Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 6,120 100 6,619 100 852 100 227 8.8 - 16.6 - 17.3 - 23.1
Single modes 5,483 89.6 6,073 91.7 724 85 91 10 2.3 15.5 4 17.8 5.1 18.3
Truck6 5,478 89.5 6,072 91.7 724 85 88 9.9 2.3 15.5 4 17.8 5.1 17.9
For-hire truck 2,920 47.7 2,266 34.2 536 62.9 578 14.9 4.2 22.1 6.4 23.9 6.9 8.8
Private truck 2,558 41.8 3,807 57.5 188 22.1 33 13 4.4 19.3 6.6 20.1 5.1 8.5
Air (incl truck and air) 5 0.1 - - - - 1,775 43.9 - 45 - 39.7 - 18
Multiple modes 571 9.3 66 1 108 12.7 735 19.4 2.3 32.3 0.4 39.6 4 11
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 369 6 9 0.1 6 0.8 732 15.3 1.1 16.5 0.1 25.5 0.2 11.1
Truck and rail 168 2.8 56 0.8 102 11.9 2,462 26.6 1.5 26.4 0.6 32.6 5.4 15.2
Truck and water S S 1 - - - S S S 46.4 - 32.7 0.1 S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 66 1.1 S S S S S 35.3 0.4 S S S S S

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 745 100 S S 81 100 S 30.8 - S S 48.8 - S
Single modes 744 99.9 S S 81 99.9 72 30.8 0.3 S S 48.9 2.1 46.5
Truck6 744 99.9 S S 81 99.9 72 30.8 0.3 S S 48.9 2.1 46.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S 292 S S S S S S 36.5
Private truck 382 51.3 161 38.6 13 16 48 29.3 12.2 44.8 13.2 47.7 13.5 11
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,009 S S S S S S 34.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,009 S S S S S S 34.7

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,125 100 658 100 116 100 50 26.9 - 23.7 - 45.9 - 30.8
Single modes 1,067 94.8 645 98.1 86 74 36 25.7 3.2 24 1.6 39.2 8.8 12.4
Truck6 1,067 94.8 645 98.1 86 74 36 25.7 3.2 24 1.6 39.2 8.8 12.4
For-hire truck S S 134 20.3 67 58 403 S S 40.3 9 46.9 10.3 18.5
Private truck 591 52.5 512 77.8 18 15.9 31 18.9 10.2 30 8.3 19.5 15.9 11
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - - - 443 S S 33.1 0.1 45.8 0.8 25
Truck and rail 57 5.1 13 1.9 S S 2,418 22.5 18.9 9.9 10.4 S S 28.9

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 44 100 2,741 100 142 100 52 37.6 - 28.4 - 31.9 - 14.9
Single modes 33 76.3 2,274 82.9 126 88.8 55 44 10.7 32.7 9.4 36.9 9.2 13.5
Truck6 33 76.3 2,274 82.9 126 88.8 55 44 10.7 32.7 9.4 36.9 9.2 13.5
For-hire truck 17 39.8 1,046 38.1 51 36 50 48.3 13.4 31.3 12.5 31.5 12.9 23.3
Private truck 16 36.4 1,228 44.8 75 52.9 59 37.2 12.9 37.1 12.2 40.5 12 12.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 34 S S S S S S 20.4

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 430 100 797 100 18 100 20 45.1 - 36.3 - 30.4 - 14.7
Single modes 430 100 797 100 18 100 20 45.1 - 36.3 - 30.4 - 14.7
Truck6 430 100 797 100 18 100 20 45.1 - 36.3 - 30.4 - 14.7
Private truck 430 100 797 100 18 100 20 45.1 - 36.3 - 30.4 - 14.7

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,892 100 417 100 324 100 405 19.4 - 37.2 - 40.2 - 22.1
Single modes 1,683 88.9 367 88 247 76.4 266 19.7 2.8 36.8 3.5 42.7 7.1 38.8
Truck6 1,681 88.8 367 88 247 76.3 266 19.8 2.7 36.8 3.5 42.8 7 38.9
For-hire truck 1,435 75.9 288 69 236 73 754 20 5 32.8 6.2 41.2 7 6.1
Private truck 246 13 S S S S S 41.1 4.1 S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 191 10.1 46 11.1 S S 673 32.6 2.5 49.2 3.3 S S 13.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 80 4.2 3 0.7 2 0.6 663 23.9 1.8 22 0.4 28.3 0.8 13.4
Truck and rail 111 5.9 43 10.4 72 22.1 2,483 42.9 5.3 34.6 6 48.3 13.5 21
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 19 1 S S S S S 45.6 2.5 S S S S S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 391 100 213 100 40 100 463 15 - 48.9 - 34.1 - 19
Single modes 351 89.8 211 98.7 39 97 244 17.1 5.5 49.6 3.9 35.7 9.2 34.2
Truck6 350 89.7 210 98.7 39 96.9 221 17.1 5.5 49.6 3.9 35.8 9.2 38.1
For-hire truck 123 31.5 S S S S 827 40.8 10.4 S S S S 22.7
Private truck 227 58.2 S S S S 37 25.3 10.1 S S S S 25.2
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,492 S S S S S S 30.7
Multiple modes 36 9.2 1 0.6 1 2 869 28.5 4.2 20.3 1.6 23 2.9 13
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 36 9.2 1 0.6 1 2 869 28.5 4.2 20.3 1.6 23 2.9 13
Other and unknown modes 4 1 S S S S S 42.1 2.7 S S S S S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 841 100 1,093 100 96 100 360 28 - 24.6 - 36.7 - 19.4
Single modes 715 85 1,083 99.2 94 97.7 123 30.6 3.1 24.5 0.3 37.4 1 26.3
Truck6 713 84.8 1,083 99.2 94 97.7 122 30.6 3.1 24.5 0.3 37.4 1 26.6
For-hire truck 367 43.7 491 44.9 72 74.8 508 30.4 7.1 50 11.8 47.8 10.2 12.4
Private truck 346 41.1 593 54.2 22 22.8 44 37.5 6.7 20.5 11.9 20.1 9.8 13.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 831 S S S S S S 18.9
Multiple modes 113 13.5 2 0.2 2 2 753 28.9 3.2 26.8 0.2 34.7 1.1 14.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 113 13.5 2 0.2 2 2 753 28.9 3.2 26.8 0.2 34.7 1.1 14.3
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 18 S S S S S S 22.3

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 415 100 20 100 6 100 S 23.4 - 25.5 - 37.1 - S
Single modes 322 77.7 18 91.1 6 94.5 S 31.9 9.4 28.7 5 36.2 13.6 S
Truck6 321 77.4 18 91 6 94.5 S 32.1 9.6 28.7 5 36.2 13.6 S
For-hire truck 104 25 9 42.4 6 90.1 902 28.4 15.8 31.2 16.6 32.1 13.8 17
Private truck 217 52.3 10 48.7 S S 20 40.1 12 38.7 11.9 S S 22.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,960 S S S S S S 21.1
Multiple modes 82 19.8 S S - 5.4 869 39.6 10.5 S S 34 14.1 24.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 48 11.7 - 1.6 - 3.1 870 32.6 6.1 23.9 0.6 30.8 7.4 24.6
Truck and water S S 1 2.5 S S S S S 17.9 15.8 S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 10 2.5 1 2.7 - 0.1 S 46.1 3.1 43.4 4.4 40.6 3 S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 224 100 258 100 28 100 485 13.8 - 46.8 - 26.9 - 21.7
Single modes 125 55.5 255 99 27 94.4 S 19.9 8.3 47.3 9.5 29 10.1 S
Truck6 125 55.5 255 99 27 94.3 80 19.9 8.3 47.3 9.5 29 10.1 49.4
For-hire truck 35 15.4 S S 11 38.3 956 34 8.9 S S 45.6 15 15.9
Private truck 90 40.1 S S S S 35 30 7.9 S S S S 20.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - - - S S S 49.2 0.1 37.4 0.1 S
Multiple modes 90 40.2 2 0.7 1 4.7 678 19.2 7.4 29.6 6.7 33.9 6.3 13.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 90 40.2 2 0.7 1 4.7 678 19.2 7.4 29.6 6.7 33.9 6.3 13.5
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 66 S S S S S S 39.4

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S 24 S S S S S S 5.5
Truck6 S S S S S S 24 S S S S S S 5.5
Private truck S S S S S S 24 S S S S S S 5.5
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.