Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 198,781 100 328,463 100 68,185 100 6.5 - 11.6 - 7.1 -
Less than 50 miles 56,741 28.5 176,725 53.8 3,555 5.2 12.6 2.5 18.4 3.3 13.3 0.8
50 - 99 miles 22,208 11.2 39,510 12 3,590 5.3 13.5 1.1 14 1.6 13.6 0.9
100 - 249 miles 37,076 18.7 54,888 16.7 11,995 17.6 8 1.3 22 2.4 24.6 2.8
250 - 499 miles 26,769 13.5 25,882 7.9 11,165 16.4 10.1 1.2 10.2 1.2 8.7 1.9
500 - 749 miles 12,445 6.3 9,042 2.8 7,153 10.5 10.7 0.7 12.9 0.4 12.2 1.3
750 - 999 miles 16,167 8.1 10,854 3.3 12,021 17.6 10.2 0.6 26.3 0.9 25.6 3.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 23,275 11.7 10,353 3.2 16,009 23.5 11.3 1.4 7.1 0.6 7.1 2.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 3,208 1.6 1,129 0.3 2,383 3.5 11.8 0.2 15.2 0.1 15.2 0.7
More than 2,000 miles S S S S 315 0.5 S S S S 48.6 0.2

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 182,029 100 296,771 100 60,232 100 7.1 - 13.2 - 8.7 -
Less than 50 miles 55,144 30.3 157,962 53.2 3,310 5.5 12.9 2.5 21.6 4.4 14.6 0.9
50 - 99 miles 21,763 12 39,293 13.2 3,561 5.9 13.8 1.1 14 2 13.7 0.9
100 - 249 miles 33,530 18.4 46,866 15.8 10,148 16.8 7.6 1.3 27.2 2.7 30.6 3.1
250 - 499 miles 24,897 13.7 25,282 8.5 10,851 18 10.7 1.4 10.5 1.2 8.9 2
500 - 749 miles 11,065 6.1 7,843 2.6 6,213 10.3 12.1 0.8 14.5 0.4 13.5 1.3
750 - 999 miles 13,399 7.4 9,639 3.2 10,432 17.3 11.7 0.5 27.7 1 26.7 3.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 19,054 10.5 8,970 3 13,809 22.9 11 1.4 8.1 0.6 8.3 2.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,412 1.3 901 0.3 1,855 3.1 12.2 0.2 12.2 0.1 12 0.5
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 156,639 100 219,265 100 39,308 100 7.5 - 8.1 - 10.3 -
Less than 50 miles 51,889 33.1 125,229 57.1 2,865 7.3 12.6 2.4 10.4 3.1 12 1.3
50 - 99 miles 18,792 12 32,598 14.9 3,016 7.7 13.6 1 12.5 1.6 11.9 1.1
100 - 249 miles 29,903 19.1 30,026 13.7 6,328 16.1 6.9 1 10.5 1 9.9 1.7
250 - 499 miles 17,166 11 13,128 6 5,991 15.2 10.2 1.1 11.1 0.6 10.7 1.1
500 - 749 miles 9,208 5.9 4,561 2.1 3,674 9.3 12.3 0.8 17.2 0.4 16.6 1
750 - 999 miles 11,856 7.6 7,607 3.5 8,080 20.6 13.2 0.6 33.4 1 32.6 3.4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 15,635 10 5,417 2.5 7,949 20.2 9.5 1.3 8.7 0.5 7.9 1.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,171 1.4 690 0.3 1,379 3.5 13.7 0.2 18.5 0.1 18.6 0.8
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 91,055 100 100,135 100 30,897 100 9.1 - 12 - 11.6 -
Less than 50 miles 17,480 19.2 45,019 45 1,156 3.7 25.4 2.9 21.2 4.9 23.6 1.3
50 - 99 miles 7,134 7.8 13,246 13.2 1,246 4 16 0.9 15.6 1.7 15.4 0.9
100 - 249 miles 14,722 16.2 14,471 14.5 3,174 10.3 9.3 1.2 10.8 1.7 10.8 1.4
250 - 499 miles 13,836 15.2 9,313 9.3 4,453 14.4 10 1.9 10.1 1.3 10.3 1.5
500 - 749 miles 9,067 10 4,518 4.5 3,640 11.8 12.4 1.3 17.4 0.9 16.7 1.2
750 - 999 miles 11,512 12.6 7,556 7.5 8,025 26 13.9 0.9 33.7 2 32.9 4
1,000 - 1,499 miles 15,112 16.6 5,312 5.3 7,798 25.2 8.9 1.4 8.7 1.1 7.8 2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 2,171 2.4 690 0.7 1,379 4.5 13.7 0.3 18.5 0.1 18.6 0.9
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 65,585 100 119,130 100 8,411 100 11.8 - 14.2 - 11.6 -
Less than 50 miles 34,408 52.5 80,210 67.3 1,709 20.3 14 2.7 15.2 3.2 13.7 2
50 - 99 miles 11,658 17.8 19,352 16.2 1,769 21 21.2 1.9 21.5 2.6 21.1 3.2
100 - 249 miles 15,181 23.1 15,555 13.1 3,154 37.5 10.7 2.5 13.8 1.4 12.2 2.8
250 - 499 miles 3,330 5.1 3,815 3.2 1,539 18.3 18.3 1 21.1 0.7 21.6 4.1
500 - 749 miles S S 42 - 34 0.4 S S 29.2 - 29.8 0.2
750 - 999 miles S S 51 - 55 0.7 S S 48.3 0.1 47.3 0.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 105 0.1 151 1.8 S S 46.8 0.1 46.8 1.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S - - - - S S 3.4 - 6.8 -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 11,460 100 60,507 100 17,415 100 11.2 - 49.8 - 23.9 -
Less than 50 miles 1,074 9.4 S S S S 44.7 4.5 S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 1,646 14.4 S S S S 24 2.7 S S S S
250 - 499 miles 1,411 12.3 3,780 6.2 2,008 11.5 22.1 3.5 28.5 6 25.6 3.4
500 - 749 miles 1,767 15.4 3,241 5.4 2,515 14.4 20.5 4.5 25.1 3.8 20.8 3.6
750 - 999 miles 1,490 13 2,032 3.4 2,352 13.5 10.5 1.6 13.4 3.4 14.2 3.2
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,361 29.3 3,550 5.9 5,855 33.6 31.4 5.8 20.2 5.7 19.9 5.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 178 1.6 199 0.3 450 2.6 30.3 0.4 24.9 0.5 23.4 0.8
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Deep draft

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 14 100 S S S S 38.4 - S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles 9 0.9 S S S S 46.6 10.8 S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S - 0.7 - 0.4 S S 40.2 0.7 40.5 1
250 - 499 miles 38 3.7 S S S S 50 7.8 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 31 3 S S S S 33.1 4.8 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 53 5.2 S S S S 46.7 5.4 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 58 5.6 3 23.9 5 12.4 29.5 12.8 39.9 14.4 33.8 16.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 49 4.7 S S S S 27.9 7.7 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 12,432 100 16,668 100 S S 18.1 - 17.9 - S S
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles 2,430 19.5 3,239 19.4 S S 44.8 6.6 42.9 6.5 S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles 6,282 50.5 8,371 50.2 S S 17.6 14.7 18.7 14.4 S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 14,098 100 12,201 100 7,208 100 16 - 23.3 - 17.8 -
Less than 50 miles 425 3 S S S S 35.1 0.9 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 320 2.3 S S S S 21.7 0.6 S S S S
100 - 249 miles 3,365 23.9 7,754 63.6 1,789 24.8 34.8 4.6 31.3 7.7 31.4 3.9
250 - 499 miles 1,517 10.8 398 3.3 219 3 18.7 1.8 30.7 1.6 33.4 1
500 - 749 miles 1,262 9 1,158 9.5 908 12.6 19.5 1.7 29.8 4.8 30.4 5.7
750 - 999 miles 2,584 18.3 1,173 9.6 1,540 21.4 31.6 3.6 39.4 4.6 41.7 7.8
1,000 - 1,499 miles 3,850 27.3 1,275 10.4 2,025 28.1 25.1 3.5 27.8 2.4 26.8 5.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 647 4.6 190 1.6 450 6.2 16.4 0.9 35.8 0.5 34.6 1.7
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 8,364 100 208 100 179 100 19.3 - 18.5 - 21.7 -
Less than 50 miles 275 3.3 10 4.9 - 0.1 25.8 1.5 29.2 1.5 31.9 -
50 - 99 miles 307 3.7 10 4.6 1 0.5 21.2 1.2 18 0.9 18.5 0.1
100 - 249 miles 966 11.6 22 10.8 5 2.9 20.9 1.4 19.2 1.9 19.2 0.8
250 - 499 miles 1,172 14 36 17.5 18 9.8 23.5 2.1 13.4 3.3 13.9 2.4
500 - 749 miles 913 10.9 19 9 15 8.6 24.9 2.8 14.1 1.6 14.6 1.7
750 - 999 miles 1,694 20.3 S S 61 34.3 39 3.9 S S 48 6
1,000 - 1,499 miles 2,552 30.5 39 18.9 58 32.4 33.7 4.3 24.2 2.6 23.8 3.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 470 5.6 10 4.8 20 11.2 18.4 1.4 24 1.1 22.9 2.1
More than 2,000 miles S S S S - 0.2 S S S S 44.7 0.1

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,251 100 3,622 100 3,883 100 23.8 - 25.5 - 25.5 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles 649 20 861 23.8 263 6.8 35.7 7.9 34.6 6.5 35.5 4.1
250 - 499 miles S S 298 8.2 164 4.2 S S 39.6 3.5 43.3 2.2
500 - 749 miles 152 4.7 724 20 604 15.6 28.9 3.2 46.3 6 45.9 6
750 - 999 miles 624 19.2 293 8.1 357 9.2 35.6 9 30.4 4.3 31.4 3.9
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,292 39.8 1,234 34.1 1,958 50.4 29.4 6 28.7 6.2 27.5 5.5
1,500 - 2,000 miles 151 4.6 160 4.4 383 9.9 37.8 1.8 33.6 1.7 30.3 2.6
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 327 100 5,348 100 1,518 100 41.7 - 48 - 38.6 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles 30 9.3 S S S S 32.4 7.8 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

Rail and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 689 100 1,392 100 1,319 100 26.1 - 30.3 - 48.2 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S 795 57.1 1,097 83.1 S S 40.2 19.2 40.2 7.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,654 100 19,491 100 745 100 16.3 - 45.2 - 20.4 -
Less than 50 miles 1,172 44.1 18,646 95.7 243 32.6 31.5 8.3 47.5 17.3 44.1 10.6
50 - 99 miles 125 4.7 147 0.8 17 2.2 31 1.4 28.5 3.4 33.6 1.1
100 - 249 miles 181 6.8 268 1.4 57 7.7 16.4 2.1 23 6.8 20.5 4.4
250 - 499 miles 355 13.4 201 1 95 12.7 35.5 3.8 24.4 5.1 24.9 5.4
500 - 749 miles 119 4.5 41 0.2 32 4.3 31.2 1.6 30.4 0.8 28.7 1.1
750 - 999 miles 184 6.9 42 0.2 48 6.5 30.3 1.6 26.2 0.8 26.5 1.7
1,000 - 1,499 miles 371 14 108 0.6 175 23.5 36.7 4 35.6 3.2 34.6 6.6
1,500 - 2,000 miles 148 5.6 38 0.2 S S 44.4 6 49.8 2.3 S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.