Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 65,562 100 164,751 100 77,302 100 5.7 - 6.8 - 15.4 -
Less than 50 miles 13,597 20.7 60,271 36.6 2,765 3.6 9.4 1.4 15.1 3.7 11.7 1.1
50 - 99 miles 7,621 11.6 30,016 18.2 2,811 3.6 11.8 1.1 36.7 5.2 37.9 2.9
100 - 249 miles 8,801 13.4 11,851 7.2 2,820 3.6 12.4 1.4 15.9 1.3 20.8 1
250 - 499 miles 10,847 16.5 16,711 10.1 10,863 14.1 16.4 1.8 23.4 3.1 32.9 2.6
500 - 749 miles 6,556 10 19,794 12 16,591 21.5 12.9 1.3 27.9 4 27.9 5.8
750 - 999 miles 5,749 8.8 6,736 4.1 10,731 13.9 9.4 0.7 23.2 1.2 34.9 3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 11,044 16.8 18,849 11.4 29,461 38.1 8 1.5 32.8 3.2 32.4 5.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,277 1.9 507 0.3 1,138 1.5 13.3 0.3 22.4 0.1 23 0.5
More than 2,000 miles 69 0.1 S S S S 45.1 0.1 S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 54,815 100 132,863 100 48,747 100 7.3 - 12.9 - 16.7 -
Less than 50 miles 12,113 22.1 54,563 41.1 2,343 4.8 11.4 1.5 17.2 3.3 16.9 1.2
50 - 99 miles 6,583 12 29,744 22.4 2,784 5.7 15.1 1.4 36.8 5.3 38 3.1
100 - 249 miles 7,937 14.5 11,352 8.5 2,698 5.5 14.7 1.6 16.9 1.7 21.9 1.2
250 - 499 miles 9,496 17.3 8,998 6.8 4,145 8.5 16.9 2 16.7 1.3 14.2 1.4
500 - 749 miles 4,923 9 8,915 6.7 7,485 15.4 9.4 0.8 28.1 2.2 29.5 3.6
750 - 999 miles 4,361 8 2,382 1.8 2,755 5.7 11.8 0.7 19 0.3 19.3 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 8,660 15.8 16,458 12.4 25,553 52.4 8.1 1.5 33.5 4.6 32.9 6.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 718 1.3 446 0.3 981 2 20.3 0.2 25.5 0.1 26.5 0.7
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 44,433 100 74,927 100 13,324 100 7.2 - 14.8 - 14.2 -
Less than 50 miles 10,915 24.6 43,526 58.1 1,181 8.9 11.9 2 20.6 4.8 20.2 2.2
50 - 99 miles 5,818 13.1 12,850 17.2 1,155 8.7 14 1.6 25.6 2.5 22.8 1.5
100 - 249 miles 7,107 16 7,575 10.1 1,593 12 12.5 1.4 10.4 1.9 10.8 1.5
250 - 499 miles 7,149 16.1 4,282 5.7 1,927 14.5 8.4 1.4 9 1.2 8.7 1.7
500 - 749 miles 3,450 7.8 S S S S 13.9 0.8 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 3,814 8.6 1,120 1.5 1,277 9.6 11.2 0.6 11.7 0.3 12 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 5,642 12.7 1,869 2.5 2,894 21.7 11.1 1.3 17.7 0.7 16.1 2.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 517 1.2 213 0.3 425 3.2 19.3 0.2 33.4 0.2 33.6 1.4
More than 2,000 miles S S S S 1 - S S S S 45.5 -

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 31,489 100 38,037 100 9,862 100 9 - 21.9 - 10.2 -
Less than 50 miles 3,826 12.1 15,815 41.6 532 5.4 24.8 2.2 37.3 5.6 35.7 2
50 - 99 miles 3,265 10.4 9,156 24.1 803 8.1 22.9 2.3 34.9 4.4 32.4 1.9
100 - 249 miles 4,908 15.6 4,763 12.5 1,026 10.4 17.5 2.2 14.9 2.5 16.1 1.2
250 - 499 miles 6,136 19.5 3,407 9 1,583 16.1 10.7 1.9 8.4 2.4 7.9 1.9
500 - 749 miles 3,379 10.7 1,693 4.5 1,323 13.4 14.5 1 17.4 0.8 17.2 1.3
750 - 999 miles 3,812 12.1 1,120 2.9 1,277 12.9 11.2 1.1 11.7 0.7 12 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 5,624 17.9 1,868 4.9 2,893 29.3 11.2 1.6 17.7 1 16.1 2.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 517 1.6 213 0.6 425 4.3 19.3 0.4 33.4 0.3 33.6 1.5
More than 2,000 miles S S S S 1 - S S S S 45.5 -

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 12,944 100 36,890 100 3,462 100 12.3 - 16.8 - 49.9 -
Less than 50 miles 7,089 54.8 27,711 75.1 649 18.8 12.7 1.6 18.6 4 19.3 5.9
50 - 99 miles 2,553 19.7 3,695 10 352 10.2 14.8 1.3 14.3 1.7 15.4 4.3
100 - 249 miles 2,199 17 2,812 7.6 567 16.4 12.1 1.2 20 2.3 20.5 6.4
250 - 499 miles 1,013 7.8 875 2.4 344 9.9 25.6 2 33.4 0.7 35.6 3.1
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S - - - - S S 35.2 - 36.1 -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,986 100 56,565 100 34,527 100 12.8 - 17 - 23.9 -
Less than 50 miles 1,054 13.2 10,554 18.7 912 2.6 49.8 4.5 32.4 6.2 24.4 1.9
50 - 99 miles 764 9.6 S S S S 46 7.1 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 792 9.9 3,682 6.5 1,075 3.1 44.4 3.3 40.6 2.6 49.7 1.7
250 - 499 miles 1,044 13.1 4,415 7.8 1,973 5.7 31.6 3 30.5 2.3 25.3 1.8
500 - 749 miles 910 11.4 4,937 8.7 4,249 12.3 10.8 2.2 22.1 3.4 23.6 3.3
750 - 999 miles 454 5.7 1,261 2.2 1,476 4.3 30.5 1.2 34.2 0.6 34.1 2.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,806 35.1 14,587 25.8 22,655 65.6 26.7 8.1 38.3 8.9 37.5 7.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 232 0.4 555 1.6 S S 43.4 0.2 42.2 1.2
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Great Lakes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 7 100 9 100 S S 36 - 42 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 2 0.1 S S S S 45.2 15.3 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 345 18.5 1 10.6 1 10.2 34.2 12.4 28.9 8.2 33.6 8.8
750 - 999 miles S S - 4.9 - 5 S S 25.7 8.3 24.1 8.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9,314 100 30,027 100 28,253 100 10.1 - 28.4 - 30.3 -
Less than 50 miles 656 7 4,623 15.4 390 1.4 32.5 2.1 42.2 6.2 42.2 1
50 - 99 miles 932 10 S S S S 33.3 2.2 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 735 7.9 S S S S 23.7 1.6 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 1,227 13.2 S S S S 13.3 1.3 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 1,599 17.2 10,874 36.2 9,102 32.2 27.6 4.4 44.8 8.8 44.6 9
750 - 999 miles 1,343 14.4 4,348 14.5 7,969 28.2 17.7 2.1 37 5.6 48 7.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,225 23.9 S S 3,840 13.6 12.7 4 S S 48.4 10.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 553 5.9 60 0.2 156 0.6 21.3 1.2 35.1 0.2 35.5 0.4
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 6,292 100 150 100 125 100 12.6 - 11.6 - 10.1 -
Less than 50 miles 324 5.2 7 4.6 - 0.2 40 1.7 29 1.4 23.4 0.1
50 - 99 miles 909 14.5 13 8.8 1 1 34.1 3.3 28.6 1.5 28.8 0.4
100 - 249 miles 693 11 25 16.8 5 4.3 24.2 2.2 39.3 3.4 37.2 1.8
250 - 499 miles 710 11.3 23 15.1 11 9.1 18.8 2.5 21.9 2.1 20.8 1.8
500 - 749 miles 855 13.6 20 13.6 16 13.2 31.7 3.4 15.2 2.5 14.5 3
750 - 999 miles 930 14.8 26 17 30 23.6 21.9 2.6 15.2 2.3 15.7 2.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,311 20.8 29 19.3 45 36.2 18.9 3 15.2 2.2 15.3 2.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 518 8.2 6 4.2 12 9.8 21.2 1.6 36.2 2 36.5 3.4
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,837 100 10,400 100 7,649 100 19.8 - 26.6 - 28.8 -
Less than 50 miles 332 18.1 4,616 44.4 390 5.1 11.6 16.6 11.6 14.8 11.7 8.1
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 7 0.4 S S S S 40.5 1.5 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 180 9.8 372 3.6 187 2.4 37.2 4.1 41.2 2.9 40.4 1.6
500 - 749 miles 199 10.9 1,153 11.1 1,027 13.4 45.4 6.2 30.6 8.3 30 7.3
750 - 999 miles 210 11.4 1,806 17.4 2,164 28.3 28.3 2.7 38.6 5.6 38.5 7.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 862 46.9 S S 3,753 49.1 36.8 10.5 S S 49.6 10.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 24 1.3 45 0.4 113 1.5 36.1 1.4 36.4 3.7 36.6 5.3
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,036 100 16,879 100 18,287 100 36.1 - 41.4 - 46.3 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 337 32.5 7,124 42.2 6,427 35.1 24 12.7 42.6 18.9 42.9 19.5
500 - 749 miles 395 38.1 S S S S 29.8 16.6 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 53 5.1 16 0.1 43 0.2 24.4 17.8 32.3 13.7 29.7 13.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,433 100 S S S S 27.5 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 828 57.8 1,085 58.3 31 10.4 32.6 11.2 46.8 11.5 49.3 12.3
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 46 3.2 6 0.3 7 2.4 46.8 6 36.7 1.5 35.8 7
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 40 2.2 68 22.5 S S 37.6 2.8 41 6
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 1 - 2 0.6 S S 46.4 0.4 46 2.6
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.