Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 7. Shipment Characteristics by Commodity Group and Mode of Transportation for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Commodities5

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 198,781 100 328,463 100 68,185 100 275 6.5 - 11.6 - 7.1 - 18.9
Single modes 182,029 91.6 296,771 90.4 60,232 88.3 108 7.1 1.1 13.2 3.3 8.7 2.1 27.1
Truck6 156,639 78.8 219,265 66.8 39,308 57.6 104 7.5 1.8 8.1 5 10.3 3.7 27.2
For-hire truck 91,055 45.8 100,135 30.5 30,897 45.3 S 9.1 3.5 12 3.6 11.6 3.5 S
Private truck 65,585 33 119,130 36.3 8,411 12.3 61 11.8 2.9 14.2 4.1 11.6 1.2 7.4
Rail 11,460 5.8 60,507 18.4 17,415 25.5 742 11.2 0.4 49.8 5.2 23.9 4 13
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S 14 - S S 1,949 S S 38.4 - S S 14.4
Pipeline7 12,432 6.3 16,668 5.1 S S S 18.1 1.5 17.9 1.2 S S S
Multiple modes 14,098 7.1 12,201 3.7 7,208 10.6 848 16 1 23.3 1.2 17.8 2.1 9.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 8,364 4.2 208 0.1 179 0.3 846 19.3 0.8 18.5 - 21.7 0.1 9.4
Truck and rail 3,251 1.6 3,622 1.1 3,883 5.7 1,183 23.8 0.5 25.5 0.5 25.5 1.6 10.5
Truck and water 327 0.2 5,348 1.6 1,518 2.2 2,398 41.7 0.1 48 0.9 38.6 0.9 31
Rail and water 689 0.3 1,392 0.4 1,319 1.9 952 26.1 0.2 30.3 0.3 48.2 1.5 24.5
Other multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 2,654 1.3 19,491 5.9 745 1.1 S 16.3 0.3 45.2 2.9 20.4 0.3 S

SCTG2 01-05, Agriculture products and fish

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 19,663 100 30,287 100 7,388 100 213 13.3 - 12.7 - 18.2 - 25.6
Single modes 19,352 98.4 30,093 99.4 7,214 97.6 209 13.3 0.5 12.8 0.2 18.7 1 26.4
Truck6 18,738 95.3 28,182 93.1 5,683 76.9 208 13.9 1.3 13.5 2.8 15.9 5.9 26.4
For-hire truck 14,371 73.1 17,040 56.3 4,719 63.9 452 13.6 2.9 19.6 7.5 16.5 4.9 18.6
Private truck 4,367 22.2 11,142 36.8 964 13 84 19.1 3.1 20.2 7 20.4 2.8 13.9
Rail 614 3.1 1,911 6.3 1,531 20.7 728 35.2 1.3 38.4 3.3 40.1 6.3 19.8
Multiple modes 87 0.4 S S S S 733 42.4 0.5 S S S S 23
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S 605 S S S S S S 33.4
Truck and rail 73 0.4 61 0.2 77 1 1,318 37.2 1.2 39.2 0.4 38.2 2.7 13
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 225 1.1 130 0.4 S S 592 42.4 0.4 33.2 0.2 S S 21.5

SCTG2 06-09, Grains, alcohol, and tobacco products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 11,448 100 11,854 100 3,651 100 133 9.2 - 9.2 - 17.8 - 23.2
Single modes 11,060 96.6 11,242 94.8 3,333 91.3 83 10.2 1.6 10.8 2.8 19.7 4.3 18
Truck6 10,802 94.4 10,766 90.8 2,827 77.4 82 10 1.7 10.2 2.7 18.4 4.2 17.9
For-hire truck 4,410 38.5 5,021 42.4 2,227 61 533 18.5 5.2 18.6 5.7 21.6 6.5 13.5
Private truck 6,391 55.8 5,745 48.5 600 16.4 61 14.1 6 19.7 6.8 20.6 6.5 10
Rail 258 2.3 476 4 505 13.8 892 26.9 1.2 33.4 1.7 38.6 5.4 18.4
Multiple modes 343 3 421 3.6 300 8.2 739 34 1.8 47.5 3 45.3 4.4 30.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and rail 127 1.1 205 1.7 147 4 724 36.4 1.3 40.8 2.2 30.1 6.1 14.9
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 10-14, Stones, nonmetallic minerals, and metallic ores

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 1,143 100 64,349 100 9,700 100 100 26.1 - 24.2 - 31 - 21
Single modes 1,028 89.9 55,095 85.6 8,253 85.1 106 30.2 8.6 31.2 11.2 38.8 10.6 18.4
Truck6 899 78.7 38,847 60.4 3,855 39.7 100 31.5 8.4 29.1 11 30.4 11.7 19.4
For-hire truck 591 51.7 22,320 34.7 2,616 27 120 36.1 7.1 43.3 8 34.7 9.3 41.6
Private truck 308 27 16,527 25.7 1,240 12.8 74 25.6 4.9 26 9.2 22.6 4.2 27
Rail 128 11.2 S S S S 343 33.7 3.3 S S S S 41.4
Air (incl truck and air) - - - - - - 3,090 26.7 0.1 6.7 - 41.2 - 35.3
Multiple modes 78 6.8 5,291 8.2 1,381 14.2 648 20 6 48.5 7.3 42.7 10.4 32.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S - - S S 1,360 S S 43.7 - S S 13.2
Truck and rail 13 1.1 212 0.3 S S 780 41.3 0.2 41.3 0.2 S S 15.2
Truck and water 59 5.2 5,076 7.9 1,211 12.5 322 12.4 10.2 45 12.5 44.6 18 43.3
Other multiple modes 5 0.5 2 - S S S 8.2 4.4 4.9 0.1 S S S
Other and unknown modes 37 3.3 S S S S S 48.2 4.9 S S S S S

SCTG2 15-19, Coal and petroleum products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 53,996 100 136,587 100 8,943 100 59 13.8 - 22.6 - 16.1 - 18.3
Single modes 53,339 98.8 122,067 89.4 8,626 96.4 60 14 0.4 26.8 6.7 16.7 1.5 20.5
Truck6 39,848 73.8 74,722 54.7 3,834 42.9 59 17.9 7.2 19 9.8 20.4 6.9 21.1
For-hire truck 16,326 30.2 23,631 17.3 1,892 21.2 S 33.7 9.9 33.4 9.8 28.2 6.4 S
Private truck 23,522 43.6 51,091 37.4 1,942 21.7 52 25.4 8 26.5 9.2 29.8 5.2 16.1
Rail 1,400 2.6 S S 1,331 14.9 S 35 0.8 S S 23.8 4.5 S
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Pipeline7 12,077 22.4 16,420 12 S S S 19.2 8.2 18.5 3 S S S
Multiple modes S S 409 0.3 151 1.7 S S S 49.7 0.2 43.1 0.7 S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1 - - - - - 609 27.7 - 24.9 - 31.7 - 18.2
Truck and rail S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Truck and water 2 - - - S S S 16.7 - 13.1 - S S S
Other multiple modes S S S S 75 0.8 S S S S S 47.9 0.4 S
Other and unknown modes 340 0.6 S S S S 20 46.1 0.7 S S S S 18.4

SCTG2 20-24, Basic chemicals, chemical, and pharmaceutical products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 31,686 100 28,262 100 20,921 100 373 9.3 - 15.7 - 18.6 - 24.5
Single modes 25,556 80.7 23,071 81.6 16,659 79.6 131 10.8 3.7 19.6 5 23.3 5.3 48.5
Truck6 17,322 54.7 14,630 51.8 8,871 42.4 124 11.8 5 26.5 6.1 39.3 7 48.9
For-hire truck 12,091 38.2 10,066 35.6 8,307 39.7 846 16.9 5.8 32.1 5.3 40.2 7 4.4
Private truck 5,230 16.5 4,564 16.1 565 2.7 54 20.8 3.3 22.7 3.5 32.1 1.2 22.9
Rail 7,419 23.4 7,887 27.9 7,776 37.2 1,095 19.1 3.1 15.7 4.8 17.5 6.4 6.6
Water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Deep draft S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Air (incl truck and air) S S - - - - 963 S S 33.1 - 40.1 - 17.8
Pipeline7 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 5,289 16.7 4,963 17.6 4,147 19.8 1,075 25.9 3.2 24.4 5 19.3 5.2 8.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,203 3.8 27 0.1 20 0.1 1,074 34.2 1.3 43.8 - 44.5 0.1 10.4
Truck and rail 1,979 6.2 2,106 7.5 2,487 11.9 1,218 25.4 1.8 37 5.2 32.9 6.5 13.7
Truck and water 119 0.4 S S S S S 34.7 0.2 S S S S S
Rail and water 688 2.2 1,389 4.9 1,316 6.3 972 26.2 1.1 30.4 1.5 48.3 3.4 25.1
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 167 S S S S S S 3.3
Other and unknown modes 840 2.7 228 0.8 114 0.5 S 28.4 0.9 28.3 0.4 34.6 0.3 S

SCTG2 25-30, Logs, wood products, and textile and leather

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 10,500 100 14,620 100 4,685 100 S 7.6 - 17.5 - 16 - S
Single modes 8,765 83.5 13,747 94 4,200 89.7 S 8.1 5.1 17.9 1.6 16.2 2.6 S
Truck6 7,459 71 12,848 87.9 3,345 71.4 S 10.8 6.7 18.3 1.7 17 3.9 S
For-hire truck 4,877 46.5 5,393 36.9 2,253 48.1 S 11.3 4.9 13.6 6.1 19.9 5.3 S
Private truck 2,581 24.6 7,455 51 1,092 23.3 59 15.2 3.4 31 7 42.5 6.6 21.9
Rail 634 6 895 6.1 829 17.7 927 39.1 3 33.5 1.6 28.7 4.3 16.8
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 4,222 S S S S S S 29.1
Multiple modes 1,505 14.3 270 1.8 328 7 700 45.8 5 29.3 0.7 24.7 2.2 19.9
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,455 13.9 80 0.5 S S 700 47.3 5 46.5 0.5 S S 20.1
Truck and rail 47 0.4 187 1.3 240 5.1 1,189 39.9 0.2 38.6 0.4 29.5 1.4 20.4
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 230 2.2 603 4.1 157 3.4 S 20 0.4 25.8 1.1 31.3 0.8 S

SCTG2 31-34, Base metal and machinery

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 32,908 100 30,268 100 7,686 100 291 9.3 - 19.6 - 11.5 - 17.9
Single modes 30,413 92.4 29,573 97.7 7,091 92.3 211 10.1 2.2 19.8 0.7 10.5 2 23.1
Truck6 29,694 90.2 28,850 95.3 6,796 88.4 208 10.5 2.3 19.8 1.1 11 2.1 23
For-hire truck 19,998 60.8 10,879 35.9 5,608 73 726 7.8 4 16 7.8 10.2 3.1 6.2
Private truck 9,696 29.5 17,971 59.4 1,189 15.5 48 21.2 3.6 30.2 8.1 25.7 3.1 16.9
Rail 600 1.8 717 2.4 289 3.8 548 30.2 0.5 30.8 0.7 24.1 1 21.9
Air (incl truck and air) 119 0.4 S S 6 0.1 1,118 32.6 0.2 S S 41.8 - 13.2
Multiple modes 1,903 5.8 S S 479 6.2 629 24.8 1.8 S S 47.6 2 9.8
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,373 4.2 27 0.1 21 0.3 626 28.1 1.4 25 - 24.2 0.1 9.9
Truck and rail 527 1.6 466 1.5 454 5.9 1,219 31.4 1.2 47.7 1 44 2.8 19.2
Truck and water S S - - S S S S S 34.9 - S S S
Rail and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 592 1.8 198 0.7 S S S 21.7 0.4 31.6 0.4 S S S

SCTG2 35-38, Electronic, motorized vehicles, and precision instruments

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 11,900 100 1,636 100 874 100 380 17.7 - 16.6 - 16.6 - 42.4
Single modes 8,788 73.9 1,483 90.6 778 89.1 S 23.2 7.4 20.1 7.5 20.9 6.9 S
Truck6 8,539 71.8 1,468 89.7 756 86.5 S 24.3 8.3 20.6 8 22.2 8.2 S
For-hire truck 5,204 43.7 796 48.6 687 78.6 864 35.6 6.7 29.5 9.2 24.6 8.3 11.5
Private truck 3,335 28 672 41.1 69 7.9 47 25.7 7.3 37.5 9.3 21.5 2.4 46.1
Rail 28 0.2 S S 18 2.1 1,407 49.7 1.9 S S 43 12.3 33.8
Air (incl truck and air) 221 1.9 3 0.2 4 0.5 2,029 34.4 1.4 42.8 0.1 35.9 0.3 11.7
Multiple modes 2,871 24.1 S S S S 928 36.7 7.1 S S S S 5.3
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2,580 21.7 26 1.6 21 2.4 927 40.8 5.7 34.6 0.4 28.1 1.3 5.3
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,674 S S S S S S 6.7
Other and unknown modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

SCTG2 39-43, Furniture, mixed freight and misc. manufactured products

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes 25,507 100 10,597 100 4,336 100 717 12.1 - 20.8 - 25.8 - 13.9
Single modes 23,697 92.9 10,397 98.1 4,077 94 385 12.3 2.4 20.9 0.9 25.5 2.2 27.4
Truck6 23,310 91.4 8,947 84.4 3,339 77 384 12.1 2.3 20.6 6 21.2 6.4 27.6
For-hire truck 13,172 51.6 4,989 47.1 2,589 59.7 996 21.3 8.4 23.7 7.6 26.7 8.1 11.8
Private truck 10,138 39.7 3,958 37.4 750 17.3 132 23.6 8.1 23 9.3 29.6 9.3 22.4
Rail 379 1.5 S S S S 551 49.9 1.6 S S S S 14.4
Air (incl truck and air) S S S S S S 1,510 S S S S S S 19.3
Multiple modes 1,705 6.7 184 1.7 248 5.7 1,077 37.3 2.3 42.4 0.9 45.5 2.2 10.2
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 1,652 6.5 38 0.4 39 0.9 1,074 39 2.4 37.6 0.3 47.6 1.4 10.4
Truck and rail 41 0.2 139 1.3 S S 1,389 39.2 0.4 29.6 2.9 S S 40.4
Truck and water S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Other and unknown modes 105 0.4 16 0.2 S S S 44.9 0.2 37.6 0.1 S S S

SCTG2 99, Commodity Unknown

Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles3 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV4 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
All modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Single modes 30 99.3 4 99.8 S S S 44.1 0.4 48.6 0.1 S S S
Truck6 30 99.3 4 99.8 S S S 44.1 0.4 48.6 0.1 S S S
For-hire truck S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Private truck S S 4 98.7 S S S S S 39.4 0.9 S S S
Multiple modes S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Standard Classification of Transported Goods.
3 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
4 Coefficient of Variation.
5 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).
6 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
7 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular row have no value. For example, Dallas-Fort Worth, TX by Base metal and machinery (31-34) by Water has no data for any shipment characteristic therefore the entire row is not shown. Also, entire commodity groups are not present if there is no such data for that commodity group by area. For example, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (DC part) by Coal and petroleum products (15-19) has no data for any mode therefore the entire commodity group is not shown.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.