Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 82,931 100 152,871 100 46,890 100 5.1 - 10.8 - 11.9 -
Less than 50 miles 22,679 27.3 69,240 45.3 1,604 3.4 10.1 1.8 19.4 4.5 19.6 0.5
50 - 99 miles 9,163 11 17,378 11.4 1,737 3.7 7.2 0.8 12.1 1.4 12.2 0.7
100 - 249 miles 11,151 13.4 20,720 13.6 5,675 12.1 6.7 0.9 14.2 1.9 17.6 2.7
250 - 499 miles 16,224 19.6 23,111 15.1 14,902 31.8 7 1.1 15.3 2.8 17.8 4.6
500 - 749 miles 10,555 12.7 16,357 10.7 15,119 32.2 9.2 0.9 19.9 1.9 23.6 4.1
750 - 999 miles 6,071 7.3 3,806 2.5 3,997 8.5 5 0.4 43.5 1.4 43.5 2.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,883 5.9 1,632 1.1 2,520 5.4 12.3 0.5 16.2 0.2 17 1.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,157 2.6 617 0.4 1,298 2.8 18 0.5 18.8 0.1 19.1 0.6
More than 2,000 miles 49 0.1 S S S S 31.1 - S S S S

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 73,828 100 138,876 100 41,699 100 4.6 - 11.6 - 13.3 -
Less than 50 miles 21,332 28.9 62,744 45.2 1,377 3.3 9.5 1.9 20.5 4.2 15.8 0.5
50 - 99 miles 8,851 12 16,900 12.2 1,694 4.1 7.6 0.9 12.4 1.2 12.5 0.7
100 - 249 miles 10,378 14.1 17,701 12.7 4,592 11 7.9 1 8.5 1 9.9 1.4
250 - 499 miles 14,821 20.1 21,297 15.3 13,469 32.3 7.6 1.1 16.8 2.9 20 5.1
500 - 749 miles 8,665 11.7 14,739 10.6 13,759 33 8.1 0.9 23.1 2 26.8 4.9
750 - 999 miles 4,791 6.5 3,669 2.6 3,841 9.2 6.2 0.5 45 1.4 45.1 2.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,636 4.9 1,408 1 2,110 5.1 11.5 0.4 15.8 0.2 16.2 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,339 1.8 414 0.3 851 2 21 0.4 19.1 0.1 19.4 0.6
More than 2,000 miles S S 5 - 6 - S S 46.4 - 46.9 -

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 68,854 100 101,323 100 15,617 100 4.7 - 15 - 6.1 -
Less than 50 miles 20,823 30.2 61,431 60.6 1,343 8.6 10.1 2.1 21 4.1 16.3 1.3
50 - 99 miles 8,538 12.4 15,710 15.5 1,567 10 8.1 0.9 13.9 1.6 14 1.3
100 - 249 miles 9,773 14.2 10,329 10.2 2,366 15.2 7.6 0.9 9.5 1.4 9.7 1.2
250 - 499 miles 12,884 18.7 7,433 7.3 3,604 23.1 8.1 1.3 16.6 1.5 15.1 2.4
500 - 749 miles 7,579 11 2,997 3 2,278 14.6 8.9 0.9 6.4 0.6 6.3 0.9
750 - 999 miles 4,444 6.5 1,774 1.8 1,846 11.8 6.5 0.4 11.6 0.3 11.3 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,532 5.1 1,298 1.3 1,910 12.2 11.3 0.4 14.9 0.3 15.3 1.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,266 1.8 344 0.3 697 4.5 21.8 0.4 19.6 0.1 19.7 0.9
More than 2,000 miles 15 - 5 - 6 - 45.7 - 40.3 - 41 0.1

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 38,592 100 35,273 100 10,233 100 5.1 - 14.1 - 5.6 -
Less than 50 miles 4,637 12 12,863 36.5 289 2.8 12.2 1.4 28.9 5.4 17.6 0.5
50 - 99 miles 3,831 9.9 6,613 18.7 655 6.4 8.8 0.8 16.3 2.5 16.7 1.2
100 - 249 miles 5,765 14.9 5,536 15.7 1,343 13.1 9.1 1.3 14.3 1.9 14.1 1.4
250 - 499 miles 9,874 25.6 5,097 14.4 2,507 24.5 8.3 1.2 9.6 2 10.3 1.9
500 - 749 miles 6,568 17 2,447 6.9 1,866 18.2 10.1 1.4 5.3 1.1 5.6 0.9
750 - 999 miles 3,888 10.1 1,392 3.9 1,456 14.2 6.6 0.8 7.7 0.5 7.5 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,865 7.4 1,012 2.9 1,484 14.5 9.1 0.4 10.1 0.5 10.7 1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,148 3 307 0.9 626 6.1 23.3 0.8 19.7 0.3 19.8 1.3
More than 2,000 miles 15 - 5 - 6 0.1 45.7 0.1 40.3 - 41 0.1

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 30,262 100 66,050 100 5,384 100 7.3 - 20.8 - 14.9 -
Less than 50 miles 16,187 53.5 48,568 73.5 1,053 19.6 11.5 3.2 23.6 4.3 19.1 3.6
50 - 99 miles 4,707 15.6 9,097 13.8 912 16.9 12.9 2.2 24.6 1.9 25.6 2.5
100 - 249 miles 4,008 13.2 4,793 7.3 1,023 19 10.2 1.3 15 1.9 14.2 2.9
250 - 499 miles 3,010 9.9 2,336 3.5 1,097 20.4 29.1 2.5 38.8 1.6 37.8 4.8
500 - 749 miles 1,010 3.3 550 0.8 412 7.6 17.6 0.5 20 0.3 19.5 1.5
750 - 999 miles 555 1.8 382 0.6 390 7.2 27.3 0.4 37.2 0.2 37.5 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 667 2.2 S S S S 37.8 0.7 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,054 100 10,718 100 6,262 100 23.1 - 26.8 - 37.8 -
Less than 50 miles 148 7.2 570 5.3 19 0.3 45.8 3.4 30 4.5 39.7 0.4
50 - 99 miles S S 904 8.4 99 1.6 S S 47.2 11.1 44.8 5.4
100 - 249 miles 432 21 1,785 16.7 485 7.8 37.6 5.2 34.2 6.3 33.1 6.7
250 - 499 miles 333 16.2 2,719 25.4 1,452 23.2 25.8 5.6 36.6 6.6 38.1 6.6
500 - 749 miles 478 23.3 2,670 24.9 1,863 29.8 30.6 6.7 39.8 7.7 36.3 7
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 83 4.1 109 1 199 3.2 31.3 15.5 36.9 8.3 37.3 19.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 51 2.5 69 0.6 152 2.4 42.8 1.5 37.8 1.3 38.9 3.6
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,462 100 26,440 100 19,801 100 22.3 - 21.6 - 24.2 -
Less than 50 miles S S 464 1.8 10 0.1 S S 39 12.1 0.7 1.3
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 168 6.8 5,586 21.1 1,740 8.8 42.1 5.9 19.8 7.9 22.3 6.2
250 - 499 miles 1,545 62.7 11,142 42.1 8,411 42.5 26.2 9.4 24.7 12 26 11.4
500 - 749 miles S S 9,072 34.3 9,618 48.6 S S 34.7 4.9 36 5.7
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,462 100 26,440 100 19,801 100 22.3 - 21.6 - 24.2 -
Less than 50 miles S S 464 1.8 10 0.1 S S 39 12.1 0.7 1.3
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 168 6.8 5,586 21.1 1,740 8.8 42.1 5.9 19.8 7.9 22.3 6.2
250 - 499 miles 1,545 62.7 11,142 42.1 8,411 42.5 26.2 9.4 24.7 12 26 11.4
500 - 749 miles S S 9,072 34.3 9,618 48.6 S S 34.7 4.9 36 5.7
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 154 100 6 100 8 100 37.2 - 43.4 - 44.2 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 59 38.3 3 42.8 3 37.9 32.7 8.1 32.7 8.6 35.2 9.3
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 21 13.5 - 6.5 1 6.5 47.7 11.4 31.3 8.7 31.6 9.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 8,290 100 9,762 100 4,954 100 23 - 37.4 - 28 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 284 3.4 S S S S 28.4 2.1 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 668 8.1 S S S S 19.4 1.6 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 1,308 15.8 1,688 17.3 1,366 27.6 19.1 1.4 40.7 10 44.7 8.8
500 - 749 miles 1,860 22.4 S S S S 27.4 1.9 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 1,273 15.4 133 1.4 151 3.1 15 1.5 19.2 2.6 20.1 2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,229 14.8 200 2 370 7.5 21.1 1.5 23.7 3.4 25.5 5.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 814 9.8 202 2.1 445 9 22.3 2.6 27.5 4.6 27.3 6.4
More than 2,000 miles 34 0.4 S S S S 41.6 0.3 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 6,032 100 308 100 271 100 20.3 - 19.6 - 19.2 -
Less than 50 miles 111 1.8 9 2.9 - 0.1 28.3 0.5 36.4 1 27.6 -
50 - 99 miles 181 3 8 2.6 1 0.3 19.7 0.9 20.7 0.6 17.8 0.1
100 - 249 miles 553 9.2 21 6.9 5 1.9 22.4 1.1 25.8 0.7 27.4 0.2
250 - 499 miles 1,237 20.5 70 22.6 37 13.5 20.4 1.5 24.1 1.2 25 0.8
500 - 749 miles 1,618 26.8 72 23.2 57 21.1 28.5 2.4 24 2.4 25.3 2.4
750 - 999 miles 1,049 17.4 63 20.5 66 24.3 17.8 1.6 18.4 2.8 18.3 2.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 871 14.4 47 15.4 69 25.3 22.6 1 20.7 1.2 21.3 1.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 381 6.3 18 5.7 35 13 19.3 1.1 27.7 1 27.1 2.1
More than 2,000 miles 31 0.5 - 0.1 S S 47.7 0.3 32.5 0.1 S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,092 100 S S 1,432 100 34.5 - S S 19.8 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 63 3 298 6.8 175 12.2 25.6 3.8 31.4 10.8 30.1 5.9
500 - 749 miles 122 5.8 S S S S 40.7 3.5 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 215 10.3 69 1.6 85 5.9 26.9 5.4 30.8 3.4 30.5 1.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 358 17.1 153 3.5 301 21 21.4 6 26.1 8.2 27 7.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 428 20.4 184 4.2 407 28.4 33.3 6.4 28.1 6 27.6 5.8
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 114 100 S S S S 38.5 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 78 68.2 S S S S 42.7 17.5 S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 813 100 S S 238 100 31 - S S 37.1 -
Less than 50 miles 527 64.9 S S S S 41 13 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 28 3.4 102 2.4 12 4.9 25.6 2.6 45.1 10.9 47.3 10
100 - 249 miles 105 12.9 237 5.6 62 26 28.2 7.2 37 12.9 39.3 8.5
250 - 499 miles 94 11.6 S S S S 30.4 3.2 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 30 3.7 S S 9 3.6 34.9 3.1 S S 49.6 4.2
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 1 - S S S S 25.5 12 S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.