Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 104,157 100 130,590 100 30,037 100 458 3.6 - 8.7 - 8.3 - 10.1
Single modes 86,917 83.4 114,463 87.7 23,709 78.9 224 4.4 1.6 9 2.6 7 3.4 21.4
Truck6 82,614 79.3 77,823 59.6 13,714 45.7 194 4.5 1.7 13.3 3.9 12.2 4.6 22.6
For-hire truck 50,770 48.7 32,925 25.2 10,985 36.6 620 5.5 2.1 11.4 2.2 10.6 3.4 9
Private truck 31,844 30.6 44,898 34.4 2,730 9.1 57 11.2 2.8 17.7 3.4 23.3 1.7 6.7
Rail 3,268 3.1 19,786 15.2 4,246 14.1 597 19.2 0.6 22 3.4 13.7 2.5 10.2
Water 268 0.3 16,753 12.8 5,724 19.1 324 28.5 0.1 22.1 3 23.4 4.1 7.3
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Great Lakes 209 0.2 16,145 12.4 5,502 18.3 321 32.5 0.1 21.7 3.2 23.2 4.3 8.1
Air (incl truck and air) 690 0.7 12 - 18 0.1 1,099 25.4 0.2 33.5 - 42.6 - 15.2
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 16,182 15.5 14,339 11 6,164 20.5 787 9.7 1.5 22.8 2.3 25.2 3.5 5.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 13,991 13.4 213 0.2 155 0.5 786 12.3 1.6 11.6 - 14 0.1 5.1
Truck and rail 1,950 1.9 1,888 1.4 1,387 4.6 1,077 17.5 0.4 24.6 0.3 21.1 0.9 12.9
Truck and water 48 - 5,528 4.2 S S 1,983 25 - 48 2.4 S S 24.4
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes 183 0.2 6,706 5.1 1,976 6.6 3,390 20.8 - 17.5 1 13 1.3 30.4
Other and unknown modes 1,057 1 S S 164 0.5 63 13.7 0.1 S S 36.9 0.2 43.9

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,641 100 3,580 100 1,500 100 S 18.2 - 20.3 - 28.1 - S
Single modes 1,563 95.2 3,423 95.6 1,429 95.3 S 17.8 2.5 20.4 2.9 28.6 2.8 S
Truck6 1,274 77.6 1,740 48.6 203 13.5 S 20.4 6.8 41.1 9.4 33.5 5.3 S
For-hire truck S S 325 9.1 S S 853 S S 35.4 7 S S 19.2
Private truck 965 58.8 S S 70 4.7 53 16.4 10.5 S S 32.4 4.7 42.7
Rail 289 17.6 1,682 47 1,227 81.8 888 31.2 5.8 31 8.4 32.2 4.8 14
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 531 S S S S S S 36
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S 1 - 511 S S S S 45.3 - 35.9
Truck and rail 59 3.6 S S S S S 36.4 14.6 S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 1 - - - 18 S S 33.2 0.2 3.6 - 41

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8,642 100 7,516 100 2,756 100 135 11.9 - 15.1 - 19.7 - 20.7
Single modes 8,340 96.5 7,384 98.2 2,618 95 74 11.2 1.4 15.4 1.2 19.9 1.8 33.4
Truck6 8,291 95.9 7,265 96.6 2,532 91.9 73 11.3 1.5 15.8 2.4 20.9 4.2 33.7
For-hire truck 5,294 61.3 4,207 56 2,282 82.8 587 20.4 6.8 24 6.9 23 5.5 6.7
Private truck 2,997 34.7 3,058 40.7 250 9.1 41 16.5 7.4 18.8 7 21.2 3.8 20.1
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 869 S S S S S S 19.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 29 0.3 3 - 1 - 859 41.2 0.2 27 0.1 26.5 - 20.3
Truck and rail S S S S 122 4.4 1,759 S S S S 44.6 2.9 15.5
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 62 0.7 S S 6 0.2 S 39 0.8 S S 43.3 0.4 S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,563 100 56,766 100 11,719 100 105 23.3 - 13.5 - 20.8 - 42.3
Single modes 1,449 92.7 44,884 79.1 7,513 64.1 95 23.9 4.1 12.5 4.6 14.8 7 45.8
Truck6 490 31.4 15,227 26.8 1,101 9.4 86 47.6 7.1 32.3 6.1 35 8.8 42.6
For-hire truck S S 6,570 11.6 801 6.8 168 S S 44.5 3.8 46.1 6.9 28.3
Private truck S S 8,657 15.2 300 2.6 35 S S 28.7 3.8 27.4 3.1 25.1
Rail 885 56.7 14,905 26.3 1,384 11.8 452 30.9 12.8 30.8 9.8 39.1 8.2 29.8
Water 73 4.7 14,752 26 5,027 42.9 313 21.7 12 18.5 9.8 20.4 12 9.7
Great Lakes 73 4.7 14,752 26 5,027 42.9 313 21.7 12 18.5 9.8 20.4 12 9.7
Multiple modes 106 6.8 10,922 19.2 4,183 35.7 495 29.7 4.5 29.4 4.3 37.3 6.6 22.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,271 S S S S S S 33
Truck and rail 37 2.4 S S 282 2.4 414 45.9 1.5 S S 45.1 2.4 31.8
Truck and water 26 1.7 5,359 9.4 2,563 21.9 368 28.5 5.8 35.8 6.6 48.4 10.7 10.8
Other multiple modes 43 2.7 4,881 8.6 1,338 11.4 252 45.2 3.2 19.7 2.9 14.7 4.3 13.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 73 S S S S S S 43.7

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 9,126 100 14,618 100 599 100 34 35.5 - 23.7 - 34.3 - 16.9
Single modes 9,099 99.7 14,102 96.5 591 98.8 32 35.6 0.3 23 1.8 34.7 1.1 15.4
Truck6 8,933 97.9 13,855 94.8 509 85 32 35.9 1.4 22.6 2.1 32.1 4.7 15.3
For-hire truck 1,150 12.6 4,262 29.2 132 22.1 83 23.3 4.4 36.8 6.5 23.8 3.8 44.4
Private truck 7,783 85.3 9,593 65.6 377 62.9 28 40.8 4.6 28 7.7 36.5 4.9 9.9
Rail 91 1 158 1.1 75 12.5 400 28.8 2 29.5 1.9 6.8 15.6 0.8
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 23 S S S S S S 23.9

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 15,432 100 S S 2,680 100 347 15.7 - S S 43.2 - 16.3
Single modes 11,574 75 S S 2,449 91.4 196 16.6 5.2 S S 42.5 3.3 35.3
Truck6 10,599 68.7 S S 2,139 79.8 192 16.8 6.3 S S 48.7 6.4 35.4
For-hire truck 8,528 55.3 2,781 23 1,445 53.9 565 18.9 5.4 31.7 13.2 29.6 8.5 8.4
Private truck 2,071 13.4 S S S S 64 32.5 4.3 S S S S 23.2
Rail S S 799 6.6 309 11.5 415 S S 47.5 13.4 43.1 13.5 35.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S 1 - 1,139 S S S S 48.3 - 33.4
Multiple modes 3,753 24.3 S S S S 611 33.7 5.3 S S S S 9.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3,443 22.3 26 0.2 15 0.6 607 36.4 5.5 22.7 0.4 22.1 0.4 10
Truck and rail 311 2 S S S S 1,102 28.9 0.6 S S S S 22.9
Other and unknown modes 105 0.7 14 0.1 8 0.3 S 45 0.3 27.6 0.2 43.9 0.5 S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 7,490 100 8,870 100 4,407 100 649 10.3 - 8.7 - 12.9 - 12
Single modes 6,169 82.4 8,232 92.8 3,686 83.6 164 7.9 3.2 8.1 1.9 11.6 3 29.8
Truck6 5,356 71.5 7,019 79.1 2,783 63.2 155 7.2 4.6 8.2 4.6 11 5.6 31.4
For-hire truck 3,573 47.7 4,734 53.4 2,438 55.3 247 5.8 3.4 7.3 3.8 11.7 4.8 46.7
Private truck 1,783 23.8 2,285 25.8 346 7.8 72 14.6 2.9 19.6 4.2 28.9 2.8 16.5
Rail 805 10.8 1,213 13.7 902 20.5 817 27.5 2.4 27.9 3.1 26.4 3 19.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,447 S S S S S S 17.9
Multiple modes 1,265 16.9 575 6.5 633 14.4 900 31.1 3.2 40.5 1.9 36.2 2.9 5.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 953 12.7 40 0.5 31 0.7 900 39.2 3.1 38.7 0.1 34.1 0.2 5.3
Truck and rail 312 4.2 535 6 602 13.7 1,143 23 1 41 1.8 36.7 2.9 17.3
Other and unknown modes 57 0.8 62 0.7 S S 687 33 0.3 31.8 0.3 S S 40.1

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 16,565 100 17,126 100 3,565 100 391 9.5 - 19.8 - 17.8 - 13.1
Single modes 13,688 82.6 14,923 87.1 2,754 77.3 234 11.8 3.1 23 3.7 15.5 3.6 18.5
Truck6 13,152 79.4 12,137 70.9 1,834 51.4 219 11.9 3.1 28.2 6.8 9.3 7.3 17.6
For-hire truck 8,794 53.1 3,902 22.8 1,569 44 612 10.4 2.6 10.1 5.5 12.4 5 7.3
Private truck 4,358 26.3 8,235 48.1 264 7.4 59 18.9 2.5 44 9.7 16.9 3.5 12.1
Rail 172 1 783 4.6 213 6 S 38.7 0.4 28.2 1.4 30.1 2.1 S
Water 195 1.2 2,000 11.7 697 19.5 365 25.5 0.7 25.6 9.4 20.4 7.7 5.4
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Great Lakes 136 0.8 1,393 8.1 474 13.3 361 36.8 1.1 36.7 14.3 27.1 13.7 7.8
Air (incl truck and air) 169 1 3 - S S 1,484 36.8 0.5 43.8 - S S 18.1
Multiple modes 2,568 15.5 2,098 12.3 796 22.3 577 13.4 2.9 29.4 3.6 28.3 3.5 10.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,339 14.1 49 0.3 32 0.9 573 14.5 2.8 23 0.1 28.8 0.5 10.5
Truck and rail 73 0.4 60 0.4 64 1.8 1,624 17.9 0.1 43.6 0.2 27.5 0.9 8.7
Truck and water 17 0.1 S S S S 2,122 33.5 0.1 S S S S 34.6
Other multiple modes 139 0.8 1,822 10.6 629 17.7 4,641 20.7 0.3 15.6 5.1 22.7 3.5 38.7
Other and unknown modes 309 1.9 104 0.6 15 0.4 47 22.9 0.4 29.5 0.3 26.3 0.1 39.5

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 28,651 100 3,700 100 1,041 100 546 11.2 - 19.7 - 16 - 12
Single modes 21,465 74.9 3,568 96.4 956 91.8 392 12.1 4.5 20.2 1.2 17 2.4 22.9
Truck6 21,076 73.6 3,560 96.2 947 91 353 12.2 4.7 20.2 1.2 16.8 2.3 25.3
For-hire truck 17,019 59.4 3,032 82 848 81.4 838 14 4.2 23.2 3.5 17.4 3.6 12.6
Private truck 4,057 14.2 528 14.3 99 9.5 50 22.2 3.4 24.4 3.8 34.2 3.5 29.4
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 370 1.3 S S S S 880 48.4 0.6 S S S S 15.9
Multiple modes 6,802 23.7 85 2.3 80 7.7 772 26.7 4.3 21.9 0.9 23.3 2.4 6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 5,858 20.4 62 1.7 47 4.5 772 30.5 3.8 26.3 0.7 27.6 0.9 6
Truck and rail 940 3.3 21 0.6 32 3.1 1,874 34.7 1.8 30.4 0.3 31 1.9 13.7
Truck and water S S 1 - 1 0.1 658 S S 43.1 0.3 43.5 0.4 0.5
Other and unknown modes 384 1.3 47 1.3 5 0.5 S 24.7 0.4 31 0.5 36.6 0.1 S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 15,015 100 6,323 100 1,770 100 635 11.6 - 18.1 - 31 - 12.5
Single modes 13,539 90.2 6,232 98.6 1,713 96.8 329 13.7 3 18.5 0.9 32 1.1 20.4
Truck6 13,413 89.3 6,107 96.6 1,666 94.1 233 14 3.6 18.9 1.8 32.7 1.8 21.7
For-hire truck 5,799 38.6 3,111 49.2 1,337 75.5 733 19.3 8.3 41.6 9.3 43.5 9.3 5.1
Private truck 7,614 50.7 2,996 47.4 329 18.6 98 27.4 8.9 23.4 9.5 22.5 9.8 21.3
Rail 31 0.2 125 2 46 2.6 380 38.3 0.2 38.8 2 47.5 2.1 22.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,397 S S S S S S 25.8
Multiple modes 1,375 9.2 46 0.7 46 2.6 887 25 3 27.6 0.3 35.3 0.9 9.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,355 9 32 0.5 29 1.6 887 25.2 2.9 20.2 0.2 21.4 0.7 9.4
Truck and rail S S 9 0.1 S S S S S 48.4 0.2 S S S
Truck and water 1 - S S - - S 30.1 0.1 S S 19.1 0.5 S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 100 0.7 S S S S S 40.5 0.4 S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 32 100 S S S S 74 48.7 - S S S S 15.9
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 31 95.9 S S S S 74 48.4 1.8 S S S S 20.7
Private truck 31 95.9 S S S S 74 48.4 1.8 S S S S 20.7
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 67 S S S S S S 36.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 67 S S S S S S 36.1

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.