Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 118,640 100 116,908 100 27,186 100 529 6.6 - 6.3 - 6.3 - 9.7
Less than 50 lbs 5,978 5.0 157 0.1 92 0.3 703 12.1 0.5 17.5 - 25.0 0.1 9.6
50 - 99 lbs 2,377 2.0 141 0.1 63 0.2 450 15.0 0.3 14.6 - 20.0 - 13.7
100 - 499 lbs 9,111 7.7 1,032 0.9 371 1.4 363 9.1 0.7 9.6 0.1 9.8 0.2 7.6
500 - 749 lbs 3,597 3.0 618 0.5 170 0.6 284 14.8 0.4 13.5 0.1 17.0 0.1 11.1
750 - 999 lbs 2,567 2.2 549 0.5 142 0.5 257 8.5 0.2 15.9 0.1 18.6 0.1 10.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 28,714 24.2 7,847 6.7 2,197 8.1 274 14.2 2.4 11.3 0.5 14.3 1.0 5.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 53,849 45.4 70,971 60.7 14,887 54.8 212 7.1 2.5 9.2 3.6 7.6 3.8 6.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 7,847 6.6 25,523 21.8 3,018 11.1 117 41.6 2.4 17.0 3.2 23.0 2.1 11.8
More than 100,000 lbs 4,600 3.9 10,069 8.6 6,246 23.0 721 18.2 0.6 13.3 1.3 18.2 3.5 9.8

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 109,476 100 113,217 100 24,338 100 296 6.6 - 6.4 - 5.6 - 10.1
Less than 50 lbs 1,869 1.7 66 0.1 18 0.1 352 8.2 0.2 8.2 - 13.5 - 17.9
50 - 99 lbs 1,361 1.2 96 0.1 28 0.1 290 19.7 0.3 14.5 - 20.1 - 18.4
100 - 499 lbs 7,746 7.1 951 0.8 318 1.3 324 10.6 0.8 10.2 0.1 11.7 0.2 9.5
500 - 749 lbs 3,462 3.2 606 0.5 163 0.7 278 14.9 0.5 13.6 0.1 18.0 0.1 12.1
750 - 999 lbs 2,534 2.3 544 0.5 138 0.6 252 8.9 0.2 16.2 0.1 19.6 0.1 10.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 28,397 25.9 7,761 6.9 2,162 8.9 272 14.3 2.4 11.3 0.5 14.5 1.1 6.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 52,778 48.2 69,960 61.8 14,372 59.1 208 7.1 2.8 9.1 3.5 7.8 3.3 6.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 7,825 7.1 25,333 22.4 2,952 12.1 115 41.8 2.6 17.1 3.4 23.7 2.6 11.3
More than 100,000 lbs 3,505 3.2 7,900 7.0 4,187 17.2 614 17.0 0.5 13.6 1.0 17.2 2.7 10.3

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 105,977 100 105,891 100 20,136 100 285 6.7 - 6.9 - 5.9 - 9.9
Less than 50 lbs 1,767 1.7 65 0.1 17 0.1 326 8.5 0.2 8.3 - 11.9 - 18.1
50 - 99 lbs 1,314 1.2 96 0.1 28 0.1 287 19.9 0.3 14.5 - 20.5 - 18.7
100 - 499 lbs 7,665 7.2 947 0.9 311 1.5 319 10.6 0.8 10.4 0.1 12.4 0.2 9.8
500 - 749 lbs 3,444 3.2 605 0.6 159 0.8 272 15.2 0.5 13.6 0.1 18.5 0.1 10.8
750 - 999 lbs 2,448 2.3 540 0.5 133 0.7 244 9.4 0.2 16.4 0.1 20.6 0.1 10.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 28,333 26.7 7,749 7.3 2,134 10.6 269 14.3 2.4 11.3 0.5 14.8 1.1 6.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 52,575 49.6 69,160 65.3 14,245 70.7 208 7.2 3.0 9.2 3.6 7.8 3.4 6.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 7,773 7.3 25,237 23.8 2,911 14.5 114 41.8 2.6 17.2 3.5 23.6 2.9 11.0
More than 100,000 lbs 658 0.6 1,491 1.4 199 1.0 S 35.9 0.2 28.5 0.3 27.3 0.3 S

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 71,216 100 58,851 100 16,352 100 616 8.6 - 9.5 - 7.4 - 6.0
Less than 50 lbs 848 1.2 21 - 15 0.1 753 19.1 0.3 14.8 - 13.6 - 7.8
50 - 99 lbs 775 1.1 33 0.1 25 0.2 749 31.2 0.4 16.4 - 22.9 - 11.6
100 - 499 lbs 4,708 6.6 374 0.6 275 1.7 731 13.9 0.9 12.0 0.1 12.0 0.2 7.4
500 - 749 lbs 2,053 2.9 226 0.4 132 0.8 591 21.5 0.6 20.6 0.1 18.7 0.1 12.7
750 - 999 lbs 1,257 1.8 206 0.3 102 0.6 487 7.8 0.2 30.0 0.1 17.5 0.1 16.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 17,114 24.0 2,339 4.0 1,554 9.5 668 18.1 2.9 11.7 0.4 14.6 1.1 4.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 37,696 52.9 40,861 69.4 11,823 72.3 301 9.5 4.1 11.0 4.8 9.3 3.5 9.7
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S 13,893 23.6 2,243 13.7 159 S S 27.6 5.0 31.4 3.4 12.0
More than 100,000 lbs 587 0.8 897 1.5 185 1.1 274 39.8 0.4 41.3 0.6 27.1 0.3 38.7

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 34,761 100 47,040 100 3,784 100 71 8.6 - 13.9 - 12.2 - 12.5
Less than 50 lbs 919 2.6 44 0.1 2 0.1 48 18.4 0.7 14.8 - 20.1 - 13.5
50 - 99 lbs 538 1.5 63 0.1 3 0.1 51 18.3 0.4 19.1 - 16.9 - 16.0
100 - 499 lbs 2,958 8.5 573 1.2 36 1.0 63 13.7 1.4 13.8 0.3 20.3 0.1 14.5
500 - 749 lbs 1,390 4.0 378 0.8 27 0.7 71 16.4 0.6 14.5 0.2 29.4 0.2 13.6
750 - 999 lbs 1,191 3.4 334 0.7 31 0.8 93 17.4 0.4 13.2 0.2 33.1 0.2 18.4
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 11,219 32.3 5,411 11.5 580 15.3 110 12.8 1.9 13.8 1.8 24.8 2.7 11.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 14,878 42.8 28,300 60.2 2,422 64.0 91 11.6 2.3 16.1 4.3 11.8 3.5 14.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 1,596 4.6 11,344 24.1 668 17.7 59 32.3 1.4 26.8 4.2 29.7 4.1 12.2
More than 100,000 lbs 71 0.2 594 1.3 14 0.4 23 30.7 0.1 32.5 0.4 25.5 0.3 43.9

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,068 100 7,304 100 4,155 100 475 19.5 - 14.9 - 18.4 - 26.2
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 164 5.3 798 10.9 126 3.0 S 37.2 1.3 35.0 4.5 43.1 0.8 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 52 1.7 96 1.3 41 1.0 446 47.5 1.7 35.4 1.2 44.2 0.8 22.3
More than 100,000 lbs 2,847 92.8 6,409 87.8 3,988 96.0 714 19.3 1.7 16.1 4.0 18.1 1.0 9.4

Water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 393 100 22 100 S S 1,631 26.2 - 46.3 - S S 16.1
Less than 50 lbs S S 1 5.5 1 3.0 1,634 S S 49.2 5.6 44.4 5.3 12.2
50 - 99 lbs S S - 0.8 - 0.6 1,537 S S 43.9 3.5 48.4 3.8 24.9
100 - 499 lbs 80 20.4 4 18.6 7 14.6 1,299 29.6 9.2 38.0 11.0 41.8 10.7 30.6
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S 4,208 S S S S S S 32.8
750 - 999 lbs S S S S 5 11.7 1,257 S S S S 46.8 13.8 42.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,439 S S S S S S 17.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 7,968 100 3,291 100 2,743 100 901 17.1 - 24.7 - 26.1 - 7.1
Less than 50 lbs 3,905 49.0 83 2.5 73 2.7 908 18.6 3.8 30.6 2.0 33.1 2.8 7.6
50 - 99 lbs 984 12.4 41 1.2 34 1.2 834 19.7 1.8 29.0 0.8 33.2 1.1 12.4
100 - 499 lbs 1,250 15.7 65 2.0 53 1.9 842 23.0 1.2 23.2 1.5 21.6 2.0 10.8
500 - 749 lbs 108 1.4 9 0.3 7 0.3 717 23.0 0.3 30.3 0.2 31.1 0.3 25.6
750 - 999 lbs 21 0.3 2 - S S 2,303 46.2 0.2 31.6 0.1 S S 32.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 30 0.4 S S 2 0.1 S 40.0 0.3 S S 24.8 0.1 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 559 7.0 739 22.5 460 16.8 608 20.1 1.8 45.6 8.7 33.3 8.2 49.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S 62 2.3 S S S S S 41.8 1.5 S
More than 100,000 lbs 1,089 13.7 2,159 65.6 2,048 74.7 1,055 31.1 3.5 29.7 9.1 30.7 10.3 17.8

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 6,259 100 199 100 166 100 901 18.5 - 25.5 - 26.6 - 7.1
Less than 50 lbs 3,905 62.4 83 41.9 73 44.1 908 18.6 2.6 30.6 2.9 33.1 3.9 7.6
50 - 99 lbs 984 15.7 41 20.5 34 20.5 834 19.7 2.2 29.0 2.3 33.2 4.0 12.4
100 - 499 lbs 1,244 19.9 64 32.4 51 30.7 821 23.1 2.0 23.4 1.9 21.8 3.9 11.1
500 - 749 lbs 107 1.7 9 4.7 7 4.2 710 23.4 0.4 28.8 1.5 31.7 1.3 26.1
750 - 999 lbs S S 1 0.6 1 0.4 598 S S 23.5 0.5 41.0 0.4 33.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,349 100 2,729 100 2,478 100 981 31.3 - 31.3 - 29.2 - 20.5
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs 5 0.4 1 - 2 0.1 3,010 4.5 1.5 15.4 - 13.5 0.1 3.1
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S 1 - S S S S S 9.1 0.4 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 286 21.2 S S 409 16.5 S 26.8 10.9 S S 34.9 12.0 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S 62 2.5 S S S S S 41.8 1.6 S
More than 100,000 lbs 1,027 76.2 1,909 69.9 2,005 80.9 1,066 34.4 9.3 35.2 10.5 31.9 9.6 16.4

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 343 100 S S S S 1,913 41.9 - S S S S 35.6
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 12 3.4 1 0.4 1 1.6 1,012 33.1 16.7 28.4 15.6 43.9 16.0 32.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 266 77.5 S S 49 56.0 S 45.8 7.4 S S 32.5 12.3 S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 15 100 S S S S 623 9.3 - S S S S 46.0
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,196 100 400 100 106 100 72 14.1 - 22.8 - 24.9 - 42.8
Less than 50 lbs 203 17.0 7 1.7 - 0.4 61 31.1 7.9 40.7 1.9 45.6 0.3 30.8
50 - 99 lbs 31 2.6 4 1.0 - 0.2 42 40.9 1.2 32.6 0.9 33.2 0.1 32.8
100 - 499 lbs 115 9.6 17 4.2 1 0.9 S 42.5 3.0 35.7 1.7 44.4 0.2 S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S - 0.3 S S S S S 37.4 0.1 S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 73 S S S S S S 32.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 287 24.0 80 19.9 33 31.5 474 24.6 6.1 33.3 2.7 27.3 8.0 15.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 512 42.9 272 68.0 54 51.6 229 23.2 8.6 23.3 7.2 29.3 9.2 21.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 1,151 S S S S S S 25.1

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.