Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 179,669 100 226,291 100 45,488 100 7.2 - 7.8 - 8.1 -
Less than 50 miles 43,716 24.3 122,031 53.9 3,039 6.7 8.1 1.4 11.1 2.1 13.1 0.9
50 - 99 miles 25,776 14.3 33,569 14.8 3,254 7.2 8.5 0.7 10.8 1.1 13.5 1.1
100 - 249 miles 38,140 21.2 30,234 13.4 7,182 15.8 9.3 1 5.2 0.9 6 1.4
250 - 499 miles 39,131 21.8 23,043 10.2 11,439 25.1 10.1 0.9 10.5 0.8 10.3 1.2
500 - 749 miles 12,244 6.8 8,054 3.6 6,048 13.3 9.7 0.4 14.5 0.7 14.7 1.8
750 - 999 miles 6,150 3.4 2,828 1.2 3,094 6.8 6.6 0.3 15.4 0.2 13.8 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 7,894 4.4 4,801 2.1 7,404 16.3 24.2 0.9 34.1 0.7 34.7 3.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,501 2.5 1,116 0.5 2,500 5.5 18 0.4 11.8 0.1 12.2 0.7
More than 2,000 miles 2,116 1.2 615 0.3 1,527 3.4 9.1 0.1 8.3 - 8.2 0.5

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 162,489 100 212,070 100 38,351 100 7.6 - 7.2 - 6.6 -
Less than 50 miles 41,362 25.5 117,159 55.2 2,711 7.1 8.5 1.7 10.8 2.2 10.1 0.9
50 - 99 miles 24,627 15.2 31,271 14.7 2,958 7.7 9.1 0.8 10.4 1.1 13 1
100 - 249 miles 35,778 22 27,584 13 6,301 16.4 10 1 4.7 1 6.4 1.3
250 - 499 miles 35,775 22 21,844 10.3 10,802 28.2 10.9 1 9.6 0.7 9.8 1.3
500 - 749 miles 10,665 6.6 7,640 3.6 5,722 14.9 9.9 0.5 15.9 0.7 16.2 2.3
750 - 999 miles 4,834 3 2,522 1.2 2,719 7.1 10.5 0.3 17.3 0.2 15.8 0.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,555 2.8 2,593 1.2 3,821 10 25.5 0.6 32.3 0.4 33.9 2.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,227 2 943 0.4 2,051 5.3 15.7 0.3 11.6 0.1 11.7 0.7
More than 2,000 miles 1,665 1 515 0.2 1,267 3.3 12.2 0.1 9.5 - 9.5 0.5

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 145,102 100 153,472 100 25,436 100 7.9 - 9.1 - 6.3 -
Less than 50 miles 37,003 25.5 88,831 57.9 2,116 8.3 10 2 14.6 2.8 12.6 1.2
50 - 99 miles 20,326 14 21,955 14.3 2,044 8 5.8 0.5 10.6 1.2 11.6 1
100 - 249 miles 32,020 22.1 18,222 11.9 3,901 15.3 10.9 1.1 5.7 1.2 5.6 0.6
250 - 499 miles 33,191 22.9 14,870 9.7 6,924 27.2 11.7 1.1 7.7 0.8 8 1.2
500 - 749 miles 9,776 6.7 4,715 3.1 3,394 13.3 10.4 0.4 11.4 0.4 11.2 0.8
750 - 999 miles 4,629 3.2 2,342 1.5 2,466 9.7 10.7 0.3 17.9 0.3 16.8 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,472 2.4 1,285 0.8 1,771 7 9.6 0.2 8.6 0.1 8 0.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,171 2.2 853 0.6 1,855 7.3 15.8 0.4 12.5 0.1 12.6 0.8
More than 2,000 miles 1,514 1 398 0.3 965 3.8 14.8 0.2 13.9 - 13.5 0.5

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 102,186 100 80,384 100 19,913 100 8.2 - 4.9 - 6.6 -
Less than 50 miles 15,447 15.1 34,786 43.3 883 4.4 11.4 1.9 9.6 2.7 6.1 0.4
50 - 99 miles 13,090 12.8 12,217 15.2 1,153 5.8 7.7 0.9 9.5 1.1 10.1 0.9
100 - 249 miles 24,522 24 12,405 15.4 2,699 13.6 13 1.4 4.5 1 4.2 0.8
250 - 499 miles 29,178 28.6 12,747 15.9 5,938 29.8 12.9 1.5 8.5 1.3 8.9 1.2
500 - 749 miles 8,368 8.2 3,824 4.8 2,763 13.9 12 0.5 12.1 0.6 11.8 0.9
750 - 999 miles 4,128 4 2,082 2.6 2,185 11 13.5 0.5 18.9 0.5 17.7 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,850 2.8 1,080 1.3 1,492 7.5 11.9 0.3 10.3 0.2 9.6 0.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,130 3.1 845 1.1 1,839 9.2 16.2 0.5 12.8 0.1 12.9 1
More than 2,000 miles 1,473 1.4 396 0.5 961 4.8 15 0.3 13.9 0.1 13.6 0.6

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 42,916 100 73,088 100 5,523 100 10 - 15 - 10.7 -
Less than 50 miles 21,556 50.2 54,044 73.9 1,233 22.3 15.1 2.6 19.3 3 18.2 2.3
50 - 99 miles 7,237 16.9 9,738 13.3 891 16.1 9 1.3 13.2 1.9 15 2.1
100 - 249 miles 7,498 17.5 5,817 8 1,202 21.8 8.3 1.7 12.6 1.3 13.5 2.2
250 - 499 miles 4,012 9.3 2,123 2.9 986 17.8 11 1 13 0.4 14.2 1.5
500 - 749 miles 1,408 3.3 891 1.2 631 11.4 14 0.4 26.4 0.3 25.4 1.9
750 - 999 miles 501 1.2 260 0.4 280 5.1 38.2 0.4 35.7 0.1 36.9 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 622 1.4 205 0.3 279 5.1 28.7 0.3 18.1 0.1 18.5 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 41 0.1 8 - 16 0.3 38.6 - 48.4 - 49.8 0.2
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 10,845 100 43,395 100 11,434 100 43.5 - 27.7 - 22.6 -
Less than 50 miles 1,266 11.7 21,164 48.8 315 2.8 24.7 5.3 38.2 8.5 47.8 1
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 6,777 15.6 1,900 16.6 S S 31.7 5.5 30.7 4.8
250 - 499 miles 2,378 21.9 6,900 15.9 3,836 33.6 20.2 6 28 3.4 24.4 4.2
500 - 749 miles 832 7.7 2,912 6.7 2,318 20.3 22.8 5.4 34.2 6.5 33.2 7.7
750 - 999 miles 155 1.4 151 0.3 206 1.8 33.3 1.2 28 0.2 30.9 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 50 0.5 S S S S 40.5 0.6 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 106 1 S S S S 45.4 1.1 S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 264 100 6,587 100 900 100 15.8 - 33.8 - 40.8 -
Less than 50 miles 78 29.7 2,749 41.7 137 15.2 14.2 10.4 17.7 8.1 17.7 7.5
50 - 99 miles 93 35.2 2,988 45.4 410 45.6 10.3 9.9 9.3 6.3 10.4 15
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 264 100 6,587 100 900 100 15.8 - 33.8 - 40.8 -
Less than 50 miles 78 29.7 2,749 41.7 137 15.2 14.2 10.4 17.7 8.1 17.7 7.5
50 - 99 miles 93 35.2 2,988 45.4 410 45.6 10.3 9.9 9.3 6.3 10.4 15
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 367 100 S S 24 100 31.6 - S S 43.2 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S 2 5.6 S S S S 39.1 12.6 S S
250 - 499 miles 125 34 S S S S 35.6 8 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 51 14 S S S S 31.7 14.1 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 33 8.9 S S S S 43.8 3 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S 2 6.5 5 22.2 S S 46.5 13 43.5 17.4

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 5,911 100 8,589 100 S S 43.9 - 43.7 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 14,322 100 11,025 100 6,679 100 14.2 - 25 - 23.2 -
Less than 50 miles 1,209 8.4 S S S S 23.4 1.7 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 970 6.8 S S S S 19.8 1.2 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 2,187 15.3 2,572 23.3 866 13 12.2 1.9 32.6 7.7 34.4 6.4
250 - 499 miles 3,124 21.8 1,055 9.6 569 8.5 12.4 1.3 42 3.1 32.2 1.4
500 - 749 miles 1,349 9.4 348 3.2 282 4.2 19.5 1.4 29.8 1.3 30.3 2.1
750 - 999 miles 1,203 8.4 279 2.5 347 5.2 26 1.5 29.1 2.5 27.7 3.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,698 18.8 2,109 19.1 3,426 51.3 30.9 4.1 45.9 10.2 45.3 13.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,139 8 156 1.4 411 6.1 31.6 1.6 26.8 0.7 24.7 2.1
More than 2,000 miles 443 3.1 92 0.8 241 3.6 18.6 0.6 38.1 1.5 37.6 3.6

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 10,114 100 285 100 197 100 14.8 - 14.7 - 14.6 -
Less than 50 miles 1,133 11.2 29 10 1 0.5 25.7 2.1 22.2 1.9 24.6 0.1
50 - 99 miles 887 8.8 27 9.4 2 1.3 19.8 1.3 16.3 0.9 36.8 0.1
100 - 249 miles 1,689 16.7 50 17.5 12 6 12.7 1.3 16.7 1.4 17.9 0.8
250 - 499 miles 2,465 24.4 74 25.9 36 18.3 13.2 1.7 16.1 1.3 16.2 1
500 - 749 miles 1,085 10.7 36 12.7 27 13.7 19.6 1.8 16.1 1.2 16.9 1.9
750 - 999 miles 690 6.8 22 7.7 23 11.6 28.8 1.2 24.9 0.9 25.4 1.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 990 9.8 16 5.6 22 11.3 45.4 3.9 12.9 0.5 12.6 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 890 8.8 19 6.5 41 20.5 37.9 1.8 23.6 1.4 23.6 3.5
More than 2,000 miles 284 2.8 13 4.7 33 16.7 16.7 0.5 21.7 0.6 21.3 1.4

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,865 100 8,812 100 5,666 100 29.2 - 24.8 - 29.5 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 54 1.4 S S S S 30.5 1 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 404 10.5 649 7.4 159 2.8 34.3 7.5 42 6.6 42.3 3.5
250 - 499 miles 603 15.6 960 10.9 502 8.9 24.2 3 46.7 4.2 37.5 2.2
500 - 749 miles 234 6.1 309 3.5 247 4.4 40 3.1 28.8 2.6 30.4 3
750 - 999 miles S S 248 2.8 304 5.4 S S 28.5 5 27 6.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,708 44.2 2,093 23.8 3,404 60.1 44.7 9.8 46.2 11 45.5 15.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 213 5.5 128 1.5 314 5.5 37 1.9 31.4 1.5 31.5 3
More than 2,000 miles 157 4.1 78 0.9 204 3.6 38.4 4.1 45.3 2.6 45.2 5.3

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 242 100 372 100 216 100 39.6 - 40 - 33.1 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 330 88.8 128 59.3 S S 35.1 11.4 39.7 18
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S - 0.1 S S S S 33 19.4 S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 96 100 1,547 100 577 100 42.6 - 40.3 - 38.1 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S 1,542 99.7 567 98.3 S S 24.6 0.2 23.6 1.2
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,858 100 3,196 100 458 100 20.6 - 46.5 - 27.5 -
Less than 50 miles 1,145 40.1 S S 60 13.1 30.8 8.5 S S 36.2 5
50 - 99 miles 179 6.3 240 7.5 28 6 25.8 2 33.3 2.4 36.2 2.2
100 - 249 miles 175 6.1 S S S S 47.9 1.8 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 233 8.2 145 4.5 68 14.9 40 2.4 40.8 7.8 40.7 5.6
500 - 749 miles 230 8 66 2.1 44 9.6 27.6 2.9 35.1 4 32.5 6.7
750 - 999 miles 113 3.9 26 0.8 28 6 43.8 6.4 35.3 3 33.1 4.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 7 0.3 S S S S 14 0.6 S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.