Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 156,415 100 168,595 100 31,972 100 5.3 - 9 - 5.3 -
Less than 50 miles 23,011 14.7 106,291 63 1,737 5.4 8.3 1.6 14.6 4.3 13.5 0.9
50 - 99 miles 12,127 7.8 9,581 5.7 983 3.1 18.3 1.2 10.2 0.8 10.2 0.4
100 - 249 miles 28,918 18.5 17,006 10.1 3,726 11.7 12.2 1.6 9.3 1.1 8.1 1.2
250 - 499 miles 48,245 30.8 23,888 14.2 12,527 39.2 7.4 1.2 11.6 2.4 14.9 3.7
500 - 749 miles 22,119 14.1 6,440 3.8 4,885 15.3 11.5 1.4 5.8 0.6 6.6 1
750 - 999 miles 8,484 5.4 2,670 1.6 2,839 8.9 10.8 0.6 11.7 0.4 12.7 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 4,282 2.7 1,095 0.6 1,616 5.1 13.5 0.4 15.5 0.1 17.8 0.9
1,500 - 2,000 miles 7,189 4.6 1,294 0.8 2,813 8.8 21.5 0.7 7.2 0.1 7.1 0.5
More than 2,000 miles 2,041 1.3 332 0.2 846 2.6 14.3 0.2 13.6 - 14.7 0.4

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 137,141 100 160,923 100 26,986 100 5.8 - 10.1 - 3.3 -
Less than 50 miles 22,138 16.1 105,207 65.4 1,717 6.4 8.3 1.6 14.5 3.8 13.6 0.9
50 - 99 miles 11,617 8.5 9,327 5.8 950 3.5 19.4 1.2 9.9 0.9 10 0.4
100 - 249 miles 27,529 20.1 16,327 10.1 3,558 13.2 13 2 9.8 1.2 8.7 1.2
250 - 499 miles 42,644 31.1 19,336 12 9,344 34.6 8.8 1.7 8.9 1.4 9 2.4
500 - 749 miles 18,429 13.4 5,987 3.7 4,512 16.7 11.6 1.3 5.3 0.6 6 1
750 - 999 miles 6,276 4.6 2,471 1.5 2,632 9.8 9.9 0.3 9.1 0.3 10.5 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,411 2.5 1,001 0.6 1,479 5.5 12 0.3 15.5 0.1 17.8 0.8
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,840 2.8 1,010 0.6 2,155 8 4.8 0.2 7.5 0.1 7.4 0.6
More than 2,000 miles 1,256 0.9 257 0.2 640 2.4 13 0.1 11 - 11.4 0.3

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 132,497 100 148,917 100 20,193 100 6 - 10.7 - 4 -
Less than 50 miles 21,990 16.6 103,641 69.6 1,681 8.3 8.3 1.7 14.3 3.7 13.6 0.9
50 - 99 miles 11,553 8.7 9,269 6.2 941 4.7 19.5 1.2 9.8 1 9.9 0.4
100 - 249 miles 26,796 20.2 15,127 10.2 3,268 16.2 13.3 2.1 10.3 1.3 9.5 1
250 - 499 miles 41,003 30.9 12,713 8.5 5,836 28.9 9.5 1.8 4.4 0.9 4.3 1.2
500 - 749 miles 17,623 13.3 4,756 3.2 3,511 17.4 12.2 1.4 7.2 0.6 7.3 1
750 - 999 miles 5,941 4.5 1,698 1.1 1,702 8.4 11.2 0.4 6.8 0.2 6.7 0.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,754 2.1 612 0.4 872 4.3 14.9 0.3 14 0.1 14.3 0.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,623 2.7 865 0.6 1,803 8.9 5.4 0.2 10 0.1 9.9 1.2
More than 2,000 miles 1,214 0.9 235 0.2 578 2.9 13.5 0.1 12.4 - 12.3 0.4

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 91,216 100 70,210 100 16,550 100 6.8 - 8.6 - 2.7 -
Less than 50 miles 5,732 6.3 37,880 54 547 3.3 8.8 0.7 14.9 4.3 15 0.5
50 - 99 miles 5,774 6.3 4,368 6.2 450 2.7 32.8 1.5 12.1 0.9 12.9 0.3
100 - 249 miles 13,810 15.1 8,795 12.5 1,953 11.8 18.8 2.5 8.5 1.3 7.6 0.8
250 - 499 miles 34,817 38.2 11,041 15.7 5,164 31.2 10.7 2.8 4.6 1.4 4.5 1.5
500 - 749 miles 17,552 19.2 4,716 6.7 3,481 21 12.1 1.6 7.1 1 7.2 1.2
750 - 999 miles 5,941 6.5 1,698 2.4 1,702 10.3 11.2 0.6 6.8 0.4 6.7 0.6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,753 3 612 0.9 872 5.3 14.9 0.4 14 0.1 14.3 0.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,623 4 865 1.2 1,803 10.9 5.4 0.3 10 0.2 9.9 1.3
More than 2,000 miles 1,214 1.3 235 0.3 578 3.5 13.5 0.2 12.4 - 12.3 0.4

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 41,281 100 78,707 100 3,643 100 11.6 - 15.7 - 13.9 -
Less than 50 miles 16,257 39.4 65,761 83.6 1,134 31.1 12.6 4.4 17.3 3.9 16.7 2.9
50 - 99 miles 5,780 14 4,901 6.2 491 13.5 16.6 1.8 15.5 2.1 15.1 1.6
100 - 249 miles 12,986 31.5 6,332 8 1,315 36.1 24 3.3 19.7 1.4 19.1 2.1
250 - 499 miles 6,186 15 1,672 2.1 672 18.5 18.1 1.9 9.9 0.6 9.6 1.7
500 - 749 miles 71 0.2 S S S S 34.2 0.1 S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,630 100 9,795 100 6,294 100 25.8 - 22.3 - 21.9 -
Less than 50 miles 78 2.1 165 1.7 3 - 47.6 1.2 31.4 2 42.6 -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 250 6.9 937 9.6 246 3.9 43 2 18 3.9 18.2 1.4
250 - 499 miles 1,328 36.6 6,082 62.1 3,092 49.1 33.5 6.1 29.9 7.7 29.2 7.4
500 - 749 miles 723 19.9 1,226 12.5 997 15.8 32.8 4.2 23.1 3.7 23.8 3.4
750 - 999 miles 307 8.5 772 7.9 929 14.8 35.8 2.6 30 3.4 30.5 4.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 645 17.8 388 4 606 9.6 25.3 8 32.7 2 37.2 4.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 212 5.8 145 1.5 352 5.6 33.9 4 29 1.4 29.9 4.5
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 227 100 2,131 100 S S 35.9 - 42.8 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Shallow draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 227 100 2,131 100 S S 35.9 - 42.8 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 776 100 14 100 13 100 40.1 - 30.5 - 27.8 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S 3 19.8 2 13.8 S S 29.5 13.1 47.7 13.7
250 - 499 miles S S 4 28.8 4 32.1 S S 41.9 10.6 42.3 9.9
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S 1 5.2 S S S S 49.9 3.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 5 0.7 - 1.8 1 4.2 31.3 2.3 24.3 2.5 20.2 3.1
More than 2,000 miles S S - 1.5 1 5.8 S S 42.1 2.9 45.1 5.3

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 11 100 S S S S 32 - S S S S
Less than 50 miles 11 100 S S S S 32 - S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 17,131 100 6,030 100 4,610 100 14.5 - 36.2 - 36.1 -
Less than 50 miles 239 1.4 S S S S 24 0.4 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 422 2.5 S S S S 27.2 0.5 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 1,199 7 554 9.2 140 3 19 1 32.9 4 30.8 1.6
250 - 499 miles 5,270 30.8 4,395 72.9 S S 8.3 5 49.7 10.5 S S
500 - 749 miles 3,395 19.8 390 6.5 330 7.2 17.6 2.1 17 4.7 17.5 4.9
750 - 999 miles 2,134 12.5 90 1.5 101 2.2 35.9 2.9 31.6 0.6 31.9 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 742 4.3 58 1 87 1.9 31.3 1.3 34.5 2.2 34.5 4.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,986 17.4 265 4.4 617 13.4 48.3 4 28.6 1.7 28 4.5
More than 2,000 miles 744 4.3 S S S S 19 0.6 S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 13,263 100 316 100 244 100 22.3 - 17.6 - 19.4 -
Less than 50 miles 227 1.7 10 3 - 0.2 24.8 0.7 20.9 0.8 25.6 -
50 - 99 miles 412 3.1 17 5.3 2 0.7 28.4 0.7 38.3 0.8 39.7 0.1
100 - 249 miles 1,079 8.1 48 15.1 12 4.8 20.2 1.2 25.8 1.6 26.5 0.6
250 - 499 miles 2,943 22.2 78 24.7 40 16.3 15.1 3.4 12.8 1.6 13.3 1.5
500 - 749 miles 2,995 22.6 79 25 60 24.7 20.3 2.8 15.3 1.9 15.7 2.3
750 - 999 miles 2,046 15.4 38 12 38 15.7 37.6 2.9 14.8 1.6 14.7 2.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 654 4.9 16 4.9 21 8.7 35.8 2 44.5 0.8 42.2 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S 22 6.8 46 18.9 S S 34.1 0.9 34.7 2.3
More than 2,000 miles 614 4.6 10 3.1 25 10.1 26 0.8 20.2 0.6 20.6 1.8

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,100 100 2,501 100 1,864 100 25.3 - 32.9 - 27.5 -
Less than 50 miles 11 0.4 S S 3 0.2 22 0.4 S S 46.7 0.5
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 119 3.8 506 20.2 128 6.9 32.7 2.6 32.1 4.9 29.5 2
250 - 499 miles 1,655 53.4 1,120 44.8 615 33 30.6 10.6 41.9 7.1 38.3 6
500 - 749 miles 306 9.9 298 11.9 241 12.9 27.9 4.9 21.3 6.5 20 5.8
750 - 999 miles S S 52 2.1 63 3.4 S S 28.3 9.4 22 10
1,000 - 1,499 miles 88 2.8 43 1.7 66 3.5 45.4 15.1 36.8 6.2 35.2 12.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 693 22.4 241 9.6 555 29.8 27.1 5.9 30.6 2.9 30.4 5.8
More than 2,000 miles 129 4.2 S S S S 40.3 2.8 S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1 0.2 S S S S 48.6 10.8 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,142 100 1,642 100 376 100 16.7 - 31.1 - 31.7 -
Less than 50 miles 634 29.6 1,011 61.6 17 4.5 22.6 11 46.2 9.8 43.5 3.3
50 - 99 miles 87 4.1 S S S S 41.3 1.5 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 190 8.9 125 7.6 28 7.4 36.6 3.2 23.3 3.8 25.4 5
250 - 499 miles S S 157 9.5 72 19.2 S S 36.3 4.7 35 7
500 - 749 miles 295 13.8 62 3.8 43 11.5 42.8 6.2 41.5 2.4 41.6 5.3
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.