Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 82,931 100 152,871 100 46,890 100 560 5.1 - 10.8 - 11.9 - 9.2
Single modes 73,828 89 138,876 90.8 41,699 88.9 168 4.6 1.6 11.6 2.9 13.3 3.2 13.5
Truck6 68,854 83 101,323 66.3 15,617 33.3 158 4.7 1.9 15 4.4 6.1 4.9 11.7
For-hire truck 38,592 46.5 35,273 23.1 10,233 21.8 418 5.1 2 14.1 3.5 5.6 3.6 11.6
Private truck 30,262 36.5 66,050 43.2 5,384 11.5 72 7.3 1.8 20.8 3.9 14.9 2.1 8.9
Rail 2,054 2.5 10,718 7 6,262 13.4 614 23.1 0.6 26.8 2.4 37.8 3.6 10.8
Water 2,462 3 26,440 17.3 19,801 42.2 728 22.3 0.6 21.6 3.1 24.2 6.3 7
Shallow draft 2,462 3 26,440 17.3 19,801 42.2 728 22.3 0.6 21.6 3.1 24.2 6.3 7
Air (incl truck and air) 154 0.2 6 - 8 - 1,577 37.2 0.1 43.4 - 44.2 - 11.1
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 8,290 10 9,762 6.4 4,954 10.6 908 23 1.6 37.4 2.1 28 3.1 2.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 6,032 7.3 308 0.2 271 0.6 909 20.3 1.1 19.6 - 19.2 0.1 2.2
Truck and rail 2,092 2.5 S S 1,432 3.1 631 34.5 0.7 S S 19.8 0.5 44.1
Truck and water 114 0.1 S S S S S 38.5 0.1 S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 813 1 S S 238 0.5 S 31 0.4 S S 37.1 0.2 S

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 10,968 100 39,041 100 17,903 100 S 13.9 - 23 - 28 - S
Single modes 10,042 91.6 35,382 90.6 17,547 98 S 12.6 3.8 20 3.1 28.3 0.8 S
Truck6 6,999 63.8 16,820 43.1 2,860 16 S 14.3 5.6 28.8 6.7 15 5.5 S
For-hire truck 4,251 38.8 6,197 15.9 1,948 10.9 388 13.1 6.6 23.9 5.3 15.6 5.1 18.1
Private truck 2,748 25.1 10,623 27.2 S S 93 33.6 5 47.4 6.6 S S 46.6
Rail 968 8.8 5,888 15.1 S S 662 31.3 2.8 42.3 7.1 S S 26
Water 2,070 18.9 12,673 32.5 11,115 62.1 882 26.5 5.4 28.7 7.9 30.1 7 3.3
Shallow draft 2,070 18.9 12,673 32.5 11,115 62.1 882 26.5 5.4 28.7 7.9 30.1 7 3.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,856 S S S S S S 21.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S - - S S S S S 49.2 - S
Truck and rail S S S S 351 2 S S S S S 44.8 1.4 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S 5 - S S S S S 42.6 0.2 S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8,972 100 8,214 100 3,398 100 85 11.8 - 16.6 - 16.8 - 45.5
Single modes 8,679 96.7 7,670 93.4 3,089 90.9 77 12.4 1 17.8 2.7 17 2.7 42.6
Truck6 8,261 92.1 6,640 80.8 2,457 72.3 76 12.2 1.9 15.2 4 14.7 5.2 41.7
For-hire truck 4,367 48.7 3,338 40.6 1,743 51.3 543 10.6 4.5 16.4 5.8 14.2 8.1 10.1
Private truck 3,894 43.4 3,301 40.2 714 21 S 19.6 4.8 25.3 6 34.7 6 S
Rail 419 4.7 1,030 12.5 631 18.6 583 29.5 2.7 31.9 4 26.8 5 41.9
Multiple modes 156 1.7 124 1.5 S S 851 35.4 1.3 44.9 0.9 S S 20.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 749 S S S S S S 24.2
Truck and rail 151 1.7 120 1.5 S S 1,378 27.9 1.8 40.4 1.3 S S 24
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 137 1.5 421 5.1 149 4.4 246 43.5 1.4 45 4.8 48.5 4.8 20.6

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 907 100 56,756 100 13,692 100 46 37.6 - 28.4 - 28.4 - 18.1
Single modes 797 87.9 48,474 85.4 10,402 76 48 38.7 8 33.2 9 32.2 9.6 16.5
Truck6 701 77.3 34,903 61.5 1,596 11.7 43 41.5 7.7 38.6 9.4 31.7 13.8 19.2
For-hire truck S S 10,610 18.7 673 4.9 S S S 45.8 6.9 48.9 6.8 S
Private truck 229 25.2 24,293 42.8 923 6.7 37 21.3 10.1 46.2 8 41.1 10.9 24.7
Rail 26 2.8 S S S S S 11.8 6.8 S S S S S
Water 70 7.7 11,335 20 7,762 56.7 678 13.9 14.9 20.5 19.3 20 15.1 2.3
Shallow draft 70 7.7 11,335 20 7,762 56.7 678 13.9 14.9 20.5 19.3 20 15.1 2.3
Multiple modes S S 4,989 8.8 3,249 23.7 S S S 48.5 9.1 39.5 12.9 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 667 S S S S S S 7.6
Truck and water S S S S 2,032 14.8 652 S S S S 37.1 12.1 31.4
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 12 S S S S S S 24

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 6,314 100 7,837 100 303 100 S 26.6 - 25.8 - 27.4 - S
Single modes 6,306 99.9 7,829 99.9 303 99.8 S 26.6 0.1 25.8 - 27.4 0.1 S
Truck6 6,001 95.1 7,439 94.9 291 95.9 S 29.1 7.1 28.3 7.1 29.5 7.1 S
For-hire truck 410 6.5 521 6.6 S S S 39.9 6.8 49.5 7.2 S S S
Private truck 5,592 88.6 6,918 88.3 259 85.2 S 29.2 7.2 28.2 7.2 30.6 8.1 S
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 7 0.1 8 0.1 S S S 34.8 0.2 40.4 0.2 S S S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 10,565 100 5,927 100 1,939 100 216 16.4 - 20.2 - 31 - 17.5
Single modes 10,178 96.3 5,831 98.4 1,882 97.1 151 17.2 1.3 20.5 0.7 31.9 1.4 17.9
Truck6 10,008 94.7 5,488 92.6 1,562 80.6 143 17.5 1.6 22.1 2.5 38.8 5.5 18.2
For-hire truck 6,263 59.3 2,057 34.7 825 42.5 331 17.4 6.3 17.1 7.5 16.8 8.7 9.6
Private truck 3,746 35.5 3,431 57.9 S S 75 30.7 6.4 32.8 8.6 S S 33.3
Rail 110 1 341 5.7 316 16.3 971 30.7 0.7 27.2 2.7 37.6 5.7 29
Air (incl truck and air) 59 0.6 2 - 3 0.2 1,370 38.3 0.3 37.2 - 38 0.1 9.8
Multiple modes 319 3 29 0.5 S S 557 34.5 1.3 42 0.3 S S 16.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 155 1.5 8 0.1 5 0.3 553 26.6 0.4 30.9 0.1 26.4 0.1 17
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,807 S S S S S S 6
Truck and water 1 - S S S S S 37.5 0.1 S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 68 0.6 S S 7 0.4 S 40.8 0.5 S S 42.4 0.2 S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 9,729 100 6,219 100 2,060 100 929 11.1 - 19.8 - 13.5 - 4.7
Single modes 7,320 75.2 5,888 94.7 1,607 78 550 13.6 4.5 21 1.7 13.7 4.3 17.4
Truck6 7,298 75 5,885 94.6 1,602 77.8 482 13.7 4.6 21 1.7 13.7 4.2 17.3
For-hire truck 5,844 60.1 2,682 43.1 1,218 59.1 702 17.5 5.6 18.2 7 14.8 4.9 12.3
Private truck 1,454 14.9 3,203 51.5 384 18.6 104 13.2 2.4 37.8 7.5 31.7 4.4 26.8
Rail 15 0.2 3 - 4 0.2 1,378 24.5 0.3 20.2 - 19.4 0.3 3.9
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,692 S S S S S S 19.7
Multiple modes 2,374 24.4 281 4.5 438 21.3 1,007 24.5 4.6 21.1 1.6 23 4.3 2.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,894 19.5 83 1.3 74 3.6 1,006 30 4.9 40.4 0.9 38.1 1.5 3.1
Truck and rail 480 4.9 198 3.2 364 17.7 1,848 29.8 1.6 23.7 1.4 25 3.9 6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 13,149 100 18,785 100 4,525 100 518 8.6 - 16.7 - 15.4 - 12.8
Single modes 11,962 91 18,192 96.8 4,128 91.2 214 9.9 2.6 16.8 1 15.2 2.1 14.4
Truck6 11,313 86 14,766 78.6 2,578 57 211 11.2 3.7 20.4 7.1 17.4 10.5 14.6
For-hire truck 7,469 56.8 5,721 30.5 1,909 42.2 503 12.6 3.1 23.5 7.2 20.7 8.1 10.6
Private truck 3,843 29.2 9,045 48.2 668 14.8 73 12.5 2.9 29.6 6.8 23 4.2 22
Rail S S 1,085 5.8 626 13.8 602 S S 36 3.4 34.3 5.7 35.5
Water 185 1.4 2,341 12.5 923 20.4 439 34.9 2.3 35.9 13.2 44 15.4 19.5
Shallow draft 185 1.4 2,341 12.5 923 20.4 439 34.9 2.3 35.9 13.2 44 15.4 19.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S 1 - 1 - 1,872 S S 43.9 - 46.3 0.1 14.7
Multiple modes 1,011 7.7 S S 388 8.6 834 22.7 2.1 S S 38.4 2.1 5.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 753 5.7 31 0.2 23 0.5 832 30 1.8 16.7 0.1 18 0.2 5.8
Truck and rail 187 1.4 200 1.1 245 5.4 1,719 29 0.7 38.4 0.4 42.9 1.6 8.6
Truck and water 52 0.4 S S S S S 26.5 0.8 S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S 9 0.2 S S S S S 46.8 0.1 S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 10,669 100 2,301 100 1,164 100 367 9.6 - 10 - 9 - 21.9
Single modes 9,256 86.8 2,206 95.9 1,092 93.8 211 8.4 2.3 10.5 1 9.4 1.9 34.1
Truck6 9,039 84.7 2,110 91.7 1,087 93.4 206 9 2.1 11.2 3.4 9.3 1.9 35.3
For-hire truck 5,905 55.4 1,424 61.9 971 83.4 284 9.6 4.7 10.8 7.3 9.6 2.5 43.4
Private truck 3,134 29.4 687 29.8 116 10 S 16.6 3.6 35.6 6.2 23.7 2.4 S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,030 S S S S S S 11.4
Multiple modes 1,114 10.4 69 3 71 6.1 730 25.4 1.7 28.5 0.9 32.2 1.9 9.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 971 9.1 23 1 18 1.5 728 27.8 1.7 21.3 0.2 30.3 0.7 10
Truck and rail 131 1.2 44 1.9 51 4.4 1,081 27 0.8 38.3 1.4 39 3.1 11.3
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,464 S S S S S S 8.3
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 298 2.8 25 1.1 1 0.1 S 44.4 1.3 40.7 0.7 38.6 - S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 11,656 100 7,791 100 1,906 100 804 14.8 - 16.4 - 19 - 7.3
Single modes 9,287 79.7 7,404 95 1,650 86.6 270 11.6 3.9 17.2 1.9 22.6 3.9 17.2
Truck6 9,233 79.2 7,272 93.3 1,584 83.1 268 11.6 3.9 17.9 3.1 24.4 6.2 17.4
For-hire truck 3,611 31 2,724 35 915 48 521 10.9 4.4 28.6 6.9 24.1 5.8 9.3
Private truck 5,622 48.2 4,548 58.4 669 35.1 180 14.6 4.5 18.6 6.6 28.3 4.2 25.2
Rail 32 0.3 131 1.7 65 3.4 S 41.6 0.3 47.5 2.6 36.4 5 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S 1 - S S 1,641 S S 49.4 - S S 22.8
Multiple modes 2,323 19.9 359 4.6 247 12.9 908 37.6 4 25.4 1.6 19.4 3.8 3.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,252 19.3 162 2.1 150 7.9 908 38.8 4.1 22.4 0.6 22 1.6 3.6
Truck and rail 72 0.6 197 2.5 96 5.1 1,135 23.1 0.3 39.4 1.8 33.4 3.9 20.6
Other and unknown modes 46 0.4 28 0.4 9 0.5 S 24.1 0.2 45 0.3 37.2 0.3 S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S - 100 S S 236 S S 48.3 - S S 29.7
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 284 S S S S S S 15.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 284 S S S S S S 15.4

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.