Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 6,120 100 6,619 100 852 100 8.8 - 16.6 - 17.3 -
Less than 50 miles 2,435 39.8 4,501 68 126 14.8 11.6 3.7 20.7 5.2 18.6 2.7
50 - 99 miles 923 15.1 1,194 18 112 13.2 17.1 2.1 21.8 2 21.7 2.8
100 - 249 miles 617 10.1 473 7.2 98 11.5 24.3 1.6 24.8 2.5 28.8 2.3
250 - 499 miles 511 8.3 123 1.9 53 6.3 24 1.8 30.4 1.1 30.2 1.4
500 - 749 miles 716 11.7 170 2.6 134 15.7 19.9 2.1 19.1 1 18.9 2.2
750 - 999 miles 150 2.4 27 0.4 27 3.2 30.7 0.6 39.7 0.3 39.7 0.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 292 4.8 37 0.6 52 6.1 23.5 0.9 29.2 0.3 28.5 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 84 1.4 17 0.3 32 3.8 26.9 0.3 49.3 0.2 46.6 1.6
More than 2,000 miles 393 6.4 76 1.2 217 25.5 27.7 1.6 31.9 0.8 31.9 5.4

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 5,483 100 6,073 100 724 100 10 - 15.5 - 17.8 -
Less than 50 miles 2,310 42.1 4,084 67.3 117 16.2 12.6 3.8 17.7 5.1 17.8 3.1
50 - 99 miles 860 15.7 1,147 18.9 108 14.9 17.9 2.2 23.4 2.1 23.5 3.1
100 - 249 miles 558 10.2 455 7.5 95 13.1 27 1.8 26.7 2.6 30.3 2.4
250 - 499 miles 476 8.7 121 2 53 7.3 26 1.8 30.7 1.1 30.5 1.3
500 - 749 miles 603 11 137 2.3 105 14.4 23 2.6 20.1 0.9 20.6 2.4
750 - 999 miles 123 2.3 26 0.4 26 3.5 37.6 0.7 39.2 0.2 39.6 0.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 232 4.2 34 0.6 47 6.5 28.4 0.9 29.5 0.3 29.5 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 61 1.1 S S 28 3.8 33 0.3 S S 48.7 1.4
More than 2,000 miles 259 4.7 53 0.9 147 20.4 37.4 1.4 41 0.8 40.7 5

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 5,478 100 6,072 100 724 100 9.9 - 15.5 - 17.8 -
Less than 50 miles 2,310 42.2 4,084 67.3 117 16.2 12.6 3.8 17.7 5.1 17.8 3.1
50 - 99 miles 860 15.7 1,147 18.9 108 14.9 17.9 2.2 23.4 2.1 23.5 3.1
100 - 249 miles 557 10.2 455 7.5 95 13.1 27.1 1.8 26.7 2.6 30.3 2.4
250 - 499 miles 476 8.7 121 2 53 7.3 26.1 1.8 30.7 1.1 30.5 1.3
500 - 749 miles 603 11 137 2.3 105 14.4 23 2.6 20.1 0.9 20.6 2.4
750 - 999 miles 122 2.2 25 0.4 26 3.5 37.3 0.7 39 0.2 39.5 0.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 230 4.2 34 0.6 47 6.5 28.2 0.9 29.6 0.3 29.6 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 61 1.1 S S 28 3.8 33 0.3 S S 48.7 1.4
More than 2,000 miles 258 4.7 53 0.9 147 20.4 37.5 1.4 41 0.8 40.7 5

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,920 100 2,266 100 536 100 14.9 - 22.1 - 23.9 -
Less than 50 miles 351 12 1,171 51.7 31 5.8 23.9 3.2 25.8 8.8 21.9 1.7
50 - 99 miles 556 19 419 18.5 41 7.7 26.8 3 32.8 3.5 30.5 2
100 - 249 miles 372 12.7 311 13.7 68 12.6 26.7 1.8 37.3 3.5 39.4 2.9
250 - 499 miles 391 13.4 104 4.6 46 8.6 24.9 2.1 32 1.3 31 1.4
500 - 749 miles 579 19.8 133 5.9 102 19 22.9 3.8 20.6 1.9 21.1 4.2
750 - 999 miles 122 4.2 25 1.1 26 4.8 37.3 2 39 0.5 39.5 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 230 7.9 34 1.5 47 8.8 28.2 1.4 29.6 0.8 29.6 1.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 61 2.1 S S 28 5.1 33 1.5 S S 48.7 2.5
More than 2,000 miles 258 8.8 53 2.3 147 27.5 37.5 2.2 41 1.3 40.7 5.3

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,558 100 3,807 100 188 100 13 - 19.3 - 20.1 -
Less than 50 miles 1,959 76.6 2,913 76.5 86 45.6 14.2 2.5 18.1 2.1 18.7 3.2
50 - 99 miles 304 11.9 729 19.1 66 35.2 18.9 2.2 30.6 2.7 31.3 5.1
100 - 249 miles 186 7.3 144 3.8 27 14.4 42.4 2.6 25 1.2 26.2 3.3
250 - 499 miles 85 3.3 17 0.4 7 3.5 44.2 1.6 43.5 0.6 48.7 3.1
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 5 100 - 100 - 100 43.9 - 45 - 39.7 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 571 100 66 100 108 100 19.4 - 32.3 - 39.6 -
Less than 50 miles 84 14.7 2 2.8 - 0.1 30.7 4.2 33.8 6 42.7 0.7
50 - 99 miles 60 10.5 1 1.7 - 0.1 20.2 1.6 18.8 2.4 16.3 0.4
100 - 249 miles 58 10.1 2 2.4 - 0.3 23.4 1.6 19.1 2.9 24.8 1.3
250 - 499 miles 34 5.9 1 1.8 1 0.5 20.8 2.7 24.8 3.4 25 2.3
500 - 749 miles 109 19.1 S S S S 37.5 5.4 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 20 3.6 1 1 1 0.7 29.3 3 31.9 2.5 31.6 4.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 54 9.4 S S S S 23.8 1.8 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 369 100 9 100 6 100 15.3 - 16.5 - 25.5 -
Less than 50 miles 58 15.6 1 13 - 0.7 22.3 3.2 16.8 3.4 16.6 0.4
50 - 99 miles 60 16.3 1 13 - 1.7 20.2 2.6 18.8 2.2 16.3 0.6
100 - 249 miles 50 13.6 1 15.5 - 4.4 23.4 2.4 17.9 3 16.8 1.5
250 - 499 miles 34 9.2 1 13.7 1 8.5 20.8 2.6 24.8 3 25 2.8
500 - 749 miles 46 12.4 1 16 1 16.4 18.6 1.3 23.2 1.9 23 2.5
750 - 999 miles 20 5.5 1 7.5 1 11 29.3 2.8 31.9 2.1 31.6 3.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 49 13.3 1 9.8 1 18.1 23.1 1.9 40 2.6 38.9 3.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S - 3.7 1 10.1 S S 49 1 49 2.2
More than 2,000 miles 32 8.8 1 7.9 2 29.3 27.2 1.8 29.2 1.4 29.1 4.6

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 168 100 56 100 102 100 26.6 - 26.4 - 32.6 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 1 100 - 100 S S 46.4 - 32.7 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 66 100 S S S S 35.3 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 41 63 S S S S 37.7 9.6 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 3 3.9 S S S S 40.3 1.9 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 2 2.5 S S S S 47.1 5.4 S S S S
250 - 499 miles - 0.6 S S S S 49.1 13.2 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S - - S S S S 46.6 6.8 S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.