Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 101,894 100 81,674 100 15,726 100 335 4.5 - 13.1 - 19.7 - 14.4
Single modes 88,657 87 80,730 98.8 15,139 96.3 154 6.3 2.1 13.2 0.3 20.6 0.8 24
Truck6 86,758 85.1 79,180 96.9 14,500 92.2 143 6.6 2.2 13 0.7 20.6 1.3 22.4
For-hire truck 39,491 38.8 33,914 41.5 10,958 69.7 348 13.2 3.6 21.9 3.5 24.5 2.6 32.6
Private truck 47,267 46.4 45,266 55.4 3,542 22.5 79 9 3.5 8.6 3.8 11.3 1.9 16.7
Rail 498 0.5 1,536 1.9 622 4 618 32.3 0.2 45.4 0.7 39.3 1.5 30.6
Air (incl truck and air) 1,401 1.4 15 - 17 0.1 1,315 18.8 0.3 28.9 - 36.2 0.1 6.8
Multiple modes 11,224 11 525 0.6 433 2.8 659 14.5 2.1 11.9 0.2 13.9 0.6 12.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 10,718 10.5 232 0.3 194 1.2 659 15.1 2.1 21.2 0.2 23 0.6 12.4
Truck and rail 280 0.3 270 0.3 216 1.4 1,193 25.4 0.1 28.6 0.1 36.3 0.5 17.8
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,254 S S S S S S 26.6
Other and unknown modes 2,013 2 420 0.5 154 1 232 32 0.6 37.4 0.2 24.9 0.4 29.1

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,897 100 3,009 100 653 100 S 33.1 - 30.2 - 42.7 - S
Single modes 2,896 100 3,008 100 652 99.9 S 33.1 - 30.2 - 42.7 0.1 S
Truck6 2,896 100 3,008 100 652 99.9 S 33.1 - 30.2 - 42.7 0.1 S
For-hire truck 818 28.2 1,069 35.5 310 47.5 S 31.4 12.2 39.2 13.9 45.4 11.1 S
Private truck 2,078 71.7 1,939 64.4 342 52.4 S 32.5 7 42.1 10.4 37.2 11.3 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 10,196 100 7,409 100 3,126 100 93 11.5 - 10.4 - 11.3 - 15.6
Single modes 9,949 97.6 7,330 98.9 3,062 97.9 90 11.5 0.8 10.6 0.4 11.5 0.8 15.5
Truck6 9,841 96.5 7,202 97.2 2,999 95.9 90 11.5 1 9.6 1 10 1.1 15.5
For-hire truck 4,724 46.3 3,443 46.5 2,431 77.8 670 11.9 4.2 9.3 5.3 6.2 3.6 10.4
Private truck 5,117 50.2 3,759 50.7 568 18.2 48 17 4.2 17.4 5.1 29 2.8 16.9
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 54 0.5 S S S S S 42.8 0.3 S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S - - S S S S S 35.3 - S
Truck and rail 37 0.4 9 0.1 28 0.9 3,093 31.9 0.6 28.4 0.2 30.4 1.4 2.4
Other and unknown modes 193 1.9 67 0.9 36 1.2 S 19.7 0.9 27.2 0.6 30.4 0.7 S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 28,651 100 S S 125 S S 26.1 - S S 28
Single modes S S 28,638 100 S S 122 S S 26.1 0.1 S S 28
Truck6 S S 27,681 96.6 S S 121 S S 25.6 1.2 S S 27.9
For-hire truck S S 13,775 48.1 S S 238 S S 38.6 9.1 S S 43.8
Private truck 257 25.3 13,906 48.5 471 12.7 35 23.6 12.4 18.1 9.6 23.9 13 23
Rail 10 1 957 3.3 S S S 32.4 4.7 49 3 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 3,556 100 8,250 100 227 100 30 18.4 - 17.7 - 18.9 - 25.6
Single modes 3,552 99.9 8,236 99.8 226 99.6 30 18.5 0.1 17.6 0.1 18.8 0.3 25.6
Truck6 3,552 99.9 8,236 99.8 226 99.6 30 18.5 0.1 17.6 0.1 18.8 0.3 25.6
For-hire truck S S 2,401 29.1 S S 16 S S 44.8 10.1 S S 26
Private truck 2,851 80.2 5,835 70.7 188 82.6 30 22.7 9.3 15.2 9.5 22.1 6.9 25.1
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 1 - - - S S S 39.1 0.1 6.6 - S

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 13,939 100 S S 672 100 S 46 - S S 26.1 - S
Single modes 12,746 91.4 S S 640 95.2 S 49.5 7.5 S S 27 1.8 S
Truck6 S S S S 531 79 S S S S S 20.7 5.5 S
For-hire truck S S 799 25.8 386 57.5 394 S S 36.9 12.2 19.2 8.3 44.2
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail S S S S S S 597 S S S S S S 35.3
Air (incl truck and air) S S 1 - 2 0.3 993 S S 38.2 0.2 44.9 0.6 10
Multiple modes 1,144 8.2 43 1.4 27 4 S 29.2 7.6 32.9 1.8 14.5 1.8 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,130 8.1 25 0.8 17 2.5 S 29.7 7.6 28.6 1.8 23.3 1.8 S
Truck and rail 12 0.1 S S 9 1.3 S 19.2 0.3 S S 26.1 1.7 S
Truck and water S S S S - 0.1 S S S S S 24.9 0.6 S
Other and unknown modes 49 0.4 14 0.5 6 0.9 S 39.2 0.4 44.7 0.4 38.9 0.3 S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 6,864 100 7,800 100 2,036 100 416 12.9 - 24.9 - 16.3 - 24.4
Single modes 5,177 75.4 7,338 94.1 1,818 89.3 S 13.7 5.4 25.9 1.8 18.8 4.4 S
Truck6 5,064 73.8 7,207 92.4 1,728 84.8 S 13.8 5.4 26.1 2.2 18.1 4.3 S
For-hire truck 3,205 46.7 4,313 55.3 1,331 65.3 S 20.3 5.8 24.9 6.1 14.1 5.3 S
Private truck 1,859 27.1 2,894 37.1 397 19.5 54 18.2 4 33.5 6.2 46.4 4.3 27.7
Rail 104 1.5 130 1.7 90 4.4 S 24.2 0.9 25.3 1 28.3 1.6 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,550 22.6 265 3.4 206 10.1 765 26.1 5.2 30.3 1.3 34.8 4.1 13.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,390 20.2 58 0.7 S S 764 28.7 5.2 42 0.9 S S 13.5
Truck and rail 156 2.3 205 2.6 153 7.5 1,161 24.7 1.3 33.5 2 41.6 5.3 20.9
Truck and water 4 0.1 S S 1 - S 37.5 0.2 S S 40.4 0.2 S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 19,672 100 13,147 100 2,917 100 499 11.6 - 16.4 - 25.4 - 13.9
Single modes 17,763 90.3 13,022 99.1 2,827 96.9 431 12.1 2.3 16.6 2.2 26.4 2.9 17.9
Truck6 17,300 87.9 12,895 98.1 2,680 91.9 415 12.2 2.3 16.9 2.3 27.6 3.7 18.4
For-hire truck 12,074 61.4 4,830 36.7 2,279 78.2 930 16.9 6.3 29.1 8 32.9 6.4 15.4
Private truck 5,227 26.6 8,065 61.3 401 13.7 144 25.2 5.1 23.7 9.1 25.8 6.3 30.4
Rail S S S S S S 1,328 S S S S S S 26.3
Air (incl truck and air) 237 1.2 4 - S S 1,742 33.2 0.3 40.4 0.1 S S 12
Multiple modes 1,464 7.4 59 0.5 51 1.7 670 24.6 1.7 22.8 0.8 22.8 0.8 7.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,391 7.1 35 0.3 22 0.8 668 25.5 1.7 31.2 0.8 28.4 0.6 8.1
Truck and rail 65 0.3 24 0.2 25 0.8 1,152 15.1 0.3 40.1 0.1 37.5 0.8 32.7
Truck and water 8 - - - 4 0.1 8,253 36.4 0.2 32 - 32.7 1.1 5.8
Other and unknown modes 445 2.3 65 0.5 S S 620 35.6 1 41.5 1.4 S S 31.1

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 17,246 100 828 100 375 100 352 7.2 - 16.1 - 10.2 - 33.6
Single modes 10,947 63.5 717 86.6 307 81.7 S 11.6 4.7 19.1 4.2 12.9 4.8 S
Truck6 10,027 58.1 709 85.6 298 79.4 S 13 5.1 19.4 4.5 13.4 5.1 S
For-hire truck 5,935 34.4 392 47.3 268 71.5 602 12.5 3.5 14.3 7 12.7 5.2 18.1
Private truck 4,092 23.7 317 38.3 S S 61 22.8 4.2 38.6 7.6 S S 22.1
Air (incl truck and air) 920 5.3 8 1 9 2.3 1,379 22 1.1 42.4 0.6 41.1 0.8 8.5
Multiple modes 5,231 30.3 60 7.2 49 13 836 20.1 5.9 34.3 3.4 35.2 3.5 10.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 5,018 29.1 41 5 33 8.9 835 19.8 5.5 23.5 2.2 27 2.1 10.8
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S 1,991 S S S S S S 27.6
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 26,506 100 9,492 100 2,023 100 487 13.5 - 24.5 - 27.7 - 10.3
Single modes 24,615 92.9 9,409 99.1 1,946 96.2 191 15.4 3.7 24.9 1.4 29.5 4.3 9.1
Truck6 24,486 92.4 9,379 98.8 1,931 95.4 186 15.7 4 24.9 1.4 29.7 4.4 10.2
For-hire truck 3,156 11.9 S S S S 411 20.2 2.8 S S S S 23.5
Private truck 21,329 80.5 6,487 68.3 1,001 49.5 140 17.7 5.6 18.3 8 32.3 8.6 12.1
Rail 5 - S S 14 0.7 S 49.1 0.1 S S 3.2 9.1 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,138 S S S S S S 14.9
Multiple modes 1,775 6.7 73 0.8 72 3.6 898 26.9 3.5 35.6 1.3 37.2 4.2 8.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,770 6.7 69 0.7 68 3.4 897 26.9 3.5 36.3 1.3 39.8 4.2 8.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 4 - S S S S S 2.6 - S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 117 0.4 10 0.1 S S S 49.9 0.3 41.8 0.1 S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S - 100 S S S S S 22.7 - S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S - 73.5 445 S S S S 24.7 14.3 42.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S - 73.5 445 S S S S 24.7 14.3 42.2
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.