Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 35,191 100 94,149 100 23,565 100 10.2 - 15.5 - 10.6 -
Less than 50 miles 8,729 24.8 39,043 41.5 1,214 5.2 27.5 3.9 20.4 3.7 20.8 0.8
50 - 99 miles 4,379 12.4 17,265 18.3 1,681 7.1 20.6 1.5 15.8 1.8 15.7 0.8
100 - 249 miles 5,644 16 16,019 17 3,397 14.4 9.9 1.6 23.1 1.7 27.8 2
250 - 499 miles 7,258 20.6 12,054 12.8 6,148 26.1 13.7 1.5 16.4 2.8 16.9 3.7
500 - 749 miles 3,724 10.6 4,286 4.6 3,780 16 9.6 1.9 9.7 0.6 9.3 2.1
750 - 999 miles 2,393 6.8 2,691 2.9 2,995 12.7 11 1 23.2 0.8 22.5 2.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,854 8.1 2,677 2.8 4,088 17.3 9.9 1.2 23.4 0.4 21.7 1.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 201 0.6 112 0.1 261 1.1 19.8 0.2 28.3 - 30.4 0.4
More than 2,000 miles S S - - 1 - S S 45.9 - 38.1 -

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 33,058 100 87,961 100 20,289 100 11.1 - 17.1 - 12.9 -
Less than 50 miles 8,506 25.7 37,545 42.7 1,135 5.6 28.4 4 21.3 3.5 20.9 0.7
50 - 99 miles 4,314 13.1 15,906 18.1 1,499 7.4 21 1.6 17.9 1.8 18.1 0.7
100 - 249 miles 5,488 16.6 15,489 17.6 3,311 16.3 10.3 1.8 23.8 1.8 28.5 2
250 - 499 miles 6,932 21 11,007 12.5 5,388 26.6 14.5 1.5 17 2.1 15.6 3.1
500 - 749 miles 3,386 10.2 3,748 4.3 3,209 15.8 11 2.1 11.9 0.7 12.2 2.5
750 - 999 miles 2,133 6.5 1,862 2.1 2,080 10.3 11.7 1.1 12.8 0.5 12.6 1.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,202 6.7 2,333 2.7 3,499 17.2 12.9 1.2 27.7 0.4 26.4 1.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 96 0.3 73 0.1 S S 23.8 0.1 46.6 0.1 S S
More than 2,000 miles 1 - S S S S 43.5 - S S S S

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 27,345 100 70,557 100 12,022 100 8.4 - 14.5 - 11 -
Less than 50 miles 5,917 21.6 32,812 46.5 1,044 8.7 18.9 2.6 18.5 3.4 20.1 1
50 - 99 miles 4,050 14.8 15,216 21.6 1,450 12.1 19.3 1.7 16.7 2 17.1 1.2
100 - 249 miles 5,344 19.5 11,422 16.2 2,250 18.7 11.1 1.5 14.6 1.6 14.9 1.7
250 - 499 miles 5,338 19.5 7,166 10.2 3,255 27.1 9.6 1.4 19.6 2.1 18.6 3.8
500 - 749 miles 2,848 10.4 1,838 2.6 1,410 11.7 9.5 1.7 10.5 0.3 9.6 1.4
750 - 999 miles 1,818 6.6 1,121 1.6 1,188 9.9 9.9 0.8 18.8 0.3 17.5 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,965 7.2 953 1.4 1,364 11.3 13.2 1.1 9 0.2 8.7 0.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 65 0.2 29 - 60 0.5 32.4 0.1 35.5 - 35.9 0.2
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 13,863 100 28,702 100 7,306 100 8.1 - 15.2 - 7.9 -
Less than 50 miles 625 4.5 9,365 32.6 236 3.2 19.4 0.8 36.4 6.2 32.9 1.2
50 - 99 miles 1,216 8.8 5,961 20.8 593 8.1 11.5 0.9 23.9 3 26.4 1.8
100 - 249 miles 3,000 21.6 6,311 22 1,290 17.7 13.9 1.8 12.7 2.7 13.5 1.9
250 - 499 miles 3,498 25.2 4,094 14.3 2,064 28.3 10.3 1.8 20.5 4.3 24.3 4.4
500 - 749 miles 2,307 16.6 1,285 4.5 996 13.6 13.3 1.8 6.3 0.7 5.8 1.5
750 - 999 miles 1,588 11.5 886 3.1 956 13.1 11.7 1.3 15.4 0.9 14.7 1.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,566 11.3 773 2.7 1,109 15.2 14.5 1.1 13.5 0.6 13 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 63 0.5 28 0.1 60 0.8 33.9 0.1 35.9 - 36.1 0.2
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 13,482 100 41,855 100 4,716 100 22.1 - 20.4 - 26.1 -
Less than 50 miles 5,292 39.3 23,447 56 808 17.1 22.2 3.9 21.5 4.2 24.8 3.5
50 - 99 miles 2,834 21 9,255 22.1 856 18.2 29.1 2.4 23.6 2.3 22.3 2.4
100 - 249 miles 2,344 17.4 5,112 12.2 960 20.4 28 2.9 24.5 2.4 24.6 3.1
250 - 499 miles 1,840 13.6 3,073 7.3 1,191 25.3 29.7 2.3 41.7 1.5 39.2 4.6
500 - 749 miles 541 4 552 1.3 413 8.8 28 1.3 28.9 0.7 28.8 2.8
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 181 0.4 255 5.4 S S 45.8 0.2 48.1 1.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,872 100 13,122 100 8,173 100 29.5 - 26.2 - 18.5 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 142 4.9 S S S S 38.5 1.8 S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 3,840 29.3 2,133 26.1 S S 21.6 6 23.3 5.3
500 - 749 miles 534 18.6 1,910 14.6 1,799 22 24.3 6.9 17.8 3.8 18.3 4
750 - 999 miles 312 10.9 741 5.6 892 10.9 48.3 5.4 22.4 4.8 22.1 5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 223 7.8 1,379 10.5 2,134 26.1 20.7 3.1 42.4 2.6 39.5 4.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 13 0.4 S S S S 36.2 0.8 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 55 100 1 100 2 100 34.7 - 31.1 - 33.1 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S - 19.5 - 15.3 S S 41.6 18.8 41.8 19.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S - 33.6 1 30.1 S S 46.1 11.9 46.8 10.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 1 2.6 S S S S 43.5 2.4 S S S S

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,787 100 4,281 100 S S 45.7 - 49.6 - S S
Less than 50 miles 2,549 91.5 S S S S 47.4 7.4 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,795 100 5,544 100 3,190 100 12.1 - 24.7 - 25.4 -
Less than 50 miles 69 3.8 S S S S 40.4 1.9 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 52 2.9 1,327 23.9 S S 35.4 0.8 49.7 8.6 S S
100 - 249 miles 126 7 S S 77 2.4 27.2 1.6 S S 45.1 1.6
250 - 499 miles 302 16.8 S S S S 26.6 3.8 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 328 18.3 538 9.7 570 17.9 21.5 3.7 28.6 7.7 30 9
750 - 999 miles 252 14 S S S S 28.5 3.4 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 566 31.5 310 5.6 537 16.9 16.2 2.9 21.6 5.7 21.3 7.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 95 5.3 39 0.7 93 2.9 29.8 1.2 34.3 1.2 34.6 2.5
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,218 100 30 100 25 100 19.9 - 21.4 - 15.6 -
Less than 50 miles 62 5.1 S S S S 40.9 3.4 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 41 3.4 1 4.4 - 0.5 41.7 1.3 29.6 1 30.5 0.1
100 - 249 miles 112 9.2 3 9.5 1 3.6 27.7 1.9 24.7 1.8 30 0.9
250 - 499 miles 165 13.5 6 20.6 3 12.3 16.6 3 14.7 3.9 17.5 2.6
500 - 749 miles 252 20.7 5 17.4 4 17.1 27.6 2.6 26 1.9 25.2 2
750 - 999 miles 166 13.6 5 16.9 5 21.4 23.4 2.1 39.7 2.1 37.3 3.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 345 28.3 6 19.5 9 34.8 28.7 2.8 16.1 3.8 16.4 4.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 68 5.6 1 3.1 2 7.6 44.1 1.6 33.4 1.2 33.3 2.5
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 510 100 5,486 100 3,127 100 26.8 - 25 - 26 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 10 2 1,326 24.2 179 5.7 28.2 3.8 39.2 14.2 40.4 3.7
100 - 249 miles 14 2.7 S S 76 2.4 38.6 2.6 S S 43.1 2
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 71 14 532 9.7 565 18.1 32.4 7.9 19.7 11.1 21.6 12.4
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 213 41.7 304 5.5 526 16.8 34.9 5.6 22.2 5.8 21.9 7.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 27 5.3 38 0.7 91 2.9 11.8 2.7 12.5 2.7 12.8 5.2
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 4 5.9 S S S S 25.8 8.4 S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles 8 12.5 - 1.8 S S 40.6 14 23.8 19 S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 337 100 644 100 86 100 21.1 - 48.3 - 49.4 -
Less than 50 miles 154 45.8 S S S S 48.8 15.9 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles 10 3.1 S S S S 30.7 14.5 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 8 2.3 S S S S 33.9 9.3 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 87 25.7 S S S S 32.8 17.5 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.