Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 3. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Distance Shipped for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 17,951 100 43,337 100 15,019 100 13.4 - 9.1 - 13.4 -
Less than 50 miles 3,595 20 20,039 46.2 1,119 7.5 17 2.4 17.2 5.5 25 2.5
50 - 99 miles 1,379 7.7 4,534 10.5 543 3.6 17 0.9 23.1 3 18.4 1
100 - 249 miles 1,381 7.7 7,239 16.7 1,364 9.1 12 0.7 21.9 3.8 19.9 2.3
250 - 499 miles 3,422 19.1 4,683 10.8 2,698 18 20.5 3.1 20.8 2 22.1 4.3
500 - 749 miles 4,223 23.5 3,472 8 3,372 22.5 36.2 5.1 21.2 2.7 21.1 4
750 - 999 miles 568 3.2 S S S S 18.1 0.5 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,845 10.3 2,708 6.2 4,894 32.6 12.7 1.5 30.7 1.7 32.6 6.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 1,260 7 204 0.5 415 2.8 17.3 0.7 23.7 0.1 22.9 0.8
More than 2,000 miles 277 1.5 31 0.1 77 0.5 14.3 0.2 39.5 - 38.5 0.3

Single modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 15,094 100 42,261 100 14,066 100 12 - 9.4 - 14.9 -
Less than 50 miles 3,325 22 19,903 47.1 1,114 7.9 16.9 2.4 17 5.5 24.9 2.5
50 - 99 miles 1,249 8.3 4,525 10.7 542 3.9 16.4 1.1 23.1 3.5 18.4 1.4
100 - 249 miles 1,303 8.6 7,232 17.1 1,362 9.7 12.9 0.7 22 3.8 19.9 2.3
250 - 499 miles 3,195 21.2 4,285 10.1 2,382 16.9 21.1 3.3 22.4 1.7 24.7 3.8
500 - 749 miles 3,654 24.2 3,030 7.2 2,905 20.6 37.1 5.8 22.4 2.7 21.7 3.7
750 - 999 miles 369 2.4 S S S S 19.7 0.6 S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,212 8 2,669 6.3 4,825 34.3 10.8 1.6 31.3 1.7 33.3 6.3
1,500 - 2,000 miles 707 4.7 175 0.4 355 2.5 10.3 0.9 27.4 0.1 26.6 0.9
More than 2,000 miles 79 0.5 S S S S 34.1 0.1 S S S S

Truck4

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 12,723 100 25,617 100 4,370 100 10.3 - 13.6 - 5.7 -
Less than 50 miles 3,216 25.3 16,569 64.7 947 21.7 16.7 2.2 20.6 5.5 31.3 6.1
50 - 99 miles 1,230 9.7 3,939 15.4 434 9.9 16.8 1.3 25.6 4 21.7 2.1
100 - 249 miles 1,150 9 2,369 9.2 474 10.9 15.9 0.8 16 1.2 16.5 1.4
250 - 499 miles 2,851 22.4 1,095 4.3 549 12.6 19.8 3.3 11.3 1 11.8 1.5
500 - 749 miles 2,104 16.5 823 3.2 664 15.2 28.3 4 21.2 1 21.4 3.3
750 - 999 miles 338 2.7 124 0.5 149 3.4 18.5 0.6 26.1 0.3 26.5 1.1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,103 8.7 508 2 761 17.4 13.7 1.5 22.4 0.9 21.7 4.1
1,500 - 2,000 miles 659 5.2 169 0.7 343 7.8 11.9 0.9 28.5 0.5 27.7 2.3
More than 2,000 miles 70 0.6 S S S S 35.7 0.1 S S S S

For-hire truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9,380 100 18,137 100 3,926 100 10.8 - 20.1 - 6.8 -
Less than 50 miles 1,063 11.3 10,973 60.5 820 20.9 21.1 2.2 31.2 8.8 36.2 6.6
50 - 99 miles 655 7 2,878 15.9 344 8.8 27.4 1.2 19.5 3.9 18.6 1.7
100 - 249 miles 671 7.2 1,705 9.4 354 9 21.8 1 21.5 2.1 21.6 1.7
250 - 499 miles 2,755 29.4 1,004 5.5 515 13.1 20.6 4.2 12.2 1.8 12.7 1.8
500 - 749 miles 2,080 22.2 789 4.4 637 16.2 28.7 4.7 22.8 2.1 22.8 4.1
750 - 999 miles 337 3.6 113 0.6 134 3.4 18.4 0.9 23.9 0.5 23.4 1
1,000 - 1,499 miles 1,090 11.6 485 2.7 730 18.6 14.1 2.3 24.1 1.9 23.2 4.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles 659 7 169 0.9 343 8.7 11.9 1.4 28.5 0.7 27.7 2.6
More than 2,000 miles 70 0.7 S S S S 35.7 0.2 S S S S

Private truck

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,343 100 7,480 100 444 100 14.5 - 20.8 - 20 -
Less than 50 miles 2,152 64.4 5,595 74.8 128 28.7 19.7 4.5 24.3 5.4 23.9 5.8
50 - 99 miles 576 17.2 S S 89 20.1 16.4 3.3 S S 47 4.3
100 - 249 miles 480 14.4 665 8.9 120 27.1 17.6 2.7 21.5 2.6 21.9 4.6
250 - 499 miles 96 2.9 90 1.2 34 7.7 28.9 1.1 27.6 0.7 27.9 3.1
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 495 100 15,301 100 9,520 100 21.9 - 19.5 - 23.7 -
Less than 50 miles S S S S 167 1.7 S S S S 20.8 8.2
50 - 99 miles 19 3.8 586 3.8 108 1.1 40.8 6.4 38 8.5 40.2 4.9
100 - 249 miles 92 18.6 3,539 23.1 745 7.8 27.2 11.8 31.4 11.9 29.1 7.3
250 - 499 miles 123 24.8 3,189 20.8 1,833 19.3 27.5 6.3 27.3 5.3 29.5 8.5
500 - 749 miles 73 14.7 2,200 14.4 2,235 23.5 17.4 6.7 23.1 8 20.7 9.2
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles 69 14 2,160 14.1 4,061 42.7 29.4 4.5 38.1 4.3 38.5 9
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Air (incl truck and air)

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S 7 35.4 S S S S 48.3 13.9 S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 48 2.6 S S S S 49.3 10.5 S S S S
More than 2,000 miles 9 0.5 S S S S 41.1 2.4 S S S S

Pipeline5

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Multiple modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,510 100 892 100 S S 26.4 - 49.9 - S S
Less than 50 miles 69 2.8 2 0.2 - - 31.2 0.9 22.1 0.8 18.8 -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 67 2.7 2 0.2 - - 20.3 0.7 20.1 0.8 20.7 0.2
250 - 499 miles 207 8.2 S S S S 25 1.9 S S S S
500 - 749 miles 560 22.3 S S S S 34.2 3.1 S S S S
750 - 999 miles 196 7.8 6 0.6 7 0.8 32.5 1.1 23.9 1.8 24.8 1.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 560 22.3 31 3.4 S S 31.8 4.3 47.5 5.4 S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles 548 21.8 22 2.5 47 5.2 37.8 2 35 4.9 35.2 6.8
More than 2,000 miles 195 7.8 7 0.8 18 2 21.2 1.6 19.5 2.6 19.3 4.7

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,418 100 75 100 106 100 25.8 - 26.6 - 27.8 -
Less than 50 miles 69 2.9 2 2.3 - 0.1 31.2 0.9 22.1 0.8 18.8 -
50 - 99 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
100 - 249 miles 67 2.8 2 2.4 - 0.4 20.3 0.8 20.1 0.8 20.7 0.2
250 - 499 miles 185 7.6 6 8 3 3 22.6 1.5 21.1 1.4 19.9 0.6
500 - 749 miles 502 20.8 15 19.5 12 11.1 33.1 3.1 29.4 2.3 30.3 1.4
750 - 999 miles 196 8.1 6 7.7 7 6.7 32.5 1.2 23.9 0.7 24.8 0.5
1,000 - 1,499 miles 551 22.8 14 18.4 22 20.4 32.3 4.3 28.8 2.1 29.6 2.2
1,500 - 2,000 miles 548 22.7 22 28.9 46 43 37.9 2.1 36.1 2.4 36.3 3.7
More than 2,000 miles 191 7.9 7 8.7 16 15.1 22.1 1.8 22.4 1.9 23 3.3

Truck and rail

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 816 100 S S S S 49.7 - S S
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles 22 24.7 S S S S 25 18.6 S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and water

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4 100 1 100 2 100 41.8 - 41.1 - 41.2 -
Less than 50 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 249 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
250 - 499 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,500 - 2,000 miles - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 2,000 miles 4 99.9 1 100 2 100 41.9 0.1 41.1 - 41.2 -

Other and unknown modes

Distance Shipped Value Tons Ton-miles2 Value Tons Ton-miles
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 347 100 S S 56 100 32.2 - S S 47.6 -
Less than 50 miles 201 57.8 S S S S 40.9 10.8 S S S S
50 - 99 miles 22 6.3 S S S S 48.4 7.7 S S S S
100 - 249 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
250 - 499 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 1,499 miles S S 9 4.9 15 27.3 S S 49.5 10.2 48.3 12.7
1,500 - 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 2,000 miles S S S S S S S S S S S S

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 "Truck" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/.
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any mileage group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the mileage groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the mileage group of "More than 2,000 miles" but does have data for the other mileage groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.