Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 101,894 100 81,674 100 15,726 100 4.5 - 13.1 - 19.7 -
Less than 50 miles 23,263 22.8 44,200 54.1 1,122 7.1 12.3 2.5 12.8 3.9 13.9 1
50 - 99 miles 13,790 13.5 9,982 12.2 983 6.2 6.3 0.8 20.3 1.9 19.8 1.3
100 - 249 miles 31,155 30.6 15,126 18.5 3,576 22.7 11.2 2.6 19 2.3 19.2 2.9
250 - 499 miles 12,847 12.6 5,853 7.2 2,722 17.3 5.1 0.7 31.7 1.3 34.6 1.9
500 - 749 miles 6,538 6.4 3,516 4.3 2,695 17.1 7.5 0.5 37.9 0.8 40 2.1
750 - 999 miles 4,618 4.5 1,168 1.4 1,221 7.8 15 0.5 14.6 0.3 14.4 2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,453 4.4 1,021 1.3 1,465 9.3 8.7 0.5 19.2 0.2 18.8 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,638 1.6 364 0.4 726 4.6 11.2 0.2 30.2 0.1 29.5 0.7
More than 2,000 miles 3,593 3.5 446 0.5 1,217 7.7 9.7 0.4 15.1 0.1 15 1.1

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 88,657 100 80,730 100 15,139 100 6.3 - 13.2 - 20.6 -
Less than 50 miles 21,895 24.7 43,951 54.4 1,116 7.4 13.6 2.8 12.8 4 14 1
50 - 99 miles 12,865 14.5 9,929 12.3 978 6.5 6.6 1 20.4 2 20 1.3
100 - 249 miles 27,911 31.5 14,846 18.4 3,496 23.1 12.2 2.7 19.4 2.4 19.7 3.1
250 - 499 miles 10,947 12.3 5,742 7.1 2,664 17.6 7.1 0.7 32.3 1.3 35.4 1.9
500 - 749 miles 5,393 6.1 3,454 4.3 2,645 17.5 11.1 0.6 38.7 0.8 40.8 2.2
750 - 999 miles 3,482 3.9 1,124 1.4 1,174 7.8 22 0.6 14.9 0.3 14.8 2.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,129 3.5 967 1.2 1,386 9.2 8.5 0.3 20.3 0.2 19.9 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,211 1.4 350 0.4 698 4.6 14.2 0.2 31.5 0.1 30.7 0.7
More than 2,000 miles 1,824 2.1 366 0.5 982 6.5 10.5 0.2 16.8 0.1 16.7 0.9

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 86,758 100 79,180 100 14,500 100 6.6 - 13 - 20.6 -
Less than 50 miles 21,878 25.2 43,921 55.5 1,116 7.7 13.6 2.8 12.8 4 14 1.1
50 - 99 miles 12,855 14.8 9,402 11.9 941 6.5 6.6 1 18 1.8 18.4 1.2
100 - 249 miles 27,455 31.6 14,294 18.1 3,291 22.7 12.6 2.7 18.2 2.2 18.3 2.7
250 - 499 miles 10,574 12.2 5,511 7 2,553 17.6 7.4 0.8 32.7 1.3 36.2 1.9
500 - 749 miles 5,161 5.9 3,337 4.2 2,550 17.6 10.7 0.6 37.3 0.8 39.6 2.1
750 - 999 miles 3,376 3.9 1,117 1.4 1,166 8 22.8 0.6 15.1 0.3 14.9 2.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,894 3.3 938 1.2 1,335 9.2 8.2 0.3 19.5 0.2 18.7 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 957 1.1 300 0.4 587 4 13.5 0.2 35.9 0.1 35.3 0.6
More than 2,000 miles 1,608 1.9 359 0.5 961 6.6 13.1 0.2 17.8 0.1 17.7 1

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 39,491 100 33,914 100 10,958 100 13.2 - 21.9 - 24.5 -
Less than 50 miles 3,590 9.1 11,700 34.5 373 3.4 21.6 2.3 23.8 5.4 32.8 1.1
50 - 99 miles 3,147 8 3,950 11.6 375 3.4 26.5 1.4 33.2 2.4 34.9 1.1
100 - 249 miles 12,157 30.8 8,831 26 2,124 19.4 29.3 3.4 20.9 3.4 20.6 2.7
250 - 499 miles 7,500 19 3,906 11.5 1,881 17.2 6.2 1.5 35.8 2.4 37.9 1.8
500 - 749 miles 4,454 11.3 2,902 8.6 2,240 20.4 11.1 1.3 43.6 1.4 45.7 2.6
750 - 999 miles 3,225 8.2 1,030 3 1,086 9.9 22.5 1.1 12.6 1.2 12.7 2.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,870 7.3 936 2.8 1,332 12.2 8.8 0.7 19.6 0.5 18.9 1.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 941 2.4 300 0.9 586 5.4 14.5 0.5 35.9 0.2 35.4 0.8
More than 2,000 miles 1,608 4.1 359 1.1 961 8.8 13.1 0.5 17.8 0.2 17.7 1.5

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 47,267 100 45,266 100 3,542 100 9 - 8.6 - 11.3 -
Less than 50 miles 18,288 38.7 32,221 71.2 743 21 15.1 3.8 10.1 3.8 11.5 3.4
50 - 99 miles 9,709 20.5 5,452 12 567 16 9.5 1.6 19.9 2.4 21.4 3.4
100 - 249 miles 15,298 32.4 5,463 12.1 1,167 32.9 14.6 3.8 16.8 2.1 17 3.6
250 - 499 miles 3,074 6.5 1,605 3.5 672 19 15.4 0.9 28.4 0.9 33.4 3.7
500 - 749 miles 707 1.5 435 1 310 8.7 31.9 0.4 38.1 0.3 36.6 2.7
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 498 100 1,536 100 622 100 32.3 - 45.4 - 39.3 -
Less than 50 miles 14 2.9 30 2 1 0.1 27.8 13.4 17.4 14.3 35.1 0.5
50 - 99 miles 10 1.9 S S S S 39.3 18.4 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 66 13.3 S S S S 38.1 4.5 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 211 42.4 229 14.9 110 17.7 41.2 14 49.6 17.9 47.5 15.8
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 3 0.7 S S 7 1.2 49 9.9 S S 48.9 16.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 49 3.2 109 17.6 S S 4.9 1.3 5.8 16.6
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,401 100 15 100 17 100 18.8 - 28.9 - 36.2 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 390 27.8 6 43 S S 31 7.4 44.7 7.6 S S
250 - 499 miles 162 11.6 1 7.6 1 3.4 30.4 7.6 46.1 5 43.2 2.8
500 - 749 miles 197 14 1 5.7 1 3.7 45 4.7 47.9 2.4 48.1 1.7
750 - 999 miles 103 7.3 1 4.3 1 3.7 35 2.2 34.2 4.7 32.8 4.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 211 15.1 3 17.3 3 20 37 4 36.6 8.4 36.6 9.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 126 9 S S S S 45.3 2.8 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 209 15 S S S S 33.2 3.3 S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 11,224 100 525 100 433 100 14.5 - 11.9 - 13.9 -
Less than 50 miles 908 8.1 37 7 2 0.4 24.4 1.3 25.8 2.5 35.5 0.2
50 - 99 miles 848 7.6 31 5.9 3 0.8 24 1.8 22.6 2.3 24.8 0.3
100 - 249 miles 2,567 22.9 196 37.3 61 14 14.1 2.8 32.5 7 37 4.3
250 - 499 miles 1,577 14.1 83 15.8 47 10.8 19.9 1.5 25.6 3.3 29.5 3
500 - 749 miles 1,064 9.5 42 7.9 33 7.6 24.4 0.9 27.1 1.6 25.2 1.7
750 - 999 miles 1,084 9.7 36 6.8 39 8.9 21.8 1 31.1 2.7 31 2.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,105 9.8 27 5.2 40 9.1 18.8 1.6 31 1.6 31.2 2.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 385 3.4 12 2.2 24 5.5 23.8 0.7 35.8 1.1 36 2.3
More than 2,000 miles 1,686 15 62 11.7 186 42.9 22.1 2.3 26.2 3.3 26.7 4.6

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 10,718 100 232 100 194 100 15.1 - 21.2 - 23 -
Less than 50 miles 904 8.4 24 10.5 1 0.4 24.6 1.4 31.1 1.9 31.6 0.1
50 - 99 miles 813 7.6 14 6.2 1 0.7 25.7 1.9 14.3 1.2 15 0.2
100 - 249 miles 2,487 23.2 54 23.4 14 7 14.9 3 21.2 3.7 20.9 1.5
250 - 499 miles 1,346 12.6 33 14.2 15 7.6 17.5 0.7 30.1 1.8 28.3 1.1
500 - 749 miles 1,043 9.7 28 12.1 22 11.4 25.1 1 24.7 1.4 24.7 1.5
750 - 999 miles 1,058 9.9 20 8.6 22 11.1 22.9 1.2 21.2 0.8 21.7 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,099 10.3 26 11.2 37 19.2 18.9 1.6 32.4 1.5 32.8 2.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 380 3.5 8 3.2 15 8 24.2 0.8 36.4 1.5 33.6 2.4
More than 2,000 miles 1,588 14.8 24 10.5 67 34.5 23.3 2.3 25.9 1.6 24.9 2.8

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 280 100 270 100 216 100 25.4 - 28.6 - 36.3 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S 15 5.6 2 0.8 S S 36.5 14.2 42.7 10.3
100 - 249 miles 75 26.9 139 51.4 46 21.4 36.8 14.3 42 14.4 43.4 13.6
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3 1.2 1 0.5 2 0.9 30.8 8.6 38 9.5 36.1 17.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 88 31.3 36 13.5 112 51.9 30.1 7.9 46.8 7.1 47.3 9.4

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,013 100 420 100 154 100 32 - 37.4 - 24.9 -
Less than 50 miles 461 22.9 S S S S 26.1 5.5 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 77 3.8 S S S S 37.5 1.2 S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S 20 13 S S S S 47.9 4.9
250 - 499 miles S S S S 11 7.3 S S S S 45.3 7.4
500 - 749 miles 81 4 20 4.8 17 10.9 33.5 2.3 32.5 3.4 32.5 5.4
750 - 999 miles S S 8 1.9 8 5.5 S S 40.8 2.8 44.1 5.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 220 10.9 S S S S 45.4 7.7 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.