Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 82,135 100 86,379 100 18,232 100 5.7 - 13.2 - 6.8 -
Less than 50 miles 15,530 18.9 42,026 48.7 1,147 6.3 10.7 1.7 21.5 5 33.3 1.4
50 - 99 miles 10,079 12.3 13,376 15.5 1,237 6.8 5.5 0.6 21.6 2 18.6 0.8
100 - 249 miles 18,412 22.4 15,236 17.6 3,066 16.8 9.4 1.5 12.2 2.6 11.4 1.4
250 - 499 miles 15,541 18.9 7,462 8.6 3,691 20.2 9.5 1.1 9 1.2 9 1.4
500 - 749 miles 12,253 14.9 4,954 5.7 3,989 21.9 5.5 0.7 7.1 0.6 6.8 1.6
750 - 999 miles 4,763 5.8 1,794 2.1 1,968 10.8 12.5 0.5 8.8 0.3 9.5 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,809 2.2 735 0.9 1,044 5.7 7.5 0.1 16.2 0.2 16.4 0.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 942 1.1 129 0.1 280 1.5 23.8 0.3 16 - 15.8 0.2
More than 2,000 miles 2,805 3.4 666 0.8 1,809 9.9 13.8 0.4 20.2 0.1 20.3 1.8

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 73,976 100 84,041 100 16,535 100 5.7 - 13.6 - 7 -
Less than 50 miles 14,300 19.3 41,773 49.7 1,142 6.9 9.7 1.7 21.6 5 33.5 1.5
50 - 99 miles 9,199 12.4 13,215 15.7 1,219 7.4 5.8 0.7 21.8 2 18.7 0.9
100 - 249 miles 17,609 23.8 14,892 17.7 2,978 18 10 1.5 12.3 2.6 11.7 1.4
250 - 499 miles 13,789 18.6 6,840 8.1 3,300 20 9.4 1.1 7.4 1.1 7.3 1.4
500 - 749 miles 10,303 13.9 4,427 5.3 3,510 21.2 6.2 0.8 8.2 0.6 7.6 1.7
750 - 999 miles 4,149 5.6 1,583 1.9 1,714 10.4 13 0.5 9.5 0.3 10.1 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,492 2 615 0.7 850 5.1 7.6 0.1 15.1 0.2 15.4 0.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 875 1.2 116 0.1 249 1.5 25.8 0.3 20.5 - 20.4 0.2
More than 2,000 miles 2,260 3.1 582 0.7 1,574 9.5 17.6 0.4 21.3 0.1 21.4 1.8

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 71,174 100 80,043 100 13,929 100 5.8 - 14.2 - 7.7 -
Less than 50 miles 14,153 19.9 41,368 51.7 1,135 8.2 9.8 1.8 21.8 5.2 33.7 1.8
50 - 99 miles 9,115 12.8 13,079 16.3 1,204 8.6 5.8 0.7 22.1 2.2 19.1 1
100 - 249 miles 17,278 24.3 13,749 17.2 2,639 18.9 10.2 1.6 12.5 2.8 11.2 1.4
250 - 499 miles 13,032 18.3 5,852 7.3 2,732 19.6 9.3 1.1 6.9 0.9 5.9 1.4
500 - 749 miles 9,513 13.4 3,573 4.5 2,700 19.4 6.9 0.9 10.5 0.5 9.9 1.5
750 - 999 miles 3,851 5.4 1,323 1.7 1,391 10 12.9 0.5 9.1 0.3 9.2 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,438 2 548 0.7 750 5.4 8.1 0.1 16.5 0.1 16.4 0.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 803 1.1 114 0.1 246 1.8 26 0.3 20.9 - 20.8 0.3
More than 2,000 miles 1,993 2.8 437 0.5 1,131 8.1 16.5 0.4 19.5 0.1 19.3 1.3

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 47,095 100 39,079 100 9,663 100 9.4 - 7.6 - 6.7 -
Less than 50 miles 4,553 9.7 16,787 43 329 3.4 15.2 1 18.6 5.3 11.3 0.2
50 - 99 miles 4,835 10.3 5,954 15.2 554 5.7 15.1 1 16.6 2.5 15.7 0.6
100 - 249 miles 11,554 24.5 6,640 17 1,367 14.1 16.4 1.9 8.5 1.5 9 1.6
250 - 499 miles 10,983 23.3 4,698 12 2,213 22.9 11.2 1.5 8.2 1.3 7.5 1.2
500 - 749 miles 8,132 17.3 3,004 7.7 2,274 23.5 8.1 1.6 12.9 1.1 12.1 2
750 - 999 miles 3,338 7.1 1,088 2.8 1,144 11.8 12.1 0.8 10.7 0.4 10.9 1.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,146 2.4 420 1.1 560 5.8 9.1 0.3 22.9 0.2 22.6 1.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 760 1.6 102 0.3 220 2.3 26.2 0.4 23.9 0.1 23.6 0.5
More than 2,000 miles 1,794 3.8 387 1 1,002 10.4 15.5 0.5 17.8 0.2 17.3 1.4

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 24,079 100 40,964 100 4,266 100 11.6 - 24.4 - 19.8 -
Less than 50 miles 9,600 39.9 24,581 60 806 18.9 12.9 2.2 30.3 5.1 45.7 3.6
50 - 99 miles 4,279 17.8 7,125 17.4 650 15.2 7.1 1.4 36.9 2.1 30.6 2.3
100 - 249 miles 5,724 23.8 7,109 17.4 1,272 29.8 8.9 1.9 23.4 4.2 21.3 4.2
250 - 499 miles 2,049 8.5 1,154 2.8 519 12.2 31.7 1.6 19.6 0.7 18.9 2
500 - 749 miles 1,381 5.7 569 1.4 426 10 27.3 0.9 21.3 0.4 21.3 1.6
750 - 999 miles 512 2.1 235 0.6 247 5.8 38.8 0.4 38.4 0.3 38.6 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 292 1.2 129 0.3 191 4.5 28.4 0.3 42.2 0.2 45 1.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 43 0.2 S S S S 47 0.1 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,204 100 3,986 100 2,592 100 9.4 - 10.2 - 10.3 -
Less than 50 miles 147 6.7 405 10.2 7 0.3 19.7 3.5 30.5 3.7 13.5 0.1
50 - 99 miles 84 3.8 136 3.4 15 0.6 47.7 3.2 24.9 2.5 33.7 0.5
100 - 249 miles 298 13.5 1,143 28.7 339 13.1 16.3 2.2 28.2 6 34.2 3.7
250 - 499 miles 578 26.2 985 24.7 566 21.8 17.7 3.9 17.2 4 19 4.1
500 - 749 miles 577 26.2 850 21.3 807 31.1 13.9 4.3 12.5 2.6 13.8 4.1
750 - 999 miles 257 11.7 259 6.5 322 12.4 29.7 3.3 26 1.8 26.4 2.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 32 1.5 66 1.7 99 3.8 9.9 3.6 8.3 3.4 8.2 9.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 231 10.5 143 3.6 438 16.9 39.7 7.1 27.3 2.7 28.2 8.4

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 597 100 12 100 14 100 40.1 - 25.9 - 28.3 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - 36 1.1 28.5 0.5 26.3 0.2
100 - 249 miles S S - 4 S S S S 47.1 1.9 S S
250 - 499 miles 179 29.9 3 24 S S 48.5 5.9 35.1 5.5 S S
500 - 749 miles 213 35.7 4 35.5 3 22 44.8 10.3 39.9 7.9 37.7 8.7
750 - 999 miles S S 1 6.8 1 5.8 S S 41 3.3 42 2.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S 2 13.8 5 33.7 S S 48.1 6.8 38.4 9.6

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 6,696 100 1,794 100 1,510 100 16.9 - 24.3 - 24.1 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 732 10.9 79 4.4 11 0.7 32.7 2.3 36 1.7 37.9 0.2
100 - 249 miles 718 10.7 294 16.4 77 5.1 16.4 1.2 25.4 7 20.9 3.4
250 - 499 miles 1,585 23.7 562 31.3 365 24.2 19.9 2.3 30.3 4.2 28.2 3.9
500 - 749 miles 1,694 25.3 474 26.4 438 29 14.6 3 27.9 4.3 26.5 4.7
750 - 999 miles 546 8.2 193 10.8 235 15.6 17.3 1.1 38.6 2.3 38.4 3.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 279 4.2 98 5.5 166 11 21.3 1.4 43.6 2.8 44.7 5.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 67 1 S S S S 15.5 0.2 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 460 6.9 66 3.7 188 12.4 23.7 1.1 43.4 1.5 42.3 4.4

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4,989 100 178 100 140 100 17.3 - 15.1 - 26.7 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 668 13.4 15 8.7 2 1.1 35.8 3.5 28.8 2.4 27.9 0.9
100 - 249 miles 571 11.4 21 11.8 4 3.2 20.5 2.7 18.7 2.4 18.5 1.1
250 - 499 miles 1,043 20.9 35 19.5 17 12.4 18.2 2.3 14.9 3.3 14.2 2.1
500 - 749 miles 1,238 24.8 47 26.3 35 25.3 19.6 3.4 21.4 3.3 21.6 2.4
750 - 999 miles 341 6.8 18 10.1 19 13.5 22.3 1.3 28.4 1.7 27.4 1.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 170 3.4 7 4.2 12 8.2 24.8 1.2 25.8 0.8 25.7 1.4
1,500 - 2,000 miles 55 1.1 4 2.3 9 6.1 14.5 0.3 33.7 0.5 34.9 1.2
More than 2,000 miles 288 5.8 16 8.8 42 29.9 19.5 0.9 47.6 1.8 46.6 3.9

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,451 100 1,529 100 1,287 100 35.8 - 28.1 - 27.6 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles 64 4.4 64 4.2 9 0.7 40.3 3 29.9 3.6 29.5 0.4
100 - 249 miles 133 9.1 246 16.1 60 4.6 39.1 9.5 29.2 11.3 23.3 8.1
250 - 499 miles 418 28.8 506 33.1 334 26 37.6 7.1 33 6.1 30.5 5.8
500 - 749 miles 377 26 397 25.9 366 28.4 31 7.5 26.1 5.8 23.6 5.4
750 - 999 miles 170 11.7 168 11 202 15.7 34.2 2.1 31.3 2.5 30.8 2.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 109 7.5 90 5.9 154 12 46.8 6.3 40 6.6 41.5 10.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 65 100 S S S S 47.3 - S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 125 50.6 S S S S 39.2 12.7 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S 30 47 36 50.6 S S 37.4 12.5 45.3 9.4
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 1,464 100 543 100 186 100 28.3 - 18.4 - 16.9 -
Less than 50 miles S S 238 43.9 5 2.7 S S 26 5.3 33 0.8
50 - 99 miles 149 10.2 82 15.1 7 3.8 32.4 5.7 37.6 3.2 37.4 1.3
100 - 249 miles 85 5.8 49 9 11 5.7 34.6 2.6 33.3 4.2 29.9 2.8
250 - 499 miles S S 61 11.2 26 14.1 S S 27.7 3.5 25.8 5.5
500 - 749 miles 256 17.5 54 9.9 41 22.1 40.5 4.4 34 2.9 32.1 5.6
750 - 999 miles 68 4.6 18 3.4 19 10.3 30.5 2.9 28 1.1 28.1 2.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 39 2.7 S S S S 39.5 1.2 S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles S S 19 3.5 48 25.7 S S 18.4 1.2 17.4 3.9

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.