Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 50,804 100 85,701 100 25,047 100 731 9.4 - 14.5 - 14.2 - 16.3
Single modes 41,601 81.9 82,656 96.4 20,788 83 161 9.8 1.8 14.5 0.5 12 2.1 15.5
Truck6 37,686 74.2 77,281 90.2 13,106 52.3 150 11.6 3.5 15 1.8 11.8 4.6 17.2
For-hire truck 21,349 42 32,661 38.1 11,270 45 661 13.6 3.4 19.6 5.6 13.2 4.3 12.1
Private truck 16,337 32.2 44,620 52.1 1,836 7.3 45 12.4 2.5 21.7 5.5 11.8 1.1 6.3
Rail 2,086 4.1 5,189 6.1 7,544 30.1 1,378 16.1 0.7 17.3 1.4 21.9 3.2 9.9
Water 27 0.1 138 0.2 133 0.5 1,298 17.6 0.3 11.5 1.1 14.1 2.1 20.3
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft 26 0.1 131 0.2 132 0.5 1,731 14.3 0.3 7.7 1 13.5 2.1 34.2
Air (incl truck and air) 1,785 3.5 2 - 4 - 2,283 46.5 1.8 22.7 - 27.4 - 12.5
Pipeline7 17 - 46 0.1 S S S 25.2 - 21 0.1 S S S
Multiple modes 6,757 13.3 2,285 2.7 4,091 16.3 1,784 10.4 0.6 30.5 0.5 27.9 2.1 5.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 4,907 9.7 104 0.1 156 0.6 1,783 11.7 1 16.1 - 19.1 0.1 5.9
Truck and rail 1,021 2 1,928 2.3 3,351 13.4 1,933 24.9 0.5 36.7 0.5 34.4 2.4 10.3
Truck and water 814 1.6 S S S S 2,389 46.4 0.5 S S S S 12.9
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 2,446 4.8 761 0.9 S S S 28.4 1.6 24.6 0.3 S S S

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,643 100 4,634 100 3,772 100 496 24.3 - 43.2 - 28.9 - 38.2
Single modes 5,236 92.8 4,429 95.6 3,337 88.5 388 24.7 2.4 45 2.6 29.3 3.8 40.7
Truck6 5,154 91.3 4,316 93.1 3,161 83.8 384 24.9 2.5 45.6 3.6 30.5 5 40.9
For-hire truck 3,493 61.9 2,703 58.3 3,045 80.7 1,387 27.2 6.7 44.5 5.4 30.5 5.3 7.6
Private truck 1,662 29.4 1,613 34.8 116 3.1 50 25.9 6.3 48.1 4.3 41.3 1.1 40.6
Rail 81 1.4 113 2.4 176 4.7 2,332 45.4 2.4 37.5 4.3 42.9 6.9 20.1
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - - - 1,465 S S 44.2 - 47.2 - 34.9
Multiple modes 391 6.9 197 4.3 S S 1,869 42.3 2.4 41.3 2.6 S S 8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 32 0.6 4 0.1 S S 1,821 44.3 0.5 47.8 0.2 S S 7.9
Truck and rail S S S S S S 2,577 S S S S S S 18.2
Truck and water S S 37 0.8 28 0.7 1,637 S S 41.8 2.9 40.8 3.7 24.8
Other and unknown modes 17 0.3 S S S S S 49.7 0.3 S S S S S

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 4,993 100 3,663 100 2,702 100 662 14.9 - 17.7 - 28 - 26.8
Single modes 4,539 90.9 3,239 88.4 2,352 87 115 13.9 2.4 17.5 3.8 27.9 4.3 10.6
Truck6 4,365 87.4 3,015 82.3 1,808 66.9 112 14.8 3 18.4 4 33 9.2 9.5
For-hire truck 2,116 42.4 1,488 40.6 1,698 62.9 1,333 15.1 3.3 31.7 5.1 34.6 8.7 7.1
Private truck 2,249 45 1,527 41.7 110 4.1 51 17.6 4.2 13.9 5.4 15.1 1.5 10.7
Rail 171 3.4 224 6.1 544 20.1 2,402 25 5.4 29.4 6.8 30.1 17.2 3.5
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes S S 134 3.6 336 12.4 1,995 S S 39 1 39.2 4.4 11.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 1,993 S S S S S S 16.4
Truck and rail 108 2.2 125 3.4 325 12 2,569 32.6 0.7 33 1 32.5 5.6 3.3
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 238 4.8 290 7.9 14 0.5 596 33.1 2.3 33.3 5 50 1.5 36.6

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 452 100 39,136 100 1,178 100 41 21.1 - 19.8 - 16.9 - 25.1
Single modes 371 82.2 38,924 99.5 1,144 97.1 27 16.3 6.4 20 0.9 16.6 1.5 37
Truck6 357 78.9 38,686 98.9 960 81.4 25 16.6 6.1 20.1 0.8 14.4 6 37.9
For-hire truck 140 30.9 12,387 31.7 312 26.5 S 30.3 9.3 36.2 11 30.9 8.3 S
Private truck 217 48 26,299 67.2 648 55 22 26.7 11.3 31.3 11.4 21.9 9.9 43.2
Rail 15 3.2 237 0.6 185 15.7 832 35.8 2.9 27.1 0.4 44.8 7.6 26.7
Multiple modes S S 15 - 30 2.6 S S S 44.6 - 42.3 1.7 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail 3 0.6 14 - 28 2.4 2,361 10.6 1.2 32.7 0.1 30.5 3 7.6
Other and unknown modes 12 2.7 S S S S 59 34.6 3.7 S S S S 39.1

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 2,435 100 6,531 100 254 100 34 44.1 - 44.1 - 37.6 - 11.6
Single modes 2,434 99.9 6,530 100 254 99.9 34 44.1 0.9 44.1 0.7 37.6 0.1 14.6
Truck6 2,434 99.9 6,530 100 254 99.9 34 44.1 0.9 44.1 0.7 37.6 0.1 14.6
For-hire truck 459 18.8 S S 116 45.4 S 16.3 13.3 S S 29.7 12.2 S
Private truck S S S S 139 54.5 33 S S S S 48.3 11.9 13.7
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 1 - S S S S 18 48.2 1.5 S S S S 30.7

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,597 100 1,985 100 840 100 S 32.8 - 20.5 - 23.5 - S
Single modes 4,878 87.2 1,947 98.1 706 84 S 33.5 5 20.9 1.1 23.4 5.6 S
Truck6 4,819 86.1 1,888 95.1 692 82.4 S 34.1 5.1 21.9 2.7 23.9 6.2 S
For-hire truck 2,331 41.7 961 48.4 563 67.1 1,365 46.5 5.6 25.2 5.3 25 4.5 12.5
Private truck S S 927 46.7 129 15.3 35 S S 26.6 6.4 28.8 4.6 37.8
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 2,392 S S S S S S 19
Pipeline7 17 0.3 46 2.3 S S S 25.2 1.3 21 6.9 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S 1,540 S S S S S S 12
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 258 4.6 3 0.2 5 0.6 1,532 48.9 5.1 27.6 0.4 34 1.9 12
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,581 S S S S S S 12.5
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S 3 0.1 S S 47 S S 31 0.2 S S 29.8

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 10,245 100 19,962 100 14,558 100 669 10.2 - 16.3 - 24.9 - 17.4
Single modes 9,101 88.8 18,068 90.5 11,572 79.5 207 9.1 1.6 14.4 2 21.8 3.3 20.8
Truck6 7,319 71.4 13,496 67.6 4,840 33.2 170 9.4 3.4 13.9 4.2 17.7 4.9 21
For-hire truck 5,131 50.1 9,951 49.9 4,537 31.2 342 9.3 4.1 15.3 5.1 18.4 4.8 14.6
Private truck 2,188 21.4 3,545 17.8 303 2.1 51 24.5 4 29.4 4.1 17.5 0.6 10.8
Rail 1,753 17.1 4,434 22.2 6,599 45.3 1,344 18.6 2.4 21.2 2.5 26.3 3 10.7
Water 27 0.3 138 0.7 133 0.9 1,298 17.6 1.1 11.5 2.6 14.1 3.9 20.3
Shallow draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft 26 0.2 131 0.7 132 0.9 1,731 14.3 1.1 7.7 2.6 13.5 3.9 34.2
Air (incl truck and air) 2 - S S S S 1,906 39 - S S S S 20
Multiple modes 967 9.4 1,797 9 2,946 20.2 1,632 21.7 1.2 39.5 1.9 38.1 3.3 8.1
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 340 3.3 12 0.1 14 0.1 1,630 41.4 1.1 25.7 - 27.3 0.1 8.9
Truck and rail 572 5.6 1,622 8.1 2,565 17.6 1,567 37.2 1.4 44.2 2 44.4 3.2 10.7
Truck and water S S S S S S 2,312 S S S S S S 18.4
Other and unknown modes 176 1.7 97 0.5 S S S 40.2 0.7 45.6 0.2 S S S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 5,028 100 7,172 100 644 100 601 14.3 - 24.2 - 16 - 16.5
Single modes 3,980 79.2 7,103 99 567 88 249 14.6 3.5 24.3 0.2 16.5 2.5 17.4
Truck6 3,959 78.7 7,096 98.9 563 87.4 243 14.6 3.6 24.3 0.2 16.8 2.3 18.2
For-hire truck 2,091 41.6 882 12.3 371 57.6 745 22.6 5.6 21.9 4.9 19.5 5.5 14.7
Private truck 1,868 37.1 6,214 86.6 192 29.8 50 17.1 6.1 27.1 4.9 24.5 5 16.2
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - - 0.1 2,261 S S 35.2 - 28 0.1 15
Multiple modes 822 16.3 35 0.5 72 11.2 1,257 23.4 2.7 21.1 0.2 24.2 2.4 11.7
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 737 14.7 21 0.3 24 3.7 1,253 22.3 2.5 33.8 0.1 38.7 1.4 11.7
Truck and rail 31 0.6 10 0.1 34 5.3 3,280 19.8 0.6 17.1 0.3 15.6 5.2 0.5
Truck and water 54 1.1 S S S S 4,928 8.8 3.1 S S S S 45.2
Other and unknown modes 226 4.5 35 0.5 5 0.8 S 38.8 1.5 32.8 0.1 41.8 0.3 S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 8,622 100 550 100 424 100 661 16.3 - 18.2 - 26.5 - 33.4
Single modes 4,972 57.7 420 76.3 267 63.1 S 13.5 6.5 20.5 6.4 18.1 7.2 S
Truck6 3,319 38.5 418 76 266 62.7 S 20.5 10.4 20.6 6.4 18.2 7.1 S
For-hire truck 2,535 29.4 320 58.1 252 59.5 801 26 10.2 28.7 8.9 20.3 8.2 20.4
Private truck 784 9.1 99 18 13 3.1 52 31.4 3.9 36.6 7.6 47.9 5 24.5
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 1,648 19.1 1 0.2 1 0.3 1,072 44.6 11.5 41 0.5 47.3 0.6 31.4
Multiple modes 2,111 24.5 32 5.8 60 14.3 1,336 19.7 3.8 22.2 1.9 33.6 5.2 13.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,876 21.8 21 3.8 21 5 1,335 23 4 26.5 0.9 22 2.9 13.5
Truck and water 235 2.7 11 1.9 40 9.3 3,141 33.4 3.9 33.7 3.9 36.3 12 9.4
Other and unknown modes 1,539 17.9 S S S S S 39.5 4.8 S S S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 7,787 100 2,068 100 674 100 1,505 12.2 - 20.2 - 16.3 - 13.1
Single modes 6,090 78.2 1,996 96.5 589 87.4 325 14.4 5.2 21.1 5.7 20 6.6 23
Truck6 5,959 76.5 1,834 88.7 563 83.6 271 15.4 6.1 20.1 6.5 21.1 6.9 29.1
For-hire truck 3,054 39.2 704 34 376 55.8 890 19.2 6.4 19.3 6.7 20.1 5.3 9.6
Private truck 2,905 37.3 1,131 54.7 187 27.8 71 27.5 6.5 26.4 8.8 26.8 4.9 19
Rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 3,033 S S S S S S 16.9
Multiple modes 1,505 19.3 40 1.9 79 11.8 2,136 16.1 4.4 39.9 4.7 44 6 7.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,493 19.2 38 1.8 74 11 2,136 16.2 4.4 42.9 4.6 47.2 6 7.2
Truck and water S S 3 0.1 S S 1,773 S S 43.7 0.3 S S 28.2
Other and unknown modes S S 32 1.5 S S S S S 38.8 1.1 S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S 1,339 S S S S S S 47.8
Single modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck6 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S S S S S 17 S S S S S S 45
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.