Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 118,640 100 116,908 100 27,186 100 529 6.6 - 6.3 - 6.3 - 9.7
Single modes 109,476 92.3 113,217 96.8 24,338 89.5 296 6.6 0.9 6.4 0.7 5.6 2.2 10.1
Truck6 105,977 89.3 105,891 90.6 20,136 74.1 285 6.7 1.2 6.9 1.4 5.9 3.7 9.9
For-hire truck 71,216 60 58,851 50.3 16,352 60.1 616 8.6 1.9 9.5 4.4 7.4 3.6 6
Private truck 34,761 29.3 47,040 40.2 3,784 13.9 71 8.6 2.2 13.9 4.7 12.2 1.7 12.5
Rail 3,068 2.6 7,304 6.2 4,155 15.3 475 19.5 0.5 14.9 1 18.4 2.3 26.2
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 393 0.3 22 - S S 1,631 26.2 0.1 46.3 - S S 16.1
Multiple modes 7,968 6.7 3,291 2.8 2,743 10.1 901 17.1 0.9 24.7 0.7 26.1 2.3 7.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 6,259 5.3 199 0.2 166 0.6 901 18.5 0.7 25.5 - 26.6 0.1 7.1
Truck and rail 1,349 1.1 2,729 2.3 2,478 9.1 981 31.3 0.3 31.3 0.7 29.2 2.3 20.5
Truck and water 343 0.3 S S S S 1,913 41.9 0.1 S S S S 35.6
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other multiple modes 15 - S S S S 623 9.3 0.1 S S S S 46
Other and unknown modes 1,196 1 400 0.3 106 0.4 72 14.1 0.1 22.8 0.1 24.9 0.1 42.8

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 10,602 100 13,788 100 3,408 100 185 13.7 - 18.7 - 20.6 - 41.1
Single modes 10,468 98.7 13,367 96.9 3,273 96 185 13.7 0.6 19.1 1.8 21.5 3.3 41.3
Truck6 10,330 97.4 12,542 91 3,066 89.9 185 13.6 1.1 20.4 4.9 19.5 3.9 41.4
For-hire truck 5,860 55.3 3,836 27.8 2,347 68.9 624 22.7 7.5 21 8.4 27.4 7.8 10.8
Private truck 4,470 42.2 8,706 63.1 719 21.1 91 14.7 7.9 33.5 10.3 29.3 7.8 18.3
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 130 1.2 S S 133 3.9 460 41.6 0.9 S S 34.4 5.6 31.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - - - S S S 33.2 - 3.4 - S
Truck and rail 61 0.6 157 1.1 95 2.8 456 34.8 1.2 33.3 3.9 36.9 9.1 32.7
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 116 S S S S S S 47

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 6,023 100 5,089 100 1,301 100 125 13.7 - 15.2 - 15 - 28.8
Single modes 5,950 98.8 5,065 99.5 1,295 99.5 79 14.1 1.6 15.5 0.8 15.1 1 22.9
Truck6 5,950 98.8 5,065 99.5 1,295 99.5 79 14.1 1.6 15.5 0.8 15.1 1 22.9
For-hire truck 2,650 44 2,027 39.8 1,013 77.9 S 26.4 7.7 24.6 8.1 19.3 7.2 S
Private truck 3,301 54.8 3,038 59.7 282 21.6 41 17.3 7.9 21.5 8.4 24.7 7 16.9
Multiple modes 31 0.5 S S S S 706 47.1 5.8 S S S S 20
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 31 0.5 S S S S 706 47.1 5.8 S S S S 20
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 525 100 34,964 100 2,057 100 52 18.1 - 18.3 - 26.9 - 27.4
Single modes 515 98.1 34,450 98.5 1,956 95.1 48 18 0.9 18.2 0.8 26.2 2.2 29.6
Truck6 486 92.7 33,396 95.5 1,581 76.8 45 18.3 2.5 18.7 2.1 28.6 7.1 29
For-hire truck 355 67.7 21,002 60.1 1,331 64.7 S 23.3 5.4 22.1 10.3 33.5 6.6 S
Private truck 131 25 12,394 35.4 249 12.1 S 25.3 6 36.8 9.8 20.6 4.6 S
Rail 29 5.4 1,055 3 375 18.2 265 33 2.3 31.3 2.9 24.4 7.4 35.9
Multiple modes 9 1.7 S S 100 4.8 S 27.8 4 S S 29.9 9.8 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail 8 1.6 S S 100 4.8 S 18.6 3.6 S S 29.9 9.8 S
Other and unknown modes S S 30 0.1 S S 34 S S 49.6 0.1 S S 44.7

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S 11,519 100 S S 43 S S 46.8 - S S 29.1
Single modes S S 11,518 100 S S 43 S S 46.8 - S S 29
Truck6 S S 11,021 95.7 S S 44 S S 48.9 9 S S 30.5
For-hire truck S S S S S S 141 S S S S S S 12.3
Private truck 1,276 15.4 1,865 16.2 61 3.9 25 19.7 16.6 20.7 11.7 26.4 10.6 28.5
Rail 22 0.3 497 4.3 S S S 27.4 1.7 42 18.9 S S S
Multiple modes - - - - S S S 0.2 - 44.3 - S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier - - - - S S S 0.2 - 44.3 - S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 1 - - - 7 S S 30.2 - 37.8 - 12

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 25,092 100 9,946 100 5,736 100 591 23 - 20.5 - 21.4 - 10.7
Single modes 23,868 95.1 9,359 94.1 5,177 90.3 360 23.9 1.6 20.6 2.2 20.9 2.8 13.6
Truck6 21,705 86.5 5,866 59 2,675 46.6 326 24.3 2.4 15.7 7.2 16.2 10.3 14.8
For-hire truck 19,164 76.4 4,130 41.5 2,381 41.5 742 26.5 2.8 21.6 5.9 17 9.9 6.5
Private truck 2,542 10.1 1,737 17.5 295 5.1 61 13.9 1.4 23.5 4.6 22 0.7 17.9
Rail 2,005 8 3,480 35 2,469 43 824 30.1 1.9 29.9 6.4 32.8 8.8 28.8
Air (incl truck and air) 158 0.6 S S S S 2,304 42.6 0.6 S S S S 23.7
Multiple modes 1,060 4.2 S S 550 9.6 1,007 29 1.6 S S 45.2 2.8 8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 762 3 S S S S 1,004 29.8 1.3 S S S S 8.2
Truck and rail 283 1.1 S S 514 9 1,654 34.8 1 S S 38.4 3.6 25.9
Truck and water 13 0.1 3 - 1 - 347 41 0.1 44.7 - 34.7 0.1 34.3
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 164 0.7 S S S S S 39.2 0.2 S S S S S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 17,524 100 17,423 100 6,314 100 820 7.1 - 16 - 15.4 - 8.4
Single modes 15,673 89.4 16,776 96.3 5,614 88.9 468 7.2 1.4 16.2 0.7 15.7 3.1 14.6
Truck6 14,815 84.5 15,386 88.3 4,562 72.3 464 6.9 2.2 17.3 2.1 12.5 3.9 14.9
For-hire truck 10,987 62.7 9,152 52.5 3,846 60.9 838 9.9 3.4 16 4.1 13.7 3.7 8.6
Private truck 3,829 21.8 6,233 35.8 716 11.3 74 11.2 3.3 25.2 5.1 18.5 2.9 8.3
Rail 845 4.8 1,390 8 1,052 16.7 821 47.3 1.7 29.5 1.8 41 3 7.2
Air (incl truck and air) 13 0.1 1 - 1 - 1,099 47.4 - 33.7 - 34.2 - 11.1
Multiple modes 1,632 9.3 554 3.2 652 10.3 998 18.4 1.5 21 0.8 31.2 3.2 9.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,272 7.3 57 0.3 49 0.8 997 22.7 1.5 22.6 0.1 21.1 0.2 9.9
Truck and rail 200 1.1 406 2.3 558 8.8 1,393 15.8 0.2 25.6 0.8 34.6 3.9 13.6
Truck and water 154 0.9 S S 43 0.7 S 35.8 0.4 S S 37.2 0.4 S
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 219 1.2 93 0.5 47 0.7 S 25.7 0.3 32.3 0.2 33.7 0.3 S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 13,545 100 15,162 100 4,121 100 404 9.5 - 25.6 - 21.7 - 16.9
Single modes 11,335 83.7 13,825 91.2 2,923 70.9 363 10.3 2.1 26.8 3.7 18.6 7.6 19.1
Truck6 11,282 83.3 13,795 91 2,895 70.3 360 10.3 2 26.8 3.7 18.3 7.8 19.4
For-hire truck 8,763 64.7 7,128 47 2,425 58.8 684 10.9 4.7 24.6 7.5 16.8 8.4 10.1
Private truck 2,519 18.6 6,667 44 470 11.4 87 22.1 3.4 42.7 7.4 37.8 1.9 31
Rail 19 0.1 30 0.2 27 0.7 959 44.8 0.2 41.2 0.3 37.2 0.5 5.3
Air (incl truck and air) 34 0.2 1 - 1 - 1,281 38.7 0.2 36.2 - 32 - 17.5
Multiple modes 1,771 13.1 1,209 8 1,179 28.6 546 12.3 1.7 33.2 3.6 40.1 7.5 33.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 940 6.9 21 0.1 13 0.3 545 25.7 2.2 24.3 0.1 17.7 0.2 34.1
Truck and rail 730 5.4 1,178 7.8 1,163 28.2 632 32.3 3.1 22.2 5.8 31.5 8.4 34.2
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 438 3.2 S S S S 70 31.1 0.9 S S S S 28.1

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 12,793 100 1,447 100 859 100 548 16.6 - 16.1 - 16.4 - 13.5
Single modes 10,889 85.1 1,401 96.8 829 96.5 522 17.5 3.3 16 0.8 16.7 1 20.8
Truck6 10,661 83.3 1,393 96.2 818 95.2 468 17.5 3.5 16.1 0.9 17 1.4 16.2
For-hire truck 9,420 73.6 1,152 79.6 707 82.3 631 18.3 3.1 16.2 4 15.7 5.4 6.7
Private truck 1,241 9.7 241 16.6 S S S 26.3 2.7 30.5 4.2 S S S
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 185 1.4 6 0.4 11 1.3 1,592 43.2 0.5 39.2 0.3 41.2 0.7 16.3
Multiple modes 1,690 13.2 24 1.6 20 2.3 728 27.6 3.2 39.9 0.5 30.6 0.7 14
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,664 13 23 1.6 18 2.1 728 28.1 3.1 42.1 0.4 33.9 0.7 14
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 3 - - - - - 1,175 36.3 0.2 36.7 - 36.7 0.1 -
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 214 1.7 23 1.6 S S S 37.9 1.5 45.3 0.8 S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 24,240 100 7,569 100 1,835 100 671 11.3 - 19.6 - 15.5 - 10.6
Single modes 22,486 92.8 7,454 98.5 1,715 93.5 374 12.6 3 19.9 0.7 16.3 2.8 8.4
Truck6 22,478 92.7 7,427 98.1 1,709 93.1 373 12.6 3 19.9 0.6 16.3 2.8 8.4
For-hire truck 7,027 29 1,267 16.7 827 45.1 800 14.9 4.9 12.4 5.6 13.8 7.1 3.8
Private truck 15,451 63.7 6,160 81.4 882 48.1 126 16.3 6 23.4 5.6 24.5 7.2 10.8
Rail 5 - 27 0.4 6 0.3 206 23.2 - 15.4 0.2 17.2 0.2 8.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 892 S S S S S S 35.2
Multiple modes 1,641 6.8 S S S S 998 41.4 3.1 S S S S 7.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,585 6.5 S S S S 994 41.4 2.9 S S S S 7.7
Truck and rail S S 24 0.3 S S 2,912 S S 49.4 0.2 S S 12.6
Truck and water 3 - S S S S S 28.3 0.1 S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 113 0.5 23 0.3 S S S 28.4 0.1 39.5 0.1 S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.