modes 24,398 83 27,371 98 2,434 90.9 S 7.8 1.9 13.1 0.7 13.3 1.2 S
Truck6 24,157 82.2 27,106 97 2,282 85.2 S 8 1.9 13.1 0.8 12.1 2.5 S
For-hire truck 10,134 34.5 6,047 21.6 1,464 54.7 462 9.5 3.3 22 3 13 2.7 9.1
Private truck 14,023 47.7 21,058 75.4 818 30.6 S 12.4 4.1 13.4 3.1 16.5 3.4 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 129 0.4 5 - 5 0.2 1,572 22.6 0.1 19.9 - 26.2 0.1 9.3
Multiple modes 4,638 15.8 259 0.9 185 6.9 601 11.8 1.8 16.5 0.2 20.1 1.3 16.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 4,393 14.9 191 0.7 136 5.1 601 12.4 1.9 24.3 0.2 29.4 1.4 16.9
Truck and rail S S 35 0.1 25 1 694 S S 31.2 0.1 41 1 20.4
Truck and water 173 0.6 33 0.1 24 0.9 589 25.8 0.2 34 - 39.9 0.5 14.5
Other and unknown modes 361 1.2 S S S S S 17.6 0.3 S S S S S

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 894 100 174 100 S S 753 36.5 - 31.9 - S S 26.7
Single modes 560 62.6 154 88.2 24 47.1 S 28.1 15.9 23.7 4.9 38.7 20 S
Truck6 560 62.6 154 88.2 24 47.1 S 28.1 15.9 23.7 4.9 38.7 20 S
For-hire truck 109 12.2 35 19.9 S S 283 24.3 19.3 29.4 14.8 S S 38.1
Private truck 451 50.4 119 68.3 S S S 36.4 14.5 17 7.6 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,273 S S S S S S 45.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,273 S S S S S S 45.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 23 S S S S S S 36.7

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 997 100 733 100 51 100 51 20.8 - 26 - 30.6 - 36.5
Single modes 979 98.2 725 99 49 94.9 50 21.5 1.5 26.5 1.7 33.1 4 36.5
Truck6 979 98.2 725 99 49 94.9 50 21.5 1.5 26.5 1.7 33.1 4 36.5
For-hire truck 172 17.3 74 10.1 19 36.6 S 24.6 6.3 34.9 7 18 12.1 S
Private truck 806 80.9 651 88.9 30 58.3 47 20.9 6.3 27 5.7 38.2 12.4 19
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 164 100 7,688 100 171 100 S 25.9 - 28.2 - 22.5 - S
Single modes 160 97.9 7,685 100 171 99.6 S 25.1 0.9 28.2 0.1 22.6 0.4 S
Truck6 160 97.9 7,685 100 171 99.6 S 25.1 0.9 28.2 0.1 22.6 0.4 S
For-hire truck 40 24.2 240 3.1 34 19.8 434 36.2 6.6 18.9 12.3 28.9 12.8 31.7
Private truck 120 73.7 7,444 96.8 137 79.8 S 21.6 7.1 28.9 5.9 26.3 7.8 S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,761 100 9,005 100 167 100 17 44.5 - 37.1 - 29.7 - 12.6
Single modes 4,718 99.1 8,773 97.4 158 94.6 17 45.1 3.2 38.7 6.3 31.8 6.1 12.4
Truck6 4,718 99.1 8,773 97.4 158 94.6 17 45.1 3.2 38.7 6.3 31.8 6.1 12.4
For-hire truck 1,708 35.9 3,139 34.9 75 44.9 18 17.1 12.4 15.7 13.2 12 9.5 28
Private truck 3,010 63.2 5,635 62.6 83 49.7 17 49.8 9.5 41.2 9.1 26.9 10.9 12.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 23 S S S S S S 26.2

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,558 100 3,655 100 633 100 394 11.3 - 37.5 - 20.9 - 25.7
Single modes 2,699 75.9 3,556 97.3 566 89.4 139 12.7 6.6 38.5 3 22.1 3.2 45.9
Truck6 2,640 74.2 3,519 96.3 551 87 136 12.9 6.4 39 4.3 22.7 4.1 45.8
For-hire truck 1,639 46.1 653 17.9 320 50.6 437 17.1 8 17.4 12 20.3 9.1 23.9
Private truck 1,001 28.1 2,866 78.4 230 36.4 58 26.7 6.5 48.7 15.1 47.4 9.2 23
Rail 46 1.3 36 1 15 2.3 S 33 1.7 35.4 4.3 36.9 3.1 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S - 0.1 2,131 S S S S 43.7 - 31.9
Multiple modes 802 22.5 67 1.8 39 6.2 595 37.8 6.5 31.2 2.5 40.6 2.9 21.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 684 19.2 23 0.6 9 1.4 595 46.8 7.1 34.8 0.5 27.5 0.8 22
Truck and rail 31 0.9 23 0.6 19 3 809 45.8 2.5 44.2 6.1 44 7.9 5
Truck and water 87 2.4 20 0.6 11 1.8 498 37.4 1.8 43.8 1.8 48.5 1.6 16
Other and unknown modes S S 33 0.9 S S 583 S S 49.7 1.6 S S 34.7

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,164 100 1,813 100 647 100 S 7.2 - 14.7 - 23.2 - S
Single modes 4,431 85.8 1,778 98.1 625 96.6 S 9.6 4.1 15.1 0.7 24.5 2.2 S
Truck6 4,402 85.3 1,775 97.9 617 95.4 S 9.7 4.1 15.2 0.7 24.4 2.3 S
For-hire truck 2,934 56.8 1,186 65.4 584 90.3 372 14.6 5.5 21.8 6.3 25.5 3.1 26.9
Private truck 1,468 28.4 588 32.5 33 5.1 S 13.7 5.6 14.3 5.9 13.5 1.3 S
Rail 11 0.2 3 0.1 7 1.1 2,563 0.2 1 21.2 0.8 8 5.9 15.5
Air (incl truck and air) 18 0.4 1 - 1 0.1 1,638 40.6 0.3 48.1 0.1 40.4 0.1 11.8
Multiple modes 702 13.6 30 1.6 21 3.2 501 25.8 4 24.2 0.6 24.2 2.1 17.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 690 13.4 29 1.6 20 3.1 501 25.6 3.9 25.1 0.6 25 2.1 17.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 10 0.2 1 - - 0.1 S 46.4 1.2 2.4 0.5 47.4 0.8 S
Other and unknown modes 31 0.6 5 0.3 1 0.2 S 26.3 0.2 26.1 0.1 35.9 0.2 S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,532 100 1,888 100 268 100 505 21.1 - 19.3 - 20 - 21
Single modes 1,895 74.9 1,858 98.4 241 89.9 189 19.6 4.6 19.5 0.4 20.7 2.7 37.8
Truck6 1,870 73.9 1,844 97.6 233 86.9 178 19.8 4.3 19.8 3 20.7 3.3 39.8
For-hire truck 996 39.4 371 19.6 160 59.9 697 20.8 5.3 23.1 3.8 25.7 4.6 14
Private truck 873 34.5 1,473 78 72 27.1 43 24.1 6.8 22.7 6.2 35.3 6.5 46.9
Rail S S 13 0.7 8 2.8 646 S S 24.7 7.6 43.4 7.9 25.6
Air (incl truck and air) 23 0.9 1 - 1 0.2 1,990 39.7 1.1 49.6 0.1 27.2 0.2 20.5
Multiple modes 623 24.6 29 1.5 27 9.9 890 34.5 4.8 29.5 0.4 32.5 2.8 10.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 568 22.4 14 0.8 11 4 889 33.9 4.6 32.2 0.3 31.2 0.8 10.2
Truck and rail S S 9 0.5 S S S S S 44.6 1.7 S S S
Truck and water 16 0.6 6 0.3 9 3.5 1,588 38.6 1 45.1 0.6 44 7.9 24.4
Other and unknown modes 14 0.5 2 0.1 S S S 38.7 0.7 47.5 0.1 S S S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,785 100 157 100 80 100 S 18.8 - 24.2 - 43.7 - S
Single modes 1,673 60.1 133 85 67 83.6 S 24.7 6.7 23.4 4.9 44.3 6.1 S
Truck6 1,622 58.2 133 84.7 67 82.8 S 25.9 7.2 23.6 5.4 44.5 6.6 S
For-hire truck 986 35.4 83 52.8 63 78.6 S 28 6.7 21.7 7.3 46.7 7.6 S
Private truck 636 22.8 50 31.9 3 4.2 35 29.4 6.4 35.9 4.2 32.2 2.2 23.6
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 51 1.8 - 0.3 S S 1,313 50 1.1 40.3 1.1 S S 27
Multiple modes 1,015 36.5 13 8.5 5 6.6 545 26.3 6.7 41.6 3.1 36.5 4.8 29
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,015 36.5 13 8.5 5 6.6 545 26.3 6.7 41.6 3.1 36.5 4.8 29
Other and unknown modes 96 3.5 10 6.5 S S S 36.3 1.1 48 4.6 S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8,542 100 2,820 100 609 100 504 15.2 - 22.4 - 28.8 - 21.2
Single modes 7,279 85.2 2,708 96.1 534 87.6 254 18.6 5.3 23.6 5.1 33 4.3 31
Truck6 7,203 84.3 2,498 88.6 414 67.9 247 19 5.7 26.3 7.5 20.1 6 32.1
For-hire truck 1,551 18.2 267 9.5 193 31.7 767 25.4 9.5 30.3 8.1 41.4 6.1 8.8
Private truck 5,652 66.2 2,231 79.1 221 36.2 88 28.6 12.7 31.4 14.2 30 11 11.5
Rail S S S S S S 570 S S S S S S 10.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S 2 0.1 3 0.5 2,322 S S 26.4 0.3 43.5 1.8 29.5
Multiple modes 1,152 13.5 96 3.4 66 10.8 623 27.4 4.9 33.8 5.1 32.1 4.2 20.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,091 12.8 90 3.2 63 10.4 623 29.4 5 36 5.1 33 4.3 20.5
Truck and water 61 0.7 6 0.2 S S 340 31.5 1.3 13.3 0.7 S S 35.6
Other and unknown modes 110 1.3 15 0.5 S S S 35.5 1.2 41.1 0.3 S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.