Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 8. Shipment Characteristics by Two-Digit Commodity and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 30,337 100 22,762 100 5,281 100 832 13.9 - 12.9 - 12.6 - 10.9
Single modes 23,210 76.5 20,420 89.7 4,562 86.4 380 17.8 4 11.3 2.7 11.6 2.1 10
Truck6 22,721 74.9 19,536 85.8 3,854 73 288 18.5 4.4 11.8 2.6 10.1 5 10.7
For-hire truck 16,464 54.3 8,802 38.7 2,929 55.5 682 24.2 5.6 19.5 4.5 10.1 5.3 11
Private truck 6,257 20.6 10,734 47.2 925 17.5 68 11.7 2.6 14.8 5.1 19.9 3 7.9
Rail 45 0.1 874 3.8 688 13 829 33.1 0.1 29.8 2.9 29.9 5.5 23.4
Air (incl truck and air) 443 1.5 11 - 19 0.4 1,693 24.8 0.6 37.1 - 47.6 0.1 6.5
Multiple modes 6,413 21.1 392 1.7 670 12.7 1,159 21.1 4.3 20.6 0.4 28 1.9 9.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 6,244 20.6 188 0.8 201 3.8 1,156 21.7 4.2 18.2 0.2 32 0.9 9.5
Truck and rail 28 0.1 123 0.5 224 4.2 1,373 33.1 0.1 36.2 0.2 30.3 1.2 21.5
Truck and water 136 0.4 35 0.2 96 1.8 2,767 46.3 0.3 27.5 - 27.9 0.5 2
Rail and water 3 - 46 0.2 148 2.8 3,240 39.3 - 39.4 1.2 38.9 7.5 0.6
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S 49 0.9 S S S S S 39.6 0.3 S

SCTG2 01, Live animals and live fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 02, Cereal grains

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 03, Other agricultural products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 104 100 138 100 88 100 S 30.6 - 37.8 - 42 - S
Single modes 104 100 138 100 88 100 S 30.6 - 37.8 - 42 - S
Truck6 98 94.4 129 93.9 69 78.7 S 29.5 2.6 36.8 2.4 38.6 7.7 S
For-hire truck 32 30.4 63 45.8 52 59.4 S 17.7 16.4 29.7 12.2 32 10.4 S
Private truck 67 64 66 48.1 17 19.3 S 36.4 11.4 40.5 12.6 43.8 17.8 S
Rail S S S S S S 2,275 S S S S S S 19.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 04, Animal feed and products of animal origin, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 1,019 100 849 100 703 S S 17.5 - 17.3 - 19.7
Single modes S S 1,010 99.1 827 97.4 706 S S 17.7 0.9 18.2 2.1 19.3
Truck6 S S 865 84.9 614 72.3 678 S S 25.6 10.6 26.3 11.4 18.5
For-hire truck 50 24 605 59.4 502 59.1 791 33 18.5 31 9.9 30.4 11.1 18.8
Private truck S S S S S S 439 S S S S S S 27.5
Rail S S S S S S 1,475 S S S S S S 3.3
Multiple modes S S 9 0.9 22 2.6 2,649 S S 6 4.5 4.6 10 5
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 05, Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 403 100 74 100 S S S 23.3 - 24.8 - S S S
Single modes 313 77.6 60 80.5 S S S 18.1 8.6 27.4 8.7 S S S
Truck6 287 71.2 57 77.5 S S S 18.9 9.6 29 9.3 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,063 S S S S S S 40.8
Private truck 254 63 52 69.8 S S S 22.4 11.3 33.6 11.5 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 26 6.5 2 3 S S 1,255 40 11.5 24.8 7.7 S S 16.8
Multiple modes S S S S S S 2,672 S S S S S S 5.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier - 0.1 S S S S 2,599 47.1 0.1 S S S S 13.2
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,745 S S S S S S 2.4

SCTG2 06, Milled grain products and preparations and bakery products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 225 100 92 100 44 100 S 21.5 - 12.9 - 40 - S
Single modes 209 92.7 85 92.3 28 63.6 S 23.3 3.8 13.9 4.3 36 10.9 S
Truck6 209 92.7 85 92.3 28 63.6 S 23.3 3.8 13.9 4.3 36 10.9 S
For-hire truck 72 31.8 29 31.9 24 55.7 490 22.7 12.6 18.9 12.3 30.6 9.6 41.6
Private truck 137 60.9 56 60.3 S S 45 38.1 12 24.9 12.4 S S 26.9
Multiple modes 16 7.3 7 7.7 16 36.4 S 32.9 8 37.2 9.2 43 12.4 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail 15 6.5 7 7.3 16 36.4 2,382 31.1 11.6 27.4 13.2 28.8 11.9 1

SCTG2 07, Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 878 100 545 100 269 100 438 26.3 - 24.3 - 41.5 - 27.3
Single modes 848 96.6 544 99.9 268 99.8 74 25.5 1 24.2 - 41.4 0.1 41.3
Truck6 848 96.6 544 99.9 268 99.8 74 25.5 1 24.2 - 41.4 0.1 41.3
For-hire truck 451 51.4 223 41 244 90.9 1,101 31.2 11.2 30.6 12.8 40.9 9.7 12.9
Private truck 397 45.2 321 58.9 24 8.9 39 23.4 12.5 27.9 11.5 29 17.9 14.5
Multiple modes 29 3.4 - 0.1 1 0.2 1,655 40.6 1.5 26.3 - 36.1 0.1 17.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 29 3.4 - 0.1 1 0.2 1,655 40.6 1.5 26.3 - 36.1 0.1 17.6

SCTG2 08, Alcoholic beverages

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 301 100 244 100 7 100 44 19.5 - 26.2 - 30.3 - 15.1
Single modes 301 100 244 100 7 100 44 19.5 - 26.2 - 30.3 - 15.1
Truck6 301 100 244 100 7 100 44 19.5 - 26.2 - 30.3 - 15.1
Private truck 301 100 244 100 7 100 44 19.5 - 26.2 - 30.3 - 15.1

SCTG2 09, Tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 34 100 - 100 - 100 20 30.1 - 35.8 - 49.5 - 34.9
Single modes 34 100 - 100 - 100 20 30.1 - 35.8 - 49.5 - 34.9
Truck6 34 100 - 100 - 100 20 30.1 - 35.8 - 49.5 - 34.9
Private truck 34 100 - 100 - 100 20 30.1 - 35.8 - 49.5 - 34.9

SCTG2 10, Calcareous monumental or building stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 7 S S S S S S 24.4
Single modes S S S S S S 6 S S S S S S 42.9
Truck6 S S S S S S 6 S S S S S S 42.9
Private truck S S S S S S 6 S S S S S S 42.9
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 11, Natural sands

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4 100 613 100 8 100 14 29.8 - 23.8 - 39.8 - 29.2
Single modes 3 65.3 416 67.9 7 82.9 17 33.2 17.4 27.5 16.1 45.1 8.5 36.5
Truck6 3 65.3 416 67.9 7 82.9 17 33.2 17.4 27.5 16.1 45.1 8.5 36.5
Private truck 3 65.3 416 67.9 7 82.9 17 33.2 17.4 27.5 16.1 45.1 8.5 36.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 7 S S S S S S -

SCTG2 12, Gravel and crushed stone

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 5,052 100 86 100 23 S S 45 - 38.3 - 32.6
Single modes 50 64.1 3,596 71.2 65 75.5 21 47.9 10 37.3 8.1 37.6 7.2 24.3
Truck6 50 64.1 3,596 71.2 65 75.5 21 47.9 10 37.3 8.1 37.6 7.2 24.3
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S 43 50 29 S S S S 49.8 19.2 24.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 13, Nonmetallic minerals nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 96 100 1,435 100 1,150 100 741 24.5 - 23.6 - 24.4 - 20.8
Single modes 81 83.7 1,282 89.3 814 70.8 609 22.1 4.1 23.1 3.1 21.3 7.2 19.8
Truck6 63 65.6 687 47.9 414 36 587 29.9 7.8 18.7 9.6 22.3 11.2 21
For-hire truck 52 54.1 534 37.2 341 29.7 686 37.8 10.2 26.9 9.7 26.3 9 21
Private truck S S S S S S 347 S S S S S S 47.6
Rail 17 18.1 595 41.5 399 34.7 727 34 10.2 32.4 8.3 31.1 9.2 28.9
Multiple modes 16 16.3 153 10.7 336 29.2 2,273 31.3 2.7 26.1 3.2 24.6 4.2 8.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail 13 13.5 107 7.5 188 16.3 2,027 43.3 3.8 35.3 4 30.5 7.2 12.6
Rail and water 3 2.8 46 3.2 148 12.9 3,240 39.3 8 39.4 4.9 38.9 15.6 0.6

SCTG2 14, Metallic ores and concentrates

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 929 100 163 100 192 S S 35.7 - 35.7 - 26.8
Single modes S S 929 100 163 100 177 S S 35.7 8.4 35.7 11 10.9
Truck6 S S 929 100 163 100 177 S S 35.7 8.4 35.7 11 10.9
For-hire truck S S 929 100 163 100 177 S S 35.7 8.4 35.7 11 10.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 17, Gasoline and aviation turbine fuel

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 311 100 394 100 S S 63 35.8 - 36.2 - S S 17.2
Single modes 307 98.8 389 98.7 S S 63 36.5 11.5 37 11.6 S S 18.6
Truck6 307 98.8 389 98.7 S S 63 36.5 11.5 37 11.6 S S 18.6
For-hire truck 94 30.2 124 31.4 S S 99 8.5 17.3 8.9 16.5 S S 23.3
Private truck 213 68.6 266 67.3 S S 55 39.1 12.4 39.2 12.5 S S 21.8
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 18, Fuel oils

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 307 100 462 100 62 100 40 33 - 32.8 - 42.3 - 39.1
Single modes 297 96.8 445 96.2 60 96.6 39 33.3 1.1 33.4 1.3 43.2 1.2 43.1
Truck6 297 96.8 445 96.2 60 96.6 39 33.3 1.1 33.4 1.3 43.2 1.2 43.1
For-hire truck 63 20.6 93 20.1 17 27.8 179 32.5 10.3 36 10.1 48.1 11.6 16.2
Private truck 234 76.2 352 76 43 68.8 S 30.3 7.4 30.4 7.4 40.3 9.6 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 19, Coal and petroleum products, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 235 100 446 100 S S S 33.3 - 36.4 - S S S
Single modes 235 99.8 446 100 S S S 33.3 7.9 36.4 5.7 S S S
Truck6 235 99.8 446 100 S S S 33.3 7.9 36.4 5.7 S S S
For-hire truck 77 32.6 157 35.2 S S 406 41.3 10.7 33.9 14.2 S S 36.8
Private truck 158 67.3 S S 19 27 35 38.6 9.7 S S 44.5 14.9 13.2
Multiple modes S S S S S S 733 S S S S S S 33.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - S S 737 S S 49.2 7 S S 34.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 20, Basic chemicals

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 51 100 41 100 S S S 40.7 - 34.7 - S S S
Single modes 48 93.9 41 99.4 S S S 42.9 10.4 34.9 6.8 S S S
Truck6 48 93.4 41 99.4 S S S 43.3 10.9 34.9 6.8 S S S
For-hire truck S S 9 21.5 S S S S S 48.5 12 S S S
Private truck 19 37.7 32 77.8 2 16.2 S 29.8 14.8 37.4 9.8 47.4 17 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 21, Pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 783 S S S S S S 9.4
Single modes 1,393 47.6 S S S S 342 44.9 11.9 S S S S 37.8
Truck6 1,272 43.5 S S S S S 48.3 13.5 S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S 586 S S S S S S 24.2
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 121 4.1 - 0.2 - 0.5 502 19.3 3.3 27.5 3.2 22.9 2.7 32.1
Multiple modes S S S S S S 856 S S S S S S 9.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 856 S S S S S S 9.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 22, Fertilizers

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S 5 100 S S S S S 47.4 - S
Single modes S S S S 5 100 S S S S S 47.4 - S
Truck6 S S S S 5 100 S S S S S 47.4 - S
Private truck S S S S 5 100 S S S S S 47.4 - S

SCTG2 23, Chemical products and preparations, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,167 100 433 100 304 100 668 25.3 - 21.7 - 24.1 - 13.3
Single modes 1,757 81.1 406 93.8 271 89.1 721 31.1 11.3 21.8 2.2 24.1 6.6 8.1
Truck6 1,754 81 406 93.8 271 89.1 715 31.2 11.4 21.8 2.2 24.1 6.7 9.6
For-hire truck 1,237 57.1 162 37.5 114 37.4 763 45.5 13.9 31.2 14.2 32.9 13.1 12.4
Private truck 517 23.9 243 56.2 157 51.7 484 40.2 9 36.8 13.8 40.9 13 23.3
Air (incl truck and air) 2 0.1 - - - - 1,532 23.1 0.3 22.5 - 25.7 0.2 13.1
Multiple modes 407 18.8 27 6.2 33 10.8 644 47.6 12.5 36.6 2.4 43.3 7.2 47
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 390 18 19 4.4 12 3.8 638 47.5 14 38.9 2.9 32.7 9 32.8
Truck and water 17 0.8 8 1.8 21 6.9 2,745 38.7 1.7 39.4 2.3 39.7 7.3 1.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 24, Plastics and rubber

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,108 100 379 100 232 100 749 22.2 - 26 - 24.7 - 14.4
Single modes 737 66.5 351 92.8 213 91.7 575 27 8.8 27.7 7.8 26.5 6.9 12.7
Truck6 725 65.4 351 92.6 211 91.1 335 26.3 8.8 27.7 7.8 26.4 6.9 20.2
For-hire truck 616 55.6 315 83.1 204 87.7 474 24.3 7.5 26.4 8.3 26.1 8.1 22.9
Private truck 108 9.8 S S S S 74 47.5 3.1 S S S S 35.7
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 346 31.2 27 7 19 8.3 806 34.9 9.1 42.8 7.8 48.6 6.9 33.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 341 30.8 25 6.7 16 6.7 805 34.5 9.1 41.5 7.8 43.3 7.1 33.8
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 1 0.2 S S S S S 49 0.5 S S S

SCTG2 25, Logs and other wood in the rough

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 21 100 30 100 23 100 584 29.3 - 10.8 - 9 - 9.5
Single modes 21 100 30 100 23 100 584 29.3 - 10.8 - 9 - 9.5
Truck6 21 100 30 100 23 100 584 29.3 - 10.8 - 9 - 9.5
For-hire truck 21 99.8 30 99.8 23 100 641 29.1 0.2 11 0.2 9 - 1
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 26, Wood products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 253 100 234 100 S S 170 23.4 - 29.9 - S S 35
Single modes 241 94.9 228 97.4 S S 138 21.9 2.4 28.8 1 S S 36.4
Truck6 241 94.9 228 97.4 S S 138 21.9 2.4 28.8 1 S S 36.4
For-hire truck 47 18.6 S S S S 780 45 5.1 S S S S 46
Private truck 193 76.3 169 72 S S 33 17.3 6.4 33.5 8.4 S S 12.3
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier - 0.1 - - - - 242 12.1 0.4 25.1 - 36 0.1 31.7
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 27, Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 59 100 40 100 30 100 801 30.6 - 33 - 40.6 - 17.5
Single modes 57 96.4 40 99.5 29 98.7 301 32.6 8.9 33.2 2.5 40.6 8.2 40.4
Truck6 57 96.4 40 99.5 29 98.7 301 32.6 8.9 33.2 2.5 40.6 8.2 40.4
For-hire truck 52 88.9 37 93.3 29 97.7 S 33.9 12.2 33.4 13.2 38.9 12.6 S
Private truck S S S S S S 51 S S S S S S 34.8
Multiple modes S S - 0.5 - 1.3 1,149 S S 34.9 5.4 48.8 17.5 45.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,144 S S S S S S 32.5
Truck and water - 0.4 - 0.3 - 1.1 2,680 12.2 1.4 20.4 1.3 20.4 5.7 -

SCTG2 28, Paper or paperboard articles

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 396 100 S S S S 1,423 49 - S S S S 23.3
Single modes 123 30.9 S S S S S 47.2 17.2 S S S S S
Truck6 123 30.9 S S S S S 47.2 17.2 S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 28 7.2 S S S S S 47.4 11.2 S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,601 S S S S S S 20.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,601 S S S S S S 20.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 29, Printed products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 676 100 181 100 124 100 1,484 32.2 - 30.7 - 37.7 - 15.8
Single modes 391 57.9 160 88.8 99 79.9 735 19.9 10.5 30.9 7.3 37.5 9.6 11.2
Truck6 385 56.9 160 88.6 98 79.3 713 20.5 10.3 30.9 7.4 37.8 10.1 11.8
For-hire truck 159 23.5 S S S S 855 47 12.8 S S S S 25.2
Private truck 226 33.4 115 63.7 71 57 434 36.6 17.6 36.4 13.1 47.6 16.5 20.9
Air (incl truck and air) 6 1 - 0.2 1 0.6 1,492 25.5 8.2 47 3.5 24.2 16.8 1.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,557 S S S S S S 15.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,557 S S S S S S 15.2
Other and unknown modes 14 2 S S S S S 24.5 5.9 S S S S S

SCTG2 30, Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,006 100 89 100 S S 1,357 48.3 - 45.7 - S S 11.3
Single modes S S 72 81 S S 1,248 S S 41.7 13 S S 19.2
Truck6 S S 71 80.6 S S 747 S S 41.9 14.3 S S 17
For-hire truck S S S S S S 790 S S S S S S 12
Private truck 76 7.6 S S S S S 45.8 6.9 S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 24 2.4 - 0.4 1 1.2 2,151 33.5 7.3 31.3 4.4 33.6 6.1 7.4
Multiple modes 390 38.8 S S S S 1,385 44.3 9.6 S S S S 11.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 390 38.8 S S S S 1,385 44.3 9.6 S S S S 11.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 31, Nonmetallic mineral products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 802 100 7,597 100 502 100 197 20.6 - 17.6 - 31.3 - 26.1
Single modes 769 95.9 7,595 100 501 99.7 65 20.6 1.8 17.6 - 31.4 0.3 29
Truck6 753 94 7,469 98.3 444 88.4 56 20.5 2 17.7 1.3 30.4 4.4 17
For-hire truck 288 35.9 2,203 29 294 58.5 S 36 9.7 38.6 10.2 35.2 13 S
Private truck 466 58.1 5,267 69.3 150 29.9 26 19.6 10.1 19.3 9.6 29.9 15.7 15.7
Rail 15 1.9 125 1.7 57 11.3 455 26.9 5.2 19.1 4.8 32.1 12.5 18.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 732 S S S S S S 21.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 729 S S S S S S 21.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 2 0.3 1 - 1 0.1 645 39.1 0.4 48.3 - 40.1 0.7 47.4

SCTG2 32, Base metal in prim. or semifin. forms & in finished basic shapes

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 546 100 154 100 35 100 688 22.5 - 31.6 - 29.8 - 30.6
Single modes 516 94.5 153 99.3 34 97.3 569 23.3 6.7 31.8 0.6 30.2 7.1 43
Truck6 513 94 152 99.3 33 97 S 23.2 6.6 31.8 0.6 30.2 7.1 S
For-hire truck 337 61.8 29 19 25 73.6 1,090 28.5 10.4 25.4 10.7 30.9 9.5 21.2
Private truck 176 32.3 123 80.2 8 23.4 56 35.9 7.8 36.1 8 33.6 6 39.8
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - - 0.3 2,524 S S 41.1 0.2 45.9 0.2 23.5
Multiple modes 28 5.1 1 0.6 1 2.6 865 36.4 6.1 30.3 0.5 35.1 7 20
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 28 5.1 1 0.6 1 2.6 865 36.8 6.1 30.7 0.5 35.5 7 20
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 33, Articles of base metal

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,071 100 290 100 135 100 659 18.1 - 30.2 - 29.8 - 16.7
Single modes 755 70.5 272 93.8 118 87.2 256 23.9 4.4 32.3 4.1 34.1 8 44.6
Truck6 755 70.5 272 93.8 118 87.2 246 23.9 4.4 32.3 4.1 34.2 8 44.9
For-hire truck 464 43.3 192 66.3 108 79.9 691 34.6 8 43.5 13.5 38.7 12.6 24.9
Private truck 291 27.2 80 27.5 S S 99 20.6 4.9 22.1 12 S S 26.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 2,264 S S S S S S 19.9
Multiple modes 285 26.6 17 5.7 16 11.8 830 15.8 4.5 41.8 4.1 38.3 6.2 18.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 285 26.6 17 5.7 16 11.8 830 15.8 4.5 41.8 4.1 38.3 6.2 18.2
Other and unknown modes 30 2.8 2 0.5 1 1 S 30.3 2.2 32.1 0.8 47.5 3.9 S

SCTG2 34, Machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,598 100 116 100 83 100 930 20.5 - 38.9 - 48.1 - 15
Single modes 1,144 71.6 109 94.4 S S S 25.1 7.9 41 3.8 S S S
Truck6 1,118 70 109 94 S S S 25.8 7.6 41.2 3.7 S S S
For-hire truck 687 43 S S S S 816 38.4 10 S S S S 12.9
Private truck 431 27 21 18.2 7 8.3 S 49.1 11.4 36.9 12.9 40 6.7 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,808 S S S S S S 18.9
Multiple modes 440 27.5 5 4.2 6 6.6 1,464 18.6 7.9 19.8 3.8 32 5.4 11.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 440 27.5 5 4.2 5 6.6 1,464 18.6 7.9 19.8 3.7 25.2 5.2 11.4
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 13 0.8 S S S S S 35.9 0.9 S S S S S

SCTG2 35, Electronic & other electrical equip & components & office equip

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,365 100 161 100 S S 889 35.1 - 43.3 - S S 15.3
Single modes 2,419 71.9 150 92.9 S S 406 44.3 4.7 45.5 9.2 S S 41.8
Truck6 2,256 67 149 92.7 S S 372 47.8 6.2 45.7 9.8 S S 45.9
For-hire truck S S S S S S 1,132 S S S S S S 13.4
Private truck 388 11.5 S S S S S 37.3 6.1 S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 163 4.8 - 0.2 S S 1,378 34.4 2 23.7 0.8 S S 5.9
Multiple modes 898 26.7 10 6.1 14 8.6 1,253 27.6 4.8 25.4 8.6 32.9 10.1 8.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 897 26.7 10 6.1 14 8.6 1,253 27.6 4.8 25.5 8.6 33 10.1 8.8
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 48 1.4 S S S S S 46.6 0.7 S S S S S

SCTG2 36, Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,061 100 123 100 S S 1,293 27 - 41.6 - S S 11.8
Single modes 794 74.8 113 92.3 S S 1,008 26 7.4 43.8 7.1 S S 16.7
Truck6 760 71.6 112 91.5 S S 903 25.6 7.2 43.6 7.1 S S 18
For-hire truck 552 52 92 75.3 S S 938 19.3 8.9 46.5 6.4 S S 18.9
Private truck S S 20 16.2 S S S S S 37.1 13.8 S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,478 S S S S S S 33.2
Multiple modes 241 22.7 8 6.2 15 12.3 1,667 36.2 12.2 33 14.2 37 15.5 9.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 235 22.2 6 5.2 12 9.6 1,654 37.7 12.4 41.1 14.4 42.4 15.9 9.8
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,916 S S S S S S 5.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 37, Transportation equipment, nec

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 13 100 7 100 6 100 S 21.4 - 13.5 - 38.6 - S
Single modes 13 100 7 100 6 100 S 21.4 - 13.5 - 38.6 - S
Truck6 13 100 7 100 6 100 S 21.4 - 13.5 - 38.6 - S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 38, Precision instruments and apparatus

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 367 100 12 100 S S 734 38.8 - 45 - S S 23.6
Single modes S S S S S S 413 S S S S S S 30.8
Truck6 S S S S S S 366 S S S S S S 31.7
For-hire truck S S S S S S 749 S S S S S S 31.3
Private truck S S S S S S 59 S S S S S S 30.7
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 301 82.1 S S S S 737 48.9 13.2 S S S S 25.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 301 82.1 S S S S 737 48.9 13.2 S S S S 25.3

SCTG2 39, Furniture, mattresses & mattress supports, lamps, lighting

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,871 S S S S S S 17.7
Multiple modes 22 17.5 S S S S 1,038 42.2 13.8 S S S S 18.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 22 17.5 S S S S 1,038 42.2 13.8 S S S S 18.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 40, Miscellaneous manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,766 100 270 100 226 100 965 21.6 - 27.8 - 43.2 - 8.6
Single modes 1,181 66.9 235 87.2 178 78.7 598 28.2 7.7 27 3.3 37.9 7.6 11.6
Truck6 1,177 66.6 232 85.9 169 75 565 28.1 7.7 26.5 3.5 35.4 7.7 10.4
For-hire truck 1,064 60.2 192 71.1 152 67.2 664 32.7 9.2 32.4 10.3 39.2 9.1 6.6
Private truck 113 6.4 40 14.8 18 7.8 200 34.7 5.6 34.3 9.5 49.1 4.7 42
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 2,479 S S S S S S 32.1
Multiple modes 560 31.7 23 8.4 S S 1,112 18.3 7.6 40.8 3 S S 8.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 554 31.4 18 6.8 20 8.7 1,106 18.5 7.4 29.2 3.1 34.6 8.4 8.6
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 2 0.1 - 0.1 - 0.2 2,757 39.8 0.2 32.3 0.1 34.9 0.6 2.2
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 444 S S S S S S 32.2

SCTG2 41, Waste and scrap

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1 100 4 100 S S S 8.7 - 4.5 - S S S
Single modes 1 100 4 100 S S S 8.7 - 4.5 - S S S
Truck6 1 100 4 100 S S S 8.7 - 4.5 - S S S
For-hire truck 1 95.7 4 95.5 S S 3 4.5 3.7 - 4.1 S S 9.8
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 43, Mixed freight

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 658 100 S S 279 S S 46.6 - S S 38.7
Single modes S S S S S S 306 S S S S S S 46.2
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 233 6.4 100 15.1 7 4.2 70 25.9 15.3 32.9 16.3 40.1 14.4 19.7
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 192 5.2 8 1.2 6 3.6 664 40.7 7.7 38.7 2.1 40.9 3.6 27
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 190 5.2 8 1.2 5 3.3 663 40.4 7.6 40.4 2.1 32.2 3.4 27.1
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 467 S S S S S S 35.4
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 471 S S S S S S 24.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 471 S S S S S S 24.2

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, FL by Alcoholic Beverages (08) by Air has no data for any cell therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, two-digit commodities are not present if there is no such data for an entire commodity by area. For example, Pittsburgh-New Castle, PA by Cereal Grains (02) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.