Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 50,804 100 85,701 100 25,047 100 9.4 - 14.5 - 14.2 -
Less than 50 miles 13,298 26.2 56,980 66.5 1,210 4.8 13.1 2.1 19.7 5.1 20.1 0.7
50 - 99 miles 3,778 7.4 6,953 8.1 656 2.6 9.2 0.6 18.9 2.6 17.6 0.7
100 - 249 miles 6,863 13.5 5,711 6.7 1,252 5 11.7 1.1 9.9 1.4 10.1 0.8
250 - 499 miles 8,338 16.4 4,952 5.8 2,541 10.1 9.4 1.3 13.4 0.9 14.3 1
500 - 749 miles 2,818 5.5 2,586 3 2,247 9 10.9 0.4 10.9 0.6 12 1.1
750 - 999 miles 4,851 9.5 3,275 3.8 3,810 15.2 24.9 1.3 27.7 0.6 27.8 2.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,492 2.9 794 0.9 1,424 5.7 23.1 0.7 21.5 0.2 20.5 0.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,172 8.2 2,261 2.6 5,341 21.3 11.3 0.8 24 0.5 25.3 2.6
More than 2,000 miles 5,195 10.2 2,189 2.6 6,565 26.2 10.6 0.6 14.1 0.4 14.3 1.9

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 41,601 100 82,656 100 20,788 100 9.8 - 14.5 - 12 -
Less than 50 miles 12,234 29.4 56,352 68.2 1,203 5.8 14.2 2.5 19.8 5.1 20.2 0.8
50 - 99 miles 3,555 8.5 6,928 8.4 654 3.1 8.8 0.7 18.9 2.7 17.6 0.9
100 - 249 miles 6,186 14.9 5,584 6.8 1,219 5.9 11.7 1.2 10 1.4 10.4 0.8
250 - 499 miles 7,357 17.7 4,838 5.9 2,474 11.9 10.8 1.9 12.8 0.9 13.5 1.1
500 - 749 miles 2,124 5.1 2,316 2.8 1,990 9.6 8.9 0.3 9.5 0.6 10.2 1.1
750 - 999 miles 3,864 9.3 2,553 3.1 3,014 14.5 26.2 1.4 17.3 0.3 18.6 1.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,141 2.7 647 0.8 1,147 5.5 24.9 0.7 21.3 0.2 21.1 1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,394 5.8 1,717 2.1 3,964 19.1 10.5 0.5 21.2 0.4 22.1 2.1
More than 2,000 miles 2,747 6.6 1,720 2.1 5,123 24.6 15.9 0.7 15.9 0.4 16.1 2.4

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 37,686 100 77,281 100 13,106 100 11.6 - 15 - 11.8 -
Less than 50 miles 12,206 32.4 56,205 72.7 1,198 9.1 14.3 2.7 19.9 4.9 20.4 1.4
50 - 99 miles 3,495 9.3 6,733 8.7 624 4.8 9.2 0.9 18.8 2.8 17.2 1.3
100 - 249 miles 6,106 16.2 5,326 6.9 1,144 8.7 12.1 1.1 9.6 1.6 10 1.2
250 - 499 miles 5,320 14.1 3,760 4.9 1,795 13.7 12.2 1 12.3 0.8 12.4 1.5
500 - 749 miles 1,812 4.8 1,518 2 1,243 9.5 11.4 0.4 16 0.5 16.3 1
750 - 999 miles 3,282 8.7 1,352 1.8 1,455 11.1 31.8 1.4 15.8 0.1 15.5 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,061 2.8 432 0.6 711 5.4 26.4 0.9 28.3 0.2 30.9 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,018 5.4 1,013 1.3 2,259 17.2 12.8 0.6 21.9 0.3 22.3 2.1
More than 2,000 miles 2,386 6.3 940 1.2 2,677 20.4 17.9 0.7 19.7 0.2 19.1 2.1

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 21,349 100 32,661 100 11,270 100 13.6 - 19.6 - 13.2 -
Less than 50 miles 2,042 9.6 17,764 54.4 412 3.7 16.8 1.2 31.4 7.9 31.3 0.9
50 - 99 miles 1,231 5.8 3,451 10.6 319 2.8 20.2 0.8 35.8 2.7 32.5 1.2
100 - 249 miles 3,389 15.9 3,057 9.4 672 6 17 1.5 9.2 3 10.4 0.7
250 - 499 miles 4,143 19.4 3,141 9.6 1,535 13.6 13.2 1.7 13.8 1.9 13.9 1.7
500 - 749 miles 1,810 8.5 1,518 4.6 1,242 11 11.4 0.5 16 1.2 16.3 1
750 - 999 miles 3,276 15.3 1,346 4.1 1,446 12.8 31.9 2.1 15.6 0.9 15.3 1.3
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,058 5 431 1.3 711 6.3 26.5 1.6 28.3 0.5 30.9 1.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,014 9.4 1,013 3.1 2,255 20 12.8 1.2 21.9 0.9 22.3 2.1
More than 2,000 miles 2,386 11.2 940 2.9 2,677 23.8 17.9 1 19.7 0.7 19.1 2.5

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 16,337 100 44,620 100 1,836 100 12.4 - 21.7 - 11.8 -
Less than 50 miles 10,164 62.2 38,441 86.2 785 42.8 15.2 2.7 25.5 5.2 22.9 5.6
50 - 99 miles 2,264 13.9 3,281 7.4 305 16.6 8.6 1.9 21.9 3.6 20.5 4.8
100 - 249 miles 2,717 16.6 2,269 5.1 472 25.7 13.3 1.6 14.2 2.1 15.5 4
250 - 499 miles 1,177 7.2 619 1.4 260 14.2 18 1 16.1 0.5 16.4 2.5
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,086 100 5,189 100 7,544 100 16.1 - 17.3 - 21.9 -
Less than 50 miles 11 0.5 S S S S 37.2 1.4 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 80 3.8 257 5 75 1 33.2 1.9 30.9 2.3 30 0.6
250 - 499 miles 399 19.2 1,078 20.8 678 9 24.4 3.5 22.2 3.4 22.7 1.7
500 - 749 miles 282 13.5 673 13 631 8.4 22.1 2 22 1.5 23.6 1.9
750 - 999 miles 482 23.1 1,200 23.1 1,559 20.7 18 3.9 26.6 3.9 27.9 5.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 79 3.8 215 4.1 435 5.8 37.4 0.9 37.7 1.2 33.6 1.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 356 17.1 703 13.5 1,703 22.6 25.9 3.8 38.4 2.6 39.7 4
More than 2,000 miles 338 16.2 773 14.9 2,429 32.2 29.7 3.7 25.4 3.6 25.1 5.6

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 27 100 138 100 133 100 17.6 - 11.5 - 14.1 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles 24 89.6 125 90.4 116 87.4 8.2 9 5.9 8.7 5.5 11.2
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 26 100 131 100 132 100 14.3 - 7.7 - 13.5 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles 24 94.9 125 95.2 116 88.1 8.2 4.5 5.9 4.5 5.5 10.7
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,785 100 2 100 4 100 46.5 - 22.7 - 27.4 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 1 33.6 1 14.1 S S 34.3 13.7 34.7 14.3
500 - 749 miles 6 0.3 S S S S 41.6 7.8 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S 1 34.2 S S S S 48.9 12.2
More than 2,000 miles 21 1.2 S S S S 45.5 12.8 S S S S

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 17 100 46 100 S S 25.2 - 21 - S S
Less than 50 miles 17 100 46 100 S S 25.2 - 21 - S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 6,757 100 2,285 100 4,091 100 10.4 - 30.5 - 27.9 -
Less than 50 miles 178 2.6 8 0.4 - - 32.6 0.9 31.8 0.3 32.9 -
50 - 99 miles 163 2.4 S S S S 22.2 0.4 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 568 8.4 106 4.6 28 0.7 24.1 1.4 45.2 3.3 43.8 0.7
250 - 499 miles 863 12.8 81 3.6 53 1.3 27.8 2.5 40.1 1.5 43.6 0.5
500 - 749 miles 407 6 260 11.4 248 6.1 18.3 1.1 35.6 3 37.4 2.5
750 - 999 miles 722 10.7 S S S S 32.6 2 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 254 3.8 131 5.7 251 6.1 15.3 0.6 47.5 1.1 49.7 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,453 21.5 530 23.2 1,345 32.9 12.7 3.2 44.1 6.6 43.9 6.8
More than 2,000 miles 2,148 31.8 451 19.7 1,388 33.9 10.3 2.6 25.5 5.9 21.7 6.7

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,907 100 104 100 156 100 11.7 - 16.1 - 19.1 -
Less than 50 miles 178 3.6 8 7.7 - 0.2 32.6 1 31.8 2.1 32.9 0.1
50 - 99 miles 160 3.3 5 4.8 1 0.3 22.6 0.5 33 0.9 29.6 0.1
100 - 249 miles 499 10.2 12 11.5 2 1.6 27.4 1.8 36.7 2.4 30.2 0.6
250 - 499 miles 544 11.1 16 15.5 8 5.2 17.2 2.2 23.5 2.2 23 1.4
500 - 749 miles 294 6 6 5.9 5 3.3 19 0.7 18.1 0.9 15.5 0.5
750 - 999 miles 583 11.9 6 5.5 6 4.2 41.6 3.5 15.8 0.6 13.7 0.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 205 4.2 4 3.8 7 4.4 18.4 0.6 12.9 0.9 12.9 1.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 999 20.4 22 21.6 51 33 20.1 2.6 29.5 2.8 29.6 3.1
More than 2,000 miles 1,446 29.5 25 23.8 75 47.8 12.9 3.5 17.8 3.2 18.5 2.6

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,021 100 1,928 100 3,351 100 24.9 - 36.7 - 34.4 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 23 2.3 S S S S 46.2 3.9 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 13 1.2 46 2.4 S S 23.4 1.3 41.2 2.2 S S
500 - 749 miles 106 10.4 253 13.1 242 7.2 34.8 6.8 32.7 8.4 34.8 7
750 - 999 miles 122 12 S S S S 34.2 5.8 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 127 6.6 244 7.3 S S 44.8 1.4 47.3 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 438 42.9 494 25.6 1,228 36.6 36.8 7.2 46.1 7 46.5 6.4
More than 2,000 miles 267 26.1 278 14.4 872 26 26.2 4.7 23.7 4.7 24.4 5.1

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 814 100 S S S S 46.4 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 19 8 15 2.9 S S 46.4 9 46.1 3
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 17 2.1 S S 47 8.9 12.4 2.9 S S 37.2 13.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 436 53.5 S S S S 46 8.4 S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,446 100 761 100 S S 28.4 - 24.6 - S S
Less than 50 miles 886 36.2 620 81.4 7 4.1 12.3 11.1 30.7 8.3 26 6.9
50 - 99 miles 60 2.5 12 1.5 1 0.6 48.6 2.2 48.2 2.2 46.7 3.3
100 - 249 miles 108 4.4 S S 5 2.8 46.7 2.3 S S 49.8 7.2
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S 10 1.3 9 5.1 S S 40.7 0.6 43.6 8
750 - 999 miles 265 10.8 S S 19 11.6 45.2 3.7 S S 49.4 9.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.