Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 101,894 100 81,674 100 15,726 100 335 4.5 - 13.1 - 19.7 - 14.4
Less than 50 lbs 13,700 13.4 213 0.3 89 0.6 390 19.3 2.3 16.1 0.1 21.9 0.3 15.8
50 - 99 lbs 3,466 3.4 158 0.2 57 0.4 362 17.1 0.5 21.6 0.1 27.4 0.2 14.4
100 - 499 lbs 13,821 13.6 1,124 1.4 248 1.6 248 28.1 3.1 11.0 0.4 20.5 0.7 15.2
500 - 749 lbs 2,539 2.5 576 0.7 101 0.6 174 10.7 0.4 17.4 0.2 12.2 0.2 17.0
750 - 999 lbs 1,822 1.8 495 0.6 63 0.4 125 14.6 0.3 24.1 0.2 16.5 0.1 14.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 23,306 22.9 8,409 10.3 1,386 8.8 145 8.7 2.5 12.2 2.2 9.1 1.3 8.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 37,292 36.6 48,347 59.2 11,127 70.8 227 10.2 2.8 16.0 3.7 22.9 2.6 9.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3,145 3.1 13,725 16.8 1,225 7.8 90 24.1 0.8 28.1 3.3 32.9 2.4 11.4
More than 100,000 lbs 2,803 2.8 8,628 10.6 1,431 9.1 232 39.6 1.2 35.7 3.2 30.7 1.6 28.7

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 88,657 100 80,730 100 15,139 100 154 6.3 - 13.2 - 20.6 - 24.0
Less than 50 lbs 6,662 7.5 116 0.1 17 0.1 S 44.7 2.7 23.6 0.1 37.4 0.1 S
50 - 99 lbs 1,767 2.0 110 0.1 15 0.1 135 26.6 0.4 23.5 0.1 20.9 - 15.6
100 - 499 lbs 11,635 13.1 1,024 1.3 163 1.1 169 33.9 3.5 11.1 0.3 14.1 0.4 12.5
500 - 749 lbs 2,236 2.5 548 0.7 76 0.5 139 12.7 0.5 18.2 0.2 14.7 0.2 21.0
750 - 999 lbs 1,748 2.0 491 0.6 61 0.4 122 15.0 0.4 24.3 0.2 17.2 0.1 14.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 22,583 25.5 8,348 10.3 1,352 8.9 142 8.7 3.1 12.3 2.2 9.4 1.4 7.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 36,442 41.1 48,084 59.6 10,899 72.0 224 10.2 2.9 16.0 3.8 23.3 2.6 8.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3,090 3.5 13,601 16.8 1,217 8.0 91 24.3 0.9 28.2 3.3 32.7 2.4 11.3
More than 100,000 lbs 2,494 2.8 8,409 10.4 1,340 8.9 220 44.6 1.3 36.6 3.2 32.8 1.6 44.4

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 86,758 100 79,180 100 14,500 100 143 6.6 - 13.0 - 20.6 - 22.4
Less than 50 lbs 6,123 7.1 115 0.1 15 0.1 S 49.4 2.8 24.0 - 36.8 0.1 S
50 - 99 lbs 1,555 1.8 108 0.1 13 0.1 122 31.4 0.4 24.1 0.1 19.7 - 11.0
100 - 499 lbs 11,334 13.1 1,017 1.3 155 1.1 158 35.0 3.5 11.1 0.3 14.4 0.4 12.2
500 - 749 lbs 2,169 2.5 546 0.7 73 0.5 134 12.8 0.5 18.3 0.2 15.2 0.2 21.4
750 - 999 lbs 1,683 1.9 489 0.6 59 0.4 120 14.6 0.4 24.4 0.2 17.0 0.1 15.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 22,390 25.8 8,339 10.5 1,343 9.3 141 8.6 3.1 12.3 2.2 9.2 1.4 7.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 36,360 41.9 48,034 60.7 10,871 75.0 223 10.2 3.0 16.0 3.7 23.2 2.2 8.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 3,082 3.6 13,597 17.2 1,215 8.4 90 24.4 0.9 28.2 3.5 32.8 2.6 11.4
More than 100,000 lbs S S 6,936 8.8 757 5.2 S S S 44.4 3.6 45.1 1.4 S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 39,491 100 33,914 100 10,958 100 348 13.2 - 21.9 - 24.5 - 32.6
Less than 50 lbs 900 2.3 17 0.1 S S S 43.2 0.6 41.7 0.1 S S S
50 - 99 lbs 791 2.0 13 - 7 0.1 518 47.1 0.4 48.3 0.1 32.0 - 30.7
100 - 499 lbs S S 137 0.4 96 0.9 678 S S 25.8 0.3 24.4 0.4 8.8
500 - 749 lbs 923 2.3 63 0.2 44 0.4 704 20.4 0.4 32.7 0.1 22.7 0.2 14.5
750 - 999 lbs 845 2.1 58 0.2 35 0.3 595 31.4 0.6 27.4 0.1 15.6 0.1 13.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 6,748 17.1 1,377 4.1 655 6.0 452 12.6 2.1 21.1 1.1 9.4 1.3 17.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 20,391 51.6 23,462 69.2 8,862 80.9 398 8.5 4.8 24.5 5.3 26.6 2.6 7.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,735 4.4 7,826 23.1 799 7.3 102 37.9 1.9 42.0 6.2 45.7 3.4 35.2
More than 100,000 lbs 191 0.5 960 2.8 S S S 40.1 0.2 48.7 0.8 S S S

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 47,267 100 45,266 100 3,542 100 79 9.0 - 8.6 - 11.3 - 16.7
Less than 50 lbs S S 98 0.2 7 0.2 87 S S 26.2 0.1 31.7 0.1 35.2
50 - 99 lbs 764 1.6 95 0.2 6 0.2 66 18.0 0.5 21.3 0.1 21.9 0.1 22.7
100 - 499 lbs 4,368 9.2 880 1.9 59 1.7 68 10.4 1.6 13.8 0.4 21.8 0.4 10.3
500 - 749 lbs 1,247 2.6 483 1.1 29 0.8 60 20.5 0.7 21.7 0.3 32.9 0.3 10.0
750 - 999 lbs 838 1.8 430 1.0 24 0.7 55 20.9 0.4 28.5 0.3 33.4 0.2 12.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 15,642 33.1 6,962 15.4 688 19.4 89 13.2 4.3 14.9 2.8 17.2 2.8 12.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 15,969 33.8 24,572 54.3 2,009 56.7 83 14.9 3.4 11.6 4.9 12.9 3.7 11.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,347 2.9 5,770 12.7 416 11.8 75 18.8 0.5 15.7 1.5 28.7 2.1 24.9
More than 100,000 lbs S S 5,975 13.2 304 8.6 49 S S 48.2 5.8 49.3 4.4 45.2

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 498 100 1,536 100 622 100 618 32.3 - 45.4 - 39.3 - 30.6
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs 26 5.3 2 0.2 2 0.3 S 45.0 7.8 45.7 0.7 40.0 1.5 S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 8 1.6 S S S S S 46.6 1.2 S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 20 3.9 S S S S S 48.6 18.3 S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 432 86.8 1,473 95.9 583 93.8 401 34.9 7.7 45.9 7.0 38.8 7.4 41.4

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,401 100 15 100 17 100 1,315 18.8 - 28.9 - 36.2 - 6.8
Less than 50 lbs 539 38.5 1 9.9 2 12.0 1,321 28.5 6.5 41.5 1.9 49.5 3.5 7.3
50 - 99 lbs 211 15.1 S S S S 913 36.0 3.8 S S S S 12.7
100 - 499 lbs 275 19.6 4 27.5 6 37.1 1,820 29.7 7.8 32.7 7.2 49.1 6.9 14.6
500 - 749 lbs S S 1 8.7 2 9.1 1,197 S S 39.9 8.8 42.2 10.0 17.2
750 - 999 lbs 65 4.6 2 11.9 1 8.6 830 26.6 0.9 35.4 8.7 41.9 6.3 31.6
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 185 13.2 S S S S 844 45.9 6.9 S S S S 15.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 11,224 100 525 100 433 100 659 14.5 - 11.9 - 13.9 - 12.4
Less than 50 lbs 6,821 60.8 93 17.7 71 16.4 635 13.7 2.3 17.1 3.7 19.0 3.4 13.1
50 - 99 lbs 1,668 14.9 45 8.5 41 9.4 913 15.4 1.9 23.2 2.5 30.2 3.7 9.3
100 - 499 lbs 1,942 17.3 76 14.6 69 15.9 972 32.0 2.3 33.1 4.2 32.7 4.3 7.0
500 - 749 lbs 256 2.3 17 3.3 14 3.3 835 28.1 0.8 23.5 1.4 22.6 1.4 29.6
750 - 999 lbs S S 3 0.6 2 0.4 570 S S 35.6 0.4 38.1 0.2 35.0
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,289 S S S S S S 34.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 113 1.0 68 12.9 130 30.1 1,978 23.9 0.4 37.1 7.4 46.9 9.0 15.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 29 0.3 21 4.0 S S S 43.9 0.7 46.2 16.4 S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S 198 37.8 91 21.1 447 S S 37.2 12.7 32.6 9.1 28.3

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 10,718 100 232 100 194 100 659 15.1 - 21.2 - 23.0 - 12.4
Less than 50 lbs 6,820 63.6 93 40.0 71 36.6 635 13.7 2.7 17.1 4.2 19.0 3.3 13.1
50 - 99 lbs 1,664 15.5 44 19.1 41 21.0 913 15.4 1.9 23.4 2.0 30.6 2.8 9.4
100 - 499 lbs 1,922 17.9 75 32.5 67 34.5 964 32.4 2.2 33.9 3.5 34.2 3.3 7.4
500 - 749 lbs 249 2.3 16 7.1 14 7.0 815 28.8 0.8 25.8 1.6 23.2 1.9 31.3
750 - 999 lbs S S 3 1.3 2 0.9 590 S S 38.2 0.6 42.1 0.6 32.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 280 100 270 100 216 100 1,193 25.4 - 28.6 - 36.3 - 17.8
Less than 50 lbs S S - - - - 1,573 S S 29.9 - 7.0 - 36.0
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,175 S S S S S S 19.4
500 - 749 lbs 6 2.3 S S 1 0.4 1,341 39.3 1.9 S S 48.1 1.2 20.4
750 - 999 lbs S S - 0.1 S S S S S 32.2 1.5 S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 102 36.4 65 24.0 126 58.3 2,014 30.6 8.9 40.3 12.5 49.5 10.9 16.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 109 39.0 181 66.9 79 36.3 426 29.0 13.3 37.2 13.1 29.2 15.1 30.2

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 4,254 S S S S S S 26.6
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 4,448 S S S S S S 32.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,013 100 420 100 154 100 232 32.0 - 37.4 - 24.9 - 29.1
Less than 50 lbs 217 10.8 4 1.0 S S 129 31.5 4.9 40.9 0.3 S S 32.8
50 - 99 lbs 31 1.5 3 0.7 S S 394 31.7 0.5 23.3 0.6 S S 44.9
100 - 499 lbs 244 12.1 24 5.6 S S 598 38.9 3.2 42.7 3.8 S S 30.3
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S 1,049 S S S S S S 40.3
750 - 999 lbs 6 0.3 1 0.3 - - S 28.7 1.2 44.7 1.2 45.1 0.1 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 703 34.9 59 13.9 S S 505 40.9 8.6 40.5 5.1 S S 45.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 195 46.5 98 63.2 S S S 25.2 11.4 33.1 10.8 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.