Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 6,120 100 6,619 100 852 100 227 8.8 - 16.6 - 17.3 - 23.1
Less than 50 lbs 430 7.0 14 0.2 4 0.4 370 9.9 0.8 11.4 0.1 31.9 0.1 23.2
50 - 99 lbs 175 2.9 13 0.2 2 0.2 143 18.6 0.4 15.3 0.1 20.9 - 21.2
100 - 499 lbs 663 10.8 136 2.1 13 1.5 100 16.4 1.1 17.9 0.5 14.6 0.3 21.9
500 - 749 lbs 189 3.1 60 0.9 5 0.6 85 27.2 0.6 23.1 0.3 18.9 0.2 19.8
750 - 999 lbs 129 2.1 57 0.9 4 0.5 74 18.3 0.4 27.7 0.3 25.1 0.1 28.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 1,738 28.4 701 10.6 98 11.5 124 13.9 2.7 16.3 3.2 15.7 2.4 19.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 2,527 41.3 3,353 50.7 583 68.3 186 13.1 3.6 16.2 3.3 18.9 3.1 27.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 188 3.1 2,196 33.2 106 12.4 S 37.4 1.2 25.9 6.5 23.3 3.4 S
More than 100,000 lbs S S 91 1.4 S S 492 S S 41.6 2.5 S S 27.8

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 5,483 100 6,073 100 724 100 91 10.0 - 15.5 - 17.8 - 18.3
Less than 50 lbs 190 3.5 9 0.1 1 0.1 S 25.8 0.7 18.0 0.1 19.5 - S
50 - 99 lbs 104 1.9 11 0.2 1 0.1 56 25.4 0.4 16.8 0.1 15.8 - 22.1
100 - 499 lbs 592 10.8 133 2.2 11 1.5 80 17.8 1.1 18.3 0.5 13.8 0.3 21.0
500 - 749 lbs 176 3.2 59 1.0 5 0.7 82 29.9 0.6 23.5 0.3 19.6 0.2 21.2
750 - 999 lbs 128 2.3 56 0.9 4 0.6 72 18.3 0.4 27.7 0.3 24.6 0.1 29.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 1,724 31.4 697 11.5 97 13.4 123 14.1 2.6 16.4 3.1 15.9 2.2 19.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 2,380 43.4 3,132 51.6 495 68.4 170 13.3 3.9 14.4 3.6 20.4 3.5 30.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 160 2.9 1,913 31.5 98 13.5 S 45.8 1.2 27.2 6.4 26.0 3.8 S
More than 100,000 lbs S S 63 1.0 14 1.9 S S S 33.7 1.6 48.8 2.0 S

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 5,478 100 6,072 100 724 100 88 9.9 - 15.5 - 17.8 - 17.9
Less than 50 lbs 189 3.4 9 0.1 1 0.1 S 26.1 0.7 18.0 0.1 19.2 - S
50 - 99 lbs 103 1.9 11 0.2 1 0.1 55 25.5 0.4 16.9 0.1 16.4 - 22.4
100 - 499 lbs 591 10.8 132 2.2 11 1.5 80 17.8 1.1 18.3 0.5 13.8 0.3 21.0
500 - 749 lbs 176 3.2 59 1.0 5 0.7 82 29.9 0.6 23.5 0.3 19.6 0.2 21.2
750 - 999 lbs 127 2.3 56 0.9 4 0.6 71 18.0 0.3 27.8 0.3 25.0 0.1 29.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 1,724 31.5 697 11.5 97 13.4 123 14.1 2.6 16.4 3.1 15.9 2.2 19.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 2,380 43.4 3,132 51.6 495 68.4 170 13.3 3.9 14.4 3.6 20.4 3.5 30.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 160 2.9 1,913 31.5 98 13.5 S 45.8 1.2 27.2 6.4 26.0 3.8 S
More than 100,000 lbs S S 63 1.0 14 1.9 S S S 33.7 1.6 48.8 2.0 S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,920 100 2,266 100 536 100 578 14.9 - 22.1 - 23.9 - 8.8
Less than 50 lbs 24 0.8 1 - - 0.1 632 35.4 0.4 23.7 - 34.4 - 18.9
50 - 99 lbs 16 0.5 1 - - 0.1 525 26.9 0.1 33.6 - 23.0 - 18.3
100 - 499 lbs 204 7.0 8 0.3 7 1.3 910 21.6 1.6 22.8 0.1 16.5 0.3 11.6
500 - 749 lbs 51 1.8 3 0.1 3 0.6 872 33.6 0.5 19.0 0.1 24.2 0.2 12.2
750 - 999 lbs 33 1.1 3 0.1 2 0.4 693 36.0 0.6 25.2 0.1 34.7 0.1 15.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 977 33.5 136 6.0 75 14.1 630 24.7 5.4 23.7 2.9 18.1 2.5 13.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,540 52.7 1,286 56.8 391 73.0 361 20.7 5.7 21.3 7.7 26.4 4.1 21.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 48 1.6 798 35.2 46 8.5 S 40.8 0.6 39.1 9.2 27.2 2.6 S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S 11 2.1 S S S S S 21.5 9.1 S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,558 100 3,807 100 188 100 33 13.0 - 19.3 - 20.1 - 8.5
Less than 50 lbs 165 6.4 8 0.2 - 0.1 30 31.7 1.2 20.6 0.2 21.3 0.2 12.4
50 - 99 lbs 88 3.4 11 0.3 - 0.2 28 29.1 0.7 18.2 0.2 17.9 0.1 11.2
100 - 499 lbs 387 15.1 125 3.3 4 2.2 32 19.0 2.2 19.0 1.2 16.2 1.0 9.3
500 - 749 lbs 125 4.9 56 1.5 2 0.9 32 29.4 1.1 24.6 0.5 18.0 0.4 12.4
750 - 999 lbs 93 3.7 53 1.4 2 1.1 37 26.2 0.5 29.8 0.5 34.2 0.5 10.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 747 29.2 561 14.7 21 11.4 34 13.6 3.0 20.8 5.3 19.0 4.4 10.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 840 32.8 1,845 48.5 104 55.4 59 19.6 5.4 20.8 3.5 20.0 4.1 12.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 1,115 29.3 52 27.6 47 S S 29.2 5.8 35.5 6.4 14.2
More than 100,000 lbs 1 - 33 0.9 2 1.2 80 43.3 0.1 30.9 1.8 29.3 2.4 25.3

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 5 100 - 100 - 100 1,775 43.9 - 45.0 - 39.7 - 18.0
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 1,996 S S S S S S 20.4
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 960 S S S S S S 30.8
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 571 100 66 100 108 100 735 19.4 - 32.3 - 39.6 - 11.0
Less than 50 lbs 228 39.9 4 6.5 3 2.7 725 15.8 4.0 25.0 6.6 36.8 7.1 12.2
50 - 99 lbs 69 12.0 1 2.2 1 1.0 799 27.7 2.9 25.1 4.0 29.5 6.9 26.9
100 - 499 lbs 60 10.6 2 3.6 2 1.8 880 22.5 3.4 18.5 7.2 26.1 7.2 14.6
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - 0.1 - 0.2 - 0.1 834 22.0 0.6 48.9 2.0 44.5 2.6 19.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 128 22.5 29 43.7 77 71.0 2,730 43.5 9.2 43.7 17.4 49.5 16.8 9.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 22 3.9 1 0.9 - - 74 5.9 13.2 - 18.4 7.4 3.3 7.4
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 899 S S S S S S -

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 369 100 9 100 6 100 732 15.3 - 16.5 - 25.5 - 11.1
Less than 50 lbs 228 61.7 4 48.8 3 45.9 725 15.8 3.7 25.1 4.9 36.8 6.1 12.2
50 - 99 lbs 69 18.7 1 16.6 1 17.3 799 27.7 2.4 25.1 2.2 29.5 5.1 26.9
100 - 499 lbs 60 16.3 2 27.3 2 31.0 880 22.5 3.0 18.5 3.7 26.1 4.1 14.6
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - 0.1 - 1.6 - 1.8 834 22.0 0.6 48.9 2.3 44.5 2.3 19.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 168 100 56 100 102 100 2,462 26.6 - 26.4 - 32.6 - 15.2
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 117 69.5 S S 77 75.6 2,761 45.8 19.1 S S 49.6 18.0 8.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 899 S S S S S S -

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 1 100 - 100 S S S 46.4 - 32.7 - S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 66 100 S S S S S 35.3 - S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S 16 S S S S S S 32.8
50 - 99 lbs 3 3.8 - 0.1 - - 17 34.4 3.9 25.3 4.5 19.3 0.2 31.8
100 - 499 lbs S S 1 0.2 S S S S S 43.5 10.7 S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S - 0.1 S S 18 S S 37.2 2.3 S S 30.2
750 - 999 lbs - 0.2 - - S S S 16.6 0.4 11.9 0.8 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 14 20.6 4 0.9 S S S 40.2 14.8 45.5 19.7 S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.