Table 2. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Destination: 2007

Table 2. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Destination: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 238,466 100 404,087 100 158,928 100 542 4.2 - 8.5 - 15.1 - 8.5
Single modes 204,621 85.8 370,409 91.7 149,160 93.9 194 4.7 1 9.5 2.5 16 1.1 15.2
Truck4 179,815 75.4 223,466 55.3 39,964 25.1 177 5.3 2.2 8.1 4.9 6.8 4.4 14.6
For-hire truck 106,322 44.6 96,665 23.9 30,063 18.9 288 5.9 2 10.3 3.5 7.8 3.5 36.7
Private truck 73,493 30.8 126,801 31.4 9,900 6.2 84 8.2 1.7 11.8 3 8.1 1.1 7.4
Rail 14,106 5.9 131,396 32.5 107,767 67.8 753 17.8 0.9 24.3 4.2 21.9 5 6.3
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) 2,028 0.9 29 - 45 - 1,189 24.2 0.2 20.1 - 23.8 - 8.2
Pipeline5 8,213 3.4 S S S S S 41.2 1.9 S S S S S
Multiple modes 29,562 12.4 13,916 3.4 8,737 5.5 1,026 7.9 0.8 19.1 0.7 15.7 1.1 3.5
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 22,217 9.3 603 0.1 534 0.3 1,026 6.9 0.6 6.4 - 5.7 0.1 3.5
Truck and rail 3,124 1.3 6,379 1.6 6,021 3.8 1,012 14.7 0.2 17.1 0.2 20.5 1 8.9
Truck and water S S 3,837 0.9 1,050 0.7 1,207 S S 48.1 1.1 31.8 0.5 22.9
Rail and water 2,085 0.9 2,229 0.6 606 0.4 409 29.8 0.7 39.6 0.5 47.7 0.4 38.2
Other multiple modes 503 0.2 868 0.2 525 0.3 2,028 35.2 0.3 35.1 0.4 25 0.7 25.6
Other and unknown modes 4,283 1.8 19,761 4.9 1,032 0.6 S 20.4 0.4 47.7 2.3 24.2 0.2 S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.