Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 30,337 100 22,762 100 5,281 100 13.9 - 12.9 - 12.6 -
Less than 50 miles 4,815 15.9 13,576 59.6 247 4.7 9.2 1.3 20.7 5.3 23.4 1
50 - 99 miles 1,681 5.5 2,301 10.1 283 5.4 27.2 1.6 30.3 2.7 26.3 2
100 - 249 miles 8,473 27.9 2,555 11.2 593 11.2 31.1 4.3 19.5 1.9 17.8 1.6
250 - 499 miles 7,029 23.2 2,411 10.6 1,304 24.7 14.9 2.5 17.3 2.3 17.1 2
500 - 749 miles 2,617 8.6 663 2.9 587 11.1 17.8 0.6 9.7 0.5 10 2.2
750 - 999 miles 846 2.8 585 2.6 810 15.3 16.7 0.5 23.2 0.6 24.3 2.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,203 4 207 0.9 359 6.8 30 0.9 15.3 0.2 14.1 0.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,798 5.9 219 1 458 8.7 12.6 0.9 13.3 0.1 12.9 1.2
More than 2,000 miles 1,875 6.2 244 1.1 638 12.1 16.7 1.3 28.7 0.3 30.1 2.1

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 23,210 100 20,420 100 4,562 100 17.8 - 11.3 - 11.6 -
Less than 50 miles 4,029 17.4 11,656 57.1 223 4.9 9.3 2.4 15.8 4.7 20.9 0.9
50 - 99 miles 1,593 6.9 2,289 11.2 282 6.2 29.3 2.1 30.5 2.7 26.4 2.2
100 - 249 miles 7,463 32.2 2,515 12.3 584 12.8 36.1 5.2 19.9 1.9 18.1 1.8
250 - 499 miles 5,192 22.4 2,317 11.3 1,233 27 17.2 2.8 17.3 2.2 16.5 2.3
500 - 749 miles 2,027 8.7 631 3.1 559 12.2 24.8 0.8 10.3 0.5 10.6 2.3
750 - 999 miles 666 2.9 564 2.8 778 17.1 19.9 0.7 23.7 0.6 24.5 2.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 574 2.5 174 0.9 292 6.4 40.3 0.6 17 0.2 16.1 1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 869 3.7 179 0.9 369 8.1 18.3 0.9 15.7 0.1 15.1 1.1
More than 2,000 miles 795 3.4 95 0.5 241 5.3 26.7 1.2 19.1 0.1 19.9 0.9

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 22,721 100 19,536 100 3,854 100 18.5 - 11.8 - 10.1 -
Less than 50 miles 4,029 17.7 11,656 59.7 223 5.8 9.3 2.6 15.8 4.5 20.9 0.9
50 - 99 miles 1,593 7 2,289 11.7 282 7.3 29.3 2.1 30.5 2.7 26.4 2.2
100 - 249 miles 7,381 32.5 2,366 12.1 534 13.9 36.6 5.3 19.2 1.7 16.7 1.5
250 - 499 miles 5,082 22.4 1,829 9.4 984 25.5 17.8 2.9 12.7 1.5 12.1 2.2
500 - 749 miles 2,005 8.8 606 3.1 538 13.9 25.2 0.8 9.3 0.6 9.6 2.2
750 - 999 miles 654 2.9 384 2 473 12.3 20.2 0.8 28.9 0.3 30.8 2.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 554 2.4 152 0.8 256 6.6 42.1 0.7 16 0.2 15.1 1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 737 3.2 167 0.9 342 8.9 21.8 0.7 17.6 0.1 17 1.2
More than 2,000 miles 686 3 88 0.4 223 5.8 31.4 1 20.3 0.1 21.2 1.2

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 16,464 100 8,802 100 2,929 100 24.2 - 19.5 - 10.1 -
Less than 50 miles 777 4.7 3,535 40.2 79 2.7 33.5 1.4 47 8.2 33.7 0.8
50 - 99 miles 1,214 7.4 1,317 15 199 6.8 36.7 3.5 26.3 6.4 30.9 2.9
100 - 249 miles 6,376 38.7 1,413 16.1 334 11.4 42.2 6.3 20 3 19.2 2
250 - 499 miles 4,176 25.4 1,411 16 754 25.7 21 4.6 14.7 4.4 13.1 2.7
500 - 749 miles 1,446 8.8 401 4.6 354 12.1 34.7 1 11.2 0.9 10 1.7
750 - 999 miles 537 3.3 340 3.9 427 14.6 25.4 1.3 34.6 1 35.9 3.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 529 3.2 131 1.5 221 7.5 42.3 0.8 14.1 0.4 13 1.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 725 4.4 165 1.9 339 11.6 22.4 1.1 17.9 0.3 17.3 1.3
More than 2,000 miles 683 4.1 88 1 223 7.6 31.5 1.4 20.3 0.4 21.2 1.6

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 6,257 100 10,734 100 925 100 11.7 - 14.8 - 19.9 -
Less than 50 miles 3,251 52 8,121 75.7 144 15.5 8.1 4.6 14.1 5.1 24.1 8
50 - 99 miles 378 6 S S 83 8.9 12.6 0.5 S S 47.1 1.9
100 - 249 miles 1,006 16.1 953 8.9 200 21.6 23.4 2.2 38.9 1.8 34.4 3.6
250 - 499 miles 906 14.5 417 3.9 230 24.9 24.3 2.4 35.4 2.4 36.6 4.9
500 - 749 miles 560 8.9 205 1.9 183 19.8 27.9 2.1 24.3 0.8 24.8 4.1
750 - 999 miles 117 1.9 43 0.4 47 5.1 36.8 0.5 44 0.3 44.9 2.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 25 0.4 21 0.2 35 3.8 44.6 0.2 32.4 0.2 33.4 1.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S - - S S S S 35.4 - S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 45 100 874 100 688 100 33.1 - 29.8 - 29.9 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 13 29.1 487 55.8 248 36.1 36.9 9.3 36.8 7.8 35.5 8.4
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 9 20.7 181 20.7 304 44.2 21 17.3 22.3 13.5 20.4 13.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 1 1.4 S S S S 34 14.2 S S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 443 100 11 100 19 100 24.8 - 37.1 - 47.6 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 71 16 S S - 0.8 34.1 6.2 S S 45.5 1.2
250 - 499 miles 97 22 S S 1 4.4 28.4 3.9 S S 42.4 8.2
500 - 749 miles 17 3.9 - 4.5 S S 30.5 0.8 47.3 2.5 S S
750 - 999 miles 2 0.5 S S - 0.2 39.9 2.2 S S 49.9 0.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 19 4.3 S S S S 47.3 2.2 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 127 28.6 S S S S 28.6 6.7 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 109 24.6 S S S S 42 5 S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 6,413 100 392 100 670 100 21.1 - 20.6 - 28 -
Less than 50 miles 195 3 4 1 - - 31.3 0.7 22.6 0.3 26.2 -
50 - 99 miles 76 1.2 3 0.8 - - 48.9 0.3 43 0.5 40.4 -
100 - 249 miles 982 15.3 30 7.7 7 1.1 31.5 1.7 19 2.8 22.4 0.8
250 - 499 miles 1,820 28.4 92 23.5 70 10.4 22.6 3.4 23.5 3.4 33.4 2.5
500 - 749 miles 569 8.9 25 6.5 23 3.4 19.1 1.4 28.7 2.5 30.9 2.8
750 - 999 miles 179 2.8 S S S S 42.6 0.5 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 33 8.5 66 9.9 S S 37.6 1.9 37 2.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 916 14.3 39 10.1 89 13.2 17.5 2.7 30.6 3.8 30.4 5.6
More than 2,000 miles 1,057 16.5 144 36.9 383 57.2 20.1 2.8 36.7 6.1 36.3 6.9

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 6,244 100 188 100 201 100 21.7 - 18.2 - 32 -
Less than 50 miles 195 3.1 4 2 - 0.1 31.3 0.8 22.6 0.6 26.2 -
50 - 99 miles 76 1.2 3 1.6 - 0.2 48.9 0.3 43 0.7 40.4 0.1
100 - 249 miles 982 15.7 30 16.1 7 3.7 31.5 1.8 19 2.5 22.4 1
250 - 499 miles 1,816 29.1 63 33.4 35 17.4 22.6 3.5 18 4.1 18.8 4.7
500 - 749 miles 569 9.1 25 13.5 23 11.3 19.1 1.5 28.7 2.4 30.9 3.5
750 - 999 miles 178 2.9 6 3.1 7 3.3 42.9 0.5 32 0.5 33.2 0.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 903 14.5 18 9.4 37 18.5 18 2.7 38 2.5 37.5 3.6
More than 2,000 miles 912 14.6 20 10.8 56 27.9 22.1 2.8 46.3 2.2 46 3.5

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 28 100 123 100 224 100 33.1 - 36.2 - 30.3 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 7 23.3 S S S S 31.7 9.9 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 13 45.6 22 17.7 51 22.9 34.5 6.8 27.1 18.1 28.2 16.2
More than 2,000 miles 6 21.9 S S S S 30.7 14.9 S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 136 100 35 100 96 100 46.3 - 27.5 - 27.9 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - 0.3 - 0.1 - 0.1 6.5 16.4 4.5 8 4.5 7.9
More than 2,000 miles 133 98.3 35 99.6 96 99.7 47.2 3.1 27.6 1.3 28 1.3

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3 100 46 100 148 100 39.3 - 39.4 - 38.9 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 3 100 46 100 148 100 39.3 - 39.4 - 38.9 -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S 49 100 S S S S 39.6 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 12 1.7 S S S S 34.4 2.5 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 27 3.8 S S S S 40.4 4.2 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 17 2.3 2 0.1 1 2.3 30.8 6.6 46 6.3 46.4 10
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 1 0.1 S S S S 50 0.6 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 9 1.3 1 - 1 2.1 39.8 3.1 40.8 1.5 42.8 11.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.