Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Table 4. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation and Shipment Size for Metropolitan Area of Origin: 2007

Estimates are based on data from the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive.

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All Modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 17,951 100 43,337 100 15,019 100 1,248 13.4 - 9.1 - 13.4 - 11.9
Less than 50 lbs 2,044 11.4 46 0.1 55 0.4 1,448 27.0 1.7 36.8 - 48.9 0.2 9.0
50 - 99 lbs 469 2.6 24 0.1 13 0.1 542 12.3 0.4 17.1 - 31.4 - 21.3
100 - 499 lbs 1,775 9.9 140 0.3 58 0.4 441 24.2 1.3 20.4 0.1 32.4 0.2 28.4
500 - 749 lbs S S 71 0.2 22 0.1 302 S S 22.7 - 17.0 - 41.7
750 - 999 lbs S S 54 0.1 20 0.1 367 S S 26.9 - 21.0 - 18.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 3,896 21.7 1,079 2.5 344 2.3 345 22.0 3.2 22.2 0.4 16.0 0.7 11.8
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 6,206 34.6 8,600 19.8 2,400 16.0 250 10.7 4.1 19.0 4.8 13.5 4.5 23.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 901 5.0 13,240 30.6 1,425 9.5 110 21.8 1.2 26.1 6.3 21.8 2.6 17.1
More than 100,000 lbs 796 4.4 20,081 46.3 10,681 71.1 698 19.5 1.2 13.8 6.0 20.3 6.6 14.1

Single modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 15,094 100 42,261 100 14,066 100 234 12.0 - 9.4 - 14.9 - 16.0
Less than 50 lbs 481 3.2 10 - 2 - 240 17.1 1.0 23.2 - 22.8 - 23.2
50 - 99 lbs 232 1.5 13 - 2 - S 20.4 0.3 20.8 - 14.5 - S
100 - 499 lbs 1,267 8.4 107 0.3 23 0.2 212 34.0 1.7 24.2 0.1 16.1 - 49.6
500 - 749 lbs S S 57 0.1 16 0.1 276 S S 19.4 - 17.7 - 38.4
750 - 999 lbs S S 47 0.1 18 0.1 379 S S 20.3 - 22.2 - 9.5
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 3,737 24.8 1,024 2.4 323 2.3 335 22.4 3.6 21.3 0.4 16.3 0.7 11.2
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 6,072 40.2 8,111 19.2 2,019 14.4 225 11.2 4.7 18.1 4.7 10.3 3.8 27.2
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 901 6.0 13,240 31.3 1,425 10.1 110 21.8 1.4 26.1 6.3 21.8 2.8 17.1
More than 100,000 lbs 772 5.1 19,650 46.5 10,238 72.8 641 20.1 1.4 14.4 6.0 21.6 6.3 13.1

Truck4

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 12,723 100 25,617 100 4,370 100 181 10.3 - 13.6 - 5.7 - 20.5
Less than 50 lbs 300 2.4 10 - 1 - 107 15.2 0.5 23.3 - 25.7 - 37.2
50 - 99 lbs 178 1.4 13 0.1 2 - S 16.2 0.3 20.9 - 17.6 - S
100 - 499 lbs 771 6.1 107 0.4 23 0.5 S 14.9 1.3 24.3 0.2 17.6 0.1 S
500 - 749 lbs 323 2.5 57 0.2 16 0.4 274 15.2 0.6 19.6 0.1 18.2 0.1 39.0
750 - 999 lbs 283 2.2 45 0.2 14 0.3 313 27.2 0.5 18.9 - 13.4 - 12.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 3,678 28.9 1,009 3.9 297 6.8 286 22.5 3.6 20.6 0.6 14.5 0.8 16.4
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 6,072 47.7 8,111 31.7 2,017 46.2 225 11.2 3.8 18.1 7.0 10.4 5.4 27.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 900 7.1 13,230 51.6 1,422 32.5 110 21.7 1.6 26.1 9.0 21.8 6.4 17.1
More than 100,000 lbs 218 1.7 3,036 11.9 579 13.2 243 35.1 0.9 11.4 3.5 25.2 4.1 34.0

For-hire truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 9,380 100 18,137 100 3,926 100 610 10.8 - 20.1 - 6.8 - 7.2
Less than 50 lbs 44 0.5 1 - 1 - 1,131 31.5 0.2 27.6 - 34.9 - 8.9
50 - 99 lbs 29 0.3 1 - 1 - 846 21.9 0.1 24.5 - 28.4 - 14.5
100 - 499 lbs 298 3.2 18 0.1 19 0.5 1,060 13.6 0.8 17.9 - 22.4 0.1 8.6
500 - 749 lbs 175 1.9 16 0.1 13 0.3 832 20.8 0.9 23.1 0.1 22.1 0.1 9.7
750 - 999 lbs 150 1.6 16 0.1 12 0.3 788 20.7 0.3 17.1 - 13.7 - 8.2
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 2,846 30.3 383 2.1 257 6.5 705 24.6 4.7 17.1 0.6 16.1 0.8 5.7
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 5,151 54.9 2,988 16.5 1,743 44.4 592 12.1 4.7 11.3 6.2 10.1 5.4 6.4
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 502 5.3 12,014 66.2 1,309 33.4 113 19.8 1.5 29.7 11.1 24.1 6.9 19.3
More than 100,000 lbs 186 2.0 2,700 14.9 570 14.5 355 41.8 1.2 13.2 6.0 25.8 4.6 25.6

Private truck

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 3,343 100 7,480 100 444 100 49 14.5 - 20.8 - 20.0 - 8.1
Less than 50 lbs 256 7.7 9 0.1 - 0.1 45 17.7 1.6 24.8 0.1 27.2 0.1 11.2
50 - 99 lbs 149 4.4 12 0.2 1 0.1 46 20.4 0.8 22.2 0.2 24.9 0.1 10.3
100 - 499 lbs 474 14.2 88 1.2 4 0.9 45 22.9 3.2 28.8 1.0 24.2 0.6 13.7
500 - 749 lbs 148 4.4 40 0.5 2 0.5 55 29.0 1.1 26.9 0.2 22.7 0.2 25.7
750 - 999 lbs S S 29 0.4 2 0.4 65 S S 27.0 0.2 28.2 0.1 14.8
1,000 - 9,999 lbs 832 24.9 626 8.4 40 8.9 62 21.0 2.3 31.9 2.5 20.3 3.2 13.0
10,000 - 49,999 lbs 921 27.6 5,122 68.5 274 61.7 50 21.6 4.7 24.7 7.1 27.8 7.3 20.0
50,000 - 99,999 lbs 399 11.9 1,216 16.3 113 25.4 89 37.7 2.7 34.9 4.2 32.2 5.5 21.4
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S 9 2.0 S S S S S 44.6 0.5 S

Rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 495 100 15,301 100 9,520 100 891 21.9 - 19.5 - 23.7 - 13.3
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
More than 100,000 lbs 494 99.8 15,290 99.9 9,517 100.0 900 21.8 0.1 19.5 - 23.7 - 13.4

Air (incl truck and air)

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S 1,480 S S S S S S 10.4
Less than 50 lbs 181 10.0 - 2.4 1 1.5 1,445 30.6 15.2 34.0 10.5 32.6 10.7 11.5
50 - 99 lbs S S - 1.2 - 0.8 1,145 S S 44.9 2.8 36.2 3.6 14.2
100 - 499 lbs S S 1 3.5 1 2.0 995 S S 36.8 13.1 22.2 12.6 36.5
500 - 749 lbs S S - 1.3 - 0.7 921 S S 38.4 6.2 36.4 6.4 36.3
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S 1,835 S S S S S S 15.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 2,005 S S S S S S 32.5
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Pipeline5

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Less than 50 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

Multiple modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,510 100 892 100 S S 1,575 26.4 - 49.9 - S S 5.3
Less than 50 lbs 1,537 61.2 34 3.8 S S 1,586 33.7 4.9 45.0 7.7 S S 5.4
50 - 99 lbs 224 8.9 9 1.0 11 1.2 1,250 21.1 1.9 30.7 4.8 36.0 4.8 6.3
100 - 499 lbs 459 18.3 24 2.7 34 3.8 1,353 40.2 4.9 41.1 10.1 46.6 10.3 7.1
500 - 749 lbs 196 7.8 6 0.7 6 0.6 860 42.3 2.1 32.2 2.0 36.8 2.5 32.1
750 - 999 lbs S S 1 0.1 S S 1,726 S S 46.5 0.8 S S 23.7
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S - - 1 0.1 3,260 S S 42.0 0.3 41.7 0.8 0.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 893 S S S S S S 41.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 1,027 S S S S S S 11.0

Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 2,418 100 75 100 106 100 1,576 25.8 - 26.6 - 27.8 - 5.3
Less than 50 lbs 1,530 63.3 34 45.7 S S 1,586 33.9 5.3 45.0 6.8 S S 5.4
50 - 99 lbs 224 9.3 9 12.0 11 10.5 1,250 21.1 1.8 30.7 3.6 36.0 4.4 6.3
100 - 499 lbs 459 19.0 24 32.5 34 31.8 1,352 40.2 4.9 41.0 7.1 46.5 7.9 7.1
500 - 749 lbs 196 8.1 6 8.3 6 5.4 856 42.3 2.2 32.3 1.8 37.1 3.5 31.6
750 - 999 lbs S S 1 1.5 S S 1,705 S S 44.1 3.4 S S 18.9
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Truck and rail

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total S S 816 100 S S 929 S S 49.7 - S S 20.4
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
500 - 749 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
750 - 999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1,000 - 9,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 889 S S S S S S 23.6
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs S S S S S S 1,027 S S S S S S 11.0

Truck and water

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 4 100 1 100 2 100 3,779 41.8 - 41.1 - 41.2 - 7.7
Less than 50 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50 - 99 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
100 - 499 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
500 - 749 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S S S S S 3,260 S S S S S S 0.9
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Other and unknown modes

Shipment Weight Value Tons Ton-miles2 Average miles
per shipment
Value Tons Ton-miles Average miles per shipment CV
2007
(million $)
Percent of total 2007
(thousands)
Percent of total 2007
(millions)
Percent of
total
CV3 Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of % CV Standard Error of %
Total 347 100 S S 56 100 S 32.2 - S S 47.6 - S
Less than 50 lbs 26 7.4 S S - 0.1 S 43.1 4.0 S S 32.9 0.4 S
50 - 99 lbs 12 3.5 S S S S 31 41.0 1.2 S S S S 22.6
100 - 499 lbs S S S S 1 1.6 S S S S S 34.4 10.8 S
500 - 749 lbs 22 6.2 S S S S S 39.3 7.0 S S S S S
750 - 999 lbs S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
1,000 - 9,999 lbs S S 55 29.7 S S 463 S S 47.5 10.1 S S 44.3
10,000 - 49,999 lbs S S S S S S 349 S S S S S S 30.3
50,000 - 99,999 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
More than 100,000 lbs - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

KEY: S = Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. - = Zero or Less than half the unit shown; thus, it has been rounded to zero.

1 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) geographic areas were drawn from a subset of Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MeSAs) as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). However, CFS metropolitan areas are divided into their state parts when they include more than one state. In addition, the CFS also utilizes a unique geography referred to as, "remainder of state," to represent those areas of a state not contained within a separately published metropolitan area for the CFS (as opposed to not part of any Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) as defined by OMB). Because of the differences in the CFS geography, as compared to OMB defined geography, caution should be exercised when comparing CFS estimates to other estimates of similar geography.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
3 Coefficient of Variation.
4 ""Truck"" as a single mode includes any shipment that was made by private truck only, by for-hire truck only, or by a combination of private and for-hire truck.
5 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimated measures of sampling variability for each estimate known as coefficients of variation (CV) are also provided in these tables. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/
Rows are not shown if all cells for that particular mode have no data. For example, since Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Water" has no data for any shipment weight group, the entire mode of "Water" for that area was removed from this table. However, if a mode has at least one row of data for one of the shipment weight groups, then the entire mode is shown even though there may be rows absent of data within that mode. For example, Denver-Aurora-Boulder by "Other and unknown modes" has a row absent of data for the shipment size of "More than 100,000 lbs" but does have data for the other shipment weight groups under that mode so it will be shown in its entirety.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.