Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 250,064 100 274,454 100 48,008 100 9.4 - 9.8 - 11.6 -
Less than 50 miles 50,006 20 163,822 59.7 4,221 8.8 4.6 1.6 14.9 4.9 15.7 1.1
50 - 99 miles 42,710 17.1 44,004 16 4,628 9.6 9.1 1.6 12.7 1.9 13.5 0.8
100 - 249 miles 53,378 21.3 31,944 11.6 8,161 17 7.4 1.5 16.1 1.8 24 2
250 - 499 miles 32,907 13.2 19,275 7 10,593 22.1 11.1 0.4 19.9 1.6 29.1 3.8
500 - 749 miles 20,527 8.2 6,675 2.4 5,230 10.9 14.1 0.5 14.6 0.6 17.8 1.4
750 - 999 miles 11,902 4.8 2,513 0.9 2,617 5.5 20.6 0.5 11.8 0.1 11.8 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 16,798 6.7 2,879 1 4,120 8.6 29.2 1 19.6 0.2 19.8 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 6,448 2.6 1,077 0.4 2,244 4.7 43.1 0.6 25.5 0.1 26.6 0.9
More than 2,000 miles 15,389 6.2 2,265 0.8 6,193 12.9 34.7 1.1 25.3 0.2 26.6 2.5

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 215,660 100 269,970 100 45,003 100 10.6 - 9.8 - 12.1 -
Less than 50 miles 47,023 21.8 163,250 60.5 4,209 9.4 4.7 2 14.9 5 15.7 1.3
50 - 99 miles 37,768 17.5 43,739 16.2 4,599 10.2 6.8 1.5 12.7 1.9 13.6 0.9
100 - 249 miles 45,474 21.1 30,271 11.2 7,773 17.3 6.8 1.3 17.2 1.8 25.6 2
250 - 499 miles 27,940 13 18,826 7 10,374 23.1 13.2 0.5 20.7 1.7 29.9 3.9
500 - 749 miles 16,694 7.7 6,340 2.3 4,986 11.1 17.8 0.5 14.1 0.5 17.5 1.4
750 - 999 miles 9,607 4.5 2,351 0.9 2,430 5.4 26.4 0.5 12.4 0.1 12.5 0.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 13,431 6.2 2,300 0.9 3,307 7.3 29.4 0.9 17 0.2 18.2 1.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 844 0.3 1,752 3.9 S S 27.2 0.1 29.5 0.9
More than 2,000 miles 12,315 5.7 2,050 0.8 5,574 12.4 44.1 1.2 27.7 0.2 29.3 2.6

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 204,604 100 243,825 100 32,348 100 8.4 - 12.4 - 8.4 -
Less than 50 miles 46,410 22.7 159,556 65.4 3,878 12 4.6 1.8 15.5 3.9 18.8 1.5
50 - 99 miles 37,153 18.2 37,712 15.5 3,825 11.8 6.7 1.4 14.6 1.6 15.6 1.1
100 - 249 miles 44,709 21.9 22,910 9.4 4,906 15.2 7 1.1 6.6 1.1 5.8 1.2
250 - 499 miles 27,199 13.3 11,778 4.8 5,279 16.3 13.3 0.6 11.7 1.1 12.5 1.5
500 - 749 miles 16,226 7.9 5,398 2.2 3,993 12.3 18.4 0.7 8.2 0.3 8 0.6
750 - 999 miles 9,352 4.6 2,252 0.9 2,315 7.2 27.4 0.7 11 0.1 11.1 0.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 12,090 5.9 2,058 0.8 2,901 9 26.3 0.9 14.9 0.1 15.5 0.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,469 2.2 706 0.3 1,449 4.5 45 0.6 24.2 0.1 26.2 0.8
More than 2,000 miles 6,995 3.4 1,455 0.6 3,802 11.8 14.1 0.3 12.5 0.1 12.1 1.2

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 126,938 100 130,188 100 26,126 100 14.5 - 16.3 - 10.1 -
Less than 50 miles 14,087 11.1 72,305 55.5 2,077 7.9 9.3 1.2 21.1 4.6 28.9 1.7
50 - 99 miles 15,875 12.5 21,963 16.9 2,298 8.8 11.1 1.4 23.5 2.3 24.5 1.4
100 - 249 miles 26,873 21.2 14,828 11.4 3,307 12.7 10.6 1.3 10 1.3 8.9 1.3
250 - 499 miles 22,416 17.7 9,687 7.4 4,377 16.8 17.2 0.8 14.1 1.6 15.1 1.9
500 - 749 miles 15,258 12 5,100 3.9 3,792 14.5 19.4 0.8 8.6 0.4 8.3 0.8
750 - 999 miles 9,095 7.2 2,148 1.6 2,202 8.4 28.3 0.8 12 0.2 12.1 0.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 11,889 9.4 1,999 1.5 2,829 10.8 26.9 1.2 15.6 0.2 16.1 1.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 4,455 3.5 703 0.5 1,444 5.5 45.1 0.7 24.3 0.1 26.4 0.9
More than 2,000 miles 6,991 5.5 1,455 1.1 3,800 14.5 14.1 0.5 12.5 0.1 12.1 1.5

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 77,666 100 113,637 100 6,221 100 3.6 - 15.6 - 8.4 -
Less than 50 miles 32,323 41.6 87,251 76.8 1,801 28.9 5.3 2.3 19 3.4 14.2 2.7
50 - 99 miles 21,279 27.4 15,749 13.9 1,526 24.5 6.7 1.5 13.5 2 11.8 1.5
100 - 249 miles 17,836 23 8,082 7.1 1,599 25.7 9.6 1.6 10.2 1.2 10.6 1.9
250 - 499 miles 4,784 6.2 2,091 1.8 902 14.5 12.1 0.7 14.2 0.3 14.3 1.7
500 - 749 miles 968 1.2 298 0.3 201 3.2 13.9 0.2 13.8 0.1 13 0.5
750 - 999 miles 257 0.3 104 0.1 112 1.8 23.5 0.1 27.3 - 28.2 0.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 201 0.3 59 0.1 72 1.2 26 0.1 34.4 - 33.4 0.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 26,104 100 12,587 100 S S 43.3 - 43.6 -
Less than 50 miles 613 7 3,693 14.1 S S 18.3 12.5 35.4 12.2 S S
50 - 99 miles 284 3.3 6,021 23.1 768 6.1 39.2 5.6 41.4 7.1 42.7 4.6
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 348 4 S S S S 35.2 6.2 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 184 2.1 S S S S 32.2 4.4 S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S 94 0.4 110 0.9 S S 49.6 3.2 49.2 4.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 239 0.9 401 3.2 S S 33 2.8 35.3 4
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 134 0.5 294 2.3 S S 48.1 1.8 49.4 3.8
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,354 100 41 100 69 100 13.5 - 22.9 - 36 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 368 15.6 5 11.2 2 3 40.4 6.9 31.8 3.1 36.3 1.9
250 - 499 miles 393 16.7 3 6.8 2 2.3 34.1 7.6 37.9 4.7 36.2 2
500 - 749 miles 284 12.1 4 9.8 3 5 41.1 4.3 37.6 4.1 45.6 3.4
750 - 999 miles 212 9 S S S S 30.9 3.9 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 350 14.9 4 9.6 5 7.2 24.8 4.2 34.2 5.8 29.4 5.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 73 3.1 S S S S 35.4 1.2 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 343 14.6 S S S S 40.7 3.7 S S S S

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 30,146 100 2,222 100 1,521 100 9.4 - 28.3 - 13.6 -
Less than 50 miles 1,263 4.2 88 4 4 0.3 20.2 0.8 26.3 1.7 24.7 0.1
50 - 99 miles 4,467 14.8 124 5.6 14 0.9 37 3.7 14.8 1.3 15.7 0.2
100 - 249 miles 7,448 24.7 S S S S 18.5 3.6 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 4,667 15.5 138 6.2 66 4.4 13.5 1.4 16.8 2.1 17.8 0.8
500 - 749 miles 3,391 11.2 158 7.1 120 7.9 20.4 1.9 27.2 2.8 27.5 1.9
750 - 999 miles 1,910 6.3 93 4.2 112 7.4 13.8 1 20.7 1.3 23.2 2.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,072 10.2 241 10.9 368 24.2 34.2 3.1 40.4 4.5 38.5 5.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 968 3.2 54 2.4 118 7.8 25.3 0.7 39 1.6 40.4 3.4
More than 2,000 miles 2,961 9.8 156 7 458 30.1 21.1 1.9 18 2.6 19 4.8

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 28,160 100 697 100 476 100 10.1 - 10.8 - 13.1 -
Less than 50 miles 1,228 4.4 47 6.7 2 0.4 20.7 0.9 21.3 1.3 22.2 0.1
50 - 99 miles 4,446 15.8 97 13.9 11 2.2 37.3 3.7 11.1 1.2 11.6 0.3
100 - 249 miles 7,295 25.9 185 26.5 40 8.4 18.8 3.6 12.8 2.5 12.6 1.3
250 - 499 miles 4,561 16.2 118 17 56 11.7 13.4 1.3 14.3 1.1 15.2 0.6
500 - 749 miles 3,262 11.6 71 10.2 52 11 21.2 1.9 14.5 1.2 14.7 1
750 - 999 miles 1,782 6.3 53 7.6 55 11.5 12.4 0.8 17.2 1 17.3 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,945 6.9 51 7.3 70 14.8 12 0.7 13.6 0.8 13.5 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 935 3.3 20 2.9 40 8.4 26.6 0.7 23.7 0.3 23.4 0.9
More than 2,000 miles 2,707 9.6 55 7.9 151 31.7 23 1.8 16 0.8 16.5 1.9

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 1,478 100 968 100 S S 43 - 20.8 -
Less than 50 miles 35 1.9 41 2.8 2 0.2 47.3 8.3 45.7 8.7 36.7 0.3
50 - 99 miles 20 1.1 S S S S 34.2 6.7 S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S 20 1.3 11 1.1 S S 49.1 3.1 49.2 1.3
500 - 749 miles 126 7.1 84 5.7 65 6.7 44.4 7.6 41.7 8.6 41.2 4.2
750 - 999 miles S S 33 2.2 40 4.2 S S 33.3 3.2 33.5 4.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S 265 27.3 S S S S 48.8 7.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 33 1.8 S S S S 18.9 3.4 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 237 13.3 98 6.6 290 29.9 21.9 9.1 26.1 8.1 26.3 8.8

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 194 100 47 100 72 100 44.9 - 34.6 - 47.8 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles 1 0.5 S S S S 1.5 4.2 S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 20 43.5 S S S S 37.4 16.1 S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 17 8.7 7 15.8 S S 28 18.1 49.9 14.8 S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 13 6.7 S S S S 46.8 18.7 S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,258 100 2,262 100 S S 17.7 - 37.5 - S S
Less than 50 miles 1,719 40.4 484 21.4 8 0.5 28.9 7.6 37.3 6.3 33.5 0.7
50 - 99 miles 475 11.2 141 6.2 15 1 45.6 5.7 27.8 5.2 26.8 3
100 - 249 miles 456 10.7 S S S S 27.9 2.3 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 300 7.1 311 13.8 153 10.3 23.9 3.2 39.8 3.5 41.5 5.5
500 - 749 miles 442 10.4 S S S S 38.1 2.8 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 385 9 70 3.1 75 5 34.5 2.5 28.2 3.6 29.3 8.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 295 6.9 S S S S 31.1 1.6 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 72 1.7 S S S S 35.7 0.9 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 114 2.7 59 2.6 161 10.8 34 1 42 0.8 42.2 3.1

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.