Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 179,669 100 226,291 100 45,488 100 396 7.2 - 7.8 - 8.1 - 6.1
Single modes 162,489 90.4 212,070 93.7 38,351 84.3 195 7.6 0.9 7.2 1.2 6.6 2 7.6
Truck6 145,102 80.8 153,472 67.8 25,436 55.9 190 7.9 2.5 9.1 4.6 6.3 4.7 7.5
For-hire truck 102,186 56.9 80,384 35.5 19,913 43.8 428 8.2 1.8 4.9 2.7 6.6 3.6 4
Private truck 42,916 23.9 73,088 32.3 5,523 12.1 75 10 1.8 15 3.1 10.7 1.7 8.6
Rail 10,845 6 43,395 19.2 11,434 25.1 448 43.5 2.1 27.7 4.8 22.6 3.2 13.2
Water 264 0.1 6,587 2.9 900 2 S 15.8 0.1 33.8 1.7 40.8 1.5 S
Shallow draft 264 0.1 6,587 2.9 900 2 S 15.8 0.1 33.8 1.7 40.8 1.5 S
Air (incl truck and air) 367 0.2 S S 24 0.1 1,056 31.6 0.1 S S 43.2 - 18.3
Pipeline7 5,911 3.3 8,589 3.8 S S S 43.9 1.5 43.7 1.7 S S S
Multiple modes 14,322 8 11,025 4.9 6,679 14.7 672 14.2 1 25 0.9 23.2 2.1 6.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 10,114 5.6 285 0.1 197 0.4 672 14.8 0.8 14.7 - 14.6 0.1 6.7
Truck and rail 3,865 2.2 8,812 3.9 5,666 12.5 589 29.2 0.5 24.8 0.8 29.5 2.4 33.8
Truck and water 242 0.1 372 0.2 216 0.5 1,969 39.6 0.1 40 0.1 33.1 0.2 42.4
Rail and water 96 0.1 1,547 0.7 577 1.3 1,683 42.6 0.1 40.3 0.6 38.1 1.7 40.6
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 3,000 S S S S S S 19.2
Other and unknown modes 2,858 1.6 3,196 1.4 458 1 107 20.6 0.4 46.5 0.5 27.5 0.3 29.8

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 6,943 100 21,304 100 6,075 100 170 11.3 - 8.4 - 15.7 - 34.1
Single modes 6,742 97.1 20,605 96.7 5,691 93.7 93 10.9 0.8 8.1 1.4 17.5 3.8 27.7
Truck6 5,580 80.4 13,958 65.5 1,426 23.5 84 14.2 5 14.8 6.6 15.1 6.3 22
For-hire truck 2,650 38.2 4,368 20.5 855 14.1 255 18.3 6.1 17.6 4.6 20.9 3.4 16
Private truck 2,930 42.2 9,590 45 571 9.4 45 22.1 6.3 25.3 8.9 41.4 5.2 13.5
Rail 1,162 16.7 6,647 31.2 4,265 70.2 658 23.2 5.3 22.6 6.9 22 7.4 5.2
Multiple modes 201 2.9 698 3.3 384 6.3 790 37.6 0.8 47.4 1.7 38.1 4.7 17.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 798 S S S S S S 41
Truck and rail 159 2.3 689 3.2 381 6.3 437 47.9 1 46.6 2 36.2 5.4 21.1
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 13,851 100 13,828 100 4,459 100 162 10.9 - 12.4 - 11.3 - 29.3
Single modes 13,594 98.1 13,497 97.6 4,217 94.6 111 11.3 1.2 12.7 1.5 12.4 3.1 39
Truck6 13,197 95.3 12,522 90.6 3,529 79.1 109 12.1 1.5 14.7 3.3 17.8 6.5 39.7
For-hire truck 7,739 55.9 6,173 44.6 2,716 60.9 501 18.3 5 20 6.2 20.7 7 8.8
Private truck 5,458 39.4 6,348 45.9 813 18.2 61 12.9 4.6 20.5 5.6 21.8 3.6 26.7
Rail 397 2.9 976 7.1 688 15.4 939 13.5 1 16.3 3 16.5 5.9 19.9
Multiple modes S S S S S S 806 S S S S S S 14.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 801 S S S S S S 17.4
Truck and rail 87 0.6 304 2.2 220 4.9 1,106 23.7 1.2 42.6 3.9 37.7 7.2 40.7
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 62 S S S S S S 36.2

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,785 100 48,176 100 2,605 100 42 42.9 - 31 - 41 - 26.6
Single modes 1,755 98.4 45,568 94.6 2,304 88.4 41 43.4 2.8 29.3 1.8 37.7 3.4 27.5
Truck6 1,730 96.9 43,071 89.4 1,673 64.2 38 43.2 3.4 28.1 4.1 29.8 11 29.5
For-hire truck 962 53.9 16,270 33.8 721 27.7 S 48.4 8.4 23 5.8 25.6 10.2 S
Private truck S S 26,801 55.6 952 36.6 34 S S 33.7 5.6 36.2 6.5 31.2
Rail 25 1.4 S S S S 252 41.9 5.5 S S S S 29.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - S S S S S 35.2 - S S S
Truck and rail S S S S S S 114 S S S S S S 9.4
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S 31 S S S S S S 41.7

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 21,274 100 69,015 100 7,292 100 80 31.1 - 18.3 - 34 - 22.3
Single modes 19,935 93.7 62,516 90.6 5,674 77.8 44 31.3 2.1 18.2 3.2 33.3 5.4 15.1
Truck6 8,371 39.3 20,171 29.2 1,055 14.5 34 23 10.5 12.7 9.1 15.2 8.4 13.5
For-hire truck 4,338 20.4 12,039 17.4 605 8.3 51 44.3 7.4 23.8 6.9 19.4 6 42.8
Private truck 4,033 19 8,131 11.8 450 6.2 30 22.1 7.7 14.2 3.1 27.2 3.5 15.7
Rail S S 27,222 39.4 S S 351 S S 41.7 10.1 S S 25.7
Water 193 0.9 6,535 9.5 S S 103 10.2 2.7 14.5 11.7 S S 31.1
Shallow draft 193 0.9 6,535 9.5 S S 103 10.2 2.7 14.5 11.7 S S 31.1
Pipeline7 5,911 27.8 8,589 12.4 S S S 43.9 9.7 43.7 6.2 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S 1,549 21.2 660 S S S S 43.3 5.5 25.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 960 S S S S S S 37
Truck and rail S S S S 856 11.7 S S S S S 44.9 8.3 S
Truck and water 9 - 312 0.5 126 1.7 396 32.2 0.1 33.3 1.2 34.5 8.6 0.1
Rail and water 41 0.2 1,542 2.2 567 7.8 367 26.2 0.6 24.6 4.8 23.6 18.8 1.7
Other and unknown modes 769 3.6 S S 68 0.9 52 36.5 3.1 S S 40.7 0.8 20.2

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 30,749 100 15,491 100 6,677 100 322 17.3 - 14.9 - 20.4 - 11.8
Single modes 26,547 86.3 14,978 96.7 6,141 92 231 17.2 2.4 14.5 0.5 19.8 1.7 14.8
Truck6 25,081 81.6 13,773 88.9 5,466 81.9 229 17 2.7 14.5 1.7 20.5 2.8 15
For-hire truck 18,507 60.2 9,480 61.2 4,789 71.7 524 17.8 2.8 20.8 4.8 23.4 4.2 5
Private truck 6,575 21.4 4,292 27.7 677 10.1 94 22.1 2.6 17 5 23 3 12.1
Rail 1,429 4.6 1,188 7.7 664 9.9 651 28 0.9 23 1.5 26.1 2.5 15.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 788 S S S S S S 29.9
Multiple modes 3,867 12.6 355 2.3 470 7 403 31.2 2.7 36.1 0.5 42.7 1.9 23.4
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 3,323 10.8 60 0.4 31 0.5 399 35.2 2.5 18.1 0.1 20 0.1 23.5
Truck and rail 537 1.7 291 1.9 429 6.4 1,707 40.6 0.6 43.9 0.5 46.4 1.9 17.5
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8,954 100 5,644 100 1,403 100 582 13.1 - 17.5 - 13.5 - 13
Single modes 7,987 89.2 5,526 97.9 1,271 90.6 144 15.8 3.4 17.9 0.8 14.5 2.3 20.6
Truck6 7,960 88.9 5,483 97.1 1,244 88.7 142 15.9 3.4 17.9 1.1 14.4 3 21
For-hire truck 5,875 65.6 2,760 48.9 1,050 74.9 434 18.5 5.2 13.7 6.1 15 2.4 6.7
Private truck 2,085 23.3 2,724 48.3 193 13.8 35 15.1 3.6 29.4 6.7 23.7 2.6 24
Rail 20 0.2 42 0.7 S S 721 39.3 0.6 26.7 1.4 S S 37.3
Air (incl truck and air) 6 0.1 1 - 1 - 652 32.1 0.1 43.4 - 44.2 0.1 35.3
Multiple modes 896 10 77 1.4 96 6.9 869 24.2 3.3 25.3 0.5 28.8 2.2 8.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 866 9.7 51 0.9 40 2.9 868 24.3 3.2 25.6 0.2 30.3 1.2 9
Truck and rail S S 25 0.4 53 3.8 2,316 S S 46.2 0.5 47.6 2.6 6.6
Truck and water S S - - S S 7,791 S S 23.1 - S S 6.3
Other and unknown modes 71 0.8 42 0.8 35 2.5 S 32.6 0.3 43.4 0.5 48.2 1.3 S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 46,025 100 35,342 100 13,159 100 434 7 - 7 - 15.2 - 7.8
Single modes 40,598 88.2 32,323 91.5 9,564 72.7 316 6.4 2 6.9 1.8 10.5 5.4 9.9
Truck6 38,549 83.8 28,622 81 7,662 58.2 303 6.4 2.5 6.5 4.4 5.2 6.9 9.6
For-hire truck 30,263 65.8 19,163 54.2 6,529 49.6 496 8.3 3.3 4.2 4.4 6.6 6.3 5.4
Private truck 8,286 18 9,458 26.8 1,134 8.6 97 15.1 2.8 23.1 4.6 14.6 2 11
Rail 1,701 3.7 3,642 10.3 1,825 13.9 446 28.4 0.9 47.9 3.6 47.8 3.7 12.2
Water S S 53 0.1 68 0.5 1,018 S S 6.6 0.5 36.3 1 47.9
Shallow draft S S 53 0.1 68 0.5 1,018 S S 6.6 0.5 36.3 1 47.9
Air (incl truck and air) 277 0.6 7 - 9 0.1 1,061 43.5 0.3 27.6 - 30.1 - 26.6
Multiple modes 4,547 9.9 2,807 7.9 3,393 25.8 645 20.8 1.5 26.3 1.9 35.9 5.7 6.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,447 5.3 63 0.2 43 0.3 639 21.4 0.9 13.5 - 14.5 0.1 6.2
Truck and rail 1,913 4.2 2,681 7.6 3,253 24.7 961 22.2 0.7 26.5 1.8 37.5 5.9 14.2
Truck and water 182 0.4 S S 76 0.6 3,070 49.3 0.2 S S 47.7 0.7 31.8
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 2,518 S S S S S S 13
Other and unknown modes S S 211 0.6 S S 156 S S 40.4 0.2 S S 44.4

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 29,651 100 5,424 100 1,825 100 573 17.9 - 11.2 - 8.5 - 10
Single modes 26,270 88.6 5,172 95.4 1,643 90 302 20.6 2.1 11.6 0.8 9.8 2.4 18.3
Truck6 25,875 87.3 5,106 94.2 1,603 87.8 298 21.1 2.4 11.6 1 10 2.9 18.6
For-hire truck 21,016 70.9 3,735 68.9 1,316 72.1 524 24.1 4.3 16.2 5.4 15.1 6.6 9.8
Private truck 4,859 16.4 1,372 25.3 287 15.7 144 16 2.4 15.4 4.7 24.2 4.7 32.4
Rail 349 1.2 63 1.2 38 2.1 695 33.1 1.6 24.8 0.9 45.6 2.8 22.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S 2 - 2 0.1 1,312 S S 39.4 - 48.1 0.1 18.6
Multiple modes 2,848 9.6 155 2.9 143 7.8 757 15.5 1.9 26.2 0.7 27.8 2.2 6.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,244 7.6 47 0.9 34 1.9 756 12.8 1.5 15.9 0.2 15 0.4 6.9
Truck and rail 562 1.9 105 1.9 100 5.5 1,033 47.9 1 37.9 0.7 38.2 2.3 12.4
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,670 S S S S S S 10.1
Other and unknown modes 533 1.8 97 1.8 S S 91 38.7 0.8 41 0.8 S S 26.5

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 20,436 100 12,066 100 1,993 100 419 11.6 - 9.3 - 16.4 - 12.2
Single modes 19,060 93.3 11,885 98.5 1,845 92.6 165 11.4 1.8 9.1 0.4 18 2.7 20.5
Truck6 18,758 91.8 10,766 89.2 1,777 89.2 165 11.7 1.6 8.2 3 19.1 3.9 20.6
For-hire truck 10,836 53 6,395 53 1,332 66.9 369 8.9 3.7 12.1 5.2 18.3 3 15.8
Private truck 7,922 38.8 4,371 36.2 445 22.3 76 21 3.6 16.7 4.7 23.2 2.3 23.3
Rail 302 1.5 1,120 9.3 68 3.4 S 39.5 0.9 40 3.2 31.9 2.1 S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,052 S S S S S S 20.2
Multiple modes 1,124 5.5 119 1 115 5.8 829 34.7 1.8 45.4 0.3 38.3 2.8 7.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,004 4.9 29 0.2 26 1.3 827 37.2 1.7 32.4 0.1 39.4 0.7 7.5
Truck and rail 64 0.3 S S 85 4.3 1,393 45.9 0.4 S S 41 5 22.5
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1 100 - 100 S S 222 46 - 38.1 - S S 48.3
Single modes 1 87.1 - 99.5 S S S 40 7.1 38.1 0.4 S S S
Truck6 1 87.1 - 99.5 S S S 40 7.1 38.1 0.4 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck 1 67.1 S S S S S 42.9 14.9 S S S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.