Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 250,064 100 274,454 100 48,008 100 565 9.4 - 9.8 - 11.6 - 12.0
Less than 50 lbs 25,137 10.1 506 0.2 265 0.6 728 11.5 1.2 9.4 - 16.9 0.2 11.1
50 - 99 lbs 6,861 2.7 364 0.1 115 0.2 310 5.9 0.3 12.8 - 15.3 0.1 13.3
100 - 499 lbs 18,468 7.4 2,014 0.7 483 1.0 245 7.3 0.8 8.5 0.1 10.0 0.2 9.5
500 - 749 lbs 5,653 2.3 1,131 0.4 222 0.5 198 7.2 0.2 8.2 - 8.3 0.1 6.3
750 - 999 lbs 4,326 1.7 1,028 0.4 204 0.4 197 16.3 0.3 5.8 - 13.5 0.1 8.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 53,313 21.3 16,939 6.2 3,806 7.9 203 6.1 1.8 7.7 0.6 11.3 1.9 4.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 120,161 48.1 196,234 71.5 29,268 61.0 180 20.3 3.6 14.1 4.1 15.3 6.1 16.8
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 12,437 5.0 25,471 9.3 2,235 4.7 83 18.2 1.2 11.9 1.1 7.1 0.7 8.0
More than 100,000 lbs 3,708 1.5 30,766 11.2 11,410 23.8 277 19.6 0.4 36.2 4.2 47.8 7.2 19.7

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 215,660 100 269,970 100 45,003 100 202 10.6 - 9.8 - 12.1 - 10.6
Less than 50 lbs 5,772 2.7 192 0.1 35 0.1 246 9.7 0.3 19.8 - 14.4 - 17.7
50 - 99 lbs 3,043 1.4 232 0.1 36 0.1 147 12.6 0.2 21.2 - 21.2 - 23.3
100 - 499 lbs 13,078 6.1 1,742 0.6 340 0.8 190 6.8 0.6 10.0 - 13.1 0.2 11.7
500 - 749 lbs 5,116 2.4 1,077 0.4 192 0.4 178 7.5 0.3 8.8 - 9.7 0.1 6.4
750 - 999 lbs 4,159 1.9 1,005 0.4 202 0.4 199 14.4 0.3 5.6 - 13.8 0.1 9.3
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 51,826 24.0 16,589 6.1 3,611 8.0 198 5.8 2.0 7.6 0.5 11.9 2.0 5.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 116,788 54.2 194,496 72.0 27,411 60.9 168 20.1 3.5 13.9 4.2 14.3 6.3 17.5
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 12,411 5.8 25,357 9.4 2,191 4.9 82 18.2 1.4 12.0 1.2 8.0 0.8 8.1
More than 100,000 lbs 3,466 1.6 29,281 10.8 S S 272 20.6 0.4 38.6 4.3 S S 25.9

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 204,604 100 243,825 100 32,348 100 172 8.4 - 12.4 - 8.4 - 11.3
Less than 50 lbs 4,285 2.1 183 0.1 24 0.1 171 9.6 0.2 20.2 - 12.4 - 22.7
50 - 99 lbs 2,906 1.4 231 0.1 34 0.1 139 12.8 0.2 21.4 - 22.8 - 24.9
100 - 499 lbs 12,899 6.3 1,737 0.7 334 1.0 186 6.8 0.6 10.1 - 13.7 0.2 12.3
500 - 749 lbs 5,056 2.5 1,074 0.4 190 0.6 177 7.5 0.2 8.9 - 9.4 0.1 6.3
750 - 999 lbs 4,121 2.0 1,000 0.4 193 0.6 191 14.5 0.3 5.6 - 13.7 0.1 9.1
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 51,375 25.1 16,575 6.8 3,585 11.1 197 5.5 1.7 7.6 0.5 11.9 1.7 4.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 110,096 53.8 193,646 79.4 25,525 78.9 153 15.8 3.1 14.0 1.7 10.9 2.4 13.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 12,369 6.0 25,319 10.4 2,174 6.7 82 18.2 1.5 12.1 1.4 8.0 0.8 8.0
More than 100,000 lbs 1,496 0.7 4,061 1.7 287 0.9 110 25.8 0.2 28.2 0.4 20.3 0.1 37.0

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 126,938 100 130,188 100 26,126 100 509 14.5 - 16.3 - 10.1 - 9.4
Less than 50 lbs 1,730 1.4 28 - 17 0.1 689 17.6 0.3 13.2 - 15.3 - 13.0
50 - 99 lbs 1,194 0.9 36 - 25 0.1 662 23.3 0.2 16.6 - 29.0 - 13.6
100 - 499 lbs 5,966 4.7 398 0.3 256 1.0 665 14.5 0.7 16.5 0.1 15.8 0.2 3.2
500 - 749 lbs 2,528 2.0 228 0.2 132 0.5 575 10.3 0.3 18.8 0.1 12.7 0.1 6.7
750 - 999 lbs 2,323 1.8 221 0.2 146 0.6 658 23.3 0.4 14.2 - 17.6 0.1 6.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 26,948 21.2 4,729 3.6 2,607 10.0 578 9.1 2.4 7.4 0.6 13.6 1.9 6.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 77,860 61.3 110,536 84.9 21,170 81.0 234 23.0 3.5 18.4 2.2 13.0 2.9 9.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 7,607 6.0 12,935 9.9 1,585 6.1 116 23.0 2.0 14.0 1.9 13.7 1.2 13.2
More than 100,000 lbs 781 0.6 1,077 0.8 187 0.7 271 32.9 0.2 28.0 0.2 25.6 0.2 25.3

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 77,666 100 113,637 100 6,221 100 57 3.6 - 15.6 - 8.4 - 9.8
Less than 50 lbs 2,555 3.3 155 0.1 7 0.1 51 12.5 0.3 25.1 - 13.1 - 19.7
50 - 99 lbs 1,712 2.2 195 0.2 9 0.1 47 11.6 0.3 26.1 - 10.8 - 20.8
100 - 499 lbs 6,933 8.9 1,339 1.2 77 1.2 56 8.4 0.8 11.9 0.2 9.5 0.1 13.3
500 - 749 lbs 2,528 3.3 846 0.7 58 0.9 69 9.4 0.3 10.2 0.1 15.4 0.1 7.6
750 - 999 lbs 1,798 2.3 779 0.7 47 0.7 60 7.5 0.2 5.2 0.1 11.5 0.1 8.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 24,427 31.5 11,846 10.4 979 15.7 73 5.2 1.1 8.4 1.1 9.5 1.2 4.1
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 32,236 41.5 83,111 73.1 4,355 70.0 59 8.8 2.6 18.9 3.2 8.5 2.0 12.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 4,762 6.1 12,384 10.9 589 9.5 46 28.7 2.0 19.2 1.9 24.1 1.5 7.9
More than 100,000 lbs 716 0.9 2,984 2.6 100 1.6 S 41.1 0.4 28.9 0.8 26.3 0.5 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 26,104 100 12,587 100 1,411 S S 43.3 - 43.6 - 22.9
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs 1 - S S S S S 10.9 0.1 S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs 9 0.1 S S S S S 41.8 0.5 S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S - - S S S S S 16.1 - S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 3 - S S S S S 45.3 - S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,430 S S S S S S 21.1
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 72 S S S S S S 35.5
More than 100,000 lbs S S 25,220 96.6 S S 366 S S 45.3 7.8 S S 32.5

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,354 100 41 100 69 100 1,168 13.5 - 22.9 - 36.0 - 5.6
Less than 50 lbs 1,487 63.2 8 20.2 10 14.8 1,159 12.2 7.3 24.5 6.4 27.0 6.9 6.4
50 - 99 lbs 136 5.8 2 4.3 2 3.0 1,153 40.2 2.8 17.2 3.1 23.1 2.9 23.3
100 - 499 lbs 170 7.2 3 7.0 5 7.0 1,483 27.5 1.6 18.1 4.2 35.5 6.1 17.1
500 - 749 lbs 58 2.5 S S S S 1,065 28.1 2.8 S S S S 36.0
750 - 999 lbs 37 1.6 S S S S 2,013 37.1 0.8 S S S S 16.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 12 28.1 S S 1,467 S S 47.6 7.6 S S 28.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 30,146 100 2,222 100 1,521 100 882 9.4 - 28.3 - 13.6 - 8.1
Less than 50 lbs 18,867 62.6 300 13.5 230 15.1 900 14.4 4.2 13.1 5.1 18.9 3.7 8.4
50 - 99 lbs 3,750 12.4 123 5.5 78 5.2 635 10.6 1.3 13.5 1.5 15.7 0.9 5.4
100 - 499 lbs 5,141 17.1 228 10.3 140 9.2 586 20.5 2.8 12.7 3.0 11.5 2.4 5.7
500 - 749 lbs 452 1.5 39 1.7 29 1.9 778 33.6 0.7 26.2 0.7 24.1 0.5 22.0
750 - 999 lbs 30 0.1 8 0.4 2 0.1 S 39.1 0.1 42.8 0.2 33.5 0.1 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 13 0.6 20 1.3 S S S 46.8 0.5 48.5 0.5 S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 347 15.6 653 42.9 1,811 S S 29.0 5.8 23.7 7.5 8.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 22 0.1 36 1.6 5 0.3 S 39.9 0.2 44.1 5.1 37.6 0.7 S
More than 100,000 lbs 226 0.7 S S 364 23.9 354 42.0 0.3 S S 45.5 8.5 43.9

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 28,160 100 697 100 476 100 881 10.1 - 10.8 - 13.1 - 8.2
Less than 50 lbs 18,863 67.0 300 43.1 230 48.2 900 14.4 3.7 13.2 2.3 18.9 3.3 8.4
50 - 99 lbs 3,750 13.3 123 17.6 78 16.5 635 10.6 1.4 13.5 1.2 15.8 1.7 5.5
100 - 499 lbs 5,072 18.0 228 32.7 138 29.1 583 20.9 2.8 12.7 2.5 11.7 2.7 5.9
500 - 749 lbs 445 1.6 38 5.5 28 5.8 753 34.1 0.7 26.6 1.8 24.0 1.8 22.6
750 - 999 lbs 30 0.1 8 1.1 2 0.4 S 37.7 0.1 41.3 0.6 31.4 0.2 S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 1,478 100 968 100 1,432 S S 43.0 - 20.8 - 13.4
Less than 50 lbs 3 0.2 S S S S 2,079 39.9 0.7 S S S S 28.8
50 - 99 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S 1,679 S S S S S S 30.5
500 - 749 lbs 6 0.3 S S S S 2,244 36.2 2.3 S S S S 25.4
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 1,442 S S S S S S 26.6
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 307 20.8 586 60.5 1,815 S S 32.2 16.1 24.6 11.2 9.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 22 1.2 36 2.5 5 0.5 S 39.9 11.0 44.1 9.8 37.6 1.2 S
More than 100,000 lbs 226 12.6 S S 364 37.6 354 42.0 10.7 S S 45.5 12.4 43.9

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 194 100 47 100 72 100 S 44.9 - 34.6 - 47.8 - S
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S - 0.4 S S 3,476 S S 21.9 8.1 S S 34.4
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S 39 84.7 S S 1,652 S S 41.2 9.6 S S 22.9
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,258 100 2,262 100 S S 76 17.7 - 37.5 - S S 30.9
Less than 50 lbs 498 11.7 14 0.6 - - S 33.5 3.4 43.8 1.6 27.5 0.1 S
50 - 99 lbs 68 1.6 9 0.4 - - S 36.2 0.9 33.2 0.8 31.4 0.1 S
100 - 499 lbs 249 5.8 44 1.9 2 0.2 52 33.2 1.3 34.9 1.4 36.1 0.5 45.5
500 - 749 lbs 86 2.0 S S 1 0.1 S 36.0 0.8 S S 34.1 0.2 S
750 - 999 lbs S S 15 0.7 - - S S S 43.7 2.1 48.3 - S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 1,337 31.4 337 14.9 175 11.8 407 37.7 8.5 41.0 7.4 48.1 10.1 14.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 1,864 43.8 S S S S 896 28.9 9.9 S S S S 15.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S 472 S S S S S S 40.2
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.