Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 118,640 100 116,908 100 27,186 100 6.6 - 6.3 - 6.3 -
Less than 50 miles 19,179 16.2 54,023 46.2 1,435 5.3 6.9 0.8 11.8 3.8 11.6 0.7
50 - 99 miles 13,082 11 19,698 16.8 2,014 7.4 11.2 1 15.3 2.3 17.4 1.2
100 - 249 miles 23,582 19.9 19,472 16.7 4,323 15.9 10.9 1.7 13.5 2.3 13.5 1.8
250 - 499 miles 30,745 25.9 12,098 10.3 6,003 22.1 16.8 2.5 8.4 0.6 9.5 1.4
500 - 749 miles 18,272 15.4 6,322 5.4 5,059 18.6 8.8 1.2 8.4 0.3 9 0.9
750 - 999 miles 4,965 4.2 2,218 1.9 2,413 8.9 10 0.5 12.5 0.3 13.3 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,050 3.4 1,811 1.5 2,660 9.8 9.5 0.3 19.1 0.3 20.5 1.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,231 1 339 0.3 740 2.7 15.4 0.2 19.6 0.1 21.8 0.9
More than 2,000 miles 3,533 3 927 0.8 2,538 9.3 7.6 0.2 12 0.1 12.6 1.1

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 109,476 100 113,217 100 24,338 100 6.6 - 6.4 - 5.6 -
Less than 50 miles 18,287 16.7 53,309 47.1 1,375 5.7 6.7 0.9 11.8 3.8 10.8 0.6
50 - 99 miles 12,558 11.5 19,322 17.1 1,958 8 12 1 15.4 2.3 16.9 1.1
100 - 249 miles 22,530 20.6 19,118 16.9 4,214 17.3 11.7 1.8 13.8 2.4 13.8 2.2
250 - 499 miles 28,597 26.1 11,256 9.9 5,493 22.6 16.8 2.7 8.6 0.6 9.9 1.5
500 - 749 miles 16,258 14.9 5,866 5.2 4,638 19.1 9.9 1.3 8.2 0.3 8.7 0.8
750 - 999 miles 4,284 3.9 2,006 1.8 2,174 8.9 12 0.5 12 0.2 12.8 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,247 3 1,320 1.2 1,890 7.8 9.6 0.3 14.9 0.1 15.8 0.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 963 0.9 244 0.2 503 2.1 17.4 0.2 13.4 - 13.4 0.3
More than 2,000 miles 2,753 2.5 777 0.7 2,094 8.6 10.2 0.3 14.3 0.1 15.5 1.1

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 105,977 100 105,891 100 20,136 100 6.7 - 6.9 - 5.9 -
Less than 50 miles 18,187 17.2 52,483 49.6 1,363 6.8 6.6 0.9 12 3.9 10.8 0.7
50 - 99 miles 12,167 11.5 17,971 17 1,679 8.3 12.1 1 15.8 2.3 16.3 1.1
100 - 249 miles 21,715 20.5 17,707 16.7 3,823 19 12.5 1.8 15.2 2.4 15.8 2.4
250 - 499 miles 28,055 26.5 9,680 9.1 4,530 22.5 17 2.9 7.9 0.5 8.1 1.1
500 - 749 miles 15,325 14.5 4,742 4.5 3,603 17.9 10.5 1.3 7.9 0.3 8 0.8
750 - 999 miles 4,014 3.8 1,473 1.4 1,550 7.7 12.2 0.4 11 0.2 10.8 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,010 2.8 872 0.8 1,174 5.8 10 0.4 13 0.1 12.8 0.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 903 0.9 243 0.2 501 2.5 18.5 0.2 13.4 - 13.5 0.4
More than 2,000 miles 2,602 2.5 718 0.7 1,913 9.5 12.3 0.3 13 0.1 13.6 1.2

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 71,216 100 58,851 100 16,352 100 8.6 - 9.5 - 7.4 -
Less than 50 miles 5,015 7 21,832 37.1 632 3.9 19.8 1 19.1 5.9 16.3 0.7
50 - 99 miles 5,004 7 9,651 16.4 906 5.5 22.4 1 22.5 2.7 23.7 1
100 - 249 miles 11,439 16.1 11,625 19.8 2,541 15.5 22.2 2.4 23.2 3.4 24.3 2.6
250 - 499 miles 24,584 34.5 7,960 13.5 3,815 23.3 18.9 3.6 7.7 1.8 8 1.6
500 - 749 miles 15,028 21.1 4,566 7.8 3,468 21.2 10.5 2.2 7.8 0.9 8 0.9
750 - 999 miles 3,821 5.4 1,431 2.4 1,509 9.2 12.9 0.7 11.2 0.5 11 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,941 4.1 857 1.5 1,153 7.1 9.8 0.5 12.9 0.2 12.7 0.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 900 1.3 242 0.4 499 3.1 18.6 0.3 13.4 0.1 13.5 0.5
More than 2,000 miles 2,486 3.5 685 1.2 1,828 11.2 11.1 0.5 13.7 0.2 14.3 1.4

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 34,761 100 47,040 100 3,784 100 8.6 - 13.9 - 12.2 -
Less than 50 miles 13,172 37.9 30,651 65.2 731 19.3 5.9 3.5 17.2 4.3 16.2 2.3
50 - 99 miles 7,164 20.6 8,320 17.7 772 20.4 11.7 1.2 21.2 2.3 19.9 2.4
100 - 249 miles 10,276 29.6 6,082 12.9 1,283 33.9 17.1 3.2 12.2 2.1 12.5 2.5
250 - 499 miles 3,472 10 1,720 3.7 715 18.9 25.6 1.8 23.9 1.1 23.5 2.6
500 - 749 miles 297 0.9 176 0.4 135 3.6 16.3 0.1 27.3 0.1 28.1 0.7
750 - 999 miles S S 41 0.1 41 1.1 S S 45.5 0.1 43.7 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 69 0.2 15 - 20 0.5 36.4 0.2 22.8 - 21.8 0.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 1 - 2 0.1 S S 43.4 - 42.8 0.1
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,068 100 7,304 100 4,155 100 19.5 - 14.9 - 18.4 -
Less than 50 miles S S 826 11.3 S S S S 39.7 6 S S
50 - 99 miles 391 12.7 S S S S 42.5 4.6 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 759 24.7 1,411 19.3 390 9.4 16.5 4.8 17.3 1.7 23.4 2.1
250 - 499 miles 500 16.3 1,574 21.6 961 23.1 22.6 4.1 32.6 5.9 34.8 6.4
500 - 749 miles 789 25.7 1,117 15.3 1,028 24.7 33.3 3.8 28.8 3.4 27.9 3.1
750 - 999 miles 246 8 533 7.3 623 15 37.2 4.5 36.7 3.4 39.2 5.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 217 7.1 447 6.1 716 17.2 34.5 3.8 33 3.8 34.5 6.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 66 2.2 46 0.6 144 3.5 7.2 4.5 46.1 4.6 46.7 12.6

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 393 100 22 100 S S 26.2 - 46.3 - S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 41 10.5 S S S S 40.5 5.1 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 106 27 S S S S 30.9 7.1 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S - 1 S S S S 46.2 4.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 1 3 1 2.5 S S 44.2 9.3 43.6 12.4
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,968 100 3,291 100 2,743 100 17.1 - 24.7 - 26.1 -
Less than 50 miles 200 2.5 S S S S 23.1 0.8 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 490 6.1 S S S S 37.7 2.5 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 913 11.5 265 8 92 3.4 22.6 2.4 45.7 3.2 49.5 0.9
250 - 499 miles 2,043 25.6 774 23.5 475 17.3 21.6 1.4 33.1 5.3 34.1 2.9
500 - 749 miles 1,899 23.8 431 13.1 402 14.7 23.7 2.8 39.8 2.8 41.7 3.1
750 - 999 miles 599 7.5 205 6.2 231 8.4 21.9 0.9 39.1 1.7 36.7 1.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 787 9.9 481 14.6 756 27.6 27.6 1.4 40 4 39.3 6.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 268 3.4 S S S S 29.2 1.2 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 770 9.7 150 4.5 442 16.1 17.5 1.9 34.2 1.4 34.4 7.4

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 6,259 100 199 100 166 100 18.5 - 25.5 - 26.6 -
Less than 50 miles 189 3 6 3.1 - 0.2 25.1 0.7 25.7 1 31.2 0.1
50 - 99 miles 293 4.7 9 4.8 1 0.5 27.9 1.3 22.4 1.1 22.2 0.2
100 - 249 miles 789 12.6 25 12.6 6 3.5 24 2.3 25.5 1.5 25.2 0.6
250 - 499 miles 1,590 25.4 51 25.8 25 15.3 21.5 1 22.2 1.3 23.9 1.5
500 - 749 miles 1,702 27.2 54 27.3 41 24.8 25.1 3.5 38.9 3 38.5 2.6
750 - 999 miles 476 7.6 15 7.6 16 9.5 18.9 0.9 22.2 0.8 21.7 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 431 6.9 16 8.1 22 13.5 23.1 0.6 31.3 1.2 31.4 1.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 216 3.5 5 2.3 10 5.8 38.1 1.3 30.3 1.7 30.9 3.5
More than 2,000 miles 573 9.1 17 8.4 45 26.9 19 1.5 26.9 1.5 27.7 3.3

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,349 100 2,729 100 2,478 100 31.3 - 31.3 - 29.2 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 4 0.3 18 0.7 3 0.1 0.7 3.2 13.4 5.4 36.2 1
100 - 249 miles 49 3.7 227 8.3 S S 37.3 4 50 4.4 S S
250 - 499 miles 433 32.1 699 25.6 433 17.5 32.2 11.1 31.7 13.9 32.5 12.3
500 - 749 miles 129 9.6 360 13.2 346 14 26 2.2 37.5 3.1 39.8 3.8
750 - 999 miles 122 9 190 6.9 215 8.7 31 2.4 26.4 3 21.4 2.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 356 26.4 465 17 734 29.6 24.6 3.1 24.8 5.4 23.5 5.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 52 3.8 S S S S 34.1 6.2 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 193 14.3 130 4.8 379 15.3 30.1 5.9 38.2 1.5 38.5 8.6

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 343 100 S S S S 41.9 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 18 5.2 S S S S 13.7 19.4 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 61 17.8 S S 13 15.1 34.2 18.8 S S 39.3 14.6
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 5 1.3 S S S S 34.9 11.3 S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 15 100 S S S S 9.3 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,196 100 400 100 106 100 14.1 - 22.8 - 24.9 -
Less than 50 miles 692 57.9 157 39.3 4 3.3 20 6.7 29.6 9.9 36.4 2.1
50 - 99 miles 34 2.8 S S S S 30.7 0.7 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 139 11.7 S S S S 32.3 3.5 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 105 8.8 68 16.9 36 34 27.6 2.6 28.9 4.8 32.5 9.1
500 - 749 miles 115 9.7 24 6.1 19 17.9 37.5 3.7 42.8 3.8 41.2 6.8
750 - 999 miles 83 6.9 8 2.1 8 7.9 43.1 3.9 38.7 1.3 38.7 10.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1 0.1 - 0.1 1 0.7 30.5 0.4 3.8 0.7 10.4 4.5
More than 2,000 miles S S 1 0.3 3 2.7 S S 37.7 0.2 38.8 2

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.