Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 104,157 100 130,590 100 30,037 100 3.6 - 8.7 - 8.3 -
Less than 50 miles 28,628 27.5 54,465 41.7 1,630 5.4 14.9 3.2 14.7 3.3 23 1
50 - 99 miles 15,653 15 16,734 12.8 1,549 5.2 10.1 1.6 17.5 1.9 17.1 0.8
100 - 249 miles 23,873 22.9 26,699 20.4 6,068 20.2 5.1 1.3 13.2 2.3 12.7 2.6
250 - 499 miles 11,542 11.1 23,674 18.1 10,727 35.7 6.5 0.7 17.3 3.3 17.5 4.2
500 - 749 miles 11,664 11.2 5,163 4 4,195 14 13.2 1.4 12.7 0.4 12 1.5
750 - 999 miles 3,496 3.4 1,759 1.3 1,928 6.4 7.1 0.3 16.6 0.4 17.1 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,320 4.1 1,081 0.8 1,620 5.4 8.8 0.4 9.4 0.1 8.7 0.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,757 4.6 1,009 0.8 2,302 7.7 12.6 0.7 11.8 0.1 12.3 1.1
More than 2,000 miles 223 0.2 6 - 19 0.1 32.4 0.1 30.4 - 42.4 -

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 86,917 100 114,463 100 23,709 100 4.4 - 9 - 7 -
Less than 50 miles 26,865 30.9 52,868 46.2 1,603 6.8 14.4 3.2 14.7 3.2 22.5 1.4
50 - 99 miles 13,083 15.1 16,512 14.4 1,517 6.4 7 1.2 17.6 2 17.4 1
100 - 249 miles 20,267 23.3 20,450 17.9 4,613 19.5 4.1 1.2 10.9 2 10.6 2
250 - 499 miles 8,859 10.2 16,418 14.3 7,103 30 7 0.8 16.5 2.8 15.5 3.6
500 - 749 miles 8,966 10.3 4,749 4.1 3,780 15.9 15.2 1.5 14 0.4 13 1.5
750 - 999 miles 2,829 3.3 1,667 1.5 1,811 7.6 8.1 0.4 17.3 0.4 17.8 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,155 3.6 1,004 0.9 1,498 6.3 9.9 0.4 9.9 0.1 9.1 0.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,855 3.3 792 0.7 1,772 7.5 11.4 0.5 11.5 0.1 11.2 0.9
More than 2,000 miles 39 - S S S S 47.4 - S S S S

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 82,614 100 77,823 100 13,714 100 4.5 - 13.3 - 12.2 -
Less than 50 miles 26,322 31.9 44,667 57.4 1,157 8.4 14.8 3.4 18 3.7 24 1.2
50 - 99 miles 12,621 15.3 9,680 12.4 934 6.8 8 1.4 13.5 1.3 15.2 0.6
100 - 249 miles 19,070 23.1 12,368 15.9 2,722 19.9 3.5 1.1 10.5 1.9 11.9 1.6
250 - 499 miles 8,218 9.9 4,968 6.4 2,345 17.1 7.3 0.8 12.9 0.9 13.9 1.3
500 - 749 miles 8,055 9.7 3,569 4.6 2,719 19.8 17 1.5 20 0.5 19 1.2
750 - 999 miles 2,623 3.2 1,067 1.4 1,154 8.4 8.9 0.3 16.4 0.2 15.7 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,950 3.6 818 1.1 1,182 8.6 12.3 0.4 15.2 0.1 14.1 0.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,731 3.3 683 0.9 1,496 10.9 12.4 0.5 13.5 0.2 13.3 1.4
More than 2,000 miles 24 - 2 - 4 - 35.5 - 37.1 - 39.4 -

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 50,770 100 32,925 100 10,985 100 5.5 - 11.4 - 10.6 -
Less than 50 miles 8,312 16.4 10,807 32.8 284 2.6 27.6 4.1 24.6 4.4 25.8 0.7
50 - 99 miles 5,706 11.2 3,527 10.7 351 3.2 12.6 1.1 12.2 1.2 12.5 0.5
100 - 249 miles 13,527 26.6 8,401 25.5 1,931 17.6 6.1 1.1 11 2.2 13 1.6
250 - 499 miles 7,044 13.9 4,201 12.8 1,973 18 7.4 1 11.5 1.6 12.2 1.3
500 - 749 miles 7,863 15.5 3,421 10.4 2,614 23.8 17.5 2 21.2 1.2 20.1 1.9
750 - 999 miles 2,623 5.2 1,067 3.2 1,154 10.5 8.9 0.5 16.4 0.5 15.7 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,948 5.8 818 2.5 1,182 10.8 12.3 0.7 15.2 0.3 14.1 1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,723 5.4 681 2.1 1,492 13.6 12.5 0.8 13.6 0.4 13.4 1.7
More than 2,000 miles 24 - 2 - 4 - 35.5 - 37.1 - 39.4 -

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 31,844 100 44,898 100 2,730 100 11.2 - 17.7 - 23.3 -
Less than 50 miles 18,011 56.6 33,860 75.4 873 32 19.2 4.5 19.2 3.5 29.7 3.6
50 - 99 miles 6,915 21.7 6,154 13.7 583 21.4 13.7 2.7 22 2.1 25.5 2.3
100 - 249 miles 5,543 17.4 3,967 8.8 791 29 15.2 2.4 20.7 2.1 21.7 3.9
250 - 499 miles 1,174 3.7 767 1.7 372 13.6 15.5 0.8 38.3 0.5 42.6 2.2
500 - 749 miles 192 0.6 S S S S 17.6 0.1 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,268 100 19,786 100 4,246 100 19.2 - 22 - 13.7 -
Less than 50 miles 539 16.5 S S S S 37.5 8.5 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 384 11.7 5,771 29.2 378 8.9 29.6 4.5 43.6 10.2 41.3 4.1
100 - 249 miles S S 3,318 16.8 689 16.2 S S 36.2 8.1 37.5 5.4
250 - 499 miles 438 13.4 1,496 7.6 714 16.8 21.4 2.8 19.2 4.9 23 2.8
500 - 749 miles 499 15.3 1,174 5.9 1,057 24.9 40.4 3.1 23.4 3.5 23.8 5.1
750 - 999 miles 159 4.9 599 3 656 15.4 34.4 6.1 30.1 7.3 31.6 7.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 158 4.8 186 0.9 315 7.4 47.9 2.7 34.6 2 35.8 4.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 72 2.2 108 0.5 275 6.5 25.1 1 20.8 0.5 22.8 1.9
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 268 100 16,753 100 5,724 100 28.5 - 22.1 - 23.4 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S 972 5.8 S S S S 5.1 14.2 S S
100 - 249 miles S S 4,762 28.4 1,200 21 S S 26.4 11.6 25.5 11.9
250 - 499 miles 172 64.3 9,954 59.4 4,044 70.6 29 9.2 24.7 10 25.4 8.5
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 209 100 16,145 100 5,502 100 32.5 - 21.7 - 23.2 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S 972 6 S S S S 5.1 14 S S
100 - 249 miles S S 4,762 29.5 1,200 21.8 S S 26.4 11.5 25.5 11.8
250 - 499 miles 113 54.2 9,346 57.9 3,821 69.5 21.9 9.7 25.5 10 26 8.7
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 690 100 12 100 18 100 25.4 - 33.5 - 42.6 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 88 12.7 S S S S 32 7.5 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 31 4.5 - 2.8 - 1.4 42.4 1.5 47.4 3.1 40.1 2.4
500 - 749 miles 412 59.7 S S S S 44.9 13 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 47 6.8 1 5.9 S S 43.8 6.5 39.8 7.3 S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 47 6.8 1 5.9 1 5.6 33.3 4.9 34 5.8 34 5.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 51 7.5 1 5.2 1 8.3 39.2 5.8 45.6 10.3 46.5 11
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 16,182 100 14,339 100 6,164 100 9.7 - 22.8 - 25.2 -
Less than 50 miles 1,254 7.7 23 0.2 S S 46 2.8 19 0.3 S S
50 - 99 miles 2,429 15 S S S S 36.5 4.3 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 3,466 21.4 6,208 43.3 1,446 23.5 19.2 2.6 27.3 10.4 26 8.6
250 - 499 miles 2,595 16 7,230 50.4 3,613 58.6 12.4 1.9 38.6 10.5 42.4 10.7
500 - 749 miles 2,631 16.3 398 2.8 S S 15.3 1.5 49.1 2.4 S S
750 - 999 miles 647 4 82 0.6 105 1.7 10.9 0.4 26.3 0.9 28.6 1.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,113 6.9 69 0.5 109 1.8 20.7 1.2 24 0.3 22.3 0.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,863 11.5 184 1.3 455 7.4 16.6 2 28.8 1 29.7 3.6
More than 2,000 miles 184 1.1 2 - 6 0.1 41.3 0.5 27.3 - 26.1 -

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 13,991 100 213 100 155 100 12.3 - 11.6 - 14 -
Less than 50 miles 1,239 8.9 16 7.6 1 0.3 46.7 3.1 20.1 1.5 14.3 0.1
50 - 99 miles 2,373 17 20 9.4 2 1.2 37.8 4.9 17.2 1.4 15.4 0.2
100 - 249 miles 2,999 21.4 41 19.2 10 6.5 22.6 3.1 15.1 2.2 13.1 1
250 - 499 miles 2,236 16 38 18 20 13 15.2 2.4 8.8 1.5 8.2 1.3
500 - 749 miles 2,396 17.1 47 22 37 23.5 16.7 1.7 19.5 1.6 19.3 1.8
750 - 999 miles 510 3.6 14 6.6 15 9.8 11.8 0.4 20.5 1.1 20.4 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,021 7.3 16 7.4 22 14.5 24.4 1.6 14.4 1.1 14.5 1.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,152 8.2 20 9.3 45 28.8 20.3 1.2 19.3 0.8 19.9 1.7
More than 2,000 miles 67 0.5 1 0.6 4 2.3 37.4 0.2 34.7 0.2 32.9 0.8

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,950 100 1,888 100 1,387 100 17.5 - 24.6 - 21.1 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 55 2.8 S S S S 45.7 1.6 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 345 17.7 282 15 69 5 27.2 5.4 35.8 4.6 37.4 1.5
250 - 499 miles 257 13.2 S S 362 26.1 45.9 7.8 S S 47.1 11.7
500 - 749 miles 231 11.8 S S S S 49.9 5.3 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 128 6.5 64 3.4 78 5.6 37.4 4.1 28.7 3.9 27.5 3.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 91 4.7 50 2.7 78 5.6 27 1.5 34.3 3.3 32.5 3.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 711 36.4 164 8.7 411 29.6 32 7.9 32.4 6.9 33 7.9
More than 2,000 miles 117 6 1 - 3 0.2 46.2 10.7 44.2 0.1 44.3 0.4

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 48 100 5,528 100 S S 25 - 48 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 20 41.7 S S S S 31 16.6 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 22 45.8 S S S S 37.2 19.9 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 183 100 6,706 100 1,976 100 20.8 - 17.5 - 13 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 101 55.4 4,303 64.2 940 47.6 26.6 14.5 27 11.3 26.5 13.8
250 - 499 miles S S 2,400 35.8 1,027 52 S S 20.4 16.2 24.7 13.3
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,057 100 S S 164 100 13.7 - S S 36.9 -
Less than 50 miles 509 48.2 S S S S 16.4 6.7 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 141 13.3 78 4.4 7 4.2 48.8 4.3 40.7 4 41 1.3
100 - 249 miles 140 13.2 42 2.3 9 5.5 16.8 2 33.6 3.9 27.2 3.9
250 - 499 miles 89 8.4 S S 12 7.1 34.9 2.6 S S 44.6 5.9
500 - 749 miles 67 6.3 16 0.9 13 7.6 46.8 2 36.2 2.3 36.8 5.5
750 - 999 miles 20 1.9 S S S S 44.8 3.2 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 40 3.8 S S S S 35 2.2 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.